The Score (Fugees album)
|Studio album by|
|Released||February 13, 1996|
|Genre||Alternative hip hop|
|Singles from The Score|
The Score is the second and final studio album by the hip hop trio Fugees, released worldwide February 13, 1996 on Columbia Records. The album features a wide range of samples and instrumentation, with many aspects of alternative hip hop that would come to dominate the hip hop music scene in the mid-late 1990s. The Score's production was handled mostly by the Fugees themselves, Jerry Duplessis and Warren Riker, with additional production from Salaam Remi, John Forté, Diamond D, Warren Riker and Shawn King. The album's guest raps are from Outsidaz members Rah Digga, Young Zee and Pacewon, as well as Omega, John Forté, and Diamond D. Most versions of the album feature four bonus tracks, including three remixes of "Fu-Gee-La", and a short acoustic Wyclef Jean solo track entitled "Mista Mista".
Upon its release, The Score was a commercial success, peaking at the number one spot on both the Billboard 200, and the Top R&B/Hip Hop Albums chart (it was a number-one album on the latter in 1996 on the year-end chart). The singles "Killing Me Softly", "Fu-Gee-La", and "Ready or Not" also achieved notable chart success, and helped the group achieve worldwide recognition. On October 3, 1997, The Score was certified six times platinum in sales by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). In addition to receiving mostly favorable reviews upon its release, the album has garnered a considerable amount of acclaim over the years, with many music critics and publications noting it as one of the greatest albums of the 1990s, as well as one of the greatest hip hop albums of all time. In 1998, the album was included in The Source's 100 best rap albums list, and in 2012, it was ranked number 469 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. The album won the Grammy Award for Best Rap Album at the 39th Annual Grammy Awards.
Although the Fugees' previous album Blunted on Reality proved to be critically and commercially unsuccessful, Chris Schwartz, head of Ruffhouse Records, decided to give the group another chance. In early 1995, he gave them a $135,000 advance and granted them complete artistic control for a follow-up album. The group used the money for recording equipment and set up a studio in Wyclef's uncle's basement, which they referred to as Booga Basement.
Recording for the album began in June 1995, and extended into November at what Jean described as a "relaxed pace... It was done calmly, almost unconsciously. There wasn't any pressure - it was like "let's make some music," and it just started forming into something amazing. It sounded like a feel-good hip hop record to us, and it was different than what anyone was doing at the time. It was three kids from an urban background expressing themselves."
In regard to The Score's unified themes and production, Hill commented "It's an audio film. It's like how radio was back in the 1940s. It tells a story, and there are cuts and breaks in the music. It's almost like a hip hop version of Tommy, like what The Who did for rock music."
The Score was produced by a variety of producers including each member of the Fugees as well as Diamond D, Salaam Remi and Jerry Duplessis. Although most tracks are built on sampled melodies, live instrumentation and DJing are incorporated into multiple tracks. Wyclef Jean plays the guitar on "Family Business", while DJ Scribble scratches on "Manifest/Outro". Nevertheless, samples are the predominant production tool on The Score. "Fu-Gee-La" incorporates a sample of Teena Marie's "Ooh La La La", and is interpolated in the song's chorus. "Ready or Not" also contains a sample that is interpolated; "Ready or Not (Here I Come)" by The Delfonics. "Manifest/Outro" contains a sample from "Rock Dis Funky Joint" by Poor Righteous Teachers, while the title track contains vocal samples from every track on the entire album.
Three official singles were released in promotion of The Score, the first of which was "Fu-Gee-La". The single was released January 9, 1996 and peaked at number 29 on the Billboard Hot 100, number 13 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, and number 2 on the Hot Rap Songs chart. The song was produced by Salaam Remi and includes elements of "Ooo La La La" as performed by Teena Marie.
