The Sentimental Bloke
|The Sentimental Bloke|
Arthur Tauchert, in The Sentimental Bloke
|Directed by||Raymond Longford|
|Produced by||Raymond Longford|
|Written by||Raymond Longford
|Based on||The Songs of a Sentimental Bloke by C. J. Dennis|
|Distributed by||E. J. Carroll|
The Sentimental Bloke (1919) is an Australian silent film based on the 1915 poem The Songs of a Sentimental Bloke by C. J. Dennis. It is generally considered the greatest Australian silent film, and one of the best Australian movies of all time.
Bill is a Woolloomooloo larrikin, who vows to abandon his life of gambling (playing Two-up) and drinking after a spell in gaol following a raid on a two up game. He falls in love with Doreen (Lyell), who works in a pickle factory, but faces competition from a more sophisticated rival, Stor' at Coot.
Bill and Doreen argue, but are eventually reunited and get married. Bill gives up drinking and hanging out with his mate, Ginger Mick, and becomes a family man. He gets an offer from his uncle to manage an orchard in the country, and he and Doreen settle down there with their baby.
- Arthur Tauchert as Bill, the Bloke
- Lottie Lyell as Doreen
- Gilbert Emery as Ginger Mick
- Stanley Robinson as the Bloke's friend
- Harry Young as the Stor at Coot
- Margaret Reid as Doreen's mother
- Charles Keegan as the parson
- William Coulter as Uncle Jim
- Helen Fergus as nurse
- C. J. Dennis as himself
C. J. Dennis' original book had been a best seller since its publication in 1915. It was read by executive J. D. Williams who gave Raymond Longford a copy and suggested it might make a good movie. Longford gave it to his partner Lottie Lyell and she was supportive.
Finance was provided by an Adelaide company, the Southern Cross Feature Film Company who had funded The Woman Suffers. C. J. Dennis was reluctant to give away the movie rights for fear it would affect book sales, however he eventually agreed after prolonged negotiations and a royalty payment of £1,000, half the film's budget.
Lyell is thought to have co-authored the screenplay which relocated the story from Melbourne to Woolloomooloo in Sydney.
Arthur Tauchert had extensive experience working in suburban vaudeville but had only made two short movies prior to this.
The movie was shot in 1918 on location in Woolloomooloo, with the orchard scenes done at Hornsby Valley in near Sydney, and interiors at open-air sets at Wonderland City, Bondi (which meant Longford could avoid paying excessive rental for using sets at the Rushcutters Bay Studio). Some shots of sunsets and sunrises for the inter titles were done in Adelaide.
Sydney authorities refused to allow police uniforms to be depicted, or for shooting to take place in the city's gaols. However Longford managed to persuade Commonwealth dockside officials to appear as policemen and let him use an old watch house in Woolloomooloo.
The movie was first screened privated at Adelaide Wondergraph on 26 November 1918.
It took a while for the film to be released as Australasian Films refused to screen the movie in the Union Theatre chain. However it was seen by E. J. Carroll who decided to distribute it in Australia and overseas.
The Sentimental Bloke uses intertitles taken from the original poem written in Australian slang and was a hit when it opened in Melbourne Town Hall on 4 October 1919, breaking all existing box office records. It was also popular in Britain and New Zealand, but did not succeed in the U.S., where test audiences failed to understand the language. Despite being recut with Americanised intertitles, having some scenes cut out, and being renamed for the American market as The Story of a Tough Guy, it was withdrawn from distribution.
The initial success of The Sentimental Bloke prompted a sequel in 1920, Ginger Mick, and a remake in 1932 using the latest sound recording equipment from the United States. The sequel was a hit but the remake, although directed by the prolific actor and partner of Hoyts, F. W. Thring, did not fare as well as the original.
A 1952 fire in a Melbourne film library destroyed all but two boxes of film archives. The boxes revealed a complete 35mm nitrate positive of The Sentimental Bloke, which the following year were sent to a Sydney laboratory for duplication on to new 16mm acetate stock. The original nitrate copies were believed to have been destroyed in the 1960s. The new print was screened at the 1955 Sydney Film Festival to great acclaim, although Longford was not invited, as the organisers did not realise he was still alive.
An original 35mm negative of the film was discovered in 1973 at the Film Archive at George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film in Rochester, New York. The canisters had been mislabelled as The Sentimental Blonde but were discovered by luck. The film was the U.S. version which had some scenes deleted and included intertitles for the American audience. It was however, a better quality print than any of the Australian copies, and provided a base for a complete restoration.
The National Film and Sound Archive commenced on a full restoration project for the film in 2000 using the various pieces of archive material available. The project included colour tinting as close as possible to the original. This 'new' version premiered at the 2004 Sydney Film Festival and has played at the 2005 London Film Festival. It has since been released as a two DVD set which includes a booklet describing the film's history.
- Cinema of Australia
- List of films based on poems
- Albert Arlen – composer of The Sentimental Bloke musical
- ""THE SENTIMENTAL BLOKE.".". The Register. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 27 November 1918. p. 9. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
- "Raymond Longford", Cinema Papers, January 1974 p51
- "£100,000 SPENT." The Advocate (Burnie, Tas) 5 Jan 1928: 6, accessed 6 December 2011
- Paul Byrnes, 'The Sentimental Bloke', Australian Screenonline accessed 24 July 2012
- Graham Shirley and Brian£ Adams, Australian Cinema: The First Eighty Years, Currency Press 1989 p 54
- Andrew Pike and Ross Cooper, Australian Film 1900–1977: A Guide to Feature Film Production, Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1998, 90.
- ""THE SENTIMENTAL BLOKE.".". The Advertiser. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 27 November 1918. p. 11. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
- Ina Bertrand, 'Raymond Longford's The Sentimental Bloke: The Restored Version.', Screening the Past, October 2009 accessed 24 July 2012
- "AUSTRALIAN FILMS.". The Daily News. Perth: National Library of Australia. 18 December 1931. p. 11 Edition: HOME (FINAL) EDITION. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
- Dominic Case. "3.2". Raymond Longford's Sentimental Bloke. National Film and Sound Archive. pp. 67–75.
- Graham Shirley, Restoring and re-releasing 'The Sentimental Bloke', National Film and Sound Archive, 12 May 2009 accessed 24 July 2012
- "Festival de Cannes: The Sentimental Bloke". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 25 July 2009.
- Warren Brown, 'The Sentimental Bloke', Rewind, 5 September 2004 accessed 24 July 2012
- The Sentimental Bloke at the Internet Movie Database
- The Sentimental Bloke is available for free download at the Internet Archive
- Raymond Longford & Lottie Lyell by William M. Drew
- The Sentimental Bloke at the National Film and Sound Archive
- The Sentimental Bloke at National Library of Australia
- Ina Bertrand, Raymond Longford's The Sentimental Bloke: The Restored Version, Screening the Past.
- The Sentimental Bloke at AustLit