Jump to content

The Place Beyond the Pines

This is a good article. Click here for more information.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Place Beyond the Pines
Theatrical release poster
Directed byDerek Cianfrance
Screenplay by
Story by
  • Derek Cianfrance
  • Ben Coccio
Produced by
CinematographySean Bobbitt
Edited by
  • Jim Helton
  • Ron Patane
Music byMike Patton
Distributed byFocus Features
Release dates
  • September 7, 2012 (2012-09-07) (TIFF)
  • March 29, 2013 (2013-03-29) (United States)
Running time
140 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
Budget$15 million
Box office$47.1 million

The Place Beyond the Pines is a 2012 American epic crime drama film directed by Derek Cianfrance with a screenplay by Cianfrance, Ben Coccio and Darius Marder from a story by Cianfrance and Coccio. The film tells three linear stories: Luke (Ryan Gosling), a motorcycle stunt rider who supports his family through a life of crime; Avery (Bradley Cooper), an ambitious policeman who confronts his corrupt police department; and two troubled teenagers (Emory Cohen and Dane DeHaan) who explore the aftermath of Luke and Avery's actions fifteen years later. The supporting cast includes Eva Mendes, with Ben Mendelsohn, Rose Byrne, Mahershala Ali, Bruce Greenwood, Harris Yulin, and Ray Liotta.

Cianfrance was inspired to write The Place Beyond the Pines based on his experiences as a father. Coccio and Marder, who shared similar interests in film and media, helped write the script. Cianfrance envisioned the main themes to be about fathers and sons, masculine identity and legacy. The film reunites Cianfrance and Gosling, who had previously worked together in 2010's Blue Valentine. The role of Luke was written for Gosling, as he expressed an interest in playing a bank robber. Filming took place in Schenectady, New York, during the summer of 2011.

The Place Beyond the Pines premiered at the 2012 Toronto International Film Festival, followed by a United States theatrical release on March 29, 2013. Focus Features purchased the distribution rights after being impressed by the film screening. It received generally positive reviews from critics and was a moderate success at the box office, grossing $47 million worldwide on a budget of $15 million. The soundtrack was composed by Mike Patton and included music by Estonian composer Arvo Pärt and Ennio Morricone.


In 1997, Luke Glanton is a motorcycle stuntman with a traveling carnival. In Schenectady, he meets his ex-lover Romina Gutierrez, who is now with another man, Kofi Kancam. Luke discovers that he unknowingly fathered Romina's baby Jason the previous year. He leaves the carnival to stay near mother and son.

Luke begins working part-time for auto mechanic Robin Van Der Hook. When he asks for more work Robin reveals his past as a bank robber and suggests they commit robberies together. Luke robs the banks at gunpoint and gets away on his motorcycle which he rides into a box truck driven by Robin.

Luke and Romina have sex in his trailer and he spends time with her and Jason. He lets himself into Romina and Kofi's house to assemble a crib for Jason. When Kofi demands he leave, Luke strikes him with a wrench and is arrested. Robin bails him out of jail and Luke says he wants to provide for Jason's future. Robin refuses to do any more robberies and the pair fall out. Robin dismantles Luke's motorcycle, so Luke robs him to buy a new one.

Luke bungles a bank robbery and is pursued by police on foot. He enters a stranger's home and calls Romina to ask her not to tell Jason about him. Rookie police officer Avery Cross enters the room and shoots Luke in the stomach. He fires back, hitting Avery in the leg, then falls out of the window to his death.

Avery, a married man with a baby son, is hailed as a hero. He is remorseful but tells police investigators that Luke shot first. A group of corrupt officers coerce Avery into joining them in seizing the stolen money from Romina's home.

Avery later tries to return his cut to Romina, who rejects it. He attempts to hand the money over to the chief of police, who rebuffs him. Avery secretly records other illegal practices in the department and uses the recordings to obtain a position as assistant district attorney.

Fifteen years later in 2012, Avery is running for Attorney General of New York. His rebellious, drug-using teenage son A.J. has been living with Avery's ex-wife, Jennifer, but now moves in with his father and transfers to Schenectady High School, befriending the now-teenage Jason. Neither boy knows the history between their fathers.

