The Scream (album)
|Studio album by|
|Released||13 November 1978|
|Studio||RAK Studios, London, England|
|Siouxsie and the Banshees chronology|
The Scream is the debut studio album by British rock band Siouxsie and the Banshees. Recorded in one week and mixed in three during August 1978, it was released on 13 November 1978 by record label Polydor. Before the album's release, the band had developed a strong reputation as a live act, and had achieved a Top 10 UK single with "Hong Kong Garden" (which did not appear on the original album).
The Scream was a commercial success, peaking at No. 12 in the UK Albums Chart, it was also widely acclaimed by critics. The album is considered one of the pioneering records in the development of post-punk. Siouxsie and the Banshees' innovative instrumentation and production on The Scream strongly influenced contemporaries of the group and later acts.
In late 1977 and early 1978, Siouxsie and the Banshees received major press coverage but failed to secure a recording deal. A fan undertook a graffiti campaign in London, spraying the walls of the major record companies with the words "Sign the Banshees: do it now". Polydor finally signed them in June.
John McKay had become the band's guitarist in July 1977; music historian Clinton Heylin argued that the recruitment of McKay along with the formation of Magazine and PiL between August 1977 and May 1978 marked the "true starting-point for English post-punk". Several songs from The Scream had already been recorded on BBC Radio 1 for two John Peel sessions: "Mirage", "Metal Postcard" and "Suburban Relapse" premiered in November 1977, and "Overground" and "Carcass" were aired three months later in February 1978.
Recording and music
The Scream was recorded in one week during August 1978, and mixed in three weeks. The band was in the studio while their debut single "Hong Kong Garden" was released; it reached No. 7 in the UK Singles Chart.
J. G. Ballard and William Burroughs provided the reference points for the lyrics of The Scream. In a track such as "Suburban Relapse", the band wrote about suburbia, where they were born and raised. Steven Severin emphasized: "That's why J.G. Ballard resonated so much with us, because all his near-future tales were set in this bizarre suburban wasteland. Suburbia is a place where you can imagine any kind of possibility, because there's space, not urban clutter".
Simon Goddard described the music on The Scream as a "claustrophobic abyss of angst and angularity". The opening cut, "Pure", had a spacious, atmospheric sound. Journalist Miranda Sawyer noted that Siouxsie's "vocals came from a distance", that "there was a lot of space" and that "the sound was big and slow". Kris Needs remarked that at the end, it seeps out into "Jigsaw Feeling", a "song of disorientation and bewilderment" with a "huge, sometimes awe-inspiring" sound". The last song, "Switch", was arranged in three different sections, "for the different people who swap jobs with terrible results - scientists, general practitioner and vicar".
McKay co-wrote most of the songs. Only "Carcass" dated from the band's time with Peter Fenton, their guitarist from January to July 1977. Siouxsie wanted the Banshees' music to be "cinematic"; Bernard Herrmann's score to Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho inspired the music of "Suburban Relapse", where the guitars echo the knife-screeching violins of the famous shower scene.
Title and sleeve
The title of the album was in part inspired by the film The Swimmer starring Burt Lancaster in which main character Neddy Merrill intended to swim home, using open air pools. Climbing over garden fence, from pool to pool, his journey put him into a state of mental and physical exhaustion, and in the end, Goddard said, "all Neddy Merril could think to do was scream, [...] as a scream of exhausted jubilance after a troubled, arduous journey".
The idea for the cover was Siouxsie's. Photographer Paul Wakefield met with her and the band to discuss the project. Wakefield later said, "The idea was to shoot disquieting and unnerving images underwater in a swimming pool – you can't scream underwater. I wanted to be able to completely control the lighting, and so an indoor pool was the only option. I scouted quite a few pools, but when I saw this pool in the YMCA in Central London, which was dark blue tiled with light blue lane stripes instead of the normal reverse colors, I knew it was the ideal location. I wanted to give it an eerie underwater night-time feel, and this setting was perfect. We used a number of 1000K and 2000K lights around the pool edge. I used school kids as models and they pretty well ran riot."
The Scream was reissued in the UK on 27 October 2005 (28 October in the U.S.) as part of Universal's Deluxe Edition series. The new edition featured a remastered version of the album on the first disc, while the second disc contained demo and live tracks together with the singles from that period. A single-disc edition of the reissue was released in 2007.
