The Sense of an Ending
|Cover artist||Suzanne Dean|
|Publisher||Jonathan Cape (UK)
Published in English
|4 August 2011|
|Media type||Print (hardcover)|
The Sense of an Ending is a 2011 novel written by British author Julian Barnes. The book is Barnes' eleventh novel written under his own name (he has also written crime fiction under the pseudonym Dan Kavanagh) and was released on 4 August 2011 in the United Kingdom. The Sense of an Ending is narrated by a retired man named Tony Webster, who recalls how he and his clique met Adrian Finn at school and vowed to remain friends for life. When the past catches up with Tony, he reflects on the paths he and his friends have taken. In October 2011, The Sense of an Ending was awarded the Man Booker Prize. The following month it was nominated in the novels category at the Costa Book Awards.
Publication and marketing
The Sense of an Ending is Barnes' eleventh novel and was released in hardback on 4 August 2011. The Sense of an Ending is published by Random House (as a Jonathan Cape publication) in the United Kingdom. The book was released in October 2011 in the United States, after its previously-scheduled publication date for the United States was brought forward by three months by Random House's Knopf publishing group to capitalise on the shortlisting of the book as a candidate for the Booker prize. Suzanne Dean designed the cover for The Sense of an Ending. The cover shows floating dandelion seeds, with the edges of the page blackened.
Tony Webster and his clique befriend Adrian Finn at school. The group navigate "the girl drought of gawky adolescence together, trading in affectations, in-jokes, rumour and wit." Adrian is more serious and intelligent than the rest. When they part for higher studies, they all swear to stay friends forever. Then Adrian commits suicide and the friends move on and try to forget. Forty years later, Tony, who has had a career, a failed marriage and a daughter, receives a lawyer's letter, which throws up some surprises. An unexpected bequest within the letter leads Tony on a search through the past that has suddenly turned murky.
The title is borrowed from a book of the same name by Frank Kermode first published in 1967, subtitled Studies in the Theory of Fiction, the stated aim of which is "making sense of the ways we try to make sense of our lives". Kermode's book is an absolute classic of literary criticism[neutrality is disputed]. It has been regarded as one of “the three most inspiring works of literary criticism written in the twentieth century” by Colin Burrow, on a par with Frank Auerbach's Mimesis and E.R. Curtius's European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages, therefore Barnes's reappropriation could be seen as puzzling; the critic Boyd Tonkin has interpreted this as “a veiled hommage”, underlining that Barnes's characters in The Sense of an Ending could typically be readers of Kermode's The Sense of an Ending.
Structure and synopsis
The novel is divided into two parts, entitled "One" and "Two", both of which are narrated by Tony Webster when he is retired and living alone. The first part begins in the 1960s with four intellectually arrogant school friends, of whom two feature in the remainder of the story: Tony, the narrator, and Adrian, the most precociously intelligent of the four. Towards the end of their school days another boy at the school hangs himself, apparently after getting a girl pregnant. The four friends discuss the philosophical difficulty of knowing exactly what happened. Adrian goes to Cambridge University and Tony to Bristol University. Tony acquires a girlfriend, Veronica, at whose family home he spends an awkward weekend. Their relationship fails in some acrimony. In his final year at university Tony receives a letter from Adrian informing him that he is going out with Veronica. Tony replies to the letter. Some months later he is told that Adrian has committed suicide, leaving a note addressed to the coroner saying that the thinking person has a philosophical duty to examine the nature of their life, and may then choose to renounce it. Tony admires the reasoning. He briefly recounts the following uneventful forty years of his life until his sixties. At this point Tony's narration of the second part of the novel – which is twice as long as the first – begins, with the arrival of a lawyer's letter informing him that Veronica's mother has bequeathed him £500 and two documents. These lead him to re-establish contact with Veronica and after a number of meetings with her, to re-evaluate the story he has narrated in the first part.
The Sense of an Ending has received mostly positive reviews from critics. Michael Prodger of The Financial Times said the novel's inclusion on the Man Booker Prize longlist was "absolutely merited" and he praised the intricate mechanism of the novel and said Barnes's writing is "founded on precision as well as on the nuances of language." Prodger added "Its brevity, however, in no way compromises its intensity – every word has its part to play; with great but invisible skill Barnes squeezes into it not just a sense of the infinite complexity of the human heart but the damage the wrong permutations can cause when combined. It is perhaps his greatest achievement that, in his hands, the unknowable does not mean the implausible." The Guardian's Justine Jordan said "With its patterns and repetitions, scrutinising its own workings from every possible angle, the novella becomes a highly wrought meditation on ageing, memory and regret." Boyd Tonkin from The Independent said The Sense of an Ending is "A slow burn, measured but suspenseful, this compact novel makes every slyly crafted sentence count." Anita Brookner, writing for The Daily Telegraph, said the novel is not a thriller, but a tragedy, which resembles Henry James's The Turn of the Screw. She opined that Barnes' reputation would be enhanced by the novel and added, "Do not be misled by its brevity. Its mystery is as deeply embedded as the most archaic of memories."