When the teens are arrested for felony drug possession, Avery recognizes Jason's name and gets his charge dropped to a misdemeanor. He orders A.J. to stay away from him.

Kofi tells Jason his birth father's name, which allows him to discover Luke's past. Jason visits Robin, who tells him about Luke and their robberies. A.J. pressures Jason to steal OxyContin for a party. At the party, Jason discovers that A.J.'s father, Avery, is the man who killed his father, Luke. Jason is hospitalized after a violent confrontation with A.J., and buys a gun when he is released.

Jason goes to the Cross family home, assaults A.J., and takes Avery hostage. He forces him to drive into the woods where he breaks down and apologizes. Jason leaves him unharmed but takes his wallet. Inside it, Jason finds a photo of himself with his parents, which Avery had taken from the evidence locker.

Some time later, Avery becomes New York attorney general and celebrates with A.J. at his side. Romina receives an envelope addressed to "Mom", with the old photograph inside. Jason buys a motorcycle and rides away.




Film director of The Place Beyond the Pines
Director Derek Cianfrance said the film's story came from his own personal life.

Cianfrance's inspiration for the story first started when he saw Abel Gance's 1927 silent film Napoleon, which uses a triptych (three-screen) technique to play out multiple stories at once. In 2007, the birth of Cianfrance's second son reignited the idea, and he started to think about being a father again and the responsibilities involved. "That got me to thinking about the fire I felt inside me, which had been with me for as long as I could remember. It helped me to do many things. But it was also, many times, a destructive and painful force", he said.[2] He stated it was important for him, as an artist, to do something personal and challenging.[3] He also read the works of Jack London, including the novel The Call of the Wild, and became intrigued with the idea of legacy and what our ancestors had to do for survival.[2][3] Shortly, Cianfrance met Ben Coccio, who shared a similar interest of books and films, and they began writing the screenplay. The third screenwriter, Darius Marder, joined the project four months before principal photography began.[2]

Meanwhile, Cianfrance was still working on the film Blue Valentine (2010), which stars Ryan Gosling. In 2007, Gosling told him about a fantasy which involved "robbing a bank, on a motorcycle, and then making a very specific getaway."[2][4] Cianfrance told Gosling, "You've got to be kidding me, I'm writing that movie right now." The pair shared numerous identical ideas, and knew that The Place Beyond the Pines would be an opportunity to work together again.[2][3] Cianfrance envisioned the story to be about fathers and sons, masculine identity, "reinvention or transformation of the self for a man over a period".[2] He added, "It's about legacy—what we're born with and what we pass on. It's about the choices we make and how those choices echo throughout generations. It's a classic tale of the sins of the father being visited upon the son".[2][3]

While Cianfrance is not a fan of violence in film, he is drawn to displaying the narrative of it and "how a gun could come in" and affect peoples' lives.[3] The first draft of the script ran over 160 pages, which required much refinement from the three writers. Once filming began, they had produced 37 versions of the script.[5] Coccio came up with the title from the Iroquoios translation of Schenectady—"the place beyond the pines". The city is where Coccio spent his childhood, and Cianfrance frequently visits.[5] The writers sent the final script to Sidney Kimmel Entertainment; they financed the film and gave the director and crew "a lot of trust, space and time".[5][6]

Director Derek Cianfrance revealed that Bradley Cooper nearly quit the film after receiving a rewritten script. "I had given [screenwriter Darius Marder] the script and he had a lot of notes for it, and I kind of agreed with a lot of what he was saying. And so we rewrote every word from 10 weeks to six weeks," he recalled. "I remember giving Bradley Cooper the copy of The Place Beyond the Pines, the new script, and getting a voice message from him saying, 'Bro, I just want to let you know I read the new draft and I'm out.'" Cianfrance claimed Cooper was frustrated because it was "not the movie that we had signed up to do." So the filmmaker said he paid a visit to the actor to hopefully change his mind, notably since the film was partially funded due to Cooper's involvement. "I was moving my family up to Schenectady the next day, and the whole crew was coming up there. I had all the money anyway," the director added. "I was like, 'Can I come talk to you?' So I went up to Montreal, and I had a long conversation with him from midnight to 3:30 in the morning where I got him back on. It was only in the last five minutes [he was convinced]. I think he just got tired. He wanted to go to bed."[7]


