The Secret in Their Eyes

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The Secret in Their Eyes
Cartel-nuevo-de-el-secreto-de-sus-ojos.jpg
Argentine theatrical poster
SpanishEl secreto de sus ojos
Directed byJuan José Campanella
Produced by
  • Juan José Campanella
  • Mariela Besuievsky
  • Carolina Urbieta
Written by
Based onLa pregunta de sus ojos
by Eduardo Sacheri
Starring
Music by
CinematographyFélix Monti
Edited byJuan José Campanella
Production
companies
  • Haddock Films
  • 100 Bares
  • Tornasol Films
Distributed by
  • Distribution Company (Argentina)
  • Alta Classics (Spain)
Release date
  • 13 August 2009 (2009-08-13)
Running time
129 minutes[1]
CountryArgentina
Spain
LanguageSpanish
Budget$2 million
Box office$34 million[2]

The Secret in Their Eyes (Spanish: El secreto de sus ojos) is a 2009 crime drama film directed, co-written, produced and edited by Juan José Campanella, based on the novel La pregunta de sus ojos ("The Question in Their Eyes") by Eduardo Sacheri, who also co-wrote the screenplay. The film is a joint production of Argentine and Spanish companies.[3]

Using a nonlinear narrative, the film depicts a judiciary employee and a judge in 1974, played by Ricardo Darín and Soledad Villamil, as they investigate a rape and murder case that the justice people become obsessed by, while also following the characters 25 years later reminiscing over the case and unearthing the buried romance between them.[4]

The film received awards in both Hollywood and Spain, notably the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film at the 82nd Academy Awards, making Argentina, with 1985's The Official Story, the first country in Latin America to win it twice.[5][6] Three weeks before, it had received the Spanish equivalent with the Goya Award for Best Spanish Language Foreign Film.[7] At the time of its release, it became the second highest-grossing film in Argentine history, surpassed only by 1975's Nazareno Cruz and the Wolf.[8][9]

In a 2016 poll of international critics for the BBC's 100 Greatest Films of the 21st Century. this was voted one of the 100 greatest motion pictures since 2000.[10]

Plot[edit]

Retiree Benjamín Espósito is having trouble getting started on his first novel. He pays a visit to the offices of Judge Irene Menéndez Hastings to tell her about his plans to recount the story of the Liliana Coloto case, which they had both worked on 25 years before, when Irene was his new department chief and he was the federal agent assigned to the case. Irene suggests that Benjamin start at the beginning.

The beginning was marked by the discovery of Coloto's body; the woman was raped and murdered in her home in 1974. Espósito promises her widower, Ricardo Morales, that the killer will do life for his crime. Morales says that he opposes the death penalty. Espósito's investigation is joined by his alcoholic friend and assistant, Pablo Sandoval, and Menéndez, who got her law degree at Cornell Law School in the United States. Before the three can start, their rival, Romano, tries to show them up by having officers beat confessions out of two innocent laborers, who had been working near the couple's apartment. Espósito has the confessions overturned and lashes out at Romano in a justice building hall. Espósito threatens to file a complaint as Romano racially insults the construction workers.

Back on the case, Espósito notices that pictures from Coloto's home town of Chivilcoy frequently show a man named Isidoro Gómez, whose eyes always follow Coloto. Although Irene is skeptical, Benjamín insists all of a young man's feeling for a woman is spoken in his eyes. Learning that Gómez has disappeared, Espósito and Sandoval travel to Chivilcoy and sneak into Gómez's mother's house, where they find his letters to her. Sandoval steals them but they contain nothing useful. When their supervising judge learns of this illegal action, the case is closed. Over an evening review of the manuscript, Benjamín reminds Irene that it was a week later that she announced her engagement. He also recalls backing out of a conversation with her, in which he was about to shut the door. The memory is poignant, and Irene decides that she cannot revisit the past through his novel anymore.

