The Son of a Migrant from Syria
|The Son of a Migrant from Syria|
The mural in 2015
The Son of a Migrant from Syria is a 2015 mural by graffiti artist Banksy. The mural was located in the Calais jungle, a nickname for the encampment near Calais, France, where migrants lived as they attempted to enter the United Kingdom. The artwork depicts the late Apple co-founder and former CEO Steve Jobs—the son of a Syrian migrant to the United States—as a traveling migrant.
During the European migrant crisis, many are fleeing war-torn Syria. Thousands of migrants, mostly from Syria, Afghanistan, and Eritrea, lived in a temporary camp nicknamed the Jungle near Calais, France. Banksy, an English-based artist and political activist, had previously donated pieces of his former installation Dismaland to help construct shelters in the camp.
In December 2015, Banksy revealed he had painted several graffiti works related to the migrant crisis, including a variation of Théodore Géricault's painting The Raft of the Medusa, depicting migrants on a raft waving towards a nearby luxury yacht. The Son of a Migrant from Syria depicts Jobs wearing a black polo neck and round glasses. He is standing while one hand holds a bag of his belongings over his shoulder and the other his original Macintosh computer. Jobs' depiction is derived from a 2006 photograph taken by Albert Watson's which was later used on the cover of Walter Isaacson's biography Steve Jobs.
In a rare public statement Banksy said: "We're often led to believe migration is a drain on the country's resources, but Steve Jobs was the son of a Syrian migrant. Apple is the world's most profitable company, it pays over $7bn a year in taxes – and it only exists because they allowed in a young man from Homs."
Using Jobs as a representation of Syrian migrants became popular after a September 2015 tweet by David Galbraith, a technology professional, included a photograph of Jobs with the caption "A Syrian migrants' child." Jobs' biological father, Abdulfattah "John" Jandali, was a student from an elite family in Homs who met Jobs' mother, Joanne Schieble, while pursuing a PhD at the University of Wisconsin. He was adopted a few months after his birth by a couple from California. According to Isaacson, Jobs had little interest in his Syrian heritage. Issacon stated: "When the Middle East would come up in conversation, the topic did not engage him or evoke his typical strong opinions, even after Syria was swept up in the 2011 Arab Spring uprisings."
Esquire's Matt Miller said the artwork was a "powerful statement" and "captured Jobs' origin story." Memphis Barker of The Independent praised visual aspects of the artwork, but criticized using Jobs as a representation of refugees and that the mural needed a footnote: "The idea that 'there might be a Steve Jobs' among those living in the Jungle should be washed quickly away. It is pat. It is besides the point. Better treatment and faster asylum procedures are owed to the people in the Jungle because they are people; some saintly, some less so; some business-minded, some illiterate." Wired's Issie Lapowsky shared a similar view. She described the mural as "poignant" and that Banksy raising awareness of conditions in the Jungle was "worth something." But also added "I hope the world will rally to help the millions of refugees who are in need simply because they are in need, and not because they may someday invent the next iPhone." Ashley Carman of The Verge said "While the sentiment and effort to make people care about the refugee crisis certainly warrants applause, it's also worth noting that Jobs rejected his birth parents as anything more than a biological relationship."
Calais city authorities installed protective glass panels over The Son of a Migrant from Syria and Banksy's other nearby murals. Mayor Natacha Bouchart said the murals provided the city with an opportunity and that it is "very good, and it has a message." Some of the migrants began charging money to view the mural. When a reporter from RT attempted to view the piece, migrants covered it with a cloth and said "We are guarding this area...Pay money – we'll show you." In January 2016, The Son of a Migrant from Syria was defaced when vandals smashed the protective glass case and sprayed graffiti over the mural.
- "Banksy work in Calais 'Jungle' shows Steve Jobs as migrant". BBC News. 11 December 2015. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- Miller, Matt (11 December 2015). "Banksy Just Made a Powerful Statement About the Syrian Migrant Crisis". Esquire. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- Carman, Ashley (11 December 2015). "New Banksy piece puts Steve Jobs in a Syrian refugee camp". The Verge. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- Williams, Rhiannon (12 December 2015). "Banksy uses Steve Jobs artwork to highlight refugee crisis". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- Ellis-Petersen, Hannah (11 December 2015). "Banksy uses Steve Jobs artwork to highlight refugee crisis". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- Barker, Memphis (11 December 2015). "Nice one, Banksy. But you shouldn't have to be Steve Jobs to count as a worthy refugee". The Independent. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- Lapowsky, Issie (11 December 2015). "Banksy's Steve Jobs Mural Misses the Point About Refugees". Wired. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- Mulholland, Rory (22 January 2016). "Banksy mural of Steve Jobs defaced in Calais". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- "Banksy mural of Steve Jobs as a refugee in Calais migrant camp to be protected by France". ABC News. 13 December 2015. Retrieved 13 December 2015.
- "Calais refugees 'hijack' Banksy's graffiti of Steve Jobs, charge fee for viewing". RT. 16 December 2015. Retrieved 16 December 2015.