The Red Beret
|The Red Beret|
|Directed by||Terence Young|
|Based on||The Red Beret
by Hilary Saint George Saunders
|Music by||John Addison|
|Edited by||Gordon Pilkington|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
|Box office||US$8 million (world wide)|
The Red Beret (aka The Red Devils, The Big Jump and retitled Paratrooper for the US release) is a 1953 Technicolor British war film directed by Terence Young and starring Alan Ladd, Leo Genn and Susan Stephen.
The Red Beret is the fictional story about an American who enlists in the British Parachute Regiment in 1940, claiming to be a Canadian. It is notable as the first film made by Irving Allen and Albert R. Broccoli's Warwick Films, with many of the crew later working on various films for Warwick Films and Broccoli's Eon Productions. It is partly based on the 1950 non-fiction book with the same title written by Hilary Saint George Saunders, about the Parachute Regiment and its first operation, Operation Biting, in February 1942.
Steve MacKendrick (Alan Ladd), nicknamed "Canada" because he claims he is from there, volunteers in 1940 for the British Army's paratroop school. He obviously has a good deal more experience and leadership skills than he lets on. Canada tries to become better acquainted with a pretty parachute rigger named Penny Gardner (Susan Stephen). She is initially put off by his attitude, but they eventually start dating. Both Penny and his new commander, Major Snow (Leo Genn), see potential (and a mystery that does not add up) in him, despite his strong efforts to avoid assuming any responsibility. Canada turns down Snow's offer to send him to officer school.
After completing parachute school, Canada's unit goes on a raid on the German radar station at Bruneval. An RAF radar expert, Flight Sergeant Box (John Boxer), accompanies the raiders to retrieve a key component to take back to Britain. The mission is a success, but Corporal Dawes (Michael Kelly), one of the men in Canada's outfit, hurts both his legs in the drop.
Back in Britain, after visiting Dawes, Canada is recognised by an American airman. He tells Penny that he resigned his commission from the USAAF after ordering his best friend and co-pilot to parachute out of their bomber when an experimental rocket got stuck. His friend was killed when his parachute did not open properly. Canada blamed himself and refuses any responsibility that might endanger anyone's life. When Snow confronts Canada with what he has learned (from a security investigation that he has ordered), Canada wrongly assumes that Penny told what she learned, and he breaks up with her.
The unit's next operation involves attacking and destroying an airfield at Bône during the invasion of North Africa. With Lt Col Snow wounded and the men trapped in a minefield, Canada must risk others to extricate the unit. One of his friends, who is Polish, finds a Panzerschreck, so he decides to use it to blow a path though the minefield. Canada, the Pole and Taffy Evens (Donald Houston) use it to extricate their unit, while Snow and the rest of the men cover them. Although Snow and most of the men get out, the regimental sergeant major dies from the wounds he received when he entered the minefield. Afterward, Canada promises to think about the commission Snow offered him.
- Alan Ladd as Steve "Canada" McKendrick
- Leo Genn as Lt Col John Snow
- Susan Stephen as Penny Gardner
- Harry Andrews as R.S.M. Cameron
- Donald Houston as Taffy Evans
- Anthony Bushell as Major General Whiting
- Patric Doonan as Flash Gordon
- Stanley Baker as Sergeant Breton
- Lana Morris as "Pinky"
- Tim Turner as Rupert
- Michael Kelly as Corporal Dawes
- Anton Diffring as the Pole (Poleski)
- Thomas Heathcote as Alf
- Carl Duering as Rossi Stubbins
- John Boxer as Flight Sergeant Box
- Harry Locke as Medical Orderly
- Michael Balfour as American Sergeant
- Guido Lorraine as German officer
- Walter Gotell as German sentry (uncredited)
The Red Beret was based on a novel published in 1950. Film rights were bought by Irwin Allen who announced Trevor Howard and Leo Genn for the leading roles. Hillary St George Saunders, who wrote the novel, was to work on the screenplay, but died during pre-production. Terence Young was signed to direct and write a script. The working title was The Red Devils.
Terence Young's original choice for the lead, former Second World War Para Richard Todd turned the role down as being "too far fetched". Ray Milland was also originally announced as landing the leading role.
