The first 80 Rosenwald Schools were built in Alabama, with the first to be completed in Loachapoka in 1913. The Rosenwald Program was then expanded to 14 other southeastern states after the first 80 in Alabama. By the end of the program, a total of 387 schools, 7 teacher's houses, and several vocational buildings had been completed within the state. Following desegregation many of the former schools were scavenged for building materials, converted to other uses, or demolished by neglect. At the time of the multiple property listing, the commission charged with documenting and nominating the schools had only located seven surviving Rosenwald-funded structures, with six eligible to be listed under the National Register of Historic Places criteria.