The Room Where It Happens

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"The Room Where It Happens"
Song by Leslie Odom Jr., Lin-Manuel Miranda, Daveed Diggs, Okieriete Onaodowan, & the Cast of Hamilton
from the album Hamilton
Songwriter(s)Lin-Manuel Miranda

"The Room Where It Happens" is a song from Act 2 of the musical Hamilton, based on the life of Alexander Hamilton, which premiered on Broadway in 2015. The musical relates the life of Alexander Hamilton and his relationships with his family and Aaron Burr. The book, music, and lyrics of the musical, including this song, were composed by Lin-Manuel Miranda.[1] The song relates the story of the Compromise of 1790.


The song's writer and composer Lin-Manuel Miranda explained, "'Wait for It' and 'The Room Where It Happens' are two of the best songs I've ever written in my life and Aaron Burr got them both".[2]

Alex Lacamoire, Hamilton's musical director, explained how he came to add a banjo to a hip-hop band: "'The Room Where it Happens' just cried for it. The single greatest idea in the whole show, only because it's so quirky and is so of the style of the music. It's so Kander and Ebb-y, Dixieland, so I just sat down to orchestrate it, and I'm thinking to myself, 'What can the guitar do?' And literally in a flash of light, I'm like, 'Oh my god, it could be a banjo!' It invokes the feel of the song and I think it really fits in the world of it, but it's also so left of center and not what you would expect."[3]


Aaron Burr and Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton discuss the legacy of the deceased General Mercer, pondering what their own legacies will be, and Hamilton's attempt to gain approval from Congress for his proposed financial system. Their discussion is interrupted as Hamilton is ushered to a secret dinner table meeting, at which he, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison agree upon an unprecedented political compromise. The capital city of their new nation will be situated on the Potomac River, politically and geographically placing it in the South, Jefferson and Madison's home region; in exchange for this, the Democratic-Republican Party will support Hamilton's financial plan. Burr ponders Jefferson's reports on the meeting, and enviously comments on how the American people, and more specifically himself, had no agency in this decision. He decides to rectify this by running for political office in an effort to be in the metaphorical "room where it happens"—i.e., to be a party to important decisions.

Claire Lampen of Yahoo News explained "History has drawn much of its information on the compromise from Thomas Jefferson's account of the evening, according to PBS; neither Miranda nor anyone else can be entirely certain what happened behind those closed doors".[4] This grants Miranda artistic liberty and freedom in retelling the story of the compromise.


Monesha Woods of Vibe wrote that song is sung over a "snazzy, jazzy beat almost to tease [Hamilton's] VIP status".[5] Film and stage theater columnist Elizabeth Logan of The Huffington Post said the "slick" song is "just Fosse enough", and that it is "yet another reminder that American politicians have always, always made secret deals."[6] Arts and culture scholar Alisa Solomon of The Nation described it as a "razzmatazz show-tune".[7] Theatrical reviewer David Cote of Timeout deemed it "the ultimate outsider's jazz romp".[8] Theater critic Peter Marks of The Washington Post called it "a bluesy elucidation of a politician's urge to be at the center of the action".[9] Poet and Catholic blogger Monique Ocampo of Patheos deemed it Burr's "villain song".[10] Playwright and dramatic expert Carol Rocamora of Broad Street Review deemed it a "pop ballad".[11] Theater staff writer Anna Maples of MOVE Magazine says the song was her "personal favorite" and has a "blend of New Orleans and Dixieland jazz."[12] WIUX said:

Burr doesn't take his shot until 1791, in the true showstopper "The Room Where It Happens"—the jazzy event horizon that drives Burr to Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans, against Hamilton across party lines. In unflattering terms, this song describes the compromise that moved our capital to D.C. and created our first national bank. Onstage, it's the height of suspense, and much more than debt involvement policy. It's Burr, drunk on the idea of power, drunk with the want Hamilton has always had and expected from him, entering the political arena and "the room where it happens." As Hamilton meets him, emerging from the mysterious dinner in "the room where it happens", he taunts Burr with the same words from "Aaron Burr, Sir".[13]