After a year, the case is reopened when Espósito sees that Morales maintains daily surveillance of Buenos Aires railway stations in his search for Gómez. After receiving Menéndez's approval, Sandoval studies the letters. He notices references to the players of the Racing Football Club in Buenos Aires. Espósito and Sandoval attend four matches of Racing and finally spot Gómez in the crowd. Gómez leads the police on a chase before they catch and arrest him. Menéndez is able to break Gómez by making taunting remarks about him being too weak to commit the crime. Feeling emasculated, Gómez exposes his penis and shouts a confession.

In 1975, the widower sees his wife's killer on television, included in a security detail for the then president of Argentina, María Estela Martínez de Perón. Menéndez and Espósito quickly establish that Romano, now working for a government intelligence agency, released the murderer out of spite. Romano claims that Gómez has violent talents that should be used to combat left wing guerrillas instead of being "squandered" in prison. Romano insults them both, taunting Espósito for being beneath Menéndez. Undeterred, she later invites Espósito to offer his objections to her impending marriage plans later that night. Before they can meet, however, he has to leave a very intoxicated Sandoval in his living room to fetch his wife. When they return, they find Sandoval murdered. Espósito assumes he was the target of either Romano or Gómez and accepts the remote isolation of Jujuy Province. Espósito takes Irene to the train station for a disconsolate goodbye.

Late one night, while contemplating the sacrifice of his lost friend Pablo, Benjamín gets a call from Irene asking to see the rest of his book. When Irene finishes reading, she and Benjamin still seek inspiration for a suitable ending. They are able to locate Ricardo Morales leading a quiet life in a rural area of Buenos Aires Province. Although the widower apparently has relinquished his obsession with the murder case, Benjamín has to ask him how he has lived without the love of his life for 25 years. When Benjamín repeats Pablo's final promise to get Isidoro, Ricardo hesitantly confesses that in 1975 he kidnapped Isidoro and shot him dead. Feeling that something is not right, Benjamín follows Ricardo to a small building near the main house, where he is shocked to find Isidoro living in a makeshift cell, undetectable from the outside. Isidoro begs for human contact and Ricardo reminds Benjamín of his promise that Isidoro would never go free. Benjamín pays his respects at Pablo's grave, then goes to see Irene with an evident sense of purpose. She notices something different in his eyes, reminds him that it will be complicated, and asks him to close the door.

Cast[edit]

Historical and political context[edit]

The setting of the film ties its characters to the political situation in Argentina in two different time periods: 1975 and 1999. The main events transpire in 1975, a year before the start of Argentina's last civil-military dictatorship (1976-1983); the final year of the presidency of Isabel Martínez de Perón saw great political turmoil, with both leftist violence and state-sponsored terrorism. A military coup in 1976 triggered the so-called "Dirty War", which is foreshadowed in the character of Isidoro Gomez and his protection by the government due to his work helping that administration and its judicial system to find (and later kill) left-wing activists and militants or guerrilla members.[11] The dictatorship's National Reorganization Process was a period of more than seven years marred by widespread human rights violations.[12][13] The state-sponsored terrorism of the military Junta created a climate of violence whose victims were in the thousands and included left-wing activists and militants, intellectuals and artists, trade unionists, High School and College/University students and journalists, as well as Marxists, Peronist guerrillas or alleged sympathizers of both.[14]

Some 10,000 of the disappeared were guerrillas of the Montoneros (MPM), the oldest guerrilla organization, which began to operate in 1970, and the People's Revolutionary Army (ERP).[15][16][17] Although in the period there was leftist violence involved,[18][19] mostly by Montoneros,[20] most of the victims were unarmed non-combatants, and the guerrillas were exterminated by 1979, while the dictatorship carried out its crimes until the exit from power,[21][22] which was accelerated after the country's defeat in the Malvinas/Falklands War in 1982, and the call for elections one year later. The National Commission on the Disappearance of Persons originally estimated that around 13,000 individuals were disappeared.[23] Present estimates for the number of people who were killed or disappeared range from 9,089 to over 30,000;[24][25] The military themselves reported killing 22,000 people in a 1978 communication to Chilean Intelligence, and the Mothers and Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo, which are the most important Human-Rights Organisations in Argentina, have always jointly maintained that the number of disappeared is unequivocally 30,000.[26]

Since 1983 Argentina has maintained democracy as its ruling system: in that year Raúl Alfonsín was elected President and soon spoke out against the Argentinian junta's use of torture and death squads who spirited away "the disappeared" and killed them, hiding their bodies in unknown locations.[27] In office, Alfonsín set about punishing police and troops who were responsible for unknown thousands of deaths in the so-called "dirty war". By 1985 the government had promoted the Trial of the Juntas, which prosecuted and condemned the men who were at the top of the military hierarchies during the country's last dictatorship, stopping short of prosecuting the other militars and civilians who were also responsible for the period's crimes.

