The Spirit (film)

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The Spirit
Thespiritposter.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Frank Miller
Produced by
Screenplay by Frank Miller
Based on The Spirit
by Will Eisner
Starring
Music by David Newman
Cinematography Bill Pope
Edited by Gregory Nussbaum
Production
company
Distributed by Lionsgate
Release date
  • December 25, 2008 (2008-12-25)
Running time
103 minutes[1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $60 million[2]
Box office $39 million[3]

The Spirit is a 2008 American neo-noir superhero film, written and directed by Frank Miller and starring Gabriel Macht, Eva Mendes, Sarah Paulson, Dan Lauria, Paz Vega, Jaime King, Scarlett Johansson, and Samuel L. Jackson. The film is based on the newspaper comic strip, The Spirit by Will Eisner, and produced by OddLot and Lionsgate.[4]

The Spirit was released to theaters in the United States on December 25, 2008, and on DVD, and Blu-ray on April 14, 2009. The film was a box office bomb and received negative reviews, with critics citing its unnecessary humor, melodramatic acting and style, lack of originality, sexist and exploitative overtones, and divergence from the source material.

Plot[edit]

In a cat-filled mausoleum in Central City, Denny Colt, also known as "the Spirit", is informed by Detective Sussman of a major case involving the Spirit's arch-nemesis, "the Octopus". The Spirit dons his costume and travels across rooftops, stopping to save a woman from a mugging before catching a ride with Officer Liebowitz to the flats.

At the swampland, femme fatale Sand Saref is shown rising from the water to shoot Sussman. The Spirit and Liebowitz find the wounded Sussman, but a flashback reveals that it was actually the Octopus who shot him in an effort to recover two chests from the water. Sand and her husband Mahmoud try to flee with both chests, but the Octopus wounds Mahmoud and breaks a line connecting the two chests. Sand escapes, leaving one chest behind, which the Octopus retrieves. In the present, the Octopus kills Liebowitz then sends his cloned henchmen to attack the Spirit. His accomplice Silken Floss drives away with the chest as the two arch-nemeses fight.

The next morning, the Spirit is awakened by his lover, Dr. Ellen Dolan, a daughter of the police commissioner, and appears to be in perfect health despite his gunshot wounds. He notices a gold locket in Sussman's hand, which had been torn from Sand Saref's neck. The locket contains pictures of a much-younger Colt and Sand, and had been his gift to her. Sand had become disenchanted with the city's corruption following the death of her father, a police officer, and left for fifteen years.

In a secret lair, the Octopus and Silken Floss discover their chest does not contain the mysterious Blood of Heracles as expected but the Golden Fleece, and decide a trade is in order. Sand and Mahmoud visit an underworld figure who sold them the location of the treasure, and it is implied that he also gave the location to the Octopus.

The Spirit has fully regenerated and is called away to a case by Commissioner Dolan. Sand's history as one of the world's great jewel thieves is related to the Spirit. While attempting to arrest her, he reveals to know she is looking for the Golden Fleece and she shoves him through a window, only to see him survive the fall.

Later, the Spirit receives a tip on the location of the Octopus's lair, but is captured while investigating. The Octopus reveals his origin and how they became arch-enemies: Octopus and Floss's experimentation led to the creation of an immortality serum. The Octopus first tested it on Colt's dead body; Colt came back to life, and earned the ire of Death for escaping her clutches. Contacting Dolan, the only one aware of his true identity, Colt vowed to become the city's "spirit" and protector. Eventually, the Octopus injected himself with the serum, but he needs the blood of Heracles, a demi-god, to perfect the formula. The Spirit manages to escape by seducing a female assassin called Plaster of Paris, who as a parting gift turns on The Octopus. However, when the Spirit mentions Sand's name, Paris stabs him out of spite.

After being unconscious for a period of time, the Spirit stumbles to the city docks and collapses into the water. He is confronted by the Angel of Death, Lorelei Rox, who has haunted his sleep. He is willing to accept her embrace, but changes his mind and escapes after remembering the women he has known. As he swims to the surface, Lorelei vows that she will have him.

