The Spot, New South Wales
The Spot is a locality in south-eastern Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The Spot is located in the south-eastern part of the suburb of Randwick, around the intersection of Perouse Road and St Pauls Street. It is a vibrant part of Randwick and consists of a collection of shops, restaurants, cafes and a cinema.
The Spot is a heritage conservation area and has many heritage listed buildings, such as The Ritz Cinema and Pan Arcadian House, a 1930s Masonic Temple and most notably the facade of shops on the corner of Perouse Road and St Pauls Street which follows a curved pattern, necessary for the tram route which used to extend to Coogee Beach.
The Spot lies at the geographic centre of a residential suburb that some maps identify as “St Pauls”. The post office located at The Spot is also officially "St Pauls 2031." However, the Geographical Names Board of New South Wales does not list “St Pauls” as an officially registered place name within the Randwick Local Government Area.
Early days of the colony
Research by a local historical society has revealed that The Spot probably lies on trails that were made through the bushland by members of earliest European settlements in Sydney Cove. Centrally placed at The Spot is a plinth on which is mounted a plaque that notes:
Between January and March, 1788, members of the Lapérouse expedition at Botany Bay and the First Fleet at Sydney Cove passed this place on goodwill visits. Their route is followed closely by parts of Avoca St., Frenchmans Rd. and Perouse Rd. Randwick.
During the early years of the Randwick municipality, the area to the west of The Spot (Barker and Botany Streets) was home to labourers and workmen who built some of the finer homes in the Randwick area. The area was often referred to as 'Struggletown' or, less commonly, 'Irish Town'. The Struggletown name lives on near The Spot, in the form of the business name of the local veterinary clinic in Barker Street.
The Ritz Cinema, built in 1937, is an example of the art deco cinema architecture that found a home in Australia during the 1920s and 1930s. The architect, Aaron Bolt, is known for his classic art deco buildings throughout Sydney, such as his commissions for grand apartment buildings in Potts Point.
Since its construction, the cinema has been owned by, among others, the Hoyts cinema group and the Brigidine Sisters (an order of nuns running the adjacent Brigidine College). In the late 1980s, the current owners planned to demolish the existing cinema and to redevelop the site. However, Randwick City Council and the then Minister for Planning intervened and a Permanent Conservation Order was imposed on The Ritz building in March, 1993. The current owners refurbished the building in the late 1990s, adding additional cinemas to the original single principal cinema theatre in order to allow The Ritz to survive in the era of competition with larger multiplex cinema chains. In 1997, The Ritz Cinema was placed on the Register of the National Estate by the Australian Heritage Council. This record notes that:
The Ritz Cinema is the only one of three remaining theatres of this style in an unaltered state still used as a cinema in New South Wales and is one of the few surviving examples of the hundreds of cinemas which were built during the 1930s, one of the most creative periods of cinematic design in Australia... The Ritz, which has operated almost continuously as a movie theatre since 1937, has social values as a community cultural entertainment centre in the Randwick area. The place is also highly valued by the Art Deco Society... The Ritz is significant for its intact and well detailed Art Deco design and is a prominent element in the St Paul's Road urban precinct ...
The Spot Food and Film Festival
Since 2008 Randwick City Council has held an annual food and film festival at The Spot featuring special screenings of films at The Ritz, live performances and food stalls. The Spot Food and Film Festival is run as a part of the Coogee Arts Festival.
In 2008, The Australian Film Festival, The Spot Chamber of Commerce and Randwick City Council established the Australian Film Walk of Fame, which is a "recognition of successful Australian artists in the film industry" and consists of a series of brass plaques set in the pavement on the northern side of St Pauls Street outside The Ritz Cinema. The Council has noted that The Spot Food and Film Festival will provide an ongoing opportunity for additional notable persons to be inducted into the Walk of Fame in the future. The first person recognised in the Walk of Fame was Australian actor Charles "Bud" Tingwell, whose plaque stands outside the Ritz Cinema. Other Australian cinema identities commemorated in the Walk of Fame include: Michael Caton; Roy Billing; Steve Bisley; and Claudia Karvan.