The second period portrayed is 1999, during the last days of Carlos Menem's administration. During this time, the national laws known as the "Full stop" law ("Ley de Punto Final") and Due Obedience -sanctioned during the 1980s—were still in effect. These legal elements, popularly known as "the amnesty laws", had effectively blocked the investigation of thousands of cases of human rights abuses committed during the time of the country's last dictatorship. This period of Argentina's History is shown to stress the predicament in which the character of Ricardo Morales lived, since the impunity that criminals and human rights abusers like Gómez enjoyed at the time prevented Morales to bring the former to justice: the penal system would have convicted Morales for his past actions. At the same time, many former torturers and murderers of the dictatorship -who had previously been friends or partners of Gómez- were free at the time, and would have likely taken revenge on Morales. This fact further explains why Morales isolated and locked himself up with Gómez for so many years. In 2003 the political climate changed, and during President Nestor Kirchner's administration, the Full Stop and Due Obedience laws, along with the executive pardons, were declared null and void, first by the Congress and then by the Supreme Court. These changes, promoted by the government in 2005,[28] enabled the judicial power to prosecute and trial all the orchestrators of State-sponsored terrorism, also including politically-motivated criminal acts committed in 1975. The crimes of that period are still being judged as of 2018.[29]

Production[edit]

For this joint Argentine/Spanish production,[3] Campanella returned from the United States, where he had directed episodes of the television series House and Law & Order, to film The Secret in Their Eyes. It marked his fourth collaboration with actor-friend Ricardo Darín, who had previously starred in all three of Campanella's Argentine-produced films in the lead role. Frequent collaborator Eduardo Blanco, however, is not featured in the movie; the part of Darín's character's friend is played instead by comedian Guillermo Francella.[30]

In addition to presenting the appropriate ambiance for Argentina in the mid-1970s, it features the realization of another formidable technical challenge in creating a continuous five-minute-long shot (designed by the visual effects supervisor Rodrigo S. Tomasso), that encompasses an entire stadium during a live football match. From a standard aerial overview we approach the stadium, dive in, cross the field between the players mid-match and find the protagonist in the crowd, then take a circular move around him and follow as he shuffles through the stands until he finds the suspect, only to conclude with a feverish stop-and-go chase on foot through the murky rooms and corridors beneath the stands, finally ending under the lights in the middle of the pitch. The scene was filmed in the stadium of football club Huracán, and took three months of pre-production, three days of shooting and nine months of post-production. Two hundred extras took part in the shooting, and visual effects created a fully packed stadium with nearly fifty thousand fans.[31][32][33][34]

Reception[edit]

