The Reflecting Skin
This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|The Reflecting Skin|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Philip Ridley|
|Produced by||Dominic Anciano|
|Written by||Philip Ridley|
|Music by||Nick Bicât|
|Edited by||Scott Thomas|
|Distributed by||Virgin Vision (UK)|
Miramax Films (US)
The Reflecting Skin is a 1990 British-Canadian dramatic horror film written and directed by Philip Ridley and starring Jeremy Cooper, Viggo Mortensen and Lindsay Duncan. Described by its director as a "mythical interpretation" of childhood, the film weaves elements of vampirism, Surrealism, black comedy, symbolism, and religious zealotry throughout its narrative about the perceptions and fantasies of an impressionable young boy in 1950s America. The film places the majority of its action outdoors around the dilapidated farms and in the wheat fields of Idaho shot in idyllic sunlight which belies the dark secrets of the characters and plot.
Eight-year-old Seth Dove (Jeremy Cooper) lives in an isolated American prairie community in the 1950s. The film opens with Seth and his friends, Eben and Kim, playing with a frog Seth has found in the fields. The boys inflate the frog by inserting a reed up its anus and leave it by the side of the road. When a local English widow, Dolphin Blue (Lindsay Duncan), stops to inspect it, Seth shoots the inflated frog with a slingshot, causing it to explode over Dolphin.
Seth retreats back to the small gas station where he lives with his overworked, harsh, longing mother Ruth (Sheila Moore) and shy, closeted, detached father Luke (Duncan Fraser). Seth's older brother, Cameron (Viggo Mortensen), is away on military service in the Pacific (Ruth refers to them as "the pretty islands"). Seth serves gas to a mysterious group of young men driving a black Cadillac, who promise to see him again soon and drive off.
Seth is sent to Dolphin's house to apologise for the frog prank. Dolphin is haunted by the memory of her dead husband, who hanged himself for unknown reasons a week after their wedding. Surrounded by artifacts from her husband's family's whaling past, Seth takes some of her self-pitying remarks (she claims to be "two hundred years old") literally, and after learning about vampires from his father, who is reading a novel on that theme, Seth surmises that Dolphin must be a vampire.
After Eben goes missing, Seth and Kim go to Dolphin's house to investigate, because Seth believes she is responsible for Eben's disappearance. The boys excitedly demolish Dolphin's bedroom belongings, and run from the house screaming after spying on her masturbating. Seth runs home, and later finds Eben's dead body floating in the water cistern. The local authorities believe Luke is responsible, because of a homosexual indiscretion years previously; believing himself to be doomed, Luke douses himself with gasoline and incinerates himself.
Cameron returns home to look after Seth, as Ruth has become shell-shocked following Luke's death. Whilst visiting his grave, Cameron meets Dolphin, and romance sparks between the two, much to Seth's horror. In a nearby barn, Seth and Kim discover an ossified dead fetus, which Seth takes home with him, believing it to be Eben incarnate as a fallen angel. The next day, Seth follows Cameron to Dolphin's house, where he observes Cameron emotionally confessing to Dolphin his culpability in atomic bomb experiments. Cameron and Dolphin begin to make love; running in terror from the house, Seth witnesses the men in the Cadillac abducting Kim.
Cameron's body begins to deteriorate from radiation sickness, which Seth attributes to Dolphin's supposed vampirism. Kim's body is discovered the next day, and law enforcement authorities still believe that Luke is alive and responsible. As Cameron and Dolphin grow closer and plot to run away together, Seth focuses his rage at Dolphin. He consults with the fetus "angel Eben" that night on how to deal with her. On the spur of the moment the next day, he does not warn Dolphin of the men in the black Cadillac. Dolphin's body is found, and Cameron breaks down in front of Seth. Realizing he has effectively broken his brother and will therefore never get him back now, Seth runs to a nearby field and, overwhelmed with anger, screams at the setting sun.