Entertainment Weekly's Stephen Lee gave The Sense of an Ending a B+ and said "Barnes' latest—a meditation on memory and aging—occasionally feels more like a series of wise, underline-worthy insights than a novel. But the many truths he highlights make it worthy of a careful read." Robert McCrum writing for The Observer thought the novel would win the Man Booker Prize because it is "a work of art, in a minor key." During a feature on the 2011 Man Booker Prize nominees, the Channel 4 newsroom team gave The Sense of an Ending a nine out of ten for readability and said "It's beautifully written, very readable, and raises questions which linger in the mind long after the covers are closed." Geordie Williamson from The Australian said the novel is a pleasure to read and explained there is "a fierce and unforgiving lucidity about The Sense of an Ending, a mature reckoning with ageing that makes its competitors seem petulant and shrill." Geoff Dyer in The New York Times said the novel is average at best. "It is averagely compelling…involves an average amount of concentration and, if such a thing makes sense, is averagely well written: excellent in its averageness!" David Sexton in The Spectator drew a comparison between the narrator of the novel and the "unreliable narrator" of Ford Madox Ford's The Good Soldier, for which – he noted – Barnes wrote an introduction to the Folio Society edition. Although Sexton praised Barnes skill "Yet this novella does not move or satisfy...It is a story repelled by the responsibility of having children, and its final disclosure is offputting....where's the heart?"
Awards and nominations
In September 2011, The Sense of an Ending was shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize. Barnes had been shortlisted for the prize on three previous occasions for Flaubert's Parrot (1984), England, England (1998) and Arthur & George (2005). On choosing The Sense of an Ending for the shortlist, judge Gaby Wood said "It seems to be the most obvious book on this list. It's a quiet book, but the shock that comes doesn't break stride with the tone of the rest of the book. In purely technical terms it is one of the most masterful things I've ever read." On 18 October 2011, The Sense of an Ending was awarded the Man Booker Prize. Head judge, Stella Rimington described the novel as "exquisitely written, subtly plotted and reveals new depths with each reading". She added "We thought it was a book that spoke to the humankind in the 21st Century."
On 15 November 2011, it was announced The Sense of an Ending had been nominated in the Best Novel category at the 2011 Costa Book Awards, though the book lost out to Andrew Miller's novel, Pure.
A feature film is being adapted.
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- Kermode, Frank (2000). The Sense of an Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction. Oxford University Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-19-513612-8.
- Colin Burrow's ”Introduction” in E.R. Curtius, European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013.
- Boyd Tonkin, The Sense of an Ending, By Julian Barnes, The Independent, 18 September 2011, link
- Haas, Lidija (22 August 2011). "Julian Barnes's coming of age". Times Literary Supplement (News International). Retrieved 4 April 2012.
- Sexton, David (23 July 2011). "The Revised Version". The Spectator. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
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- Brookner, Anita (25 July 2011). "The Sense of an Ending by Julian Barnes: review". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- Lee, Stephen (11 October 2011). "Books: Today's Pick The Sense of an Ending". Entertainment Weekly (Time Warner). Retrieved 18 October 2011.
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- "How readable are this year's Booker prize books?". Channel 4 News. Channel 4. 18 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- Williamson, Geordie (6 August 2011). "Julian Barnes presents something to be frightened of". The Australian (News Limited). Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- Dyer, Geoff (16 December 2011). "Julian Barnes and the Diminishing of the English Novel". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- "Julian Barnes heads up Booker shortlist". BBC News (BBC). 6 September 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "At a glance: Man Booker shortlist 2011". BBC News (BBC). 18 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
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- "Booker-winner Julian Barnes makes Costa Book shortlist". BBC News (BBC). 15 November 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- Brown, Mark (24 January 2012). "Costa book award: Andrew Miller wins for sixth novel, Pure". The Guardian (Guardian Media Group). Retrieved 25 January 2012.
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