The Pleasure Principle (song)
|"The Pleasure Principle"|
|Single by Janet Jackson|
|from the album Control|
|Released||May 12, 1987|
|Format||7" single, 12" single, CD single|
Flyte Tyme Studios
|Genre||R&B, dance-pop, synthpop|
|Janet Jackson singles chronology|
"The Pleasure Principle" is a song by American singer-songwriter Janet Jackson, recorded for her third studio album, Control (1986). It was written by and produced by Monte Moir, and was released as the sixth single from the album on May 12, 1987 by A&M Records. "The Pleasure Principle" is an "independent woman" anthem about love gone wrong built around a dance beat. The photo for the single cover was shot by fashion photographer David LaChapelle.
The accompanying music video for "The Pleasure Principle" was directed by Dominic Sena. It depicts Jackson entering a loft wearing only a t-shirt and jeans to practice her dancing. The video was seen by critics as iconic, and was nominated at two categories at the 1988 MTV Video Music Awards, eventually winning one. "The Pleasure Principle" was performed on many of Jackson's tours, most recently on her 2011 Number Ones: Up Close and Personal tour. The song was also performed on some promotional appearances, including at the 2006 Billboard Music Awards. In 2008, Jackson's lingerie line was named after the song.
Background and development
After arranging a recording contract with A&M Records in 1982 for a then sixteen-year-old Janet, her father Joseph Jackson oversaw the entire production of her debut album, Janet Jackson, and its follow-up, Dream Street (1984). In 1985, Jackson subsequently fired her father as her manager and hired John McClain, then A&M Records' senior vice president of artists and repertoire and general manager. Commenting on the decision, she stated, "I just wanted to get out of the house, get out from under my father, which was one of the most difficult things that I had to do, telling him that I didn't want to work with him again." He subsequently introduced her to the songwriting and production duo James "Jimmy Jam" Harris III and Terry Lewis, former Prince associates and ex-members of The Time.
"The Pleasure Principle" was the only song not to be written or produced by Jam and Lewis. Instead, it was penned by American producer Monte Moir, which was The Time's keyboardist. At the time, he was working with his old band colleagues at Flyte Tyme Studios when they were offered the project for the album with Jackson, and Moir was asked to come up with some songs. He did not have a concept or title for the song at first, which was not uncommon for the producer. As verses started to take shape, he had to figure out what it was I was trying to say, and realized the song fit with the Freudian concept of the pleasure principle. After songwriting was done, Moir recorded it "fairly quickly" as there were a lot of projects going on at one studio.
Written and produced by Monte Moir, "The Pleasure Principle" is lyrically about Jackson taking control of a personal relationship by refusing to settle for loveless materialism, while she sings, "What I thought was happiness was only part time bliss". The song parallels a fleeting love affair with a ride in a limousine. It mentions a "Big Yellow Taxi", alluding to the 1970 Joni Mitchell song, which Jackson would sample on her single "Got 'til It's Gone" from her seventh studio album The Velvet Rope (1997). Sal Cinquemani from Slant Magazine noted that musically "synths bump like busted shock absorbers and the electric guitar screeches like rubber on pavement".
Kareem Gantt from AXS TV commented that while "Control" and "Nasty", "The Pleasure Principle" was more toned down, but "still a sonic groover". "The Pleasure Principle" was nominated for Best Single, Female at the 1988 Soul Train Music Awards.
In the United States, "The Pleasure Principle" debuted at number 78 on the Billboard Hot 100 on the week dated May 23, 1987. It later reached its peak at number 14 on August 1, 1987. It became the only song released by Jackson to miss the top ten of the chart until "Son of a Gun (I Betcha Think This Song is About You)" peaked at number 28 in 2001. It nevertheless became her fifth chart-topper on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs and her third on the Hot Dance Club Play. It was ranked number 34 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs year-end chart of 1987.
Outside the U.S. the single would be able to make it into the top 40 in most markets, but failed to match the international success of Control's previous singles.