- Jeremy Cooper as Seth Dove
- Viggo Mortensen as Cameron Dove
- Lindsay Duncan as Dolphin Blue
- Sheila Moore as Ruth Dove
- Duncan Fraser as Luke Dove
- David Longworth as Joshua
- Robert Koons as Sheriff Ticker
- David Bloom as Deputy
- Evan Hall as Kim
- Codie Lucas Wilbee as Eben
- Sherry Bie as Cassie
- Jason Wolfe as Cadillac Driver
- Dean Hass as Passenger
- Guy Buller as Passenger
- Jason Brownlow as Passenger
- Jeff Walker as Adam Blue
- Joyce Robbins as Twin
- Jacqueline Robbins as Twin
- Debi Greenawdt as First Woman
- Sandra Redmond as Second Woman
- Walt Healy as Old Man
Philip Ridley was inspired to write the screenplay for The Reflecting Skin after completing a sequence of artworks titled American Gothic whilst studying at St Martin's School of Art. "I read a lot of American literature when I was a child growing up and saw a lot of American films so what I did, particularly in The Reflecting Skin, is that I created a fabulous child-eyed view of what I imagined America to be like – it's a kind of mythical once upon a time never-world, where guys look like Marlon Brando and Elvis Presley, and everything is set in a Wheatfield and it all looks very American gothic." Upon directing two short films (Visiting Mr. Beak and The Universe of Dermot Finn) and completing the screenplay for The Krays (directed by Peter Medak), Ridley received $1.5 million of funding from the BBC, British Screen and Zenith Productions to shoot The Reflecting Skin in Crossfield, Alberta, Canada.
In collaboration with director of photography Dick Pope, Ridley channelled his artistic influences (including Andrew Wyeth and Edward Hopper) to create a hyper-realised vision of a "mythical, hallucinogenic summer in the life of a child." This extended to Ridley personally spray-painting the wheatfields a brighter shade of yellow, and shooting exterior scenes at ‘magic hour’, "when the sun was at its most intense and golden." The film also features Viggo Mortensen in one of his first starring roles.
The film premiered at the Cannes Film Festival in 1990, where the critics declared it "déjà un culte" ("already a cult") before they’d even left the auditorium. The word of mouth about the film, particularly the notorious ‘exploding frog’ opening, was so intense that extra screenings had to be scheduled in order to cater to demand. It went on to win 11 international awards at other film festivals and was picked up for distribution in the US by the then-fledgling Miramax.
Although some critics were outraged by the film's "abnormal situations and morbid characters", among the more prominent admirers of the film was Roger Ebert, who said it "reminded me of Blue Velvet and the other works of David Lynch, but I think it’s better… it’s not really about America at all, it’s about nightmares, and I’m not easily going to forget it." Writing for Rolling Stone, Peter Travers wrote that "Ridley is a visionary, and his haunting film, luminously shot by Dick Pope, exerts a hypnotic pull." Kevin Thomas in the LA Times called it "an amazing film, studded with selfless, luminous performances and shot through with dark humor, that risks sheer over-the-top outrageousness at every turn but is so simultaneously inspired and controlled that it gets away with everything."
The film has been reappraised in recent years as "one of the essential art film/horror hybrids from the past few decades." Film review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports an approval rating of 83%, based on 12 reviews, with a rating average of 6.5/10. Reviewing the 2015 restoration for Twitchfilm, Jason Gorber described it as a "strange, at times wonderful film, one that leaves more questions open than answers. Its palate and performances collide in ways that seem unique decades on." Writing for The Guardian, Rowan Righelato described it as "stunningly beautiful… a gothic masterpiece that is often strangely overlooked." Reviewing the special edition Blu-ray on BBC News, Mark Kermode said "Philip Ridley is an extraordinary filmmaker... A really strange, interesting, disturbing, weird piece of work that has found its audience over the years. That's what a proper cult film looks like."
At the 1990 Locarno International Film Festival, Ridley won three awards, C.I.C.A.E. Award, the FIPRESCI Prize, and Silver Leopard. At the 1990 Sitges - Catalan International Film Festival, Lindsay Duncan won the Best Actress award and Dick Pope the award for Best Cinematography. At the 1990 Stockholm Film Festival, Ridley received the FIPRESCI Prize.
