The Protest Psychosis

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The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease
The Protest Psychosis (book cover).jpg
Author Jonathan Metzl
Country United States
Subject Psychiatry
Publisher Beacon Press
Publication date
2010
Media type Print
Pages 246
ISBN 0-8070-8592-8
OCLC 319496892

The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease is a 2010 book by the psychiatrist Jonathan Metzl (who also has a Ph.D. in American studies), and published by Beacon Press,[1] covering the history of the 1960s Ionia State Hospital—located in Ionia, Michigan and converted into the Ionia Correctional Facility in 1986. The facility is claimed to have been one of America's largest and most notorious state psychiatric hospitals in the era before deinstitutionalization.

Metzl focuses on exposing the trend of this hospital to diagnose African Americans with schizophrenia because of their civil rights ideas. He suggests that in part the sudden influx of such diagnoses could be traced to a change in wording in the DSM-II, which compared to the previous edition added "hostility" and "aggression" as signs of the disorder. Metzl writes that this change resulted in structural racism.

A 1974 ad for the drug Haldol published in the medical journal Archives of General Psychiatry, and reproduced in The Protest Psychosis. Author Metzl states that the advertisement shows an attempt to equate racial unrest with mental illness.

The book was well reviewed in JAMA, where it was described as "a fascinating, penetrating book by one of medicine's most exceptional young scholars."[2] The book was also reviewed in the American Journal of Psychiatry,[3] Psychiatric Services,[4] Transcultural Psychiatry,[5] Psychiatric Times,[6] The American Journal of Bioethics,[7] Social History of Medicine,[8] Medical Anthropology Quarterly,[9] Journal of African American History,[10] Journal of Black Psychology,[11] Health: An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine,[12] The Sixties: A Journal of History, Politics and Culture.[13]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Metzl, Jonathan (2010). The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease. Beacon Press. ISBN 0-8070-8592-8. 
  2. ^ Wear, D. (2010). "The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease". JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association. 303 (19): 1984–1984. doi:10.1001/jama.2010.629. 
  3. ^ Luhrmann, T. M. (2010). "The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease". American Journal of Psychiatry. 167 (4): 479–480. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2009.09101398. 
  4. ^ Bell, Carl (1 August 2011). "The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease". Psychiatric Services. 62 (8): 979–980. doi:10.1176/appi.ps.62.8.979-a. 
  5. ^ McKenzie, Kwame (July–September 2012). "Jonathan M. Metzl, The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease". Transcultural Psychiatry. 49 (3–4): 640–642. doi:10.1177/1363461512448783. 
  6. ^ Fernando, Suman (21 October 2010). "Review – The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease". Psychiatric Times. 
  7. ^ Aultman, Julie (2010). "Review of Jonathan Metzl, The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease". The American Journal of Bioethics. 10 (11): 37–38. doi:10.1080/15265161.2010.520600. 
  8. ^ Wald, P. (2011). "Jonathan M. Metzl, the Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease". Social History of Medicine. 24: 194–195. doi:10.1093/shm/hkr027. 
  9. ^ Freidenberg, Judith (June 2012). "The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease by Jonathan Metzl". Medical Anthropology Quarterly. 26 (2): 309–310. doi:10.1111/j.1548-1387.2012.01214.x. 
  10. ^ Johnson, Frank (Fall 2012). "The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease by Jonathan M. Metzl". Journal of African American History. 97 (4): 499–501. doi:10.5323/jafriamerhist.97.4.0499. 
  11. ^ Sherry, Alissa (August 2011). "Book Review: Metzl, J. M. (2010). The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease". Journal of Black Psychology. 37 (3): 381–383. doi:10.1177/0095798411407066. 
  12. ^ Schneider, B. (2011). "Book review: J.M. Metzl, the Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease, Beacon Press: Boston, MA, 2010; 246 pp". Health: An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine. 15 (2): 213–214. doi:10.1177/13634593110150020605. 
  13. ^ Staub, Michael (2010). "The protest psychosis: how schizophrenia became a black disease". The Sixties: A Journal of History, Politics and Culture. 3 (2): 253–255. doi:10.1080/17541328.2010.525948. 

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