The Red Badge of Courage (1951 film)
|The Red Badge of Courage|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||John Huston|
|Produced by||Gottfried Reinhardt|
|Screenplay by||John Huston|
|Based on||The Red Badge of Courage|
by Stephen Crane
|Narrated by||James Whitmore|
|Music by||Bronislau Kaper|
|Edited by||Ben Lewis|
|120 min (original version)|
69 min (edited and current version)
The Red Badge of Courage is a 1951 war film made by MGM. Directed by John Huston, it was produced by Gottfried Reinhardt with Dore Schary as executive producer. The screenplay is by John Huston, adapted by Albert Band from Stephen Crane's novel of the same name. The cinematography is by Harold Rosson, and the music score by Bronislau Kaper. The making of this film is the subject of Lillian Ross's 1952 book Picture, originally in The New Yorker.
The American Civil War film is a sparse but faithful retelling of the story, incorporating narration from the text to move the plot forward. Audie Murphy, a hero of World War II who later went into acting, played the lead role of Henry Fleming. Other actors include cartoonist Bill Mauldin, Andy Devine, Arthur Hunnicutt and Royal Dano.
The plot is based on the book with fewer bloody details. A regiment of Union soldiers head South to engage Confederate forces. Joining them is Henry Fleming (Audie Murphy), a green private sent into battle for the first time. He is unprepared for the fight, but by the time battle breaks out, he finds his endurance and courage tested.
- Audie Murphy as Henry Fleming (aka The Youth)
- Bill Mauldin as Tom Wilson (aka The Loud Soldier)
- Douglas Dick as The Lieutenant
- Royal Dano as The Tattered Man
- John Dierkes as Jim Conklin (aka The Tall Soldier)
- Arthur Hunnicutt as Bill Porter
- Tim Durant as The General
- Andy Devine as The Cheery Soldier
- Robert Easton as Thompson
- John Huston as Grizzled Union Veteran (uncredited)
- William Phipps as Union Soldier (uncredited)
- James Whitmore as Narrator (voice, uncredited)
Director John Huston used unusual compositions and camera angles drawn from film noir to create an alienating battlefield environment. He became frustrated when the studio cut the film's length to 70 minutes and added narration following supposedly poor audience test screenings.
Much of the history of the making of this film, considered by some a mutilated masterpiece, is found in Lillian Ross' critically acclaimed book Picture. Of the stars who appear in the film, three served in World War II: Bill Mauldin the editorial cartoonist who created "Up Front", Audie Murphy served with the U.S. Army in Europe, and narrator James Whitmore served with the U.S. Marine Corps.
The film is available on DVD.
John Huston had high hopes for this movie, even considered the original two-hour cut of the film as the best he had ever made as a director. After a power struggle at the top of MGM management, the film was cut from a two-hour epic to the 69-minute version released to theaters in response to its alleged universally disastrous previews. It never was released as an "A" feature but was shown as a second-feature "B" picture. Both Huston and star Audie Murphy tried unsuccessfully to purchase the film so that it could be re-edited to its original length. Huston did not waste any time fighting over it because he was focused on the pre-production of his next picture, The African Queen. The studio claimed that the cut footage was destroyed, probably in the 1965 MGM vault fire. Huston later was asked by MGM in 1975 if he had an original cut because the studio wanted to release it. He actually had struck a 16mm print, but by that time, it had been lost.
According to MGM records, the film earned $789,000 in the US and Canada and $291,000 in other countries, resulting in a loss of $1,018,000. This made it one of the studio's least successful films of the year although it did not lose as much money as Calling Bulldog Drummond, Mr Imperium or Inside Straight.
Comic book adaptation
- The Red Badge of Courage
- List of films cut over the director's opposition
- List of incomplete or partially lost films
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