The film was unavailable on home video for many years following its initial VHS release in the UK or USA.
A widescreen DVD was released in Japan in 2005, but quickly went out of print, leaving only a poor-quality German Blu-ray and a fullframe American DVD release from Echo Bridge Entertainment as the only available releases for several years. In 2019 Soda Pictures released the movie on blu-ray and dvd in the US and Canada in a widescreen version.
In 2015, UK distributor Soda Pictures announced would release the film in a limited Blu-ray Steelbook edition on November 30, 2015, featuring a new director-approved HD remaster, director's commentary, two new documentaries, Philip Ridley's early short films (Visiting Mr. Beak and The Universe of Dermot Finn) as well as a personally signed art card of his painting Fetal Blossom which was one of the artworks that inspired the film. The distributor later released a standard edition Blu-ray and DVD of the film on 14 March 2016, containing all the features of the limited edition except for the signed art card or steelbook packaging.
Elements of the film have been referenced and used in a number of other artistic works, particularly in music.
- The cult British band Coil used dialogue excerpts from the film on the track Omlagus Garfungiloops on their 1992 album Stolen & Contaminated Songs.
- The Scottish band River Head used a still from the film on the cover of their 1992 single sided 7" EP Was Away / Haddit.
- The Canadian musician Phil Western used dialogue excerpts from the film in his 1998 Album The Escapist.
- The industrial/noise rock duo Uniform (band) used a dialogue excerpt from the film on the track The Light at the End (Effect) on their 2017 LP Wake in Fright.
- "THE REFLECTING SKIN (15)". British Board of Film Classification. 4 April 1990. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- Clarke, Jeremy (June 1990). "Grisly Ridley". ThirdWay.
- Ridley, Philip (1997). The American Dreams: The Reflecting Skin & The Passion Of Darkly Noon. London, UK: Methuen. ISBN 0-413-71140-4.
- Ridley, Philip (2015). The Pitchfork Disney. London, UK: Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 4. ISBN 978-1-4725-1400-4.
- "Review: 'The Reflecting Skin'". Variety.
- "At The Movies: Terminator 2, Naked Gun 2 1/2, Europa Europa (1991)". Siskelandebert.org. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
- Travers, Peter (1990). "The Reflecting Skin". Rolling Stone.
- Thomas, Kevin (18 December 1991). "MOVIE REVIEW : 'Skin' Is More Tragic Than Bizarre". LA Times.
- Thompson, Nathaniel. "Mondo Digital: "The Reflecting Skin"". Mondo Digital.
- "The Reflecting Skin (1990) - Rotten Tomatoes". Rotten Tomatoes. Rotten Tomatoes.com. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
- Gorber, Jason (22 July 2015). "Fantasia 2015 Review: 25 Years On, THE REFLECTING SKIN Remains A Wonder". Twitchfilm.
- Righelato, Rowan (30 August 2013). "Why I love … frog-blood splattered Lindsay Duncan in The Reflecting Skin". The Guardian.
- Kermode, Mark (27 November 2015). "The Film Review". BBC iPlayer.
- Thompson, Nathaniel. "Mondo Digital: "The Reflecting Skin"". Mondo Digital. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
- "THE REFLECTING SKIN to make hi-def debut with ultra-limited Blu-ray edition". Rue-morgue.com. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
- "The Reflecting Skin". Amazon.com. 14 March 2016. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
- "The Reflecting Skin". Amazon.com. 14 March 2016. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
- "The Reflecting Skin". BFI Player. British Film Institute. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
- Sierz, Aleks (21 October 2015). Introduction. The Pitchfork Disney. By Ridley, Philip. Modern Classics (Reissue ed.). Great Britain: Methuen Drama. p. 20. ISBN 978-1-4725-1400-4.
- Was Away / Haddit page on the Discogs website
- Howells, Tom (10 February 2017). "Reviews Uniform WAKE IN FRIGHT". The Quietus. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- LeSuer, Mike (18 January 2017). "Uniform – Wake In Fright Review". Earbuddy. Retrieved 13 October 2019.