The Pioneer (India)
|Founded||1865 (estd 1864)|
|Language||English and Hindi|
The Pioneer is an English language daily newspaper in India. It is published from multiple locations in India, including Delhi. It is the second oldest English language newspaper in India still in circulation after The Times of India. In 2010, The Pioneer launched a Hindi version in Lucknow.
The Pioneer was founded in Allahabad in 1865 by George Allen, an Englishman who had had great success in the tea business in north-east India in the previous decade. It was brought out three times a week from 1865 to 1869 and daily thereafter. In 1866, a supplement, the Pioneer Mail, consisting of "48 quarto-size pages," mostly of advertisements, was added to the publication. In 1872, Alfred Sinnett became the editor of the newspaper. Although he was later to be known for his interest in theosophy, he oversaw the transformation of the newspaper to one of exercising great influence in British India. In 1874, the weekly Pioneer Mail became the Pioneer Mail and India Weekly News and began to also feature short stories and travel writings. Author Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936), in his early 20s, worked at the newspaper office in Allahabad as an assistant editor from November 1887 to March 1889.[failed verification] In July 1933, The Pioneer was sold to a syndicate and moved from Allahabad to Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, at which time the Pioneer Mail and India Weekly News ceased publication.
The newspaper remained a primarily Lucknow-based paper until 1990, when it was purchased by the Thapar Group, under L. M. Thapar, who made it a national newspaper, published from Delhi, Lucknow, Bhubaneswar, Kochi, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Dehradun and Ranchi. Thapar sold the paper to its editor Chandan Mitra in 1998. At that time it had 484 employees. Mitra announced that he intended to seek other investors in due course rather than to remain the owner. On October 17, 2010, The Pioneer launched its Hindi version of the newspaper from Lucknow  and in May 2012, the paper inaugurated its Raipur bureau, beginning operations of its Chhattisgarh edition.
Lucknow edition includes four other editions Varanasi, Kanpur, Allahabad and Lucknow itself.
- Robert Jackson Baumgardner (1996). South Asian English: Structure, Use, and Users. University of Illinois Press. pp. 14–. ISBN 978-0-252-06493-7. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
- Pioneer launches Hindi edition in Lucknow, The Pioneer
- Das Gupta, Uma. 1977. "The Indian Press 1870-1880: A Small World of Journalism", Modern Asian Studies, 11(2):213-235. pp 233-234.
- National Library of Australia. 1994. South Asian Newspapers in Australian Libraries: A Holdings List
- The proprietors of The Pioneer also owned a smaller newspaper, The Civil and Military Gazette, published from Lahore, at which Kipling had worked from 1883 to 1887, and which had served to launch his career as an author.
- "When, at long last, the Pioneer—India’s greatest and most important paper which used to pay twenty-seven per cent to its shareholders—fell on evil days and, after being bedevilled and bewitched, was sold to a syndicate, and I received a notification beginning; ‘We think you may be interested to know that,’ etc., I felt curiously alone and unsponsored. But my first mistress and most true love, the little Civil and Military Gazette, weathered the storm." From: Kipling, Rudyard. 1937. Something of Myself Archived 2008-05-18 at the Wayback Machine, Chapter III (Seven Years' Hard). Available (public domain) at Words: University of Newcastle, Australia Archived 2007-07-10 at the Wayback Machine.
- Editor steps in to save The Pioneer, The Times Of India, 12 May 1998.
- Pioneer, The. "Advani launches Pioneer Raipur". Retrieved 7 May 2012.