While the role of Luke Glanton was created for Ryan Gosling, Bradley Cooper was offered the role of Avery Cross, due to him and Gosling having a similar type of charisma, and both bringing a "different energy" to the screen. Cooper was hesitant signing on for the role, but Cianfrance adapted the script for Cooper, and told him that he would not make the film without him.[4] Cianfrance considered a number of actresses for the role of Romina Gutierrez, but he wanted to cast Eva Mendes from the beginning. "She has such a magnetic screen presence [...] I saw the deep, thoughtful, warm, generous, unpredictable person inside Eva", he said.[2]

The role of Peter Deluca was written for Ray Liotta, who starred in one of Cianfrance's favorite films, Goodfellas (1990).[8][9] Over 500 boys auditioned for the roles of Jason Glanton and A. J. Cross, with Dane DeHaan and Emory Cohen being selected, respectively. Cianfrance recalls that in the boys' first audition together, their discussion about favorite actors produced a "conflict", and he thought this chemistry would translate well on screen.[2] Greta Gerwig was reported to join the cast as Jennifer Cross,[10] but the part went to Rose Byrne instead.[11]


Principal photography began in the summer of 2011, lasted for 47 days and took place in Schenectady, New York. Filming locations included real places, such as banks, police stations, a hospital, high school and town fair. Cianfrance said it was important that real places were used for "sense of place and truth".[2] While filming in these places, the extras were also real: bank tellers, police officers, hospital patients and staff, and students. Some of the cast, including Cooper and Ray Liotta, spent time with real police officers in Schenectady to learn about their roles.[5] The production went smoothly except for when Hurricane Irene struck the city which flooded the equipment trucks. The crew took a canoe to the truck and rescued the film footage that was left behind, and continued filming the next day.[2]

Cianfrance considered the cast to be collaborators, and encouraged them to improvise some of their dialogue to make it "alive" and "true".[2] Remarking on his directing style, he said "I'm not a dictator on set, I don't force my actors to do things. I allow a democracy of ideas on set".[4] He also demanded utmost commitment from the cast and crew, despite them not staying in luxury hotels or big trailers, and filming in places with bee hives and mosquito infestations.[2] Gosling learned to ride a motorcycle for filming the action scenes, and trained with stuntman Rick Miller for two months.[9] Gosling performed many of his own stunts; in one robbery scene, he rode in heavy traffic whilst being pursued by police, which required 22 takes to perfect.[12][9] He also gained 40 pounds (18 kg) of muscle and worked with designer Ben Shields to design tattoos for his character's body.[4]

Sean Bobbitt served as cinematographer, who preferred using handheld cameras and natural lighting. Cianfrance saw Bobbitt's experience as a war photographer as an advantage, and was impressed with his process and sense of composition, which proved useful for a scene in the beginning which featured a tracking shot towards the globe of death.[2][13] Bobbitt initially stood inside the globe to capture footage of the motorcyclists, but a bike hit his head and he suffered a concussion. As a result, the director did not allow him inside again.[14] Editing proved to be a challenge due to the amount of story to explore, and the rough cut of the film ran in excess of three hours.[5] Cianfrance's close friends, Jim Helton and Ron Patane, served as editors which made the experience "bearable".[5] The final cut of the film took nine months, seven days a week, and sixteen hours a day, to complete.[2]


The score for The Place Beyond the Pines was composed by Mike Patton, who, according to Cianfrance, "understood the haunted qualities of the story". Cianfrance had been a fan of Patton's work since the early 1990s and described his work as "cinematic".[2] The soundtrack album features a selection of music by various artists including Arvo Pärt, Bon Iver, Ennio Morricone, and Vladimir Ivanoff.[15] The album was released by Milan Records on March 26, 2013.[16]



The Place Beyond the Pines premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival on September 7, 2012. Shortly, Focus Features announced their decision to acquire the distribution rights from Sidney Kimmel Entertainment.[6] Focus CEO James Schamus and president Andrew Karpen said, "Derek Cianfrance has made a bold, epic, and emotionally generous saga, once again showing a master's hand in eliciting searingly beautiful performances from the actors with whom he collaborates."[6]

Home media[edit]

