The Poe Clan
|The Poe Clan|
Cover of the first edition of The Poe Clan volume 1, published by Shogakukan
|Written by||Moto Hagio|
|Original run||March 1972 – June 1976|
The Poe Clan (Japanese: ポーの一族 Hepburn: Pō no Ichizoku) is a Japanese shōjo manga by Moto Hagio that depicts a family of vampires from the 18th to the 20th centuries. The two main characters, Edgar Portsnell and Allan Twilight, as well as the family are named after Edgar Allan Poe. It was serialized by Shogakukan in Betsucomi from 1972 to 1976 and collected in nine tankōbon under the Flower Comics imprint. Poe was the first shōjo manga from Shogakukan to be released in this format. It was inspired by Shotaro Ishimori's story "Mist, Roses and Stars". The manga has also been licensed by Fantagraphics for U.S. publication in early 2019. 
Edgar is born as an illegitimate child to Earl Evans. After the birth of Edgar's sister, Marybell, four years later, his stepmother orders the nurse to kill Edgar and Marybell. The nurse does not kill them but abandons Marybell and Edgar in the woods, expecting them to die of starvation, where they are discovered by Hannah Poe. She takes them to her mansion near the village of Scotty. Hannah looks after the siblings. When Edgar is eleven, he learns the secret that Hannah and people in the mansion are vampanellas (vampires). He is forced to promise that he will mutate inyo a vampanella, a member of the Poe family, when he becomes an adult. Marybell is adopted by Baron Art due to Edgar's request. When he is 14 years of age, Hannah is killed by a villager and the villagers learn the secret of the mansion. Edgar is mutated into a vampire by King Poe, effectively forcing him to join the Poe family, before the family escapes from the villagers.
Three years later, Earl Evans' eldest son, Oswald, meets Marybell and Edgar. Marybell attempts to kill Edgar because he is a vampire. However, Edgar's love and kindness cause her to change her mind. Edgar takes her into the Poe family. Edgar is adopted by a baron and his wife, Sheila Portsnell, who is also a vampiress. However, Edgar and Marybell cannot stay under the care of the baron for long because they remain at the ages of 14 and 13, respectively.
In London 1879, Edgar and Marybell met Alan Twilight. Then Edgar joins the same school that Alan always went to. Edgar and Alan become close friends and Alan falls in love with Marybell. One day, Sheila got seriously injured by a doctor called John Clifford after he discovered the family are vampires, he also killed Marybell. After the death of Baron Frank Portsnell, Sheila, Marybell and Edgar went and found Alan. Alan at that time had a serious argument with his family about the unwanted proposed marriage to his cousin Maggot and fell into deep despair. After hearing about the death of Marybell, Alan accepts the invitation to join the Poe family and mutates into a vampire by Edgar. Then the two of them ran away from London and start their eternal journey.
- Edgar Portsnell (エドガー·ポーツネル Edogā Pōtsuneru) is the protagonist. He is born on May 12, 1740, as the illegitimate first child to an aristocrat, Earl Evans, and his mistress, Maryweather. He mutates into a vampire at the age of 14.
- Marybell Portsnell (メリベル·ポーツネル Meriberu Pōtsuneru) is Edgar's sister. She is also the illegitimate child of Earl Evans. She mutates into a vampiress at the age of 13.
- Allan Twilight (アラン・トワイライト Aran Towailaito) is Edgar’s close friend. He is the only child of Rachel Twilight. He mutates into a vampire at the age of 14.
The Poe Clan was written and illustrated by Moto Hagio and serialized by Shogakukan in Flower Comics from March 1972 to June 1976. The individual chapters were collected in five tankōbon volumes under the Flower Comics imprint, with the first volume published on March 28, 1974 and the final volume on January 25, 1978. Shogakukan later re-released the entire series in three bunkoban volumes on July 17, 1998, and then again in two wide-ban volumes on November 26, 2007 and December 21, 2007, respectively.
