|Elevation||505 m (1,657 ft)|
|Prominence||c. 120 m (394 ft)|
|Parent peak||Shining Tor|
|Parent range||Peak District|
|Topo map||OS Landranger 119110|
The Roaches (from the French les roches - the rocks) is the name given to a prominent rocky ridge situated above Leek and Tittesworth Reservoir in the Peak District of England. The ridge with its rock formations rises steeply to 505 m (1,657 ft).
Along with Ramshaw Rocks and Hen Cloud they form a gritstone escarpment, which is very popular with hikers, rock climbers and freerunners. It is often very busy especially at weekends. The local mountain rescue team is a regular attendee to this popular crag.
The Roaches Estate which includes Hen Cloud was purchased by the Peak District National Park Authority in the 1980s to safeguard the area from adverse development. From May 2013 Staffordshire Wildlife Trust will take on the management of the iconic Roaches Estate. The British Mountaineering Council maintain a mountain hut named in memory of Don Whillans in the area.
The Roaches are the most prominent part of a curving ridge which extends for several miles from Hen Cloud in the south to Back Forest and Hangingstone in the northwest. At the top there is a small pool called Doxey Pool that is, according to legend, inhabited by a water spirit. Nearby are the broad hills of Gun and Morridge.
The Roaches, Hen Cloud and Ramshaw Rocks are formed from a thick bed of coarse sandstone ('gritstone') of Namurian age, a subdivision of the NW European Carboniferous system from ca 315 to 326.4 Ma, which occurs widely across the Peak District and takes its name—the Roaches Grit—from this location. The nearby Five Clouds are formed from a thinner bed of similar sandstone known as the Five Clouds Sandstone. These sandstones originated as delta sands dropped by major rivers draining a mountainous landmass to the north. The sandstone beds of both The Roaches and Hen Cloud dip moderately steeply to the east into the north–south-aligned syncline known as the Goyt Trough. The same beds at Ramshaw Rocks dip steeply to the northwest into the syncline. The southern end of the Roaches is defined by the presence of an east–west fault that runs through the col separating the Roaches from Hen Cloud.
Doxey Pool is a small pool of water that measures about 15 by 10 metres (49 by 33 ft) and can be found along the top path of The Roaches at grid reference SK004628. It is not very deep but is still a distinctive feature when you find it. This area is great for walking but is also a popular climbing area.
Legend has it that this pool is inhabited by a mermaid called Jenny Greenteeth known as the blue nymph. The legend says that she fell in the pool on a foggy day whilst walking along the top of the Roaches. Ever since that day she has been enticing unsuspecting victims down to the pool and to their watery grave.
- Kent, Jeff, Staffordshire's 1,000-Foot Peaks, Witan Books, 2013, ISBN 978-0-9927505-0-3.
- British Geological Survey 1:50,000 map sheet 111 'Buxton' & associated memoir
- Tozer, James (2009-07-09). "Return of the wallabies: Pictures prove that Aussie marsupials are still hopping around Peak District after fears they had died out". Daily Mail. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
- "The Roaches". BBC Countryfile. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
- Lester, Paula. "Mow your grass with a wallaby". Country Life. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
- "Peregrines breed successfully at the Roaches". BMC. 10 July 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
- The Peak District, White Peak Area. Ordnance Survey, 2005. (pg. 1)
- Smith, Roly; Andrew Bibby (2005). Peak District: Northern and Western Moors. Frances Lincoln. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-7112-2499-5.
- The Roaches Website
- A page partly about the Roaches - from a website about the town of Leek, Staffordshire and the Staffordshire Moorlands
- another page about the Roaches from a different website about the Peak District
- Computer generated summit panorama The Roaches index