The Place Beyond the Pines was released on DVD and Blu-ray on August 6, 2013.[17][18] A limited edition steelbook was also released, which included audio commentary from the director, deleted and extended scenes, as well as behind-the-scenes footage.[19][20]


Box office[edit]

The film received a limited release in the United States on March 29, 2013, followed by a wide release on April 12, 2013.[21] The Place Beyond the Pines grossed $21.4 million in the United States and Canada, and $25.6 million in other territories, for a worldwide total of $47.1 million, against a budget of $15 million.[22]

Critical response[edit]

On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, 78% of 228 critics' reviews are positive, with an average rating of 7.2/10. The website's consensus reads: "Ambitious to a fault, The Place Beyond the Pines finds writer/director Derek Cianfrance reaching for—and often grasping—thorny themes of family, fatherhood, and fate."[23] Metacritic, which uses a weighted average, assigned the film a score of 68 out of 100, based on 42 critics, indicating "generally favorable" reviews.[24]

Writing for the IndieWire "Playlist" blog, Kevin Jagernauth praised the film as an "ambitious epic that is cut from some of the same thematic tissue as Cianfrance's previous film, but expands the scope into a wondrously widescreen tale of fathers, sons and the legacy of sins that are passed down through the generations".[25] The Daily Telegraph critic, Robbie Collin, drew attention to the film's "lower-key and largely un-starry third act" that was criticized in early reviews. "In fact, it's the key to deciphering the entire film," he wrote. Collin drew parallels between Gosling's character and James Dean's Jim Stark in Rebel Without a Cause (1955), and said Cianfrance's film was "great American cinema of the type we keep worrying we've already lost."[26] Toronto Star's Peter Howell gave the film a positive review, writing "The Place Beyond the Pines flirts with exhaustion and threatens credulity with its extreme generational conflicts and use of coincidence. Cianfrance and his sterling cast keep it all together [...] There's a palpable sense of teamwork that brings out the best in all of these players."[27] Claudia Puig of USA Today complimented the film for its "insightful study of masculinity", visual style and engaging look at a multi-generational saga. Puig opined that it was one of 2013's boldest films.[28]

Writing for the Los Angeles Times, Betsy Sharkey described the film as "intimate" and praised the actors performances despite a bulky script.[29] In his review for Chicago Tribune, Michael Phillips gave the film 3½ out of 4 stars; he thought the transition between the three stories gave the film humanistic quality. "The people in it really do seem like people, not pieces of plot", he wrote. However, he was critical of the last third of the film, which felt long, but credited the cinematography, music and editing for keeping the "momentum flowing subtly".[30] David Rooney of The Hollywood Reporter praised the acting, cinematography, atmosphere, and score, but criticized the film's narrative flow.[31] Henry Barnes of The Guardian gave a mixed review, writing: "The Place Beyond the Pines is ambitious and epic, perhaps to a fault. It's a long, slow watch in the final act, a detour into the next generation that sees the sons of Luke and Avery pick away at their daddy issues together. Cianfrance signposts the ripple effects of crime with giant motorway billboards, then pootles along, following a storyline that drops off Mendes and Byrne before winding on to its obvious conclusion."[32] Slant Magazine's Ed Gonzalez gave the film a negative review, and criticized the film's plot, themes, "self-importance", shallow characters, and melodramatic nature.[33]

Top-ten lists

The film appeared in the following critics' top-ten lists:


Organization Award Recipient(s) Result Ref
Australian Film Critics Association Awards Best International Film (English Language) The Place Beyond the Pines Nominated [43]
Dublin Film Critics' Circle Awards Best Director Derek Cianfrance Nominated [44]
Best Screenplay Ben Coccio, Darius Marder and Derek Cianfrance Nominated
Best Cinematography Sean Bobbitt Nominated
Satellite Awards Best Supporting Actor Ryan Gosling Nominated [45]
National Board of Review Top Ten Independent Films The Place Beyond the Pines Won [46]
Saturn Awards Best Thriller Film The Place Beyond the Pines Nominated [47]
Golden Trailer Awards Best Independent Trailer The Place Beyond the Pines Nominated [48]
Best Independent Poster Nominated [49]
Most Original Poster Nominated