At the projects, Sand, Floss, and their henchmen meet to exchange the Blood of Heracles for the Golden Fleece. Sand attempts to convince Floss to leave the Octopus before he kills her. Floss gains the upper hand and the Octopus asks Floss for the vase of blood. As the Spirit suddenly materializes, Floss drives off, unable to take a side. The Octopus shoots a series of progressively larger guns at the Spirit, apparently killing him, but Dolan's SWAT team storms the area and opens fire. The Octopus loses an arm and is shot in the head; the Octopus desperately tries to drink the Blood of Heracles but Sand shoots the vase. The Spirit rises, shown to be wearing a bullet-proof vest, and blows-up the Octopus with a grenade while Sand uses the Golden Fleece to protect them from the explosion.

The Spirit gives Sand her locket back. They kiss as Ellen looks on, feeling betrayed. The old flames bid each other goodbye and the Spirit convinces Dolan to let Sand go in gratitude for saving him and the world. Nearby, Floss discovers one of the Octopus's severed fingers crawling towards her; she picks it up and departs with two of the clones saying, "We'll start from scratch". Meanwhile, the Spirit and Ellen make amends and embrace.

Cast[edit]

  • Gabriel Macht as Denny Colt / The Spirit: An ambitious and formerly eager young cop killed on the job, who under mysterious circumstances is reborn as a masked crime-fighter with an eye for the ladies.[5] Determined to keep his beloved city safe, he works with Central City's police force from the shadows. Miller required auditions for the starring role, and Macht was able to attain the role in August 2007.[6]
  • Samuel L. Jackson as The Octopus: A former coroner turned psychotic super-villain who plans to bring all of Central City to its knees and will kill anyone who stands in his way. Jackson was Miller's first choice for the role and was cast in May 2007.[7] Jackson, Miller, and the costume designer developed elaborate costumes for the Octopus to wear—which are different in every scene he appears in. They include a samurai robe complete with a wig, a full Nazi Schutzstaffel uniform, a Western duster-influenced outfit with an out-of-proportion cowboy hat, and a costume consisting of a karakul hat and a fur-lined coat influenced by 1970s blaxploitation pimps. When asked about the change from the Octopus being recognized by distinctive gloves in the comics, Jackson stated, "It's just an opportunity to be larger than life to take the Octopus's theme of dressing the way he feels every day, or having a theme to his day to day life and making some sense with it. And hopefully, the audience will take the ride with us."[8]
  • Scarlett Johansson as Silken Floss: A femme fatale scientist and perversely innocent accomplice to the Octopus, only slightly more sane than he is.[9]
  • Eva Mendes as Sand Saref:[10] The Spirit's childhood sweetheart, who perennially seduces and marries wealthy men, has them killed, and uses their money to fund criminal exploits in a constant pursuit of a life of the highest luxury and influence over the criminal underworld. She is a tragic anti-heroine, with her policeman father accidentally murdered, causing her to have a hatred of police and Central City, and break up with aspiring cop Denny Colt. In the movie, her character shares characteristics with P'Gell from The Spirit comics. The actress told director Frank Miller that she wanted to work with him on The Spirit before she had seen a script for the film.[11]
  • Sarah Paulson as Ellen Dolan: The police commissioner's daughter and a top surgeon who considers it her duty as the Spirit's current flame to keep him healthy and alive (much to her father's chagrin).[5]
  • Dan Lauria as Commissioner Eustace Dolan: The hard-boiled and commanding police commissioner of Central City and The Spirit's father figure.[5]
  • Stana Katic as Morgenstern: A spunky rookie officer and skilled sharpshooter who idolizes the Spirit.[5]
  • Louis Lombardi as Phobos, Logos, Pathos, Ethos, Bulbos, Huevos and Rancheros, Mangos, Adios and Amigos, etc.: The Octopus's thuggish and moronic, yet highly resilient cloned henchmen.[5]
  • Jaime King as Lorelei: A phantasmic siren and the Angel of Death waiting to take the Spirit, who must continually force himself to resist her.[12]
  • Paz Vega as Plaster of Paris: A sexy French belly dancer and assassin in the employ of the Octopus; she wields tri-pronged throwing knives and a sword.[12]
  • Eric Balfour as Mahmoud[citation needed]