In November 2016, a vinyl picture disc edition was released, mastered from the original tapes by Kevin Metcalfe. A 180g vinyl reissue of the original edition, mastered from the original ¼ inch tapes and cut half-speed at Abbey Road Studios by Miles Showell, was released in September 2018. A blue vinyl edition, limited to 1,000 copies, was released in November 2018 for the 40th anniversary of the album, on indie only record stores' websites.
|Christgau's Record Guide||B+|
|Mojo (2005 deluxe edition)|||
|Q (2005 deluxe edition)|||
|Uncut (2005 deluxe edition)|||
Upon its release, The Scream received critical acclaim. Critics in the British and American press generally agreed that the album was a landmark of its time and that the band's willingness to experiment made it a challenging listen.
The Scream was hailed as "the best debut album of the year" by Sounds. Critic Peter Silverton gave the album 5 stars out of 5, and the paper listed it at No. 2 in its end-of-year best album list. Record Mirror also published a 5-star review, saying: The Scream "points to the future, real music for the new age. [...] It is vital, it's moving. It's a ... landmark." Chris Westwood praised the cohesion between the words and the music: "The album's lyrical frame of mind is perfectly reflected in the work of [guitarist] McKay. [Bassist] Severin and [drummer] Morris; constantly shifting, restless, controlled aggression, they are as essential as Siouxsie." Melody Maker described the sound as "strong, abrasive, visceral and constantly inventive, with a thrust that makes the spaces equal partners to the notes", with the critic comparing the album's textures to that of Wire and Pere Ubu. ZigZag qualified it as a "magnificent record", with reviewer Kris Needs writing: "I can't think of another group who could have made an LP so uncompromising, powerful and disturbing, yet so captivating and enjoyable [...] It is certainly a special classic to join milestones like [David Bowie's] Diamond Dogs, Roxy [Music]'s first and [Lou Reed's] Berlin. This is music of such strength and vision that you just can't not be moved by the time they swing into the final climactic passage of 'Switch', the closing track." Needs qualified the sound as "huge, sometimes awe-inspiring" and commented that drummer Morris created "one of the best drum sounds I've ever heard – the deep echo and floor-shuddering mix accentuating his muted Glitter Band stomp". Critic Adam Sweeting began his review by saying, "This is a chilling, intense masterpiece". Sweeting then noted that the musicians "have perfected a group sound which is powerful but streamlined", adding that "the words and music combine to produce coolly dazzling images".
Several journalists from NME also praised the record. Nick Kent first stated that the band sounded "like some unique hybrid of the Velvet Underground mated with much of the ingenuity of Tago Mago-era Can." He then focused his attention on the opening track, saying: "'Pure' takes the sound to its ultimate juncture, leaving spaces that say as much as the notes being played. Certainly, the traditional three-piece sound has never been used in a more unorthodox fashion with such stunning results." In December 1978, another critic from NME, Paul Morley, described the music on The Scream as "unlike anything in rock":
It is not, as some would say, chaotic – it is controlled. Each instrument operates within its own space, its own time, as if mocking the lines of other instruments. Known rock is inverted, leaving just traces of mimickry of rock's cliches – satire that often bursts with glorious justification into shaking celebration (as on "Helter Skelter"). It is easy to gain attention by doing something which is crudely obviously out of the ordinary, but the Banshees have avoided such futile superficialities: it is innovation, not revolution, not a destruction but new building. It has grown out of rock – Velvets, Station to Station, Bolan. And Siouxsie's staggering voice is dropped, clipped, snapped prominently above this audacious musical drama, emphasizing the dark colours and empty, naked moods.
However, in her review of the album, NME's Julie Burchill was unimpressed, stating that the Banshees sound was "a self-important threshing machine thrashing all stringed instruments down onto the same low level alongside that draggy sub-voice as it attempts futile eagle and dove swoops around the mono-beat. Their sound is certainly different from the normal guitar-bass-drums-voice consequence. But it’s radically stodgy [...] loud, heavy and levelling".
Kurt Loder gave a very favourable review in Rolling Stone, remarking that The Scream was a "striking debut album"; and that its "sound, stark though fully realized (thanks partly to a most simpatico co-producer, Steve Lillywhite), is lent added intellectual dimension by a series of disturbingly ambiguous lyrical images".
One year later, critic Ronnie Gurr wrote about the album: "The Scream, a masterpiece that, for six months, I failed to recognise as such, was a harrowing listening experience." Writer Don Watson of NME later described the album's music as "something that whipped the past into a great whirlpool of noise, pulling the future down".
During a BBC radio show, David Bowie mentioned a concert of the group given after their release of their first album: "I saw you Siouxsie and you were really excellent [...] I was clutching my copy of The Scream".
Since its release, The Scream has received a number of accolades from the music press. NME rated it at No. 57 in their "Writers All Time 100 Albums" list in 1985. Uncut magazine placed it at No. 43 in their list of the 100 greatest debut albums. It was featured in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. Les Inrockuptibles rated it in their special issue "The 100 Best British Albums". Q included it in their list of "the debut albums that changed music" with "revolutionnary sounds".
