||It has been suggested that Pinkly Smooth be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since March 2015.|
|Jimmy "The Rev" Sullivan|
Jimmy "The Rev" Sullivan in 2007
|Birth name||James Owen Sullivan|
|Also known as||The Rev, Rathead, The Reverend Tholomew Plague, Fiction|
February 9, 1981|
Huntington Beach, California, U.S.
|Died||December 28, 2009
Huntington Beach, California, U.S.
|Genres||Heavy metal, hard rock, metalcore, progressive metal, avant-garde metal, ska punk|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, songwriter, multi instrumentalist|
|Instruments||Drums, vocals, guitar, piano, keyboards|
|Labels||Warner Bros., Good Life, Hopeless, Bucktan|
|Associated acts||Avenged Sevenfold, Pinkly Smooth, Brian Haner, Suburban Legends|
James Owen Sullivan (February 9, 1981 – December 28, 2009), more commonly known by his stage name The Rev (shortened version of The Reverend Tholomew Plague), was an American musician and songwriter, best known as the drummer and founding member for the American heavy metal band Avenged Sevenfold. The Rev was critically acclaimed for his work on Avenged Sevenfold albums, and contributed entire songs written by himself, such as Chapter Four, Afterlife, "A Little Piece of Heaven" and Almost Easy. He was also the lead vocalist/pianist in Pinkly Smooth, a side project where he was known by the name Rathead, with fellow Avenged Sevenfold member and childhood best friend, guitarist Synyster Gates, and he was the drummer for Suburban Legends from 1998 to 1999.
Sullivan grew up and lived in Orange County, CA. He received his first pair of drum sticks at the age of five and own drum set at the age of ten. In high school, he started playing in bands. Before leaving to join Avenged Sevenfold as one of the band's founding members, Sullivan was the drummer for the third wave ska band Suburban Legends. At the age of twenty he recorded his first album with Avenged Sevenfold titled Sounding the Seventh Trumpet. His early influences included Frank Zappa and King Crimson. The Rev said in a Modern Drummer Magazine interview that "I was raised on that stuff as much as rock and metal."
Later in life he was influenced by drummers Vinnie Paul, Mike Portnoy (who would later be his fill-in with Avenged Sevenfold), Dave Lombardo, Lars Ulrich and Terry Bozzio. He had a "visual influence", Tommy Lee, on which he commented that he "never thought I'd have one of those."[clarification needed] Sullivan had a signature ability called "the double-ride thing" or "The Double Octopus", as the Rev called it, "just for lack of a better definition". "The double-ride thing" is a technique that can be heard on tracks such as "Almost Easy", "Critical Acclaim", "Crossroads", and "Dancing Dead" in which Sullivan doubles up at a fast tempo between the double bass and ride cymbals.
The Rev was a vocalist, songwriter, and pianist for Avenged Sevenfold. His vocals are featured in several Avenged Sevenfold songs, including "Strength Of The World", "Afterlife", "A Little Piece Of Heaven", "Almost Easy", "Scream", "Critical Acclaim", "Lost", "Brompton Cocktail", "CrossRoads", "Flash Of The Blade (Iron Maiden Cover)" and "Fiction".
Avenged Sevenfold released a demo version of "Nightmare", featuring The Rev on an electronic drumset and some vocals.
At the second annual Revolver Golden God Awards, The Rev won the award for Best Drummer. His family members and Avenged Sevenfold received the posthumous honor on his behalf.
In an Ultimate Guitar online reader's poll of the "Top Ten Greatest Drummers of All Time", The Rev appeared at #8, placing higher than Bill Ward of Black Sabbath, and lower than Keith Moon of The Who.
The Rev was found dead in his Huntington Beach home on December 28, 2009. Police ruled out foul play and noted his death appeared to be from natural causes. An autopsy performed on December 30, 2009 was inconclusive, but toxicology results revealed to the public in June that he died from an overdose of oxycodone (Percocet), oxymorphone (a metabolite of oxycodone), diazepam (Valium), nordiazepam (a metabolite of diazepam) and alcohol. The coroner noted cardiomegaly (enlarged heart) as a "significant condition" that may have played a role in Sullivan's death.
On January 6, 2010, a private funeral was held for Sullivan, and then he was buried in Huntington Beach, California. Shortly after his death, Avenged Sevenfold dedicated their fifth studio album Nightmare (released that same year) to him, as well as several songs, including "So Far Away", which had been written by band mate (and childhood friend) Synyster Gates; and "Fiction", which The Rev wrote three days before his death. M. Shadows and Synyster Gates have stated in an interview to Hard Drive Radio:
"[...]The eeriest thing about it is there is a song on the album called "Fiction" (a nickname The Rev gave himself) which started out with the title "Death". And it was the last song The Rev wrote for the album, and when he handed it in, he said, 'That's it, that's the last song for this record'. And then, three days later, he died."
His drum kit from the 2008 "Taste of Chaos" tour is now on display at the Hard Rock Hotel in Las Vegas. His kit from 2007 is on display at the Hard Rock Cafe in Gatlinburg, Tennessee.
With Suburban Legends
- Origin Edition (1999)
With Pinkly Smooth
- Unfortunate Snort (2001)
With Brian Haner
- Cougar Bait (2008)
- Fistfight at the Wafflehouse (2010)
With Avenged Sevenfold
- Sounding the Seventh Trumpet (2001)
- Waking the Fallen (2003)
- City of Evil (2005)
- Avenged Sevenfold (2007)
- Live in the LBC & Diamonds in the Rough (2008)
- Nightmare (2010) (posthumous; some vocals and lyrics featured)
- "MTV Newsroom". Newsroom.mtv.com. 2009-12-29. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
- "Huntington Beach Independent". Hbindependent.com. 2010-02-17. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
- "''Modern Drummer Magazine Interview Oct. 2006''". Moderndrummer.com. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
- "January 5, 2010". Allcurrenthotnews.com. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- "DRUM! Magazine Interview Nov. 2007". Drummagazine.com. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
- "Revolver Golden Gods Awards 2010: The Winners | Latest News". Metal Injection. 2010-04-09. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
- Jon Wiederhorn. "Avenged Sevenfold Drummer Died of Accidental Overdose". Rolling Stone.
- "The Good Shepherd Cemetery". Find A Grave. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
- "Has The New Avenged Sevenfold Album Been Given A Title?". Metal Hammer. May 14, 2010. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- "Avenged Sevenfold: The Rev's Passing Steered Album's Lyrical Direction | Interviews @". Ultimate-guitar.com. Retrieved 2011-09-20.[dead link]
- "Memorabilia". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved July 14, 2013.