Shield (Archie Comics)
The Shield (Victoria Adams version)
Variant Cover to The Shield (vol. 5) #1 (April 2015)
Art by Andrew Robinson
Pep Comics #1 (January 1940)
Legend of Shield #13 (July 1992)
The Shield (vol. 5) #1 (April 2015)
Adam Christopher (script)
Chuck Wendig (script)
David Williams (art)
|Alter ego||- Joe Higgins
- Lt. Michael Barnes
- Victoria Adams
|Team affiliations||Mighty Crusaders|
Wears an indestructible costume
|Cover to Pep Comics #1 (January 1940), first appearance of The Shield.
Drawn by Irv Novick.
|Series publication information|
|Publication date||(vol. 1)
June – August 1959
June 1983 – July 1984
April – October 1984
July 1991 – October 1992
April 2015 – present
|Number of issues||(vol. 1)
17 (#1-16 plus 1 Annual)
(as of April 2015 cover date)
|Writer(s)||Adam Christopher (vol. 5)
Chuck Wendig (vol. 5)
|Artist(s)||David Williams (vol. 5)|
The Shield is the name of several fictional patriotic superheroes created by MLJ (now known as Archie Comics). The Shield has the distinction of being one of the first superheroes with a costume based upon United States patriotic iconography, appearing fourteen months before Captain America.
The name was used by MLJ/Archie for 4 characters. DC Comics' Impact line, which were licensed versions of the Archie characters, also used the name for several characters. In 2010, DC announced plans to integrate the Shield and other MLJ characters into their DC Universe (DCU) line of superhero characters. However, in 2011 the characters reverted back to Archie Comics where a fourth Shield was introduced with her own series in April 2015.
The Shield first appeared in MLJ's Pep Comics #1 (cover-dated Jan. 1940). Writer Harry Shorten and artist Irv Novick created the character. With the American populace reacting to the beginnings of World War II and wartime patriotism stirring, the Shield debuted as the first patriotically themed hero. He was soon followed by three other patriotic comic characters: Captain America (December 1940). Minute-Man (Feb. 1941), and Captain Battle (May 1941).
In 1959, a new Shield, Lancelot Strong, appeared under the Archie Adventure Series imprint in a series titled, The Double Life of Private Strong. It was cancelled after two issues.
Red Circle Comics reintroduced Lancelot Strong in a new series titled, Lancelot Strong: The Shield in June 1983. The series was retitled twice, first with Shield-Steel Sterling in December 1983 and then with Steel Sterling in January 1984. The series ended with its seventh issue on July 1984.
In 1984, Red Circle Comics also released a series starring the Joe Higgins version of The Shield in a series titled Original Shield. It lasted for four issues.
In 1991, Archie Comics licensed out their superheroes to DC Comics who created an imprint called Impact Comics. A fourth solo series for The Shield was created titled The Legend of the Shield. It featured two Shields, Joe Higgins, who led the series for the first thirteen issues before being replaced with Lt. Michael Barnes who continued as The Shield up until the title ended in October 1992.
In April 2015, The Shield returned with a new series penned by Adam Christopher and Chuck Wendig. This Shield is a woman named Victoria Adams. The series is printed under the Dark Circle Comics banner.
Fictional character biography
The origin of The Shield is in Shield-Wizard Comics #1 (Summer 1940). He is really chemist Joe Higgins, the son of Lieutenant Tom Higgins. Tom was working on a chemical formula for super-strength which the Nazis were after, and is slain by German saboteur Hans Fritz in the Black Tom explosion, for which Tom was blamed. After Tom's death, Joe continues to work on it while continuing his studies of chemistry. Joe finally figures out the solution, which requires applying the chemicals to certain parts of his anatomy (Sacrum, Heart, Innervation, Eyes, Lungs, Derma), and exposing himself to x-rays. This gives him super strength, the ability able to make great leaps, and invulnerability. Joe uses the initials S.H.I.E.L.D. as his secret identity. His white costume becomes the familiar colors under the process. He becomes an FBI agent (whose secret identity is known only to FBI Chief J. Edgar Hoover) after clearing his father's name, and fights foreign agents and other threats to the US.
After a partnership with fellow G-Man, Ju-Ju Watson and girlfriend, Betty, he is joined by a kid partner, Dusty Simmons, in Pep #11 in 1941. Dusty's father had been killed by foreign agents, and he is adopted by Joe and given a costume. Both heroes wear their patriotic costumes beneath their street clothes and change for action whenever the need would arise. Dusty also partners with The Wizard's kid partner, Roy, as the "Boy Buddies".
In Pep #20, Joe is called "The One and Only Shield" at the start of the story and "The Original Shield" at the end of the story because of the success of Captain America, another 1940's-era patriotic superhero. In his first appearance, Captain America had a shield similar to the main part of the Shield's costume, but it was changed to a round shield for the second issue over accusations of plagiarism.