  1. ^ "The Place Beyond the Pines". Australian Classification. Department of Communications and the Arts. March 14, 2013. Archived from the original on December 27, 2018. Retrieved February 13, 2017. Duration: 140 minutes
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "The Place Beyond the Pines - Movie Production Notes...CinemaReview.com". Cinemareview.com. Archived from the original on June 3, 2020. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e Osenlund, R. Kurt (March 28, 2013). "Interview: Derek Cianfrance on The Place Beyond the Pines, Ryan Gosling, and More". Slant Magazine. Archived from the original on June 13, 2020. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d Thompson, Anne (August 16, 2013). "Q & A: Director Cianfrance Talks 'The Place Beyond the Pines,' Gosling and Cooper, Long Takes and 'Psycho'". Indiewire.com. Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Levy, Emanuel (March 31, 2013). "Place Beyond the Pines: Interview With Director Derek Cianfrance | Emanuel Levy". EmanuelLevy. Archived from the original on June 13, 2020. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  6. ^ a b c Fleming, Mike Jr. (September 9, 2012). "TOLDJA! Focus Features Lands 'The Place Beyond The Pines'". Deadline. Archived from the original on October 23, 2017. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  7. ^ Thomas, Carly (April 7, 2024). "Bradley Cooper Almost Quit 'The Place Beyond the Pines' After Script Rewrite, Director Says". Hollywoodreporter.com.
  8. ^ Newlin, Matthew (June 26, 2011). "It Keeps Getting Better: Ray Liotta Joins 'A Place Beyond The Pines'". IndieWire. Archived from the original on September 7, 2020. Retrieved September 7, 2020.
  9. ^ a b c McKnight, Ren (March 29, 2013). "The Place Beyond the Pines Director and Writer Derek Cianfrance on Ryan Gosling's Magical Abilities, the Menace of Ray Liotta, and Trying Not to Kill the Most Lusted-After Man in the World". GQ. Archived from the original on July 2, 2020. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
  10. ^ Fleming, Mike Jr. (June 14, 2011). "Eva Mendes, Greta Gerwig In Talks For 'The Place Beyond The Pines'". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on October 25, 2019. Retrieved September 7, 2020.
  11. ^ Fischer, Russ (August 9, 2011). "Rose Byrne Replaces Greta Gerwig in 'The Place Beyond the Pines'". Slash Film. Archived from the original on September 6, 2015. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
  12. ^ Lim, Dennis (March 22, 2013). "Myth Making on Motorcycles". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on June 6, 2020. Retrieved June 6, 2020.
  13. ^ "Getting to The Place Beyond the Pines". Focus Features. January 29, 2013. Archived from the original on July 3, 2020. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
  14. ^ Davis, Edward (April 2, 2013). "Derek Cianfrance Convinced Bradley Cooper Not To Drop Out Of 'Place Beyond The Pines'; His DP Nearly Died On Set & More". IndieWire. Archived from the original on September 6, 2020. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  15. ^ "The Place Beyond The Pines - original music by Mike Patton". Milan Records. Archived from the original on June 11, 2020. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
  16. ^ "The Place Beyond the Pines [Original Motion Picture Soundtrack] - Mike Patton | Release Info". AllMusic. Archived from the original on June 11, 2020. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
  17. ^ "New Blu-ray releases this week: Oblivion, Mud, On the Road | HD Report". hd-report.com. August 6, 2013. Archived from the original on March 24, 2015. Retrieved September 7, 2020.
  18. ^ "The Place Beyond the Pines DVD Release Date August 6, 2013". DVDs Release Dates. Archived from the original on July 21, 2017. Retrieved September 7, 2020.
  19. ^ "The Place Beyond the Pines SteelBook (BD/DVD)(UK)". Blu-rays For Everyone. Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved September 7, 2020.
  20. ^ "The Place Beyond The Pines is getting a nice looking French Steelbook release in August". SteelbookBluray. June 5, 2013. Archived from the original on September 7, 2020. Retrieved September 7, 2020.
  21. ^ Chitwood, Adam (October 16, 2012). "The Place Beyond the Pines, Starring Ryan Gosling and Bradley Cooper, Set for Limited Release on March 29, 2013". Collider. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
  22. ^ "The Place Beyond the Pines". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved August 29, 2023.Edit this at Wikidata
  23. ^ "The Place Beyond the Pines". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved August 29, 2023. Edit this at Wikidata
  24. ^ "The Place Beyond the Pines". Metacritic. Fandom, Inc. Retrieved August 29, 2023.
