The Soldier (poem)
Structure of poem
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This poem was written at the beginning of the First World War in 1914, as part of a series of sonnets written by Rupert Brooke. Brooke himself, predominantly a prewar poet, died the year after “The Soldier” was published. “The Soldier”, being the conclusion and the finale to Brooke’s ‘1914’ war sonnet series, deals with the death and accomplishments of a soldier.
Written with fourteen lines in a Petrarchan/Italian sonnet form, the poem is divided into an opening octet, and then followed by a concluding sestet. As far as rhyme scheme, the octet is rhymed after the Shakespearean/Elizabethan (abab cdcd) form, while the sestet follows the Petrarchan/Italian (efg efg) form. The volta, the shift or point of dramatic change, occurs after the fourth line where Brooke goes from describing the death of the soldier, to his life accomplishments.
This sonnet encompasses the memoirs of a deceased soldier who declares his patriotism to his homeland by declaring that his sacrifice will be the eternal ownership of England of a small portion of land upon which he died. The poem appears to not follow the normal purpose of a Petrarchan/Italian sonnet either. It does not truly go into detail about a predicament/resolution, as is customary with this form; rather, the atmosphere remains constantly in the blissful state of the English soldier.
Prior to the first moon landing in 1969, William Safire prepared a speech for U.S. President Richard Nixon to give in case of disaster. The last line of the prepared address intentionally echoes a similar line from the poem. (“For every human being who looks up at the moon in the nights to come will know that there is some corner of another world that is forever mankind.”) This line is in reference to the first few lines of the poem.
The Second World War fiction novel Under an English Heaven, by Robert Radcliffe, tells the story of a Flying Fortress bomber crew in the USAAF 520th Bombardment Group, based on a Suffolk airbase. The novel takes its title directly from this piece, and although not mentioning the poem directly, comparisons are drawn between “The Charge of the Light Brigade” and particular bombing missions over occupied Europe which elicited a very high casualty rate, underlining the futility of the survival odds for any given bomber crew.
English singer songwriter Al Stewart makes reference to Brooke in his song “Somewhere in England (1915)” from the album A Beach Full of Shells: “And the maker of rhymes on the deck who is going to die, in the corner of some foreign field that will make him so famous, as the light temporarily shines to illumine his pages.”
The poem is used as the theme for Listener Crossword 4343, Bear, Bear Bearing. The title hints at "Rupert Brook-e", and features from the poem are hidden in the grid.
- "The Moon Landing: An Undelivered Nixon Speech". Watergate.info.
- Safire, William (July 12, 1999). "Essay; Disaster Never Came". New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Poem text: http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/1914-v-the-soldier/
- French version: https://paysdepoesie.wordpress.com/2013/09/20/the-soldier/