In April 2016, to commemorate The Poe Clan's 40th anniversary and Monthly Flowers's 15th anniversary, it was announced Hagio would publish two new chapters titled "Haru no Yume" (春の夢, lit. "Spring's Dream") in May and June respectively. The first chapter was published on May 28, 2016 but the second chapter was delayed to "winter" without a specific date. On May 27, 2017, the second part was published, and the two parts were grouped into a tankōbon volume released on July 10, 2017. After "Haru no Yume"'s publication, Hagio announced a new series to be released in "next spring".
|1||March 28, 1974||ISBN 4-09-130001-4|
|2||June 24, 1974||ISBN 4-09-130002-2|
|3||July 20, 1974||ISBN 4-09-130003-0|
|4||January 17, 1976||ISBN 4-09-130004-9|
|5||August 11, 1976||ISBN 4-09-130005-7|
The Poe Clan was adapted into a radio drama broadcast by NHK-FM between January 1 and January 6, 1980. It was directed by Tokio Ootani from a script by Sunao Takata, with sound effects by Masakazu Haraguti and Akira Iwai. It starred Kouji Ishitobi as the Baron and Haruka Kurara as the Baron's wife.
The Poe Clan was later adapted into a series of six drama CDs from scripts written by Moto Hagio. They were released monthly by Shogakukan between December 2007 and May 2008. Each volume covered a different generation of the Poe family.
- Volume 1 was released on December 21, 2007, and starred Toshihiko Seki as Glenn Smith and Tomokazu Seki as Clifford.
- Volume 2 was released on January 25, 2008, and starred Megumi Takamoto as Liddell, Honda Youko as Karen, and Ayumi Huzimura as Jane.
- Volume 3 was released on February 22, 2008, and starred Saito Masashi as Hannah, Takendo Koyasu as Oswald, Nobuhiko Okamoto as Yushisu, and Kana Ueda as Madonna.
- Volume 4 was released on March 21, 2008, and starred Narita Ken as Henry, Takayuki Huzimoto as Roger, Kana Uetake as Ellen, Hisashi Oda as Ernest, Akira Sugizaki as the doctor, Takaya Hazi/Tsutomu Ousaka as Marshal, and Yumi Shimura as Grid Marshal.
- Volume 5 was released on April 26, 2008, and starred Obase Tomoko/Kouda Naoko as Elizabeth, Teruyuki Sawa Makoto as Tony, Yukiko Okada as Yurie, Madoka Kimura as Julieta, Fuyuka Ooura as Anna, Kou Sonobe as Pierre, Atsushi Abe as Lewis, Tomiko Orikasa as Edith, Kawashima Toku Ai as Henry, Osamu Akira Sugiyama as Roger, and Hitoshi Takashi as Sir Bin Kyou.
- Volume 6 was released on May 23, 2008, and starred Sumiko Minakawa as Killian, Kaida Yuki as Mathias, Miura Junya as Theo, Cha Fūrin as Dr. Grof, Madoka Kimura as Robin, Akira Sugizaki as Heym, Isao Yoshimi Sonobe as Pastor, Atsushi Abe as Student 1, Kobayashi Kosuke as Student 2, Kaji Yuki as Student 3, Masaki Makiguti as Student 4, and Kouji Ishitobi as Music Teacher.
In February 2016, TV Asahi announced that it along with Production I.G and Atmovie would produce a television drama adaptation of the manga. Featuring an original story scripted by Katsuhide Suzuki and directed by Katsuyuki Motohiro, Stranger ~Bakemono ga Jiken wo Abaku~ (ストレンジャー〜バケモノが事件を暴く〜, lit. "Stranger: Disclosing the Monster Incident") shares the same worldview of Hagio's manga. Its single episode was broadcast on March 27, 2016, and follows Akira Misugi (Shingo Katori), a Taishō era doctor who is mutated into a vampanella by Maria (Ayami Nakajō), a child descendant of a vampanella, when he attempts to commit suicide because of the death of his wife and child.
The all-female troup Takarazuka Revue announced an adaptation of The Poe Clan by its Flower Troupe to premiere in 2018. Written and directed by Shūichirō Koike, it starred Rio Asumi and Ayase Senna and ran between January 1 to February 5 at the Takarazuka Grand Theater, and from February 16 to March 25 at the Tokyo Takarazuka Theater.
The Poe Clan received the 1976 Shogakukan Manga Award for shōnen manga along with Hagio's They Were Eleven. In 1974, the first print run of the first volume (30,000 copies) sold out in one day, which permitted Hagio to continue with more stories set in the Poe universe. When a new chapter was published for the first time in forty years in the July 2016 issue of Monthly Flowers, the publisher, Shogakukan, printed 50,000 copies (1.5 times the magazine's usual run), yet it still sold out within days. This chapter was included in a collected volume of the series and the success was repeated; it entered the top 10 of Oricon's weekly chart of best-selling manga selling over 60,000 copies in just one week.
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