The Poetics of Space

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The Poetics of Space
The Poetics of Space (French edition).jpg
Cover of the first edition
AuthorGaston Bachelard
Original titleLa Poétique de l'Espace
TranslatorMaria Jolas
SeriesBibliothèque de philosophie contemporaine
PublisherPresses Universitaires de France
Publication date
Published in English
Media typePrint (Hardback & Paperback)
Pages241 (English translation)
ISBN0-8070-6439-4 (English edition)

The Poetics of Space (French: La Poétique de l'Espace) is a 1958 book about architecture by the French philosopher Gaston Bachelard. Commentators have compared Bachelard's views to those of the philosopher Martin Heidegger.


Bachelard applies the method of phenomenology to architecture, basing his analysis not on purported origins (as was the trend in enlightenment thinking about architecture) but on lived experience in architectural places and their contexts in nature. He focuses especially on the personal, emotional response to buildings both in life and in literary works, both in prose and in poetry. He is thus led to consider spatial types such as the attic, the cellar, drawers and the like. Bachelard implicitly urges architects to base their work on the experiences it will engender rather than on abstract rationales that may or may not affect viewers and users of architecture.

Sometimes the house of the future is better built, lighter and larger than all the houses of the past, so that the image of the dream house is opposed to that of the childhood home…. Maybe it is a good thing for us to keep a few dreams of a house that we shall live in later, always later, so much later, in fact, that we shall not have time to achieve it. For a house that was final, one that stood in symmetrical relation to the house we were born in, would lead to thoughts—serious, sad thoughts—and not to dreams. It is better to live in a state of impermanence than in one of finality.

— Gaston Bachelard, The Poetics of Space[1]

Bachelard also discusses psychoanalysis and the work of the psychiatrist Carl Jung. Comparing the psychoanalytic and phenomenological approaches to his subject matter, he sees merit in both, but finds the phenomenological approach preferable.[2]

Publication history[edit]

The Poetics of Space was first published by Presses Universitaires de France in 1958. In 1964, the Orion Press, Inc. published the book, with a foreword by the philosopher Étienne Gilson, in an English translation by the writer Maria Jolas. Beacon Press republished the work in English in 1969. In 1994, it republished it in a new edition with an added foreword by the historian John R. Stilgoe.[3][4]


Gilson, in his introduction to The Poetics of Space, credited Bachelard with making "one of the major modern contributions to the philosophy of art".[5] The philosopher Paul Ricœur was influenced by Bachelard's understanding of the imagination, citing The Poetics of Space in Freud and Philosophy (1965) and elsewhere in his work.[6][7] The critic Camille Paglia has identified The Poetics of Space as an influence on her work of literary criticism Sexual Personae (1990). She has also commented of Bachelard's "dignified yet fluid phenomenological descriptive method" that it "seemed to me ideal for art", and described Bachelard as "the last modern French writer I took seriously."[8] The philosopher Edward S. Casey identified The Poetics of Space as an influence on his work Getting Back into Place (1993). He wrote that Bachelard shared Heidegger's "emphasis on the importance of dwelling places." However, he added that neither Heidegger nor Bachelard "adequately assessed the role of the human body in the experience of significant places."[9]

Stilgoe praised Bachelard's discussion of "the meaning of domestic space" in his introduction to The Poetics of Space.[10] Joan Ockman gave The Poetics of Space a positive review in Harvard Design Magazine. She compared Bachelard's views to Heidegger's, and wrote that, alongside works such as Heidegger's Being and Time (1927) and his essay "Building Dwelling Thinking", The Poetics of Space was a key text for the architect Christian Norberg-Schulz. She also compared Bachelard's views on epistemology to those of the philosopher Thomas Kuhn and described him as an influence on the philosopher Michel Foucault, finding it apparent in Foucault's The Archaeology of Knowledge (1969).[11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bachelard 1994, p. 61.
  2. ^ Bachelard 1994, pp. 3–4, 19.
  3. ^ Bachelard 1994, p. iv.
  4. ^ Gilson 1994, pp. xi–xiv.
  5. ^ Gilson 1994, p. xiv.
  6. ^ Ricœur 1970, pp. 15–16.
  7. ^ Ricœur 1979, p. 147.
  8. ^ Paglia 1993, pp. 114, 129.
  9. ^ Casey 1993, p. xv.
  10. ^ Stilgoe 1994, p. vii.
  11. ^ Ockman 1998.


Online articles