Arts critic Colin Dabkowski of The Buffalo News deemed it "quiet and haunting".[14] Playwright and ATCA member Lou Harry of IBJ argued that the song "demonstrates an awareness and respect for 'Someone In a Tree', from Stephen Sondheim's Pacific Overtures score".[15] Theater critic Robert Cushman of the National Post expanded on this comparison, writing that "like its predecessor, this song grows in intensity as it proceeds, spurred on by its staging."[16] Making reference to a different Broadway musical, Jeff McGregor of Smithsonian Magazine said the experience of watching the performance is "a lot like seeing Ben Vereen take the stage for the first time in Jesus Christ Superstar, a watershed for performer and audience".[17]

Critical reception[edit]

The song received critical acclaim. The New York Times said the "jivey...wicked meditation on being a political outsider" is "now a full-fledged showstopper".[18] The Los Angeles Times grooved to this song, and appreciated "Aaron Burr ditches his usual political double talk for no-holds-barred showmanship".[19] The Huffington Post said that this number makes the audience root for Burr.[6] The Hollywood Reporter said it is a showstopper and a "rousing number".[20] Entertainment Weekly deemed it the show's biggest showstopper, and described it as "pulse-quickening" and "surprising".[21] Variety argues the song reveals Burr's "frustration and yearning."[22] Daily Review said the song is "an ode to power and the desperate desire to be in the inner sanctum."[23] Talkin' Broadway argues that the song's lyrics don't do much narrative heavy lifting, "hardly crystalizing more of the man for us".[24] The Wall Street Journal deemed it a "spectacular second-act production number".[25] NBC New York argues that this song reveals Burr's true nature as a "stop-at-nothing climber obsessed with relevancy".[26] The New Yorker listed it as one of the top ten showstoppers of 2015, describing it as an "unforgettable in this song about power and powerlessness".[27]

National Post wrote that the song is the show's most exciting number, aided by "brilliance of Andy Blankenbuehler's choreography, an almost ceaseless but never excessive swirl, precisely keyed to the beats."[16] The Wrap deemed it an "infectious showstopper".[28] New York Theatre Guide writes that "the experience is visceral for us all and becomes a show stopper."[29] NBC New York described it as a "sly, number."[30] Deadline deemed it "one of the show's most memorable songs."[31] Theatre Mania said it is one of the show's "show's most high-flying [numbers]".[32] The Post Gazette remarked that the song "bring[s] down the house."[33] Emertainment Monthly noted the song is "one of the most monumental numbers in Hamilton".[34] Uloop called it one of the show's catchiest tunes, along with "Wait For It".[35] RG Magazine wrote the song "captures the emotional and political complexities of Burr."[36]