The accompanying music video for "The Pleasure Principle" was directed by Dominic Sena and premiered on MTV on June 1, 1987. Choreography was handled by Barry Lather. In the beginning of the video, Jackson enters a loft wearing only a t-shirt and jeans to practice her dancing. She gives a solo dance performance while singing about the pleasure principle. Elements of the choreography incorporate a chair and a microphone stand. At the 1988 MTV Video Music Awards the video won for Best Choreography and was nominated for Best Female Video. While reviewing Jackson's video album Rhythm Nation Compilation (1989), Wendy Robinson from PopMatters commente that "this is the first video in which Jackson appears alone, with a sleek new hairdo and unleashing a repertoire of exciting new moves", and Justin Joseph from Centric TV noted that the video was "probably more iconic than the song", while describing its choreography as "so dynamic". During MTV's MTV Icon in 2001, Jackson was paid tribute by Mýa by re-enacting Jackson's choreography from the video. The singer was paid a dance tribute once again during the BET Awards 2015 by singer Tinashe with a reenactment of the video.
Britney Spears referenced "The Pleasure Principle" video, as well as Jackson's "Miss You Much" video for the chair routine in her "Stronger" music video, with the video's director Joseph Kahn saying her idea was inspired by "Janet Jackson's 'Pleasure Principle' — the iconic chair sequence in that". A review of the video commented "Ms. Spears gives us her best Janet Jackson impression ('Miss You Much') with a dizzying chair-dance routine." American singer Cassie was accused of copying "The Pleasure Principle"'s concept on her music video for "Me & U" (2006), described as evoking Jackson's "impromptu solo dance rehearsal" during the video's mirror scenes. Cassie stated "I'm a diehard Janet Jackson fan. A lot of people compare my video for 'Me & U' to hers for 'Pleasure Principle'. I was just rehearsing in the studio, they filmed me and the record label thought it would be great for the video. I'd love to emulate her career. She's incredible, from her moves to her voice."
Jackson has performed the song on all of her concert tour, excluding the Janet World Tour and the All for You Tour. The song was performed during a "frenzied" medley with "Control", "Nasty" and "Throb" on The Velvet Rope Tour in 1998. The medley at the October 11, 1998 show in New York City, at the Madison Square Garden, was broadcast during a special titled The Velvet Rope: Live in Madison Square Garden by HBO. It was also added to the setlist at its DVD release, The Velvet Rope Tour – Live in Concert in 1999.
On December 4, 2006, while promoting her ninth studio album 20 Y.O., Jackson opened the 2006 Billboard Music Awards with a medley of past hits "Control", "The Pleasure Principle" and new single "So Excited", accompanied by black and red-clad dancers. For her first tour in seven years Rock Witchu Tour in 2008, she chose to open the show a medley with "The Pleasure Principle", "Control" and "What Have You Done for Me Lately". After an interlude, Jackson made her entrance amid fireworks and theatrical smoke to perform the medley, while donning a Mohawk hairstyle.
