The Southern Cross (South Australia)
|Owner(s)||Southern Cross Printing and Publishing Company|
The Southern Cross is the official publication of the Catholic Archdiocese of Adelaide. About 5000 copies are printed monthly and distributed to parishes, schools and agencies, besides an online version. It began in July 1889 as a weekly magazine published in Adelaide, South Australia, for the Catholic Archdiocese of Adelaide, and remained a weekly for most of its history. Its banner was subtitled A weekly record of Catholic, Irish and General Intelligence, and later Organ of the Catholic Church in South Australia. The current, non-print website version of the magazine also bears the name Southern Cross.
Two earlier Irish Catholic newspapers, The Irish Harp and Farmers' Herald (1869–1873) and its successor The Harp and Southern Cross (1873–1875), were published in Adelaide weekly until the end of 1875. The publisher was John Augustine Hewitt at 39 King William Street, and printer was Webb, Vardon and Pritchard of Hindley Street. The Irish Harp and Farmers' Herald and its editor C. J. Fox were notable for their trenchant criticism of Bishop Sheil's excommunication of Mary MacKillop.
The Southern Cross (subtitled: A Weekly Record of Catholic, Irish, and General News) was initiated on 5 July 1889 by the Southern Cross Printing and Publishing Company, with the aim of publishing news about and for the Catholic community. It succeeded The Catholic Monthly, a magazine published by Archbishop C. A. Reynolds (1834–1893) and from which he was "anxious to be relieved". The original board of management consisted of Archdeacon Russell (chairman), the Rev. G. Williams, Hon. James O'Loghlin, M.L.C., Dr. O'Connell J.P. and Mr. W. A. Dempsey, J.P. O'Loghlin was appointed managing editor, with an office at 28 Waymouth Street, Adelaide.
The company had been created with the sale of 200 £5 shares. At the following AGM, at which a profit of over 50% was declared and a 10% dividend was distributed to shareholders, Russell, Williams and O'Connell retired and were replaced by Rev. T. F. O'Neill, Rev. P. Jorgensen and Peter Paul Gillen, M.P. At the 1891 AGM a profit was announced, but the meeting resolved that, rather than give a dividend to shareholders, the cover price of the paper should be reduced. The board remained unchanged. At the 1892 AGM another satisfactory report was read; the cover price had been dropped, circulation and advertising were up, and a dividend was distributed to shareholders. Similar results were announced in the ensuing five years, despite a country-wide depression which was affecting South Australia in particular.
O'Loghlin resigned as editor in 1896, but continued as manager and secretary of Southern Cross Printing and Publishing until 1915, when his duties in the Senate and involvement with the war effort made his continuing involvement impossible; he died of tuberculosis after a long period of ill-health, in 1925. Later editors include Matthew Abraham, who had a long career as a radio presenter with ABC Radio Canberra then ABC Radio Adelaide. It continues to be published in print and online. The current editor is Jenny Brinkworth, a former journalist with The Advertiser.
- Harp and Southern Cross (Adelaide, SA : 1873–1875) at Trove
- Southern Cross (Adelaide, SA : 1889–1954) at Trove
Other Roman Catholic publications in Australia are:
- "Today's News - The Southern Cross". The Southern Cross. Retrieved 2018-02-15.
- "The Bishop and the Sisters of Saint Joseph". The Irish Harp And Farmers' Herald. South Australia. 7 October 1871. p. 6. Retrieved 25 April 2020 – via Trove. Fox was one of many who consistently misspelled the bishop's name as "Shiel".
- "New Weekly Paper". South Australian Weekly Chronicle. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 29 June 1889. p. 1. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "The Rise and Progress of "The Southern Cross."". Southern Cross. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 3 July 1914. p. 11. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
- "Southern Cross Printing and Publishing Company". South Australian Register. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 25 May 1889. p. 4. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "The Advertiser Saturday, August 2, 1890". The Advertiser. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 2 August 1890. p. 4. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "Southern Cross Printing and Publishing Company". South Australian Register. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 4 August 1891. p. 4. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "Southern Cross Printing and Publishing Company". South Australian Register. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 30 July 1892. p. 4. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "Southern Cross Printing and Publishing Company". South Australian Register. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 25 July 1896. p. 7. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- Peter Travers, 'O'Loghlin, James Vincent (1852–1925)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, published in hardcopy 1988, accessed online 4 October 2014