Former agent Albert R. Broccoli knew that Alan Ladd was unhappy with Paramount due to a new contract for much less money. Broccoli met Ladd and his wife and agent Sue Carol who agreed to a three-picture contract with Warwick provided Ladd's scriptwriter Richard Maibaum was allowed to rewrite the screenplay for Ladd.
Although Ladd's most popular and critically acclaimed film, Shane, was filmed earlier. it was also released in 1953, making him a prime box office attraction. Ladd was paid US$200,000, first class travel and accommodations for himself, his wife, their four children and their nurse, and 10 per cent of the gross receipts over US$2,000,000 for his 11 weeks work filming The Red Beret.
Ladd wanted work done on the script and recommended Richard Maibaum, with whom he had worked several times while at Paramount. Warwick hired him and this began a long professional relationship between Broccoli and Maibaum. In addition to director Young and screenwriter Maibaum, camera operator Ted Moore and stuntman Bob Simmons worked extensively on future Warwick and Eon Productions films, as did actor Walter Gotell, who appeared as a German sentry. Johanna Harwood who worked on the continuity co-wrote the screenplays for the first two Bond films.
Although there was some public criticism of an American playing the lead in a British war film, British cinema owners responded that Hollywood stars filled their cinema seats, unlike most local actors. Ladd himself explained that his character had enlisted in the Parachute Regiment to learn from them. The Parachute Regiment provided extras, facilities and locations at the RAF Abingdon Parachute School, Abingdon, Oxfordshire and at Trawsfynydd, North Wales. Studio work took place at Shepperton.
The Red Beret was a hit at the British box office. According to producer Allen, it recouped its cost from the British market alone. The film cost US$700,000 to make and grossed US$8 million worldwide.
- Chapman 2001, p. 55.
- Mackenzie 2007, p. 131.
- Henriques, R. "Review: 'Pegasus'." The Observer, 15 October 1950.
- Schallert, E. "Boyer to portray Hindu; sally forrest dramatic; Monroe deal simmering." Los Angeles Times, 8 March 1951.
- Schallert, E. "Devils' on hot schedule; Coleen Gray in 'Models'; Laughton may do Pirate." Los Angeles Times, 1 January 1952.
- "Special to The New York Times: Studios planning 2 Alan Ladd films; Warwick and Columbia to join in offering 'The Red Beret' and 'The White South'." The New York Times, 15 July 1952, p. 17.
- Todd 1986 p. 187.
- "Movieland briefs." Los Angeles Times , 1 April 1952 .
- Broccoli and Zec 1999, p. 178.
- "Special to The New York Times: Studios planning 2 Alan Ladd films." The New York Times, 15 July 1952.
- "309 F.2d 51: Alan W. Ladd and Sue Carol Ladd, Appellants, v. Robert A. Riddel, District Director of Internal Revenue, Los Angeles, California," United States Court of Appeals Ninth Circuit, 22 October 1962.
- Maibaum 1986, p. 283.
- "Films: Red Beret, The." reelstreets.com. Retrieved: November 20, 2015.
- Grenville, Harvey. "Index: 'The Red Beret'(1953)". paradata.org. Retrieved: 21 November 2015.
- Pryor, Thos M. "Lubin will do film of ST. Johns story; Director buys screen rights to 'Wisdom of the Serpent', Irene Dunne to star." The New York Times, 18 October 1952, p. 16.
- Pryor, Thomas M. "Hollywood cheer: Eric Johnston predicts good year for industry; Producer's point of view." The New York Times, 10 January 1954, p. X5.
- Broccoli, Albert R.; and Donald Zec. When the Snow Melts: The Autobiography of Cubby Broccoli. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Trans-Atlantic Publications, 1999. ISBN 978-0-7522-1162-6.
- Chapman, James. Licence to Thrill: A Cultural History of the James Bond Films. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001. ISBN 978-1-8451-1515-9.
- Mackenzie, S.P. British War Films, 1939–1945: The Cinema and the Services. London: Hambledon, 2007. ISBN 978-1-8528-5586-4.
- Maibaum, Richard, Backstory: Interviews with Screenwriters of Hollywood's Golden Age. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1988, first edition 1986. ISBN 978-0-5200-5689-3.
- Todd, Richard. Caught in the Act: The Story of My Life. London: Hutchinson, 1986. ISBN 978-0-0916-3800-9.