Frank Miller and DC Comics President Paul Levitz have cameo roles in the film.[13]

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

In the 1970s, director William Friedkin obtained the film rights to The Spirit and contacted Will Eisner to write a script for him. Eisner declined but recommended Harlan Ellison, who wrote a two-hour live-action script for the filmmaker. Friedkin and Ellison afterward had an unrelated argument, and the project was abandoned.[14] During the 1980s, Brad Bird, Jerry Rees, and producer Gary Kurtz attempted to get an animated adaptation off the ground, though studio executives praised the screenplay, they thought the film would be unmarketable, and this version was scrapped.[15][16]

In the early 1990s, producer Michael Uslan and executive producers Benjamin Melniker and Steven Maier subsequently obtained the rights for a live-action film adaptation. The producer promised Eisner that he would not permit anyone who "didn't get it" to work on the project. Two ideas pitched to Uslan were to put the Spirit in a costume and to have the Spirit be a resurrected dead man who possessed supernatural powers.[17] Screenwriter John Turman, a comic book fan, expressed interest in writing the script.[18]

In July 2004, financier OddLot Entertainment acquired the rights to the film. OddLot's producers Gigi Pritzker and Deborah Del Prete began a collaboration with Uslan, Melniker, and Maier working at Batfilm Productions, to adapt the story. Eisner, who was protective of the rights to his creations, said that he believed in the producers to faithfully adapt The Spirit.[19] In April 2005, comic-book writer Jeph Loeb was hired to adapt The Spirit for the big screen,[20] but the writer eventually left the project. Later in April, Uslan approached Frank Miller at Will Eisner's memorial service in New York City several weeks after Miller's Sin City was released in theaters, interested in initiating the adaptation technique with Miller's film for The Spirit.[21] Miller had initially hesitated, doubting his skill in adapting The Spirit, but ultimately embraced his first solo project as writer-director.[17] Miller described his decision-making:

The only thought in my mind was, "It's too big—I can't possibly do it." And I refused. And about three minutes later as I was at the doorway, I turned around and said, "Nobody else can touch this," and I agreed to the job on the spot.[13]

In July 2006, the film trade press reported Miller would write and direct the film adaptation for The Spirit ; Miller and the producers publicly announced this at the 2006 Comic-Con International in San Diego, California.[22] Miller said that he was putting together a film treatment that included large parts of The Spirit strip panels. As Miller described the project, "I intend to be extremely faithful to the heart and soul of the material, but it won't be nostalgic. It will be much scarier than people expect".[22] Miller filmed The Spirit using the same digital background technology that was used for Sin City and 300.[23] The film would also copy specific shots from the comic, similar to Sin City.[24]

In February 2007, Miller completed the first draft of the screenplay and began work on a second draft.[25] Principal photography was initially slated to begin in late spring 2007.[22] Miller also planned to begin filming Sin City 2 in spring 2009,[26] and Uslan indicated that filming for The Spirit would begin before Miller started Sin City 2.[21] Following the casting of Gabriel Macht as the Spirit in August 2007, filming was re-slated for the following October.[6]

Filming[edit]

Filming began in October 2007. Filming took place in Albuquerque Studios in New Mexico.[5] The Spirit was shot using Panavision's Genesis digital camera.[27][not in citation given] The film's release was originally scheduled for January 16, 2009, but on May 6, 2008, it was announced that the release date would be moved up to December 25, 2008.[21]

The film contains a number of references to Eisner collaborators and other comic book luminaries. These include "Feiffer Industrial Salt", alluding to The Spirit ghost writer Jules Feiffer; "Iger Avenue", named for Eisner & Iger partner S.M. "Jerry" Iger; "Ditko's Speedy Delivery", named for Steve Ditko, a comic book artist and writer; and the characters Donenfeld and Liebowitz, played by Richard Portnow and Frank Miller, respectively, who are named for two of DC Comics' founders, Harry Donenfeld and Jack Liebowitz.[13]

Music[edit]

The Spirit
Thespiritsoundtrack.jpg
Film score by David Newman
Released December 23, 2008
Genre Classical
Label Silva Screen
David Newman chronology
Welcome Home Roscoe JenkinsString Module Error: Match not foundString Module Error: Match not found The Spirit
(2008)
My Life in RuinsString Module Error: Match not foundString Module Error: Match not found

Producer Deborah Del Prete said that Miller wanted "elements of the '40s jazz sound married with iconic heroic music and even a touch of the spaghetti western."[28] The Spirit's mysterious Henry Mancini-like soundtrack was composed and conducted by David Newman.

