Scots College (Rome)
The Scots College was established by Clement VIII on 5 December 1600, when it was assigned the revenue of the old Scots' hospice. At first the college was sited in a little house in what is known today as Via del Tritone, opposite the church of Santa Maria di Costantinopoli. In 1604 it was transferred to Via Felice, now called Via delle Quattro Fontane, and there it remained until 1962.
From 1615 to 1773, the Rectors of the Scots College were drawn from the ranks of the Society of Jesus. After the Jesuits were suppressed in 1773 by Clement XIV, by his brief Dominus ac Redemptor, the College was administered by a series of Italian clerics until 1800 and the arrival of Paul MacPherson, a Scot, as Rector; he was to serve in that role for a total of 38 years. Since then the Rectors have all been drawn from the ranks of Scotland's secular clergy.
The other long serving Rector of the College, who also served for 38 years was Rt Rev. Mgr William Canon Clapperton (1886-1969) who served as Rector from 1922-1960. After his retirement he remained in Rome as canon of St John Lateran and is buried in the college plot at the Campo Verano cemetery in Rome.
- Alexander Dunbar Winchester, (1625–1708) Apostolic Prefect for Scotland
- Charles Erskine, Cardinal and Vatican diplomat
- Thomas Winning, (1925–2001) Cardinal, Archbishop of Glasgow (1974-2001)
- Mario Conti, Archbishop emeritus of Glasgow
- Joseph Devine, Bishop of Motherwell
- Philip Tartaglia, appointed Archbishop of Glasgow in July 2012
- Frederick Rolfe (Baron Corvo), (1860 - 1913) writer
- Adrian Fortescue, (1874 – 1923)
- Scotus College founded in 1993 at Bearsden, Glasgow and closed in 2009
- The Royal Scots College - located at Salamanca, Spain since 1988; formerly at Madrid and Valladolid
- St Andrew's College, Drygrange in the Scottish Borders. Closed 1986
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Roman Colleges". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- S. Maria di Costantinopoli
- Scots College Rome. "History". Retrieved 11 April 2012.
- McCluskey, Raymond (2000). The Scots College Rome 1600-2000. Edinburgh: Birlinn Ltd. ISBN 0 85976 524 5.
- McCluskey, Raymond (2000). The Scots College Rome 1600-2000. edinburgh: Birlinn Ltd. p. 169. ISBN 0 85976 524-5.
- "Pope Francis to Scots College: be courageous, merciful priests". Vatican Radio. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
- Independent Catholic News report