The Planter's Wife (1952 film)
|The Planter's Wife|
Original British film poster
|Directed by||Ken Annakin|
|Produced by||John Stafford|
|Written by||Guy Elmes
|Based on||novel by Sidney Charles George|
|Music by||Allan Gray|
|Edited by||Alfred Roome|
|Distributed by||General Film Distributors (UK)
United Artists (USA)
|18 September 1952 (UK)
26 November 1952 (USA)
The Planter's Wife is a 1952 British drama film directed by Ken Annakin, and starring Claudette Colbert, Jack Hawkins and Anthony Steel. It is set against the backdrop of the Malayan Emergency and focuses on a rubber planter and his neighbours who are fending off a campaign of sustained attacks by Communist insurgents while also struggling to save their marriage.
The film was retitled Outpost in Malaya in the USA.
During the Malayan Emergency, communist terrorists attack an isolated rubber plantation, killing the manager. This concerns neighbouring planter Jim Frazer, who is struggling to produce rubber under constant attacks. Jim is having domestic difficulties with his American wife Liz, who is planning to take their son Mike to England and not return. British Inspector Hugh Dodson urges Liz to come clean with Jim.
Jim gives a lift to Wan Li, a Chinese man, the uncle of a little servant girl injured in the attack on Jim's neighbour. After Wan Li goes to the police, the communists murder him. Mike is almost bitten by a cobra but a mongoose kills the snake.
A bandit attacks Liz and corners her, but she shoots him with a pistol. Jim takes her home. When she awakes the plantation is under attack. Jim fights off the communists with the help of his friend Nair. Liz decides to stay in Malaya.
- Claudette Colbert as Liz Frazer
- Jack Hawkins as Jim Frazer
- Anthony Steel as Hugh Dobson
- Ram Gopal as Nair
- Jeremy Spenser as Mat
- Peter Asher as Mike Frazer
- Tom Macaulay as Jack Bushell
- Sonya Hana as Ah Mov
- Andy Ho as Wan Li
- Yah Ming as Ah Siong
- Ng Cheuk Kwong as Ho Tang
- Shaym Bahadur as Putra (uncredited)
- Alfie Bass as soldier (uncredited)
- Bryan Coleman as Captain Dell (uncredited)
- Helen Goss as Eleanor Bushell (uncredited)
- Victor Maddern as radio operator (uncredited)
- Don Sharp as Lieutenant Summers (uncredited)
- Bill Travers as Planter (uncredited)
The movie was originally known as White Blood. This was the name given to liquid rubber as it is tapped from trees. However the title was criticised by the Colonial Office and overseas distributors because it could be interpreted as referring to racial discrimination, so it was changed to The Planter's Wife.
Director Ken Annakin and a team gathered anecdotes from planters, policemen and soldiers in Malaya and shot second unit sequences there as well as Singapore and Malacca but for safety reasons during the ongoing Emergency, much of the filming was done in Ceylon. The majority of the film was shot in London at Pinewood Studios.
To encourage a receptive American audience, Pinewood Studios head Earl St. John sent Annakin to Hollywood to select an American actress for the female lead. Annakin interviewed Norma Shearer, Loretta Young, Joan Crawford, Olivia de Havilland and Claudette Colbert. Though all the actresses expressed satisfaction with the script, none wanted to leave their film and television commitments in Hollywood for an extended overseas location shoot except for Claudette Colbert. Claudette Colbert was paid £20,000 to play the lead. The role of Jim Fraser was meant to be played by Michael Redgrave but Jack Hawkins was cast instead. Colbert impressed Annakin with her detailed technical knowledge of lighting and camera work and confided in Annakin that she had never been called upon to do real action scenes in Hollywood and quickly became adept in small arms use.
Indian dancer Ram Gopal was given his first dramatic role as the overseer. Child actor Peter Asher – who later went on to a successful career as musician, singer (as half of the 1960s' "Peter & Gordon" duo) and record producer – plays the couple's son, Mike. Among the Burmese, Indian and Malay extras was Khin Maung, a noted Burmese painter.
To shoot the cobra vs mongoose fight, the room set was built in a Ceylon zoo. When several of the local mongooses ran away from the cobra, the zookeeper said "Ï'm afraid our Singhalese mongooses are not used to fighting; I'll have to get you some North-Indian variety". Imported from Madras, the Indian mongoose engaged in a true fight to the finish with the cobra.
However, despite Colbert's presence, it only took £32,000 in the USA.
The critic from The Daily Worker called it "the most viciously dishonest war propaganda picture yet made in Britain."
The Los Angeles Times said "the atmosphere is more plausible than the melodrama."
Ken Annakin later said he was "quite proud" of the movie.
- Hollywood Notes The Christian Science Monitor (1908-Current file) [Boston, Mass] 09 Sep 1952: 7
- "THE PLANTER'S WIFE.". The Australian Women's Weekly (National Library of Australia). 11 March 1953. p. 29. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
- "Anthony Steele on the way up.". The Mail (Adelaide: National Library of Australia). 26 January 1952. p. 7 Supplement: SUNDAY MAGAZINE. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- "U.K. honor to Jane Wyman.". The Mail (Adelaide: National Library of Australia). 10 May 1952. p. 7 Supplement: SUNDAY MAGAZINE. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
- British Cinema of the 1950s: The Decline of Deference by Sue Harper, Vincent Porter Oxford University Press, 2003 p 44-45
- p, 61 Annakin, Ken So You Wanna Be a Director? Tomahawk Press 2001
- "WHAT'S NEWS IN THE MOVIE WORLD.". Sunday Times (Perth: National Library of Australia). 28 November 1954. p. 39. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
- p.64 Annakin
- "WANT MALAYAN STARLET.". The Northern Standard (Darwin, NT: National Library of Australia). 6 June 1952. p. 6. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
- "FILMS' CHAMPION MOTHER.". The Sydney Morning Herald (National Library of Australia). 28 August 1952. p. 7 Section: Women's Section. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
- p. 64 Annakin
- "COMEDIAN TOPS FILM POLL.". The Sunday Herald (Sydney: National Library of Australia). 28 December 1952. p. 4. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
- U. S. STARS TOP WORLD IN BRITISH FILM POLL New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 27 Dec 1952: 5.
- "Douglas Brass's.". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane: National Library of Australia). 22 September 1952. p. 4. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
- Colbert in Difficulties in Malaya Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 08 Dec 1952: B11
- Brian McFarlane, An Autobiography of British Cinema by the Actors and Filmmakers Who Made It, Methuen 1997 p 26
- The Planter's Wife at the TCM Movie Database
- The Planter's Wife at the Internet Movie Database
- The Planter's Wife at AllMovie
- Review of film at New York Times
- The Planter's Wife at BFI