The Rosa Parks Story
|The Rosa Parks Story|
|Directed by||Julie Dash|
|Produced by||Pearl Devers
Elaine Eason Steele
|Written by||Paris Qualles|
|Screenplay by||Paris Qualles|
|Based on||Montgomery bus boycott|
Peter Francis James
Dexter Scott King
|Music by||Joseph Conlon|
|Edited by||Wendy Hallam-Martin|
Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS)
The Rosa Parks Story is a 2002 American television movie written by Paris Qualles and directed by Julie Dash. Angela Bassett portrays Rosa Parks, and Cicely Tyson a supporting role as her mother. It was broadcast by CBS on February 24, 2002. It received awards from the NAACP and the Black Reel Awards.
This is an account of the life of Mrs Rosa L Parks and her actions in civil rights. After she refused to get off her seat to a white man on a racially segregated bus after a long day at work, she was arrested. Her example and treatment prompted a bus boycott as a major civil rights demonstration in Montgomery, Alabama; it lasted 381 days from 1955 to 1956.
The film shows her background and indicates the issues in the segregated society of Alabama and the South. As a child, Rosa was educated in a private school run by the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers), where she was encouraged to overcome the limits of segregation. In her late teens, she married barber Raymond Parks, an advocate of equal rights. She joins the local branch of the NAACP, although her husband believes that the organization has been ineffective in its battle against legalized racism. She worked as a seamstress in a department store.
On December 1, 1955, after working all day, Rosa Parks took a seat in the designated "colored" section of a Montgomery city bus. When the "white" section at the front fills up, the white driver orders Parks to relinquish her seat, as was the practice. She refused, and was arrested and jailed. Civil rights activists organized a one-day bus boycott the day of her trial (she was fined). With its success, they founded the Montgomery Improvement Association, and began a citywide bus boycott, led by a new local minister, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.. The boycott lasted 381 days, made work by African American citizens, many of whom made sacrifices of time and energy to walk to work and other destinations. As they comprised the majority of bus passengers, the boycott injured the profits of the business. Eventually a ruling by the United States Supreme Court in a related case declared bus segregation unconstitutional. The boycott was important for mobilizing people in the civil rights movement both in the South and nationally.
- Rosa Parks Joselle (Angela Bassett)
- Raymond Parks (Peter Francis James)
- Leona McCauley, Rosa's mother (Cicely Tyson)
- Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (Dexter Scott King, his son, in a cameo appearance)
- The film was named the Best Television Movie in the NAACP Image Awards. Angela Bassett won the NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Television Movie, Mini-Series or Dramatic Special for her performance.
- 2003, Black Reel Awards went to Bassett as Best Actress, Cicely Tyson as Best Supporting Actress, Paris Qualles for his teleplay, and the film as Best Network/Cable Film.
- It also won the Family Television Award and the New York Christopher Award.
- For the 55th Annual Directors Guild Awards, Julie Dash was nominated for her Outstanding Directorial Achievement on The Rosa Parks Story. She was the first African-American woman nominated in the category of "Primetime Movies Made for Television".
- Mighty Times: The Legacy of Rosa Parks
- Boycott (2001 film)
- Claudette Colvin
- African-American Civil Rights Movement in popular culture
- The Rosa Parks Story, 2002, CBS website
- "Bio-Julie Dash", Julie Dash Blog
- "The Rosa Parks Story: The Making of a Civil Rights Icon"