The Secret in Their Eyes received very positive reviews from critics, not only in Argentina,[35][36] but also abroad. It holds a 91% approval rating at Rotten Tomatoes, based on 136 reviews, and an average rating of 7.6/10. The website's critical consensus is: "Unpredictable and rich with symbolism, this Argentine murder mystery lives up to its Oscar with an engrossing plot, Juan Jose Campanella's assured direction, and mesmerizing performances from its cast."[37] On the website Metacritic it holds a score of 80 out of 100, based on 36 critical reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[38]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "El secreto de sus ojos – The Secret in Their Eyes (18)". British Board of Film Classification. 6 April 2010. Retrieved 4 August 2015.
  2. ^ "The Secret in Their Eyes". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
  3. ^ a b Hollywood Reporter, Spanish films do better abroad than at home
  4. ^ French, Philip (14 August 2010). "The Secret in Their Eyes". The Guardian. London.
  5. ^ Academy Awards Official website – Foreign Language Film Category
  6. ^ Coyle, Jake (7 March 2010). "Argentine film `Secret in Their Eyes' wins Oscar". U-T San Diego. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
  7. ^ Buenos Aires Herald, 1 March 2010
  8. ^ El multifacético Leonardo Favio(in Spanish)
  9. ^ The Secret in Their Eyes is already a record Archived 22 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine. (in Spanish)
  10. ^ "The 21st Century's 100 greatest films". BBC. August 23, 2016. Retrieved December 16, 2016.
  11. ^ The Secret in Their Eyes: Historical Memory, Production Models, and the Foreign Film Oscar (WEB EXCLUSIVE) Archived 27 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Matt Losada, Cineaste Magazine, 2010
  12. ^ CONADEP, Nunca Más Report, Chapter II, Section One:Advertencia, [1] (in Spanish)
  13. ^ Atrocities in Argentina (1976–1983) Holocaust Museum Houston
  14. ^ Orphaned in Argentina's dirty war, man is torn between two families. Washington Post. 11 February 2010.
  15. ^ El ex líder de los Montoneros entona un «mea culpa» parcial de su pasado, El Mundo, 4 May 1995
  16. ^ A 32 años de la caída en combate de Mario Roberto Santucho y la Dirección Histórica del PRT-ERP. Cedema.org.
  17. ^ Determinants Of Gross Human Rights Violations By State And State-Sponsored Actors In Brazil, Uruguay, Chile, And Argentina (1960–1990), Wolfgang S. Heinz & Hugo Frühling, p. 626, Springer 1999.
  18. ^ "Bombing of Police Station In Argentina Kills 3", The New York Times, 29 January 1977
  19. ^ Crowded city bus bombed, Gadsden Times, 19 February 1977
  20. ^ Cecilia Menjívar & Néstor Rodriguez. "When States Kill: Latin America, the U.S., and Technologies of Terror". University of Texas Press, 2005. p. 317.
  21. ^ "Argentina: In Search of the Disappeared" Time Magazine - Amnesty International reported in 1979 that 15,000 disappeared had been abducted, tortured and possibly killed.
  22. ^ Banker murdered by gang, The Spokesman-Review, 9 November 1979
  23. ^ Una duda histórica: no se sabe cuántos son los desaparecidos. Clarin.com. 06/10/2003.
  24. ^ Obituary The Guardian, Thursday 2 April 2009
  25. ^ Daniels, Alfonso. (2008-05-17) "Argentina's dirty war: the museum of horrors". Telegraph. Retrieved on 6 August 2010.
  26. ^ 40 years later, the mothers of Argentina’s 'disappeared' refuse to be silent, by Uki Goñi 4-28-2017, The Guardian
  27. ^ Raul Alfonsin: Politician who led Argentina out of the dark years of the military junta 4-2-2009, The Independent
  28. ^ Argentina: Amnesty Laws Struck Down June 14, 2005 - Human Rights Watch
  29. ^ Secret in Their Eyes: The Gashes of History, by Carla Marcantonio Dec 12, 2015 - Huffington Post
  30. ^ "Eduardo Blanco (actor) at Mundoandino.com". Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
  31. ^ Criterio magazine, September 2009 (in Spanish)
  32. ^ "The Secret of their Eyes – VFX Breakdown Huracan (Part1)". YouTube. Retrieved 15 March 2012.
  33. ^ "El secreto de sus ojos – making of". YouTube. 5 April 2010. Retrieved 15 March 2012.
  34. ^ "El Secreto de sus ojos – Escena del Estadio". YouTube. Retrieved 15 March 2012.
  35. ^ "Puntaje promedio de "El secreto de sus ojos" en la redacción de El Amante". El Amante Cine (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 12 September 2009.
  36. ^ Batlle, Diego (13 August 2009). "El secreto de sus ojos, de Juan José Campanella". Otros Cines.
  37. ^ "The Secret in Their Eyes (El Secreto de Sus Ojos) (2010)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  38. ^ "The Secret in Their Eyes Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 19 March 2018.

External links[edit]