The Sky Is Crying (song)
|"The Sky Is Crying"|
|Single by Elmore James|
|B-side||"Held My Baby Last Night"|
|Format||7" 45 rpm record|
November 3 or 4, 1959
|Label||Fire (no. 1016)|
"The Sky Is Crying" is a song that has become a blues standard. It was written and recorded by Elmore James in 1959. Called "one of his most durable compositions", "The Sky Is Crying" became a R&B record chart hit and has been interpreted and recorded by numerous artists.
"The Sky Is Crying" is a slow-tempo twelve-bar blues notated in 12/8 time in the key of C. An impromptu song inspired by a Chicago downpour during the recording session, it features James' slide guitar work and vocals. Accompanying James is his longtime backing band, the Broomdusters: J. T. Brown (saxophone), Johnny Jones (piano), Odie Payne (drums), and Homesick James (bass). James' unique slide guitar sound on the recording has generated some debate; Homesick James attributed it to a recording studio technique, others have suggested a different amplifier or guitar setup, and Ry Cooder felt that it was an altogether different guitar than James' usual Kay acoustic with an attached pickup.
The song, listed as "Elmo James and His Broomdusters", reached #15 in the Billboard R&B chart in 1960, making it James' last chart showing before his death in 1963. James recorded a variation of the song, "The Sun Is Shining", in April 1960 (Chess 1756), five months after the recording date of "The Sky Is Crying" (although some places "Sun" as a precursor to "Sky", possibly because the bulk of James' recordings for Fire/Fury/Enjoy took place after the Chess recordings).
"The Sky Is Crying" has been interpreted and recorded by many blues and other artists. In 1963, blues harmonica player and singer Sonny Boy Williamson II recorded the song as a country blues-style duet with Matt Murphy on acoustic guitar for his Keep It to Ourselves album. In 1964, Eric Clapton with The Yardbirds recorded a live slow blues which included a couple of lines from "The Sky Is Crying" (Blueswailing July '64 (Live)). In 1966, with Jeff Beck on slide guitar, the Yardbirds made a live recording of "The Sun Is Shining" for the BBC (BBC Sessions). Hound Dog Taylor recorded a live version with Little Walter on harmonica at the 1967 American Folk Blues Festival (Fontana). He later recorded another live version with the HouseRockers in Boston in 1972 (Live at Joe's Place).
In 1969, Albert King recorded the version that became one of his signature songs on the album Years Gone By, later adopted by Stevie Ray Vaughan. King recorded several live versions of the song during his career. Luther Allison also recorded the song in 1969 on his first LP, Love Me Moma, and frequently included the song in his live performances. The Allman Brothers Band played the song at Duane Allman's funeral in 1971 and has since become one of their staples. Eric Clapton released a studio version on his 1975 There's One in Every Crowd album. In 1977, George Thorogood recorded it for his second album Move It on Over. A live version was included on his 1986 album Live Thorogood.
Stevie Ray Vaughan recorded the song during the 1985 Soul to Soul sessions, but it was not released until the 1991 posthumous compilation The Sky Is Crying. Gary Moore recorded it for his 1992 album Blues Alive. A live version appears on Johnny Winter's Live in NYC '97 album. In 1998, John Martyn recorded it on his album of covers The Church with One Bell. Etta James recorded the song for her 2004 Grammy Award-winning Blues to the Bone album.
- "Elmore James was given one hundred percent writer credit for [the] song" on his original filing with BMI, however, over the years, several names have appeared alongside his on various reissues and covers of the song. Franz, Steve (2003). The Amazing Secret History of Elmore James. Bluesource Publications. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-9718038-1-7.
- Herzhaft, Gerard (1992). "Sky Is Crying (The)". Encyclopedia of the Blues. University of Arkansas Press. p. 471. ISBN 1-55728-252-8.
- Morris, Chris (1992). King of the Slide Guitar (Media notes). Elmore James. Capricorn Records. pp. 12–13. 9 42006-2.
- The Blues. Hal Leonard Corporation. 1995. p. 187. ISBN 0-7935-5259-1.
- Franz (2003), pp. 100-101.
- Whitburn, Joel (1988). Top R&B Singles 1942–1988. Record Research, Inc. p. 216. ISBN 0-89820-068-7.
- Koda, Cub (1996). Erlewine, Michael, ed. All Music Guide to the Blues. Miller Freeman Books. pp. 132–33. ISBN 0-87930-424-3.
- O'Neal, Jim (1991). "Classic of Blues Recording - Singles or Album Tracks". Blues Foundation Hall of Fame — 1991 Inductees. The Blues Foundation. Retrieved June 13, 2011.