The Pope Must Die
|The Pope Must Die|
Canadian video poster for The Pope Must Die, renamed The Pope Must Diet!
|Directed by||Peter Richardson|
|Produced by||Stephen Woolley
|Written by||Peter Richardson
|Music by||Jeff Beck
|Edited by||Katherine Wenning|
|Distributed by||Miramax Films|
|31 August 1991|
|Box office||£1,150,000 (UK)
The Pope Must Die (U.S. alternate title: The Pope Must Die(t)) is a 1991 comedy film directed by Peter Richardson and released by Palace Pictures with the backing of Channel 4 Films. The script was written by Richardson with Pete Richens, derived from elements of an earlier screenplay for a three-part mini-series satirising the Catholic Church, which was rejected by Channel 4. The Pope Must Die stars Robbie Coltrane as a low ranking priest who is mistakenly elected Pope, then has to avoid being assassinated by the Mafia. The film co-stars Adrian Edmondson, Annette Crosbie, Herbert Lom, Alex Rocco and Richardson.
The film was originally planned as a part of a three-part mini series for Channel 4, which was cancelled by the station after press outcry. This led Richardson to sever his long relationship with Channel 4 and move his future productions to the BBC. The budget for the film was later approved by Palace Pictures with the backing of Channel 4 Films. The production was filmed in 1990 in the former Yugoslavia on a budget of £2.5 million.
The film's subject matter was controversial, which caused the distributors serious difficulties with its promotion, London Transport refusing to carry advertising for it until the film's posters were censored. In the USA the Big Three television networks refused to show commercials for the film, which they said was sacrilegious and offensive. Many newspapers in the US also censored or refused to carry advertising for the film. The film was released to mixed reviews, and struggled at the box office, failing to make back its budget at the cinema.
The film was released on VHS but it is not currently available on DVD or Blu-ray. It is however on YouTube.
The plot is predicated on the Vatican being controlled by the Mafia boss Vittorio Corelli (Herbert Lom). The movie opens with the death of the previous Pope followed by a twenty-five day conclave where the Mob's tame Cardinal Cardinal Rocco (Alex Rocco) successfully persuades the College of Cardinals to elect in absentia the Mafia's favoured candidate to the papacy, Albini (Janez Vajevec), a priest in the service of the Mafia, whom Rocco passes off as an absent "Cardinal Albini".
Unfortunately, the secretary of the College of Cardinals Fr. Rookie (Adrian Edmondson) is hard of hearing, and while recording the official results of the election, he misheard the pope-elect's name and instead of writing "Cardinal Albini" he writes down "Cardinal Albinizi" and "Albinizi" happens to be the similar surname of an honest parish priest, C. David "Dave" Albinizi, (Robbie Coltrane). As a result, Fr. Albinizi becomes Pope and takes the name of Pope David I. However, Fr. Albinizi is not a quiet priest, but is also very interested in cars, women and Rock and Roll - a fact which disturbs some of the more traditionally oriented cardinals and the nuns in the monastery where he resides and works. The Pope though gets along with Bish (Peter Richardson), a priest in charge of coordinating the pope's security and an unnamed nun (Mirta Zecevic) assigned to bring him his meals. The pope initially considers abdicating due to a failed assassination attempt against him but is convinced by the nun to stay. As the plot develops, one of the journalists at the press conference asks the Pope to explain the corruption inside the Vatican bank. The Pope demands to see the Vatican accounts. Bish had previously received a disk upon the previous pope's death containing information about the financial irregularities and when Pope David looks into the Vatican accounts, Bish gives the disk to the pope. With Bish's help, the Pope discovers the gun-smuggling and stolen merchandise operations, and confronts Cardinal Rocco, and fires him immediately. Cardinal Rocco decides that the Pope must be removed so he could continue with the Mafia connection.