It's Sand Saref (Eva Mendes) who has the most elaborate of all the themes because it's based on her relationship with Denny Colt when they were in their teens, well before he became the Spirit. Saref's music ultimately becomes the love theme of the movie. It's very romantic, almost old fashioned, especially when they finally kiss. Frank Miller and I talked about that scene quite a bit. He really wanted me to 'go for it'—to make their music as romantic as possible. In the end, the Spirit is like a modern day Don Juan, without the psychological ambivalence towards women. He truly loves every woman he meets. It's part of his makeup. He has a certain naiveté in this respect.

— David Newman[29]

There is an eerie, wordless soprano for Lorelei (Jaime King) that is performed by Newman's 19-year-old daughter Diana, a vocal major at the University of Southern California.[30]

Christina Aguilera sings a cover of the classic "Falling in Love Again" in the closing credits of The Spirit. The song dates to 1930, written by Frederick Hollander, with lyrics written by Sammy Lerner. The song was originally sung and popularized by Marlene Dietrich in the film The Blue Angel (1930) and has been covered by Billie Holiday (1940), Doris Day (1961), and Sammy Davis Jr. (1962).

The trailers for the film feature music from the I Choose Noise album by Hybrid.[citation needed][relevant? ]

Soundtrack track list:

  1. "Spirit / Main Title"
  2. "Lorelei 'Angel Of Death' "
  3. "Enter Silken Floss – Octopus Kicks"
  4. "Just a Fight"
  5. "You're An Accident"
  6. "Spirit Reflects"
  7. "Egg On My Face"
  8. "Sand / Octopus Lair"
  9. "I Am Sorely Disappointed"
  10. "Spirit Finds Sand / Falling / Hung Up"
  11. "Plaster Of Paris Dance"
  12. "Spirit And Plaster Run"
  13. "Lorelei 'You Are Mine' / Spirit Wants"
  14. "Stand Off / Spirit Just Keeps Coming"
  15. "Shootout"
  16. "Octopus Buys It"
  17. "Spirit Kisses Sand"
  18. "It's You I Love / She Is My City"

Marketing[edit]

At the New York Comic Con on February 24, 2007, director-screenwriter Frank Miller and producer Michael Uslan were scheduled to present a panel for The Spirit,[31] though Miller was unable to attend due to recuperation from hip and leg injuries.[25] Instead, Uslan, fellow producer F.J. DeSanto, and former The Spirit publisher Denis Kitchen presented a panel at which they described the history of the film and the film's progress.[21]

Titan Books produced a making-of book, The Spirit: The Movie Visual Companion by Mark Cotta Vaz, featuring interviews with the cast and crew, photos, storyboards, and production art. It was released November 25, 2008.[citation needed] A second book, Frank Miller: The Spirit Storyboards, was announced for release on May 6 2009,[citation needed] but was never released.

The film was rated PG-13 by the MPAA for "intense sequences of stylized violence and action, some sexual content, and brief nudity".[32]

The film was released on Christmas Day 2008.[citation needed]

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

The Spirit fared poorly at the box office.[citation needed] Released in 2,509 theaters,[3] The Spirit grossed $10.3 million in its opening four days, placing 9th in the box-office ranking for the weekend.[33] As of May 2009, the film had grossed $19,806,188 domestically and $18,588,842 internationally for a worldwide total of $38,395,030.[3] It was rumored that the movie's poor performance at the box office cost Odd Lot Entertainment tens of millions of dollars in losses and caused the demise of the Frank Miller Buck Rogers movie,[citation needed] although Odd Lot Entertainment's CEO Gigi Pritzker denied such rumors.[34]