The second single, "Killing Me Softly" was released May 31, 1996. Proving to be the most successful single from the album, it instantly reached number two on the Billboard Hot 100 Airplay, as well as number one on the UK Singles Chart. Initially, the song was to be titled "Killing Them Softly", and though alluding to Charles Fox and Norman Gimbel's "Killing Me Softly with His Song", it was originally not intended to be a cover; however, the original writers refused permission for the rewrite of their song, but did allow the Fugees to do a cover version. In 1997, "Killing Me Softly" won the Fugees a Grammy Award for Best R&B Performance by Duo or group.
The third and final single released for the album was "Ready or Not", released September 2, 1996. In the US the song was the least successful of all the singles from the album, only peaking at number 34 on the Rhythmic Top 40 chart. It found far more success in Europe, especially in the UK where it became their second number 1 in the Official Singles Chart, staying at the top for two weeks. The track interpolates "Ready or Not, Here I Come (Can't Hide from Love)" as performed by The Delfonics, and also samples Enya's "Boadicea". Initially this sample was uncredited, and Enya was prepared to sue for copyright infringement, but decided not to when she discovered that the Fugees were not gangsta rappers. In a later interview, Fugees member Pras described the recording of "Ready or Not", stating "The three of us was each going through some pain. Lauryn was crying when she did her vocals. It was unbelievable. To see her singing with tears coming out of her eyes, it made me want to cry too."
|Christgau's Consumer Guide||A|
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|Los Angeles Times|||
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
Upon its release, The Score received critical acclaim. Entertainment Weekly writer James Bernard commented "What a shock: a smooth, well-produced rap album that doesn't have Dr. Dre's fingerprints on it [...] The Score showcases their acrobatic lyrical techniques and restless intelligence, and unlike much East Coast rap, The Score feels warm and intimate — partly because the instruments are live but also because the Fugees sound so relaxed and casual." Robert Christgau from The Village Voice called it "so beautiful and funny its courage could make you weep", and said the Fugees possess "black humanism" and "the gender-equality formula in which one girl learning equals two guys calling the shots". Steve Huey from Allmusic wrote that "Even when they're not relying on easily recognizable tunes, their original material is powered by a raft of indelible hooks [...] The Score balances intelligence and accessibility with an easy assurance, and ranks as one of the most distinctive hip-hop albums of its era." Cheo Hodari Coker from the Los Angeles Times wrote that "The Score succeeds on all counts", while the Fugees are as fluid a rap group since A Tribe Called Quest: "Their specialty is matching a gymnastic rhyme flow and rock-solid beats with expert crooning." Spin commented "A sense of organic interaction is the hallmark of this album [....] the album's most important factor is its beats; chest-shaking, obscure-texture-having, freestyle-friendly beats." Q described the album as "An impressively panoramic soundscape."
In a mixed review, Rolling Stone writer Ann Powers commented "The Fugees' roots in reggae gives them a solid base in song and a basic philosophy that's richer than the money-or-nothing ethic that dulls much of rap these days. Without being sanctimonious, The Score paints the ghetto as a mythical landscape, one that can inspire pride as well as sorrow. Like Wu-Tang Clan, the Fugees view the world as their movie, complete with stunts and special effects." Jon Pareles of The New York Times found the group's "vision of ghetto life" both eccentric and realistic, although he felt "Killing Me Softly" sounds "out of place amid the hard-nosed surrealism".
|1997||Soul Train Music Awards||Album of the Year||Nominated|
|Grammy Awards||Album of the Year||Nominated|
|Best Rap Album||Won|
- Information regarding accolades is extracted from Acclaimedmusic.net,except for accolades with additional sources.