Together with the papal chamberlain Monsignor Fitchie (Paul Bartel), Cardinal Rocco decides to find any affair to blackmail the Pope. They find out that before joining the priesthood, Albinizi fathered a son with Veronica Dante (Beverly D'Angelo), an American tourist. Albinizi had joined the priesthood because Veronica did not want to marry him or stay with him. Consequently, without Albinizi knowing she was pregnant, Veronica had given birth to their son. Their son is now a rock star, Joe Don Dante (Balthazar Getty), dating Corelli's daughter Luccia (Khedija Sassi). Corelli doesn't approve this relationship and sends thugs to kill Joe. However, the bomb which destroys Joe's trailer kills Luccia and seriously wounds Joe who is then revealed the truth about his father. Albinizi, now Pope David I, learns about his son from Veronica and subsequently visits him before Joe dies.
Pope David closes the Vatican Bank which has been covertly used by the Mafia. Soon after that the Pope's affair is revealed and he is forced to resign and Corelli's candidate Albini is elected Pope. Corelli and Fr. Albini move into the papal apartments. Out in the streets, Albinizi gets back with Veronica. He also finds out that the orphanage where he previously worked before becoming pope had closed. Albinizi reads the news about Albini becoming pope and rushes back to the Vatican to ask Bish to help him stop the coronation. On the way to the papal apartments the two encounter a dying Cardinal Rocco who had just been shot by Corelli. While Bish continues to the papal apartments, Rocco confesses to Albinizi who grants him absolution in his dying moments interrupted by a phone call to Rocco from his female partner. Rocco subsequently dies and Albinizi having completed the absolution rite goes to the papal chamber and finds Bish bound. Bish however tells Albinizi that the coronation was about to take place and tells him to get there fast instead of freeing him. Albinizi rushes off to the Sistine Chapel. Mons. Fitchie who had previously overheard Corelli shoot Cardinal Rocco eventually comes and frees Bish. Albinizi manages to get into the Sistine Chapel just before the end of the ceremony and reveals to the public that the man in the chapel called Albini is really Corelli in disguise. Corelli admits that there was no Cardinal Albini, declares himself as "Pope Vittorio I, Emperor of the Vatican" and draws the gun to hold Albinizi at gunpoint. He fires a few shots which hit the ceiling, causing it to collapse and bury Corelli. After Corelli is defeated, a nun (the one who served Albinizi when he was pope) is chosen to become the first female Pope in history. The new Pope (or Popess) announces that she will give the Vatican's gold to the world's poor while Albinizi & Veronica marry (with Bish as the priest), adopt the children from the orphanage and have children of their own as well.
- Robbie Coltrane as Fr. Albinizi/The Pope (Pope David I)
- Alex Rocco as Cardinal Rocco
- Adrian Edmondson as Father Rookie
- Paul Bartel as Monsignor Fitchie
- Peter Richardson as Bish
- Annette Crosbie as Mother Superior
- Herbert Lom as Vittorio Corelli
- Beverly D'Angelo as Veronica Dante
- Khedija Sassi as Luccia Corelli
- Balthazar Getty as Joe Don Dante
- Mirta Zecevic as unnamed nun/The Popess
- Janez Vajevec as Fr. Albini
- Salvatore Cascio as Paulo
In 1988 Richardson pitched a proposal for a three-part mini-series to Channel 4's Commissioning Editor for Entertainment, Seamus Cassidy. The script, co-written with Pete Richens was based around the conspiracy theories surrounding the deaths of Pope John Paul I and "God's Banker" Roberto Calvi. At the planning stages Alexei Sayle was proposed to star as 'Pope Dave the First' and Robbie Coltrane, Jennifer Saunders and Dawn French were also said to be involved. The Observer reported "The programmes would have been in the form of a parody of an American mini-series, which portrayed a modern-day Pope and his rule across two continents." The budget was said to be tabled at £1.5 million.
