The Snake Charmer
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The painting depicts a naked boy standing on a small carpet in the centre of a room with blue-tiled walls, facing away from the viewer, holding a python which coils around his waist and over his shoulder, while an older man sits to his right playing a fipple flute. The performance is watched by a motley group of armed men from a variety of Islamic tribes, with different clothes and weapons. The work measures 33 × 48 inches (84 × 122 cm).
Gérôme made the painting on a visit to Constantinople in 1875. The inscriptions on the walls cannot easily be read, but parts are in Arabic calligraphy. Despite apparent errors in writing, one section in the larger text on top can be identified as a verse from the Koran (2:256) condemning coercion towards Islamic monotheism. The other inscriptions are a dedication to a sultan. The blue tiles are inspired by İznik panels in the Altinyol and Baghdad Kiosk of Topkapi palace.
The painting was sold by Gérôme to Goupil et Cie in 1880 and then to US collector Albert Spencer. It was sold to Alfred Corning Clark in 1888 and inherited by his wife Elizabeth Scriven Clark in 1896. It was sold to Schaus Art Galleries, but reacquired by Clark's son Robert Sterling Clark and his wife Francine Clark in 1942 for $500. It is now held by the Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, in Williamstown, Massachusetts.
The painting was used as the front cover of Edward Said's book Orientalism, in which he draws attention to the undercurrent of sensuality dressed up as academic interest. An article by Linda Nochlin, "The Imaginary Orient", in Art in America, (May 1983), pp. 118–131, pp. 187–191, points out that the seemingly photorealistic quality of the painting allows Gérôme to present an unrealistic scene as if it were a true representation of the east. Nochlin considers it better a representation of the West's colonial ideology.
References and sources
- "Clark Art - Snake Charmer".
- Finkel, Jori (13 June 2010). "Jean-Léon Gérôme's 'The Snake Charmer': A Twisted History" – via LA Times.
- "The Spectacular Art of Jean-Léon Gérôme (1824–1904)".
- Reconsidering Gerome, Scott Allan, Mary Morton, p. 119.
- Orientalism, Postmodernism and Globalism, Bryan S. Turner, p. 98.
- Colonialist Photography: Imagining Race and Place, Eleanor M. Hight, Gary David Sampson, pp. 8–9.
- The Nineteenth Century Visual Culture Reader, V. Schwartz, p. 289.
- Orientalism: History, Theory and the Arts, John MacKenzie, p. 46.
- "Linda Nochlin and The Imaginary Orient", Ibn Warraq, New English Review, June 2010
Media related to Le charmeur de serpents (Jean-Léon Gerome), 1879 at Wikimedia Commons