The Silent World
|The Silent World|
|Directed by||Jacques Cousteau|
|Written by||Jacques Cousteau and James Dugan|
|Distributed by||Rank Organisation|
|May 26, 1956(Cannes) |
August 15, 1956 (Japan)
The Silent World (French: Le Monde du silence) is a 1956 French documentary film co-directed by Jacques Cousteau and Louis Malle. The Silent World was one of the first films to use underwater cinematography to show the ocean depths in color. Its title derives from Cousteau's 1953 book The Silent World: A Story of Undersea Discovery and Adventure.
The film was shot aboard the ship Calypso. Cousteau and his team of divers shot 25 kilometers of film over two years in the Mediterranean Sea, the Persian Gulf, the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, of which 2.5 kilometers were included in the finished documentary.
The film later faced criticism for environmental damage done during the filmmaking. In one scene, the crew of the Calypso massacre a school of sharks that were drawn to the carcass of a baby whale, which itself had been mortally injured by the crew, albeit accidentally (Cousteau had the ship driven into a pod of whales to get a close-up view, striking one whale in the process before the baby was lacerated by the prop). In another, Cousteau uses dynamite near a coral reef in order to make a more complete census of the marine life in its vicinity. Cousteau later became more environmentally conscious, involved in marine conservation, and was even called "the father of the environmental movement" by Ted Turner.
The Silent World opened at the 1956 Cannes Film Festival and won the Palme d'Or award; it was the only documentary film to win the award until Michael Moore's Fahrenheit 9/11 repeated the feat in 2004.
It was the first of Cousteau's documentary films to win an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.
- World Without Sun – 1964 film by Jacques Cousteau
- Voyage to the Edge of the World – 1976 French nature documentary
- Sesto Continente directed by Folco Quilici and released in 1954, was the first full-length, full-color underwater documentary. NYtimes.com
- "Festival de Cannes: The Silent World". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
- Byron, Stuart (15 October 1969). "Salt Lake Firm's 'Alaskan Safari' May Have Hit $4,000,000 in Rentals". Variety. p. 19.