The Song of Bernadette (film)
|The Song of Bernadette|
|Directed by||Henry King|
|Screenplay by||George Seaton|
|Based on||The Song of Bernadette|
by Franz Werfel
|Produced by||William Perlberg|
Lee J. Cobb
|Cinematography||Arthur C. Miller|
|Edited by||Barbara McLean|
|Music by||Alfred Newman|
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
|Box office||$5–7 million|
The Song of Bernadette is a 1943 American biographical drama film based on the 1941 novel of the same name by Franz Werfel. It stars Jennifer Jones in the title role, which portrays the story of Bernadette Soubirous, who reportedly experienced eighteen visions of the Blessed Virgin Mary from February to July 1858 and was canonized in 1933. The film was directed by Henry King, from a screenplay by George Seaton.
The novel was extremely popular, spending more than a year on The New York Times Best Seller list and thirteen weeks heading the list. The story was also turned into a Broadway play, which opened at the Belasco Theatre in March 1946.
In 1858, 14-year-old Bernadette Soubirous lives in poverty with her family in Lourdes, France. She is shamed by her Catholic school teacher, Sister Vauzou for falling behind in her studies because of her asthma. That afternoon, while fetching firewood with her sister Marie and a friend, Bernadette waits for them in the Massabielle grotto. Distracted by a strange breeze and a change in the light, Bernadette sees a beautiful lady clad in white, standing on a rock niche. Bernadette tells her companions what she saw, and they promise not to tell anyone else. However, Marie tells their mother when they return home, and the story soon spreads all over Lourdes.
Many, including Bernadette's Aunt Bernarde, are convinced of her sincerity, standing up for her against her disbelieving parents. Bernadette, continues to repeatedly visit the grotto as requested by the lady, accompanied by other citizens of Lourdes. While Abbé Dominique Peyramale refuses to get involved; civil authorities threateningly interrogate Bernadette, but she confounds them with her simplicity and stands behind her story. On one visit, the lady asks Bernadette to drink and wash at a seemingly nonexistent spring. Bernadette obediently digs a hole in the ground and smears her face with dirt. Though she is initially ridiculed, water later begins to flow, which exhibits miraculous healing properties; and ailing people soon begin flocking to Lourdes.
On Bernadette’s last visit to the grotto, the lady finally identifies herself as the "Immaculate Conception." When civil authorities try to have Bernadette declared insane, Peyramale, who once doubted her, now becomes her staunchest ally and asks for a formal church investigation to verify if Bernadette is a fraud, insane, or genuine.
The grotto is fenced off, and the Bishop of Tarbes declares that unless the Emperor orders the grotto to open, there will be no investigation. When The Emperor’s infant son is cured of his illness by water from Lourdes, the Empress demands that the grotto be reopened. The Bishop of Tarbes then directs the commission to convene. The investigation takes many years, and Bernadette is questioned again and again, but the commission eventually determines that Bernadette truly experienced the visions and was visited by the Virgin Mary.
Believing it unsuitable for her to live an ordinary life, Peyramale persuades Bernadette to join the Sisters of Charity of Nevers. Bernadette undergoes rigorous spiritual training and works hard at the convent; but is also subjected to emotional abuse from Sister Vauzou, now mistress of novices at the convent. Vauzou tells Bernadette that doubt consumes her, and that she cannot believe that Bernadette, who has never suffered, would be chosen by God when she has spent her life suffering in his service.
Though Bernadette agrees that she has not suffered, she then reveals a tumor hidden under the skirt of her habit, much to Vauzou’s horror. The doctor diagnoses tuberculosis of the bone; the condition causes unspeakable pain, yet Bernadette had never mentioned it. Vauzou, realizing her error, prays for forgiveness and vows to serve Bernadette for the rest of her life. Despite the severity of her illness, Bernadette adamantly denies partaking of the grotto’s healing waters.
On her deathbed, Bernadette sends for Peyramale and confesses her feelings of unworthiness while sorrowfully maintaining that she may never see the lady again. However, the lady appears in the room, smiles, and gestures to Bernadette warmly. Bernadette joyfully cries out to the apparition before finally dying. Upon her death, Peyramale remarks, "You are now in Heaven and on earth. Your life begins, O Bernadette."