- (*) Signifies unordered lists
|About.com||United States||100 Greatest Hip-Hop Albums||2008||18|
|Best Rap Albums of 1996||2008||5|
|BigO||Singapore||Albums of the Year||1996||34|
|Blender||United States||500 CDs You Must Own Before You Die||2003||*|
|Ego Trip||Hip Hop's 25 Greatest Albums by Year 1980–98||1999||5|
|Elvis Costello||United Kingdom||500 Albums You Need||2000||*|
|Expressen||Sweden||The 100 Best Records Ever||1999||100|
|Eye Weekly||Canada||Albums of the Year||1996||15|
|Face||United Kingdom||Albums of the Year||1996||1|
|Helsingin Sanomat||Finland||50th Anniversary of Rock||2004||*|
|Hip-Hop Connection||United Kingdom||The 100 Greatest Rap Albums 1995–2005||2005||15|
|Juice||Australia||The 100 (+34) Greatest Albums of the 90s||1999||64|
|Mixmag||United Kingdom||Albums of the Year||1996||2|
|Mojo||Albums of the Year||1996||15|
|The Mojo Collection (3rd and/or 4th Edition)||03/07||*|
|Muzik||Albums of the Year||1996||3|
|The New Nation||Top 100 Albums by Black Artists||2005||34|
|NME||United States||1996 Crits Poll||1996||22|
|United Kingdom||Albums of the Year||1996||22|
|Nude as the News||United States||The 100 Most Compelling Albums of the 90s||1999||97|
|OOR||Netherlands||Albums of the Year||1996||38|
|Pause & Play||United States||The 90s Top 100 Essential Albums||1999||11|
|Plásticos y Decibelios||Spain||The 80 Best Albums of All Time||2000||68|
|Pop||Sweden||Albums of the Year||1996||1|
|Pure Pop||Mexico||Albums of the Year||1996||10|
|Q||United Kingdom||Albums of the Year||1996||*|
|90 best Albums of the 90s||1999||*|
|Record Collector||10 Classic Albums from 21 Genres for the 21st Century||2000||*|
|Robert Dimery||United States||1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die||2005||*|
|Rock Sound||France||Albums of the Year||1996||24|
|Rolling Stone||United States||Albums of the Year||1996||10|
|The Essential Recordings of the 90s||1999||*|
|The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time||2012||469|
|100 Best Albums of the Nineties||2011||44|
|The Source||100 Best Rap Albums||1998||*|
|The Critics Top 100 Black Music Albums of All Time||2006||34|
|Spex||Germany||Albums of the Year||1996||41|
|Spin||United States||20 Best Albums of '96||1996||2|
|Top 90 Albums of the 90s||1999||17|
|Tom Moon||1,000 Recordings to Hear Before You Die||2008||*|
|Various Writers||Albums: 50 Years of Great Recordings||2005||*|
|Vibe||100 Essential Albums of the 20th Century||1999||*|
|The Village Voice||Albums of the Year||1996||2|
|Vox||United Kingdom||Albums of the Year||1996||15|
|VPRO||Netherlands||299 Nominations of the Best Album of All Time||2006||*|
|Yediot Ahonot||Israel||Top 99 Albums of All Time||1999||74|
|2.||"How Many Mics"||4:28|
|3.||"Ready or Not"||3:47|
|7.||"Family Business" (featuring John Forté and Omega)||5:43|
|8.||"Killing Me Softly"||4:58|
|9.||"The Score" (featuring Diamond D)||5:02|
|11.||"Cowboys" (featuring Pace 1, Young Zee and Ra Digga)||5:23|
|12.||"No Woman, No Cry"||Vincent Ford||4:33|
|13.||"Manifest" / "Outro"||5:59|
|Bonus tracks (CD only)|
|14.||"Fu-Gee-La" (Refugee Camp remix featuring John Forté)||4:22|
|15.||"Fu-Gee-La" (Sly & Robbie mix)||Handel Tucker||5:27|
|17.||"Fu-Gee-La" (Refugee Camp global mix featuring John Forté)||4:20|
- ^[a] signifies a co-producer.
- Interludes performed by Talent, Wil Shannon Briggs and Ras Baraka.
- Intro performed by Red Alert and Ras Baraka.
- Outro performed by Red Alert.