  1. ^ " Hamilton Broadway", accessed June 11, 2016
  2. ^ Browne, Rembert. "Genius: A Conversation With 'Hamilton' Maestro Lin-Manuel Miranda". Grantland.
  3. ^ Evans, Suzy. "The man behind the "Hamilton" sound: Hidden Beatles references, the "hip-hop horse" sample and why if "it's all computerized, there's no heart to it"". Salon.
  4. ^ Lampen, Claire (17 February 2016). "The Secret Meaning Behind the Lyrics to "The Room Where It Happens" from 'Hamilton'". Yahoo News. Yahoo-ABC News Network.
  5. ^ Woods, Monesha (October 20, 2015). "Going H.A.M.: A Track-By-Track Review Of The 'Hamilton' Soundtrack". Vibe. Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group.
  6. ^ a b Logan, Elizabeth (October 1, 2015) [2015]. "I Have an Opinion on Every Song in "Hamilton"". The Huffington Post., Inc (published Sep 30, 2016).
  7. ^ Solomon, Alisa (27 August 2015). "How 'Hamilton' Is Revolutionizing the Broadway Musical". The Nation. The Nation Company LLC.
  8. ^ Cote, David (August 6, 2015). "Hamilton". Time Out New York. Time Out America LLC.
  9. ^ Marks, Peter (6 August 2015). "'Hamilton': Making ecstatic history". Washington Post. The Washington Post.
  10. ^ Ocampo, Monique (October 14, 2015). "Hamilton The Musical: An Album Review". Monique Ocampo Writes. Patheos.
  11. ^ Rocamora, Carol (March 14, 2015). Weightman, Judy; Rosenfield, Wendy (eds.). "'Hamilton' at the Public Theater". Broad Street Review. New York: Broad Street Review.
  12. ^ Maples, Anna (October 14, 2015). "'Hamilton' is a cast album to remember". MOVE Magazine. Columbia, Missouri, United States: The Maneater Student Newspaper.
  13. ^ de la Rosa, Kathryn (28 October 2015). "Hamilton (Original Broadway Cast Recording)". WIUX. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Student Broadcasting.
  14. ^ Dabkowski, Colin (February 21, 2016). "'Hamilton' hearkens back to the real American Dream".
  15. ^ Harry, Lou (November 19, 2015). "Broadway roundup (part 3): Lin-Manuel Miranda's 'Hamilton' reviewed". Indianapolis Business Journal.
  16. ^ a b Cushman, Robert (8 September 2015). "How Lin-Manuel Miranda revives the American musical through hip-hop and history". National Post. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Postmedia Network Inc.
  17. ^ MacGregor, Jeff (November 12, 2015). "Meet Lin-Manuel Miranda, the Genius Behind "Hamilton," Broadway's Newest Hit". Smithsonian Magazine. Smithsonian Institution.
  18. ^ Brantley, Ben (7 August 2015). "Review: ‘Hamilton,’ Young Rebels Changing History and Theater". The New York Times.
  19. ^ McNulty, Charles (4 November 2015). "Review: 'Hamilton' is a watershed musical that sets a Founding Father's tale to hip-hop – LA Times".
  20. ^ Scheck, Frank (6 August 2015). "Lin-Manuel Miranda's 'Hamilton': Theater Review". The Hollywood Reporter.
  21. ^ Clark, Jason. "'Hamilton': EW stage review -". Entertainment Weekly's
  22. ^ Stasio, Marilyn. "'Hamilton' Review: Broadway Musical Opened Aug. 6 – Variety". Variety.
  23. ^ Perrett, Janine. "Hamilton: the first 'new' musical of the 21st century". Daily Review.
  24. ^ Murray, Matthew. "Talkin' Broadway Review: Hamilton".
  25. ^ Teachout, Terry (7 August 2015). "'Hamilton' Review: The Revolution Moves Uptown". Wall Street Journal.
  26. ^ Kahn, Robert. "Lin-Manuel Miranda Calls the Shots in Majestic 'Hamilton'". NBC New York.
  27. ^ Schulman, Michael (17 December 2015). "The Top Ten Showstoppers of 2015". The New Yorker.
  28. ^ Hofler, Robert (7 August 2015). "'Hamilton' Broadway Review: The Founding Fathers Never Looked or Sounded So Cool". TheWrap.
  29. ^ McCall, Tulis. "Review of Hamilton at the Richard Rodgers Theatre on Broadway". New York Theatre Guide.
  30. ^ Quinn, Dave. "Lin-Manuel Miranda Makes History With "Hamilton"". NBC New York.
  31. ^ Gerard, Jeremy. "'Hamilton' Opens On Broadway, Bigger And Better Than Ever: Review – Deadline". Deadline.
  32. ^ Stewart, Zachary (17 February 2015). "Hamilton".
  33. ^ Eberson, Sharon. "Broadway review: Brilliant 'Hamilton' puts history firmly in the present tense". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
  34. ^ Dominick, Nora. "A Day Spent Listening to 'Hamilton'". Emertainment Monthly. Archived from the original on 2016-03-09.
  35. ^ Durham, Trevor. "Hamilton Album Review: Starting a Revolution Pt. 2". Uloop.
  36. ^ Martinez, Michael. "Hamilton: Broadway's Revolutionary New Musical Theatre Review". RG Magazine.