- Jennifer Jones as Bernadette Soubirous
- Charles Bickford as Abbé Dominique Peyramale
- William Eythe as Antoine Nicoleau
- Gladys Cooper as Marie Therese Vauzou, Bernadette's schoolteacher and later the Mistress of Novices
- Vincent Price as Vital Dutour, Imperial Prosecutor
- Lee J. Cobb as Dr. Dozous
- Anne Revere as Louise Casterot Soubirous, Bernadette's mother
- Roman Bohnen as François Soubirous, Bernadette's father
- Mary Anderson as Jeanne Abadie, Bernadette's friend
- Patricia Morison as Empress Eugenie
- Jerome Cowan as Emperor Napoleon III
- Aubrey Mather as Mayor Lacade
- Charles Dingle as Jacomet, chief of police
- Edith Barrett as Croisine Bouhouhorts
- Sig Ruman as Louis Bouriette
- Blanche Yurka as Bernarde Casterot, Bernadette's aunt
- Ermadean Walters as Marie Soubirous, Bernadette's sister
- Marcel Dalio as Callet
- Pedro de Cordoba as Dr. LeCramps
- Fortunio Bonanova as Imperial Prince Louis (uncredited)
- Harry Cording as Stonemason (uncredited)
- Linda Darnell as the Immaculate Conception (uncredited)
- Alan Napier as Dr. Debeau, the psychiatrist (uncredited)
- Frank Reicher as Dr. St. Cyr (uncredited)
- Edward Van Sloan as Doctor (uncredited)
The film's plot follows the novel by Franz Werfel, which is not a documentary but a historical novel blending fact and fiction. Bernadette's real-life friend Antoine Nicolau is portrayed as being deeply in love with her and vowing to remain unmarried when Bernadette enters the convent. No such relationship is documented as existing between them. In addition, the government authorities, in particular, Imperial Prosecutor Vital Dutour (played by Vincent Price) are portrayed as being much more anti-religion than they actually were; in fact, Dutour was himself a devout Catholic who simply thought Bernadette was hallucinating. Other portrayals come closer to historical accuracy, particularly Anne Revere and Roman Bohnen as Bernadette's overworked parents, Charles Bickford as Father Peyramale (although his presence at Bernadette's deathbed was an artistic embellishment; in reality, Peyramale had died a few years before Bernadette), and Blanche Yurka as formidable Aunt Bernarde.
The portrayal of Sister Marie Therese Vauzou is also inaccurate. There is no evidence that Sister Vazou was Bernadette’s elementary school teacher or that they met prior to the time that Bernanette entered the convent.
The film combines the characters of Vital Dutour and the man of letters Hyacinthe de La Fite, who appears in the novel and believes he has cancer of the larynx. La Fite does not appear at all in the movie. In the film, it is Dutour who is dying of cancer of the larynx at the end, and who goes to the Lourdes shrine, kneels at the gates to the grotto and says, "Pray for me, Bernadette."
The film ends with the death of Bernadette and does not mention the exhumation of her body or her canonization, as the novel does.
Igor Stravinsky was initially informally approached to write the film score. On 15 February 1943, he started writing music for the "Apparition of the Virgin" scene. However, the studio never approved a contract with Stravinsky, and the project went to Alfred Newman, who won an Oscar. The music Stravinsky had written for the film made its way into the second movement of his Symphony in Three Movements.
Bosley Crowther of The New York Times gave the movie a mostly negative review, praising the acting, especially Jones's, but regretting the movie's "tedious and repetitious" narrative, its emphasis on "images that lack visual mobility" and "dialectic discourse that will clutter and fatigue the average mind," and the decision to make Bernadette's "lady" visible to viewers.
On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, 88% of 16 critics' reviews are positive, with an average rating of 6.8/10.