- "Ready or Not" contains samples of "Boadicea" by Enya, "God Made Me Funky" by The Headhunters, and an interpolation of "Ready or Not, Here I Come (Can't Hide from Love)" by The Delfonics.
- "Zealots" contains a sample of "I Only Have Eyes for You" by The Flamingos.
- "The Beast" contains a sample of "God Made Me Funky" by The Headhunters.
- "Fu-Gee-La" contains a sample of "(If Loving You Is Wrong) I Don't Want to Be Right" by Ramsey Lewis, and an interpolation of "Ooo La La La" by Teena Marie.
- "Family Business" contains a sample of "Recuerdos de la Alhambra" by Francisco Tarrega, and "Gypsy Woman" by Joe Bataan (on the outro interlude).
- "Killing Me Softly" covers "Killing Me Softly with His Song" by Roberta Flack, and contains samples of "Memory Band" by Rotary Connection, "Fool Yourself" by Little Feat, and "The Day Begins" by The Moody Blues (on the outro interlude).
- "The Score" contains samples of "Dove" by Cymande, "My Melody" by Eric B. & Rakim, "Planet Rock" by Afrika Bambaataa, and "Scorpio" by Dennis Coffey and the Detroit Guitar Band (on the outro interlude).
- "Cowboys" contains a sample of "Something 'Bout Love" by The Main Ingredient.
- "No Woman, No Cry" covers "No Woman, No Cry" by Bob Marley & The Wailers.
- "Manifest" contains a sample of "Rock Dis Funky Joint" by Poor Righteous Teachers.
Charts and certifications
- List of Billboard 200 number-one albums of 1996
- List of Billboard number-one R&B albums of 1996
- Billboard Year-End
- List of hip hop albums considered to be influential
- Christgau, Robert (April 9, 1996). "Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. New York City: Voice Media. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time Rolling Stone's definitive list of the 500 greatest albums of all time". Rolling Stone. May 31, 2012. Retrieved September 2, 2019.
- Coleman, Brian (2007). Check the Technique. New York City: Random House. pp. 213–215. ISBN 978-0812977752.
- Furman; Leah, Elina. 1999. P.86
- Furman; Leah, Elina. 1999. P.78
- The Score Singles Billboard Peak Positions. AllMusic. Retrieved 2010-04-16.
- Nickson, Chris, 1999. P. 74–75
- The Score Grammy Awards. Allmusic. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
- "Irish Voice article at archive.org". February 18, 1997. Archived from the original on April 7, 2005. Retrieved March 26, 2007.
- Huey, Steve. "The Score – Fugees". AllMusic. Retrieved September 21, 2009.
- Kot, Greg (March 14, 1996). "Fugees: The Score (Ruffhouse)". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
- Christgau, Robert (2000). "Fugees: The Score". Christgau's Consumer Guide: Albums of the '90s. Macmillan Publishers. ISBN 0-312-24560-2. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- Larkin, Colin (2011). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th concise ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-85712-595-8.
- Bernard, James (February 16, 1996). "The Score". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 21, 2009.
- Coker, Cheo Hodari (February 24, 1996). "Versatile Fugees Wrap Up Some Classics". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 21, 2009.
- "Fugees: The Score". Q (115): 109. April 1996.
- Powers, Ann (March 21, 1996). "The Score". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 21, 2009.
- Sarig, Roni (2004). "Fugees". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Simon & Schuster. p. 316. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
- Hinds, Selwyn Seyfu (March 1996). "The Fugees: The Score". Spin. New York. 11 (12): 113. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
- Pareles, Jon (February 13, 1996). "Fugees: 'The Score'". The New York Times. New York City: New York Times Company. Retrieved September 21, 2009.
- The Score album accolades Archived 2009-11-24 at the Wayback Machine. acclaimedmusic.net. Retrieved 2010-04-16.
- Adaso, Henry. About.com's 100 Greatest Rap Albums. About.com. Retrieved 2010-04-16.