Joy Division's Peter Hook, who saw the group in concert in Manchester in 1977, said about The Scream: "Siouxsie And The Banshees were one of our big influences [...] The Banshees first LP was one of my favourite ever records, the way the guitarist and the drummer played was a really unusual way of playing." The Scream had a strong impact on other musicians. Massive Attack covered and sampled "Metal Postcard (Mittageisen)" on their song "Superpredators (Metal Postcard)" in 1997 for the soundtrack to the movie The Jackal. Faith No More covered "Switch" in concert and cited this first Siouxsie and the Banshees' album as one of their influences. Steve Albini praised guitarist John McKay for the noise created : "The Scream is notable for a few things: only now people are trying to copy it, and even now nobody understands how that guitar player (you know, the one who's been replaced by everyone in England) got all that pointless noise to stick together as songs". and further added: "good noise guitar is like an orgasm." While playing his favourite records on BBC Radio 6 in 2012, Jim Reid of the Jesus and Mary Chain commented: "'Jigsaw Feeling' from The Scream album [...] it was brilliant, amazing. That's a reason why I made music". Morrissey had "Mirage" played during intermission before all concerts of his 1991's Kill Uncle tour. Morrissey's main composer, Boz Boorer, also rated The Scream highly, ranking it second in his "Top Five Desert Island Album Selection". Boorer stated: "Another big influence on my playing is John McKay [...]. That first Siouxsie record was quite incredible sounding, and it started me in thinking that music didn’t have to be any certain way—that there could be many different influences in music and it didn’t have to be a single, strict avenue. That first Banshees album has a lot of jarring guitar that rubs against what you’d think was going to or maybe should happen over a part, and that changed my thinking quite a bit". Garbage lead singer Shirley Manson cited it as one of her all-time favourite records. The Scream was also hailed by the singer of Suede, Brett Anderson. Nick Rhodes of Duran Duran said: "The Scream [...] is a brilliant record – so enigmatic and different". Tracey Thorn of Everything but the Girl remembered 1978 as an important music year. "Back then when I only had five or six records I'd listen to each of them over and over, knowing every beat, every word, every scratch. Elvis Costello's My Aim is True, The Scream by Siouxsie and the Banshees, The Jam's In the City, Moving Targets by Penetration, and Another Music in a Different Kitchen by Buzzcocks.
|1.||"Pure"||Siouxsie Sioux, Steven Severin, John McKay, Kenny Morris||1:50|
|2.||"Jigsaw Feeling"||Severin||Severin, McKay||4:39|
|4.||"Carcass"||Siouxsie, Severin||Siouxsie, Peter Fenton||3:49|
|5.||"Helter Skelter"||John Lennon, Paul McCartney||Lennon, McCartney||3:46|
|7.||"Metal Postcard (Mittageisen)"||Siouxsie||McKay||4:14|
|CD reissue bonus tracks|
|11.||"Hong Kong Garden" (7" A-side)||Siouxsie||Siouxsie, Severin, McKay, Morris||2:55|
|12.||"The Staircase (Mystery)" (7" A-side)||Siouxsie||Siouxsie, Severin, McKay, Morris||3:15|
|2005 Deluxe Edition bonus disc|
|1.||"Make Up to Break Up" (Riverside session)||Siouxsie, Severin, Fenton|
|2.||"Love in a Void" (Peel Session 1)||Severin||Siouxsie, Severin, Fenton|
|3.||"Mirage" (Peel Session 1)|
|4.||"Metal Postcard (Mittageisen)" (Peel Session 1)|
|5.||"Suburban Relapse" (Peel Session 1)|
|6.||"Hong Kong Garden" (Peel Session 2)|
|7.||"Overground" (Peel Session 2)|
|8.||"Carcass" (Peel Session 2)|
|9.||"Helter Skelter" (Peel Session 2)|
|10.||"Metal Postcard" (Pathway session)|
|11.||"Suburban Relapse" (Pathway session)|
|12.||"The Staircase (Mystery)" (Pathway session)|
|13.||"Mirage" (Pathway session)|
|14.||"Nicotine Stain" (Pathway session)|
|15.||"Hong Kong Garden" (7" Single Version)|
|16.||"The Staircase (Mystery)" (7" Single Version)|
- Siouxsie and the Banshees
- Siouxsie Sioux – vocals, production
- Steven Severin – bass guitar, production
- John McKay – guitars, saxophone, production
- Kenny Morris – drums, percussion, production
- Steve Lillywhite – production
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Produced by Steve Lillywhite, it arrived between Magazine's Real Life and Public Image Ltd's Public Image as the second in that year's triptych of albums layering the foundations of post-punk.
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