Critical reception[edit]

The Spirit was panned by critics. It received a 14% rating at the movie-review aggregate site Rotten Tomatoes,[35] and a Metacritic aggregate rating of 30 out of 100, denoting "generally negative reviews", from 24 reviewers.[36]

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film one out of four stars and said, "There is not a trace of human emotion in it. To call the characters cardboard is to insult a useful packing material".[37]

Ricky Bentley of The Miami Herald said, "Macht manages to meld macho with melodrama to make the Spirit come to life."[38]

Frank Lovece of Newsday, a one-time comic-book writer, found that "gorgeous cinematography and design can't mask the hollow core and bizarre ugliness of this mishandled comics adaptation", and noted that while Eisner's own Spirit was "an average-Joe [...] in a rumpled suit—a vulnerable but insouciant everyman in humanist fables", Miller's Spirit "now has a superpower—a healing factor. Eisner's own spirit must be spinning in its grave".[39]

Chris Barsanti of Filmcritic.com stated, "It's a frankly gorgeous effect, liberated by the fact that Miller adapted freely from Eisner's panels—the two were longtime friends—to create an organic story instead of slavishly following the master's work", and calling it "one of the year's most refreshingly fun films."<refref>Barsanti, Chris. "The Spirit Movie Review, DVD Release". Filmcritic.com. Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 2 January 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2017. </ref>

Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly, found the movie a "ludicrously knowing and mannered noir pastiche, full of burnt-end romance and 'style', but robotic at its core".[40]

Ken Hanke of Mountain Xpress observed, "The film may not move smoothly—Miller's too fond of 'just damn weird' digressions for that—but it does move and isn't hard to follow. Its screwiness is deliberate and it's all a matter of taste."[41]

A.O. Scott in The New York Times summed up, "To ask why anything happens in Frank Miller's sludgy, hyper-stylized adaptation of a fabled comic book series by Will Eisner may be an exercise in futility. The only halfway interesting question is why the thing exists at all."[42]