- Adaso, Henry. About.com's Best Rap Albums of 1996. About.com. Retrieved 2010-04-16.
- Robert Dimery; Michael Lydon (23 March 2010). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. Universe. ISBN 978-0-7893-2074-2.
- 100 Best Albums of the Nineties. Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
- Columnist. The Sources 100 Best Rap Albums. The Source. Retrieved 2010-04-16.
- Columnist. The Critics Top 100 Black Music Albums of All Time Archived 2012-02-04 at the Wayback Machine. The Source. Retrieved 2010-04-16.
- Moon, Tom. 1,000 Recordings to Hear Before You Die Archived 2011-09-02 at the Wayback Machine. Tom Moon. Retrieved 2010-04-16.
- "Australiancharts.com – Fugees – The Score". Hung Medien. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Austriancharts.at – Fugees – The Score" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Ultratop.be – Fugees – The Score" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Ultratop.be – Fugees – The Score" (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Top Albums/CDs - Volume 63, No. 19, June 24, 1996". RPM. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – Fugees – The Score" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Fugees: The Score" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Lescharts.com – Fugees – The Score". Hung Medien. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Officialcharts.de – Top 100 Longplay". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Charts.nz – Fugees – The Score". Hung Medien. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- "Norwegiancharts.com – Fugees – The Score". Hung Medien. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Official Scottish Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company.
- "Swedishcharts.com – Fugees – The Score". Hung Medien.
- "Swisscharts.com – Fugees – The Score". Hung Medien. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Official R&B Albums Chart Top 40". Official Charts Company.
- "Fugees Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Fugees Chart History (Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
- Geoff Mayfield (December 25, 1998). 1999 The Year in Music Totally '90s: Diary of a Decade - The listing of Top Pop Albums of the '90s & Hot 100 Singles of the '90s. Billboard. Retrieved October 15, 2010.
- "Aria Album Charts 1996". ARIA. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- "Austrian album certifications – Fugees – The Score" (in German). IFPI Austria.
- "Ultratop − Goud en Platina – albums 1996". Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
- "Canadian album certifications – Fugees – The Score". Music Canada.
- "Danish album certifications – Fugees – The Score". IFPI Denmark. Retrieved 6 July 2019. Scroll through the page-list below until year 2018 to obtain certification.
- "Fugees The" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
- "French album certifications – Fugees – The Score" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique.
- "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Fugees; 'The Score')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie.
- "Japanese album certifications – Fugees – The Score" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan.
- "Dutch album certifications – Fugees – The Score" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers. Retrieved August 26, 2018. Enter The Score in the "Artiest of titel" box.
- "New Zealand album certifications – Fugees – The Score". Recorded Music NZ.
- "IFPI Norsk platebransje" (in Norwegian). IFPI Norway. Archived from the original on July 25, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
- "Polish album certifications – Fugees – The Score" (in Polish). Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry.
- Salaverrie, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (PDF) (in Spanish) (1st ed.). Madrid: Fundación Autor/SGAE. p. 945. ISBN 84-8048-639-2. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
- "Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 1987−1998" (PDF) (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
- "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Fugees; 'The Score')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien.
- "British album certifications – Fugees – The Score". British Phonographic Industry. Select albums in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type The Score in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
- "American album certifications – Fugees – The Score". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.
- "IFPI Platinum Europe Awards – 1998". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry.
- "Fugees – Biography – Amoeba Music". Amoeba Music. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
- Brian Coleman (2007). Check the Technique. Random House. ISBN 978-0-8129-7775-2.
- Chris Nickson (1999). Lauryn Hill: She's Got That Thing. St. Martin's Paperbacks. ISBN 0-312-97210-5.
- Leah Furman, Elina Furman (1999). Heart of Soul. Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-43588-5.
- Nathan Brackett, Christian Hoard (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide: Completely Revised and Updated 4th Edition. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.