Plans for the series were discovered by the press, and on 28 August 1988 The Sunday Times ran a short article entitled "Row over papal satire". The story was taken up by Catholic Herald, The Universe, The Observer and the Sun, linking the project to the furore over Martin Scorsese's The Last Temptation of Christ. which at the time had been boycotted by the Catholic Church. Cassidy took soundings from senior colleagues including Chief Executive Michael Grade, and Director of Programmes, Liz Forgan. Spokespeople from Channel 4 at first defended the production, denying it would be blasphemous, but when they came under increasing scrutiny they cancelled the project after advice from their lawyers. Instead they decided to commission one of Richardson's pet projects, a sequel to the "Five Go Mad..." Comic Strip films, entitled, "Five Go To Hell". This project had originally been shelved due to the poor box office takings of Richardson's previous film Eat The Rich. However Five Go To Hell to date has never been filmed.
After the controversy, Richardson took the Comic Strip Presents to the BBC, reportedly because Alan Yentob was more accommodating to his ideas. He began work on another series of Comic Strip films for the channel. Two parts of the mini series were heavily re-written and appeared as episodes of the 1990 Comic Strip series, as Oxford and Spaghetti Hoops (which featured the story of Roberto Calvi). The remainder of the material was also rewritten and submitted to Palace Pictures, who produced the film with the backing of Channel 4. A production budget of £2.5 million was approved.
Filming began in late 1990. and took place on location in Yugoslavia, where John Ebden, the production designer, constructed studio sets of the Sistine Chapel and other Vatican landmarks. The title of the film was deemed too sensitive to be disclosed to the Yugoslavians; its working title was "Sleeping With the Fishes."
The film opened on 21 June 1991 in 170 screens across the UK. It took £534,614 in its opening week and went on to earn over £1.1 million ($1,737,740) on its UK release. It was released in the U.S. on 2 September 1991 on a limited release across 169 screens, taking $264,147 on opening week and grossing $582,510. The film also had limited distribution in Germany where it grossed DEM 367,603 ($224,520). The film struggled to make back its £2.5 million budget, grossing $2,544,770 overall (approximately £1.7 million).
Daniel Battsek (then managing director of Palace Pictures, which produced the film) experienced trouble over the films promotion, when London Transport banned the movie's posters from the London Underground. 'At first they said the theme of the film was liable to cause offense," said Battsek. "When I explained the story, they admitted it was the title. We compromised with a poster saying "Robbie Coltrane in The Pope."' The film also caused controversy when it opened in the Republic of Ireland that August. The film encountered more serious problems with promotion on its US release, with many newspapers refusing to include adverts, and CBS, NBC and ABC refusing to air television adverts for the film. Reasons cited for this were the sacrilegious tone of the film and advertising and the possible offence this would cause to readers and audiences. A CBS spokesperson said "The decision was made because the title and content would be offensive to a significant portion of our audience." whilst NBC responded "We feel (our viewers) would be seriously offended due to the ads' sacrilegious nature" 12 other cities newspapers accepted advertising only after the content had been heavily censored. The Washington Post accepted an advert that read "The Pope Must. . . ." The Los Angeles Times requested changes in certain captions under photos in the ad. The Chicago Tribune and Sun-Times and the New York Times were among the few newspapers which accepted advertising without alterations.
"There is a separation of church and state in this country. My question is, on what grounds have they banned these ads? It seems curious that all three (networks) are taking the same tack," said Russell Schwartz, Miramax executive vice president. "Obviously they can do what they want, they are private institutions. It just raises some interesting issues as to why, when it comes to religion, the response is so unilateral."