  25. ^ Jagernauth, Kevin (September 7, 2012). "TIFF Review: 'The Place Beyond The Pines' A Searing Tale Of Fathers, Sons & The Legacy Of Sins". IndieWire. Archived from the original on March 16, 2013. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  26. ^ Collin, Robbie (April 11, 2013). "The Place Beyond the Pines, review". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on January 14, 2018. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  27. ^ Howell, Peter (April 11, 2013). "The Place Beyond the Pines a tautly tangled tale: review". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on June 7, 2020. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
  28. ^ Puig, Claudia (March 29, 2013). "'The Place Beyond the Pines' has evergreen appeal". USA Today. Archived from the original on July 25, 2019. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  29. ^ Sharkey, Betsy (March 28, 2013). "Review: In 'The Place Beyond the Pines,' society is the bad guy". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 13, 2020. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  30. ^ Phillips, Michael. "A 'Place Beyond the Pines' where two actors shine ★★★1/2". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on July 25, 2019. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  31. ^ Rooney, David (September 8, 2012). "The Place Beyond the Pines: Toronto Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on October 19, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  32. ^ Barnes, Henry (September 8, 2012). "The Place Beyond the Pines – review". The Guardian. Archived from the original on July 10, 2017. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  33. ^ Gonzalez, Ed (March 15, 2013). "The Place Beyond The Pines". Slant Magazine. Archived from the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  34. ^ Myers, Randy (December 18, 2013). "Best of 2013 film: Our top 10 movies of the year". The Mercury News. Archived from the original on May 21, 2020. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
  35. ^ Tapley, Kristopher (June 28, 2014). "Kristopher Tapley's top 10 films of 2013". HitFix. Archived from the original on June 28, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
  36. ^ Lawson, Richard (December 18, 2013). "The Top 10 Films Of 2013: Richard Lawson's List". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on April 13, 2016. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
  37. ^ Kinnear, Simon (March 28, 2014). "50 Best Movies Of 2013". Total Film. Archived from the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
  38. ^ "2013 Film Critic Top Ten Lists | Film". Metacritic. December 8, 2013. Archived from the original on December 11, 2013. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  39. ^ Kennedy, Lisa (December 19, 2013). "Best of 2013: "12 Years" tops Denver Post list of year's top movies". The Denver Post. Archived from the original on February 17, 2020. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
  40. ^ Persall, Steve (December 30, 2013). "10 movies that rocked us in 2013". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on March 13, 2020. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
  41. ^ Whitty, Steve (December 19, 2013). "Best of 2013: The year's finest films". The Star-Ledger. Archived from the original on February 29, 2020. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
  42. ^ Puig, Claudia (December 26, 2013). "The year in film: Claudia Puig's top 10". USA Today. Archived from the original on February 2, 2020. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
  43. ^ "Nominations announced for the 2014 Australian Film Critics Association Awards". IF Magazine. February 10, 2014. Archived from the original on June 16, 2020. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
  44. ^ Clarke, Donald (December 18, 2013). "The Dublin Film Critics Circle plumps for Gravity | Screenwriter". Irishtimes.com. Archived from the original on May 3, 2016. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
  45. ^ Academy, International Press. "The International Press Academy Announces Nominations For The 18th Annual Satellite Awards". Prnewswire.com (Press release). Archived from the original on September 3, 2019. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
  46. ^ "National Board of Review Announces 2013 Award Winners". National Board of Review. December 4, 2013. Archived from the original on June 11, 2019. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
  47. ^ Goldberg, Matt (February 26, 2014). "Saturn Award Nominations Announced; Gravity and The Hobbitt: The Desolation of Smaug Lead with 8 Nominations Each". Collider. Archived from the original on May 19, 2019. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
  48. ^ "Disney, 'Iron Man 3' Dominate 2013 Golden Trailer Awards". Deadline. May 5, 2013. Archived from the original on June 21, 2018. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
  49. ^ Wolfe, Jennifer (May 7, 2014). "Golden Trailer Award Nominees Announced". Animation World Network. Archived from the original on June 16, 2020. Retrieved June 16, 2020.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]