The Shield and Dusty were featured in the first crossover storyline in American comic books. The storyline had them team up with the Wizard (the headlining character from Top-Notch Comics) to stop the invasion plot orchestrated by Moskovia (a fictional country made up of elements from Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union).
The Shield was one of MLJ's most popular characters, even spawning a club, the "Shield G-Man Club". He starred in Pep, and several other MLJ titles: Shield-Wizard, Top-Notch Comics. But then a new character arrived who would overshadow him: Archie Andrews. He would take the Shield's cover spot on Pep, take his fan club, and cause the end of the MLJ superheroes.
An older Joe Higgins appears in New Crusaders as the sole survivor of the Brain Emperor's attack on his fellow Crusaders. He gathers their teenage children to form a team dubbed "the New Crusaders".
In June 1959, a new Shield was published by Archie that had no connection to the previous version.
Joe Simon and Jack Kirby had been hired by Archie to create characters for a new "Archie Adventure Series" line of superheroes. They created a new Shield, whose real identity was Lancelot Strong, who appeared in a new title, The Double Life of Private Strong. Most collectors refer to this Shield as "Lancelot Strong" to differentiate him from the previous one.
Lancelot's scientist father developed a method to create a superhuman by expanding the mind, which he used on his infant son. After his father was killed by foreign agents, Lancelot was adopted by a farm couple and raised as their son. Once he hit his teens, he discovered the truth of his background and his powers: strength, flight, near-invulnerability, vision powers, the ability to generate lightning, and a few more. His father had created a patriotic costume for him, and he started off as the new superhero, the Shield. He soon joined the Army, acting like a Gomer Pyle-style country bumpkin, while leading a double life as the Shield (hence the title of his comic). DC cried 'foul', claiming this new Shield was too similar to Superman, so after 2 issues, his comic ended.
In 1999, Joe Simon and the Kirby estate regained ownership of the character by terminating their shares of the copyright. The character is currently available for licensing - something which no one took advantage of as of this writing.
When Archie revamped their superheroes under their "Radio Comics"/"Mighty Comics" line, a new Shield also appeared (since they probably felt they couldn't use the new Lancelot Strong Shield). This one was revealed to be the son of the original Shield.
The new Shield is Bill Higgins, son of the original Shield. He would appear in the new Fly-Man #31, and becomes one of the main founders of the Mighty Crusaders. It would be revealed that his father was turned to stone by the villain, The Eraser, and Bill was carrying on his father's work. Bill's 'powers', which seem to be enhanced strength and limited invulnerability, were derived from his costume. He would appear through the end of the Radio/Mighty Comics run.
When Legend of the Shield was revamped, Lt. Michael Barnes became the new Shield. Although his predecessor was implied to be single, Barnes was a married father with a young daughter. Barnes would continue as the lead character until the series' 1992 cancellation and also appeared as the Shield in the six-issue miniseries The Crucible, which was intended to reinvent the Impact Comics line, but instead served only as a finale, for various reasons, mainly low sales. Michael Barnes would have been the star of the title The American Shield if Impact Comics had continued publishing.
DC Comics Shield
The Red Circle Comics characters, aptly named "The Red Circle," were again licensed by DC and rebooted. During the Discord crisis a version of the Shield character was seen helping Green Arrow and Black Canary, performing crowd control. First appearing as a secondary character in The Web, another former MLJ hero, the new Shield is Lieutenant Joseph Higgins, stationed in Afghanistan, from where he tries to contact The Web to find his missing father. On the same day however his crew fall victim to Taliban terrorists, and Higgins is grievously wounded. To save his life, he agrees to be subjected to secret government experiments, after which an advanced, nanotech battle suit is merged to his burned epidermis. The suit appears on his body at will and grants him the same array of powers of the earlier incarnation, including superhuman strength, limited flight and advanced sensory abilities. Due to his severe injuries, the only major drawback is that if ever he tries to remove the war suit permanently, his bodily functions could shut down. Still fighting as the new, patriotic hero, he is again contacted by The Web, accepting his request for help The Shield also appeared in the 2010 DC Comics mini series The Mighty Crusaders.
Victoria Adams is the first Shield to be a woman and has been fighting for what is right since the dawn of the republic. After not being seen for over a generation she reappears without her memories, including her own identity, to help her country face its darkest days.
- "Dan Didio on Bringing the Archie Heroes to the DCU". Newsarama.com. Retrieved 2010-12-27.
- Goulart, Ron (2000). Comic book culture: an illustrated history. Collectors Press, Inc. p. 173. ISBN 978-1-888054-38-5.
- List of DC Comics imprint publications#Impact
- Ask the Archivist - "Didn't you guys used to publish superhero characters?". Retrieved July 1, 2008.
- Green Arrow/Black Canary #19-#23 (2009)
- The Red Circle: The Web (2009)
- The Red Circle: The Shield (2009)
- Mighty Crusaders entry on Shield I
- Toonopedia entry on Shield I
- International Superheroes Catalog entry on Shield I
- Joe Simon's website