The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes
|The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes|
1970 film poster by Robert McGinnis
|Directed by||Billy Wilder|
|Produced by||I. A. L. Diamond
|Written by||I. A. L. Diamond
|Music by||Miklós Rózsa|
|Edited by||Ernest Walter|
The Mirisch Corporation
|Distributed by||United Artists|
The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes is a 1970 film directed and produced by Billy Wilder; he also shared writing credit with his longtime collaborator I. A. L. Diamond. It starred Robert Stephens as Sherlock Holmes and Colin Blakely as Dr. Watson. The film offers an affectionate, slightly parodic look at the man behind the public façade, and draws a distinction between the "real" Holmes and the character portrayed by Watson in his stories for The Strand magazine.
The film was originally intended as a roadshow attraction, touring major cities only on its initial run. However, it was heavily edited on its original release, and significant sections of the film are now missing.
The film is divided into two separate, unequal stories. In the shorter of the two, Holmes is approached by a famous Russian ballerina, Madame Petrova (Tamara Toumanova), who proposes that they conceive a child together, one who she hopes will inherit her physique and his intellect. Holmes manages to extricate himself by claiming that Watson is his lover, much to the doctor's embarrassment.
In the main plot, a Belgian woman, Gabrielle Valladon (Geneviève Page) is fished out of the River Thames and brought to Baker Street. She begs Holmes to find her missing engineer husband. The resulting investigation leads to a castle in Scotland. Along the way, they encounter a group of monks and some midgets, and Watson apparently sights the Loch Ness monster.
It turns out that Sherlock's brother Mycroft (Christopher Lee) is involved in building a pre-World War I submarine for the British Navy, with the assistance of Monsieur Valladon. When taken out for testing, it was disguised as a sea monster. The midgets were recruited as crewmen because they took up less space and needed less air. When they meet, Mycroft informs Sherlock that his client is actually a top German spy, Ilse von Hoffmanstal, sent to steal the submersible. The "monks" are German sailors.
Queen Victoria (Mollie Maureen) arrives for an inspection of the new weapon, but objects to its unsportsmanlike nature. She orders the exasperated Mycroft to destroy it, so he conveniently leaves it unguarded for the monks to take (rigging it to sink when it is submerged). Fräulein von Hoffmanstal is arrested, to be exchanged for her British counterpart.
In the final scene some months later, Sherlock receives a message from his brother, telling him that von Hoffmanstal had been arrested as a spy in Japan, and subsequently executed by firing squad. Heartbroken, the detective retreats to his room to seek solace in drugs and his violin.
The film originally contained another two separate stories, and a further flashback sequence showing Holmes in his university days. These were all filmed, but later cut from the final release print at the studio's insistence. One sequence, in which Holmes investigates the seemingly impossible case of a corpse found in an upside down room, has been recovered and restored to the film's laser disc release. The Region 1 DVD release restored portions of these segments and several others. They are made up of soundtrack and a series of stills. Another scene features Colin Blakely as a descendant of Watson receiving the tin dispatch box from solicitors.
- Robert Stephens as Sherlock Holmes
- Colin Blakely as Dr. John H. Watson
- Geneviève Page as Gabrielle Valladon
- Christopher Lee as Mycroft Holmes
- Irene Handl as Mrs. Hudson
- Clive Revill as Rogozhin
- Tamara Toumanova as Madame Petrova
- Stanley Holloway as 1st Gravedigger
- Mollie Maureen as Queen Victoria
- Catherine Lacey as Old Woman
- James Copeland as the guide
- Jenny Hanley as a prostitute
Upon its U.S. release, Vincent Canby called it a "comparatively mild Billy Wilder and rather daring Sherlock Holmes, not a perfect mix, perhaps, but a fond and entertaining one." Kim Newman, reviewing it in Empire magazine, described it as the "best Sherlock Holmes movie ever made" and "sorely underrated in the Wilder canon". Peter Bradshaw of The Guardian, reviewing the film in 2002, wrote: "Billy Wilder's distinctive, irreverent slant on the world's greatest 'consulting detective' holds up reasonably well 32 years on; you wouldn't expect anything directed by Wilder and scripted by his long-time associate I. A. L. Diamond to be anything less than funny and watchable, and this is both." Roger Ebert was more critical, giving the film two and a half stars out of four. He wrote that it is "disappointingly lacking in bite and sophistication", that it "begins promisingly enough" but that "before the movie is 20 minutes old, Wilder has settled for simply telling a Sherlock Holmes adventure."The co creator of the 2010 BBC TV series Sherlock, Mark Gatiss has credited the movie as a source of inspiration for the series. 
In 1994, Image Entertainment released the film on laserdisc, in what was called Private Life of Sherlock Holmes, The: Special Edition; the release included a 12-minute deleted sequence called "The Dreadful Business of the Naked Honeymooners"; the sequence was subtitled because no audio was available.
A Blu-ray version was released 22 July 2014 by Kino Lorber. It included deleted scenes and bonus material.
- "A Movie A Day: THE PRIVATE LIFE OF SHERLOCK HOLMES (1970) I don't hate women, I merely distrust...". Aint It Cool News. 1 January 2009. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
- Jonathan Coe (30 April 2005). "Detective Work". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
- "DVD Savant Review: The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes". Theguardian.com. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
- Canby, Vincent (30 October 1970). "Wilder's 'Sherlock Holmes' Opens at the Music Hall". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-07-16.
- "Empire's The Private Life Of Sherlock Holmes Movie Review". Empireonline.com. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
- Peter Bradshaw (6 December 2002). "The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
- Roger Ebert (23 February 1971). "The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
- "Private Life of Sherlock Holmes, The: Special Edition (1970) [ID7413MG]". LaserDisc Database. 5 December 2009. Retrieved 2015-07-16.
- The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes at the Internet Movie Database
- The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes at the TCM Movie Database
- The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes at AllMovie