- U.S. 7" single
- A. "The Pleasure Principle" – 4:58
- B. "Fast Girls" – 3:20
- U.S. and European 12" single
- Australian limited edition 12" single
- A1. "The Pleasure Principle" (long vocal) – 7:23
- A2. "The Pleasure Principle" (a cappella) – 4:23
- B1. "The Pleasure Principle" (12" dub) – 6:58
- B2. "The Pleasure Principle" (7" vocal) – 4:19
- UK and European 7" single
- A. "The Pleasure Principle" (The Shep Pettibone Mix) – 4:19
- B. "The Pleasure Principle" (Dub Edit – The Shep Pettibone Mix) – 5:10
- UK 12" single
- A1. "The Pleasure Principle" (long vocal remix) – 7:28
- B1. "The Pleasure Principle" (dub edit) – 6:58
- B2. "The Pleasure Principle" (a cappella) – 4:19
- UK CD single and 12" single – "The Pleasure Principle"/"Alright" – Danny Tenaglia/Todd Terry Mixes
- "The Pleasure Principle" (Legendary Club Mix) – 8:16
- "The Pleasure Principle" (NuFlava Vocal Dub) – 7:21
- "The Pleasure Principle" (Banji Dub) – 7:10
- "The Pleasure Principle" (D.T.'s Twilo Dub) – 9:04
- "Alright" (Tee's Club Mix) – 6:22
- "Alright" (Tee's Beats) – 3:25
- Album version – 4:57
- A cappella – 4:23
- 7" vocal/The Shep Pettibone Mix – 4:19
- Long vocal/Long vocal remix – 7:23 (appears on the UK edition of Control: The Remixes)
- Dub edit – 5:19
- 12" dub/Dub edit – 6:58
- Design of a Decade edit – 4:13
- D.T.'s Twilo Dub – 9:04
- NuFlava Vocal Dub – 7:21
- Legendary Club Mix – 8:16
- Legendary Radio Mix – 4:17
- Banji Dub – 7:10
|Australian Kent Music Report||50|
|Belgian Singles Chart (Flanders)||17|
|Canadian Singles Chart||35|
|Dutch Top 40||15|
|Irish Singles Chart||23|
|New Zealand Singles Chart||37|
|UK Singles Chart||24|
|U.S. Billboard Hot 100||14|
|U.S. Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs||1|
|U.S. Billboard Hot Dance Club Play||1|
"Head to Toe" by Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam
|U.S. Billboard Hot Dance Club Play number-one single
June 6, 1987 – June 13, 1987
"Diamonds" by Herb Alpert
"Fake" by Alexander O'Neal
|U.S. Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs number-one single
August 8, 1987
"Jam Tonight" by Freddie Jackson
- Bream, Jon (1986-02-07), "Janet Jackson still seeks an identity", Star Tribune (Michael J. Klingensmith): 03.C, ISSN 0744-5458
- Edmond Jr., A. (1987), "John McClain creates solid gold money-makers", Black Enterprise (Earl G. Graves, Sr.) 18: 54, ISSN 0006-4165
- Saunders, Michael (1996-10-03), "The 3 Divas Janet Jackson turns her focus inward", The Boston Globe: D13
- Gaar, Gillian G. (2002), She's a Rebel: The History of Women in Rock & Roll, Seal Press, pp. 323–324, ISBN 1-58005-078-6
- Billboard 12 jan. 2002, p. 8, at Google Books
- "Britney Spears' 10 Best Music Videos: Readers' Poll Results". Billboard. February 19, 2011. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
- "Flashback Friday: Britney Spears "Stronger" Music Video". The Round Table Online. February 18, 2011. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
- Cinquemani, Sal (2006-08-07). "Cassie : Cassie - Music Review - Slant Magazine". Slant Magazine. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
- "Cassie dismisses 'copycat' claims". ChinaDaily. 2006-08-08. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
- The Velvet Rope Tour – Live in Concert (Laserdisc, VHS, DVD). Janet Jackson. Eagle Rock Entertainment. 1999.
- Billboard 16 dez. 2006, p. 34, at Google Books
- "Janet in Australia". MJJ Charts. Retrieved February 24, 2009.
- "Janet in Belgium". MJJ Charts. Retrieved February 24, 2009.
- "RPM weekly magazine". RPM. Retrieved February 23, 2009.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 31 – 1987". Radio 538 (in Dutch). Top 40. Retrieved February 24, 2009.
- "The Irish Charts". Irish Recorded Music Association. irishcharts.ie. Retrieved February 24, 2009.
- "charts.org.nz – Janet Jackson – The Pleasure Principle". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. charts.org.nz. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
- "Chart Stats – Janet Jackson – Pleasure Principle". The Official Charts Company. Chart Stats. Archived from the original on June 28, 2013. Retrieved February 24, 2009.
- "Control > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles". Allmusic. Retrieved February 24, 2009.