Empire magazine listed the film at No. 32 on their "Top 50 Worst Movies Of All Time" list.[43]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "THE SPIRIT (15)". British Board of Film Classification. 2008-12-12. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  2. ^ Michael Cieply (2013-01-14). "‘Ender’s Game’ Is a Bet for Gigi Pritzker’s OddLot Entertainment". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  3. ^ a b c "The Spirit (2008)". Box Office Mojo. 2008-01-22. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  4. ^ "Lionsgate conjures 'The Spirit' with Odd Lot Entertainment and visionary filmmaker and graphic novelist Frank Miller". Comics2Film. Wayback Machine. 16 May 2007. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 18 September 2008. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Miller's 'Spirit' finds love with Paulson". The Hollywood Reporter. Wayback Machine. 25 September 2007. Retrieved 1 April 2017. 
  6. ^ a b Fleming, Michael; Garrett, Diane (2007-08-02). "Gabriel Macht to star in ‘Spirit’". Variety. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  7. ^ Siegel, Tatiana; Kit, Borys (18 May 2007). "Miller sees Jackson as evil 'Spirit'". The Hollywood Reporter. Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 20 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  8. ^ Shawn Adler (2008-07-26). "Samuel L. Jackson Takes Us Through His 'Spirit' Wardrobe - MTV". Splashpage.mtv.com. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  9. ^ Siegel, Tatiana; Kit, Borys (17 August 2007). "It's a triple feature for Johansson". The Hollywood Reporter. Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  10. ^ Kit, Borys (22 August 2007). "Mendes moved to join 'Spirit'". The Hollywood Reporter. Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  11. ^ Larry Carroll (2007-10-10). "Eva Mendes Has 'The Spirit' - MTV". Moviesblog.mtv.com. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  12. ^ a b Dave McNary (2007-10-07). "Pair joining ‘Spirit’ squad". Variety. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  13. ^ a b c "Spirit guide: Frank Miller adapts Will Eisner's cult comic | Film Journal International". Filmjournal.com. 2008-12-22. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  14. ^ Kiel Phegley (2010-05-21). "Ellison Gets In "The Spirit" - CBR". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  15. ^ Steven Paul Leiva (2008-12-12). "‘The Spirit’ movie that could have been | Hero Complex – movies, comics, pop culture – Los Angeles Times". Herocomplex.latimes.com. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  16. ^ Fiamma, Andrea (2015-04-15). "Il trailer del film di Spirit mai realizzato da Brad Bird" (in Italian). Fumettologica. Retrieved 2016-12-30. 
  17. ^ a b Jordan, Justin (25 February 2007). "NYCC, Xtra: "Will Eisner's The Spirit" Panel". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 22 September 2017. 
  18. ^ Worley, Rob (1 June 2003). "Countdown To Hulk: John Turman talks about 'Hulk' and other heroes". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  19. ^ Michael Fleming (2004-07-22). "Odd Lot, Batfilm join forces for ‘Spirit’". Variety. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  20. ^ Ian Mohr (2005-04-05). "Loeb will get into ‘The Spirit’". Variety. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  21. ^ a b c d Pamela McClintock (2008-05-06). "Christmas gets Frank Miller’s ‘Spirit’". Variety. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  22. ^ a b c McClintock, Pamela; Fritz, Ben (2006-07-18). "Odd job for Miller". Variety. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  23. ^ Moro, Eric (2006-11-09). "Exclusive: Frank Miller Talks The Spirit - IGN". IGN. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  24. ^ Carle, Chris (2007-02-24). "NYCC 07: The Spirit - IGN". IGN. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  25. ^ a b Gopalan, Nisha (2007-02-23). "With NY Comic Con kicking off, it's (Frank) Miller time". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2007-02-24. 
  26. ^ Spelling, Ian (23 February 2007). "Miller: Sin 2 Is Ready To Go". SCI FI Wire. Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 25 February 2007. Retrieved 1 April 2017. 
  27. ^ "The Orphanage Brings VFX And DI Processes Together With Film Master". broadcastbuyer.tv. 2008-04-09. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2008-04-10. 
  28. ^ "The Spirit Production Notes & Images - Entertainment movies news". Enewsi.com. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  29. ^ Schweiger, Daniel (25 December 2008). "E-Notes: COMPOSER DAVID NEWMAN IS VISITED BY THE GHOST OF 'THE SPIRIT' PAST". iFMagazine. Wayback Machine. Retrieved 1 April 2017. 
  30. ^ Jon Burlingame (2008-12-17). "Sound bites: David Newman". Variety. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  31. ^ "NYCC ANNOUNCES MORE SPECIAL GUESTS; IMPORTANT DEADLINES". Comic Book Resources. Wayback Machine. 29 January 2007. Archived from the original on 7 February 2007. Retrieved 13 February 2007. 
  32. ^ "Latest MPAA Ratings: #119". 2008-08-27. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  33. ^ Gnerre, Andrew (29 December 2008). "Marley & Me Enjoys a Record-Breaking Christmas". MovieMaker Magazine. Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 30 December 2008. Retrieved 1 April 2017. 
  34. ^ Fleming, Michael (12 May 2009). "Odd Lot shakeup". Variety. Wayback Machine. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  35. ^ "The Spirit". Rotten Tomatoes.com. Retrieved 2011-01-31. 
  36. ^ "''The Spirit''". Metacritic.com. 2008-12-25. Retrieved 2011-01-31. 
  37. ^ Sobczynski, Peter (2008-12-23). "The Spirit Movie Review & Film Summary (2008)". Rogerebert.com. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  38. ^ [1][dead link]
  39. ^ Lovece, Frank (24 December 2008). "'The Spirit'". Newsday. Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 8 February 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2017. 
  40. ^ Owen Gleiberman (2008-12-24). "The Spirit –". Ew.com. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  41. ^ Ken Hanke (2008-12-31). "The Spirit | Mountain Xpress". Mountainx.com. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  42. ^ A. O. Scott (2008-12-24). "Gabriel Macht, Directed by Frank Miller, Is Ducking Villains and Vixens". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  43. ^ "The 50 Worst Movies Ever". Empire. 4 February 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2017. 

External links[edit]