Awards and nominations
|Academy Awards||Outstanding Motion Picture||William Perlberg (for 20th Century Fox)||Nominated|| |
|Best Director||Henry King||Nominated|
|Best Actress||Jennifer Jones||Won|
|Best Supporting Actor||Charles Bickford||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress||Gladys Cooper||Nominated|
|Best Screenplay||George Seaton||Nominated|
|Best Art Direction–Interior Decoration – Black-and-White||James Basevi, William S. Darling and Thomas Little||Won|
|Best Cinematography – Black-and-White||Arthur C. Miller||Won|
|Best Film Editing||Barbara McLean||Nominated|
|Best Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture||Alfred Newman||Won|
|Best Sound Recording||Edmund H. Hansen||Nominated|
|Golden Globe Awards||Best Picture||Won|||
|Best Actress in a Leading Role||Jennifer Jones||Won|
|Best Director||Henry King||Won|
|National Board of Review Awards||Top Ten Films||5th Place|||
Also, the film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- 2005: AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores – Nominated
- 2006: AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers – Nominated
The Song of Bernadette was presented on Hollywood Star Time 21 April 1946. The 30-minute adaptation starred Vincent Price, Lee J. Cobb, Pedro DeCordoba, and Vanessa Brown.
- ^ "The Song of Bernadette (1944)". British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- ^ Stanley, Fred (7 March 1943). "A NEW SPIRITUAL RESURGENCE IN HOLLYWOOD: Studios Now Look Favorably On Religious Themes". The New York Times. p. X3.
- ^ "All-Time Top Grossers", Variety, 8 January 1964 p 69
- ^ Solomon, Aubrey (2002). Twentieth Century-Fox: A Corporate and Financial History. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 220. ISBN 978-0810842441.
- ^ "Top Grossers of the Season". Variety. 5 January 1944. p. 54.
- ^ "The Song of Bernadette". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
- ^ Trochu, François (1 January 1957). Saint Bernadette Soubirous: 1844-1879. Tan Books. ISBN 978-1787201194. Trochu provides background information on Bernadette's "inquisitors", revealing that they were not atheists or even freethinkers.
- ^ Walsh, Stephen (30 September 2011). Stravinsky: The Second Exile: France and America 1934-1971. p. 144. ISBN 978-1407064482. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
- ^ Crowther, Bosley (27 January 1944). "THE SCREEN; 'The Song of Bernadette,' a Devout Film Version of the Werfel Story, With Jennifer Jones, Opens Here at Rivoli". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 December 2021.
- ^ "The Song of Bernadette (1943)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- ^ "The 16th Academy Awards (1944) Nominees and Winners". Oscars.org (Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences). Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- ^ "Movie Award Goes to Jennifer Jones". The New York Times. United Press. 2 March 1944. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
- ^ "The Song of Bernadette – Golden Globes". HFPA. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
- ^ "1944 Award Winners". National Board of Review. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
- ^ "AFI's 100 Years of Film Scores Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 14 August 2016.
- ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 14 August 2016.
- ^ "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 41 (2): 32–41. Spring 2015.
- John Bear, The Number One New York Times Best Seller, Berkeley: Ten Speed Press, 1992.
- 1943 films
- 1940s biographical drama films
- 20th Century Fox films
- American biographical drama films
- American black-and-white films
- Best Drama Picture Golden Globe winners
- Films scored by Alfred Newman
- Films about Catholic nuns
- Films about Christianity
- Films about religion
- Films about Catholicism
- Films based on Austrian novels
- Films directed by Henry King
- Films featuring a Best Actress Academy Award-winning performance
- Films featuring a Best Drama Actress Golden Globe-winning performance
- Films set in France
- Films set in the 1850s
- Films set in the 1860s
- Films set in the 1870s
- Films that won the Best Original Score Academy Award
- Films whose art director won the Best Art Direction Academy Award
- Films whose cinematographer won the Best Cinematography Academy Award
- Films whose director won the Best Director Golden Globe
- Our Lady of Lourdes
- Marian apparitions in film
- Cultural depictions of Napoleon III
- 1943 drama films
- Films produced by William Perlberg
- 1940s English-language films
- 1940s American films