The Salvation Army, Canada

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The Salvation Army, Canada
Classificationevangelical Christian church
AssociationsCanadian Council of Churches; World Communion of Reformed Churches; World Council of Churches;
RegionCanada (plus Bermuda)

The Salvation Army in Canada (nicknamed "Sally Annes") is an evangelical Christian church known for its charity work with a motto `Giving Hope Today`. It began operating in Canada in 1882. Today, it operates in 400 communities in Canada and Bermuda. The Salvation Army Archives is in Toronto and the Salvation Army’s Training College (formerly in Toronto) is in Winnipeg.


The Salvation Army Canada is an administrative unit of The Salvation Army that serves Canada. The territory is divided geographically into divisions, Alberta, Maritimes, British Columbia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Ontario Central-East, Ontario Great Lakes, Prairie, and Quebec. Each division is headed by a divisional commander, who is responsible to the National Commander. In turn the National Commander is responsible to International Headquarters (IHQ).

The Territorial Commander (TC) and Chief Secretary are appointed by the General, their role is to oversee and administer the work of The Salvation Army within the Territory, they are assisted by various other Secretaries (departmental heads) who are, in turn, responsible for overseeing their various branches of Army activity.

The TC is responsible for the Army's overall operation and mission, and the Chief Secretary is responsible for the territory's administration and daily operations. Senior executive Officers are, on the recommendation of the Territorial Commander, also appointed by the General.

All other Officer appointments within a Territory are the responsibility of the Territorial Commander and The Cabinet. The Salvation Army Canada is a non-governmental direct provider of social services in the areas of homelessness, poverty and addiction and a continuing support for programs in developing countries. In addition to mobile programs such as disaster relief, and homeless soup lines, the Salvation Army Canada currently operates permanent facilities including corps community centers (churches), Social Services Centers, summer camps, Adult Rehabilitation Centers, and thrift stores.


1st Salvation Army meeting in Canada Plaque, Stayner's Wharf, Halifax, Nova Scotia

En route to England, George Scott Railton stopped at the port of Halifax, Nova Scotia and held the first Salvation Army meeting in Canada on March 24, 1881. He was so engaged in his sermon he missed his boat to England. He preached in Halifax for the following week in various Halifax churches and a year later the Salvation Army was officially established in Canada.

The Salvation Army began operating in Canada in 1882. Brigadier Gideon Miller, (1866-1949), Staff Architect for the Salvation Army in Canada from April 1906 until 1931, designed meeting halls (often called 'citadels'), hospitals and hostels in cities and towns across Canada.[1]

In 1886, only four years after it had come to Canada from England, the Salvation Army built its Territorial Headquarters for Canada and Bermuda. It also housed the Toronto Temple, built 1886, demolished 1954.

Arnold Brown (General of The Salvation Army) OC (December 13, 1913 – June 26, 2002), the 11th General of The Salvation Army (1977-1981) served as territorial commander in 1974. Arnold Brown compiled a history of the first 50 years of Salvation Army ministry in Canada, entitled What Hath God Wrought?.

Staff band[edit]

The massed bands of the Salvation Army, Canada performed at Massey Hall in Toronto in 1910 In Memoriam King Edward VII
Canadian Sailors serving HMCS Toronto sort Hurricane Katrina disaster relief supplies at a Salvation Army warehouse

Like other Salvation Army brass bands, the Canadian (Canada and Bermuda) staff band, which is sponsored by a territorial headquarters, travels and records on a regular basis.

Canadian Members[edit]

Salvation Army buildings[edit]


  • Salvation Army Citadel in Calgary, Alberta, 1st Street East near 7th Avenue, c. 1920

British Columbia[edit]

  • Salvation Army in Kelowna
  • Cascade Community Church in Abbotsford
  • The Center of Hope in Abbotsford
  • Chilliwack Community Church in Chilliwack
  • Belkin House in Vancouver
  • Harbour Light in Vancouver
  • Grace Mansion in Vancouver
  • New Westminster Citadel in New Westminster


Newfoundland and Labrador[edit]

Ontario Central-East[edit]

  • Salvation Army Citadels in Ottawa, Ontario: Slater Street near Bank Street, 1904
  • Maternity Hospital for the Salvation Army, in Ottawa, Ontario 1920
  • Salvation Army Citadel, Kingston, Ontario, Princess Street, c. 1920
  • Salvation Army Citadels in Toronto, Ontario: Davenport Road, 1907 Dovercourt Road, 1910; Lisgar Street, 1911; Parliament Street at Coatsworth Street, 1912; Dufferin Street near St. Clair Avenue West, 1921
  • Salvation Army Men's Hostel, Victoria Street at Dundas Street East, Toronto, Ontario 1909
  • lodging house for the Salvation Army, Queen Street East, Toronto, Ontario 1913
  • Booth Memorial Training College & Home, Davisville Avenue, Toronto, Ontario 1915

Ontario Great Lakes[edit]


Salvation Army Saskatoon Temple (Church), Main Street, Saskatoon, SK.


  • Salvation Army Citadels in Montreal, Quebec: St. Alexander Street, 1908; De Montigny Street, 1908; Bourgeois Street, 1908; Adam Street, 1928
  • Booth Memorial Hospital, Outremont Avenue, Montreal, Quebec 1913
  • Salvation Army Citadel, Quebec, Quebec, 1908

See also[edit]


  • Brown, Arnold What Hath God Wrought?: a history of the first 50 years of Salvation Army ministry in Canada. Toronto, Ontario, 1997
  • Eason, Andrew M. Women in God's Army: Gender and Equality in the Early Salvation Army. Waterloo, Ontario, Canada: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2003. ISBN 0-88920-418-7
  • Moyles, R. G. Blood And Fire in Canada: A History of the Salvation Army in the Dominion 1882-1976 (Ottawa, Ontario) Call Number Peake 361.M.11.0

External links[edit]