The Righteous Mind
|Media type||Print (Hardcover and Paperback)|
The Righteous Mind: Why Good People are Divided by Politics and Religion is a 2012 social psychology book by Jonathan Haidt, in which the author describes human morality as it relates to politics and religion.
In the first part of the book, the author uses research to demonstrate social intuitionism, how people's beliefs come primarily from their intuitions, and rational thought often comes after to justify initial beliefs. He cites David Hume and E. O. Wilson as thinkers who gave reason a relatively low estimation, as opposed to more popular thinkers who give reason a central place in moral cognition, such as Lawrence Kohlberg and his stages of moral reasoning.
In the second portion of the book, he presents moral foundations theory, and applies it to the political beliefs of liberals, conservatives, and libertarians in the US. Haidt argues that people are too quick to denigrate other points of view without giving those views full consideration, and attempts to reach common ground between liberals and conservatives. He makes the case in the book for morality having multiple foundations (more than just harm and fairness), and said in an interview that morality "is at least six things, and probably a lot more than that":8:55 and "[religion and politics are]… expressions of our tribal, groupish, righteous nature".:13:06 Haidt himself acknowledges that while he has been a liberal all his life, he is now more open to other points of view.
In the third part of the book, Haidt describes a hypothetical “hive switch,” which turns a selfish human “chimp” into a “groupish” human “bee.” Cultures and organizations have techniques for getting people to identify with their groups, such as dancing, moving, and singing in unison.
Key concepts and scholars cited or critiqued
- Rationalist delusion
- Social intuitionism
- Moral foundations theory
- Jean Piaget's work on developmental psychology
- Lawrence Kohlberg's work on moral development
- Elliot Turiel's work on moral development
- Richard Shweder's work in cultural anthropology
- David Hume's philosophy
- Plato's philosophy
- Steven Pinker's The Blank Slate about human nature
- E.O. Wilson's Consilience
- E.O. Wilson's Sociobiology: The New Synthesis
- Antonio Damasio's Descartes' Error
- Howard Margolis's work in psychology
- Philip E. Tetlock's work on accountability
- Dan Ariely's Predictably Irrational
- Dan P. McAdams's work on personalities
- Richard Dawkins's and Daniel Dennett's critiques of religion
- David Sloan Wilson's book on religion Darwin's Cathedral
- Barbara Ehrenreich's Dancing in the Streets
- "Jonathan Haidt – The Righteous Mind" (MP3). Point of Inquiry (podcast). Center for Inquiry. 19 March 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
- "Jonathan Haidt on the Righteous Mind". Econtalk.
- Saletan, William (March 23, 2012). "Why Won't They Listen? 'The Righteous Mind,' by Jonathan Haidt". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- Haidt, Jonathan (2012). The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion. Pantheon. p. 103[ISBN missing]
- Nicholas Lezard (May 7, 2013). "The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion by Jonathan Haidt – review". The Guardian.
- "Reviews". 2012-02-23.
- "Best Sellers". The New York Times. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
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