On its limited release in the USA the film received mixed reviews. Roger Ebert wrote "The movie's basic comic approach is disrespect for the church, which almost by definition cannot be funny. To deflate a comic character, it has to first be inflated, and The Pope Must Die makes the crucial error of denying its characters dignity - so that there's no reason for us to laugh when it's taken away from them." Although he conceded "Robbie Coltrane is a British comic actor of genuine talent, but he seems under a compulsion to make bad comedies about the Catholic church" Vincent Canby in the New York Times was more enthusiastic, writing "The film is irreverent, boisterous and enjoyable even when the gags hang fire." He also praised Coltrane's performance, saying he "is very good, but the performance is somewhat restrained by the screenplay's demand that the character ultimately be heroic. In this kind of comedy, rascality gets most of the laughs." The Time Out film guide article says "There are many good laughs, albeit of a rather simple-minded nature, but even by its own ludicrous standards the plot unravels helplessly towards the end" and called the film "A pontiff's egg." (a play on the phrase a curate's egg). The film has a 33% (rotten) rating at Rotten Tomatoes, based on six reviews and a 5 on Internet Movie Database from 1,159 user ratings.
The movie is based on Pope John Paul I conspiracy theories. Discrepancies in the Vatican's account of the events surrounding Luciani's death—its inaccurate statements about who found the body, what he had been reading, when he had been found and whether an autopsy could be carried out produced a number of conspiracy theories, many associated with the Vatican Bank, which owned many shares in Banco Ambrosiano. The movie The Godfather Part III was also based on these conspiracy theories.
After much outcry from Roman Catholics, the film's US title was changed by the addition of a single letter. The new title, "The Pope Must Diet", was marked on some promotional material with the final letter "T" in the form of a crucifix. The plot synopsis on the back of the VHS case was also worded in such a way so as to lead the reader to think the plot revolved around the Pope's diet.
- Olins, Rufus. "Mr Fixit of the British Screen." Sunday Times [London, England] 24 Sept. 1995: 9[S]. The Sunday Times Digital Archive. Web. 29 Mar. 2014.
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- Brooks, Richard (18 September 1988). "Channel 4 kills off Pope Dave satire". The Observer. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- "Row Over Papal Satire". The Sunday Times. 28 August 1988. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- "Papal satire under consideration by Channel 4". The Catholic Herald. 2 September 1988. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- "Papal send up axed by Channel 4". The Catholic Herald. 23 September 1988. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- "Five Go To Hell". Film & TV Info > Film & TV Database. BFI. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- "Rik and Co pray for their swipe at Pope". The Daily Star. 4 June 1990. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- Gritten, David (25 August 1991). "RULE, BRITANNIA : Tilting at Titles". LA Times. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
- Canby, Vincent (30 August 1991). "The Pope Must Diet (1991) Review/Film; A Matter Of Mistaken Eminence". New York Times. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
- "The Pope Must Die- box office/business". Internet Movie Database. IMDb. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- Fox, David J. (29 August 1991). "Media Take Offense at 'Pope Must Die' Ads : * Movies: Big Three networks and some newspapers reject advertising for the British film satire due to its title and content.". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
- Kempley, Rita (30 August 1991). "‘The Pope Must Die’ (R)". Washington Post. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
Coltrane, who last starred in the British drag comedy "Nuns on the Run," has apparently gotten into the rather unfortunate habit of masquerading in vestments. But then the British always did think men in skirts were a laugh riot. "The Pope Must Die, is little more than a political drag show. It's hardly a cardinal sin but nevertheless is devoutly to be avoided.
- Howe, Desson (30 August 1991). "‘The Pope Must Die’ (R)". The Washington Post. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
At first, "The Pope Must Die" is an energetic, often hilarious ribbing of things Vatican. Like the work of the Zucker Brothers, or the old, British "Carry On . . ." films, it barrels along on sight gags and farcical bravado. But about halfway through, "Pope" dies. It's so busy wandering through a purgatory of plot resolution, it forgets its earlier (funny) sins.
- Ebert, Roger. "The Pope Must Die review". Roger Ebert, Sun Times, August 30, 1991. rogerebert.com. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
- SFe. "The Pope Must Die (1991)". Time Out Film Guide. Time Out. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
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- "The Pope Must Die (1991". Internet Movie Database. IMDb,Inc. Retrieved 21 December 2011.