Architectural heritage in the area
Under the Randwick Local Environment Plan 1998 (Consolidation) a number of buildings in the vicinity of The Spot are listed as heritage items and the immediate locale a designated Heritage Conservation Area. Buildings within the Heritage Conservation Area around The Spot include:
- 17 Lee Street - an Edwardian residence built c 1910
- 84 Perouse Road - a two-storey Federation house
- 85 Perouse Road - a Federation Bungalow built c. 1915
- 106 Perouse Road - a Federation Period Queen Anne cottage
- 108 and 110 Perouse Road - two Federation Period Queen Anne cottages
- 15 St Pauls Street - a Victorian terrace house
- 17 St Pauls Street - a Federation Period cottage
- 19 St Pauls Street - a Victorian Italianate terrace house
- 25-27 St Pauls Street - two Victorian Italianate terrace houses
- The Ritz Cinema is designated a heritage item of 'State significance'
- 42 St Pauls Street - Pan Arcadian House, formerly the Masonic Temple
- See, Randwick City Council Development Control Plan 22: "The Spot" and surrounds (1995). A copy of the Plan is available here, accessed 9 May 2009
- See: Schedule 2, Randwick Local Environmental Plan 1998, accessed 9 May 2009.
- See, for example, Google Map of the area
- Australia Post post office locator, accessed 9 May 2009.
- NSW Geographical Names Board Localities in Randwick, accessed 9 May 2009.
- Alec Protos, The Road to Botany Bay: The Story of Frenchmans Road Randwick Through the Journals of Lapérouse and the First Fleet Writers (Randwick, NSW: Randwick & District Historical Society, 2000) ISBN 1-875160-16-7
- An image of the plaque can be viewed at this page from the website of a local chamber of commerce.
- Arthur Emerson, The Historical Dictionary of Sydney (Sydney: Scarecrow Press, 2001) ISBN 0-8108-3999-7: p. 3
- Struggletown Veterinary Hospital.
- Philip Bell, The Americanization of Australia (Sydney: UNSW Press, 1998) ISBN 0-86840-784-4: p. 67.
- Alex Tibbitts, 'Ushering in the golden age of cinema', Sydney Morning Herald, 22 November 2008: p. 13.
- http://www.teachingheritage.nsw.edu.au/b_expressing/wb1_ritzhist.html, accessed 8 May 2009
- Jack Ziade v Randwick City Council at .
- Jack Ziade v Randwick City Council at .
- Cinema Treasures entry for The Ritz, accessed on 8 May 2009.
- "Place ID 100553". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 17 May 2009.
- Details of the 2009 festival from the Randwick City Council website, accessed 8 Mary 2009.
- Crowne Plaza Coogee Arts Festival website, accessed 23 May 2009.
- Randwick Council Business Papers 16 December 2008, accessed 24 May 2009.
- The Southern Courier, 4 March 2008: p. 12. Available here, accessed 24 May 2009.
- Australian Film Festival Walk of Fame - Steve Bisley & Claudia Karvan
- See Schedule 3 of Randwick Local Environment Plan 1998 (Consolidation).
- Randwick Local Environment Plan 1998 (Consolidation) Schedule 3, Inventory No. 302.
- Randwick Local Environment Plan 1998 (Consolidation) Schedule 3, Inventory No. 362.
- Randwick Local Environment Plan 1998 (Consolidation) Schedule 3, Inventory No. 363.
- Randwick Local Environment Plan 1998 (Consolidation) Schedule 3, Inventory No. 365.
- Randwick Local Environment Plan 1998 (Consolidation) Schedule 3, Inventory No. 366.
- Randwick Local Environment Plan 1998 (Consolidation) Schedule 3, Inventory No. 389.
- Randwick Local Environment Plan 1998 (Consolidation) Schedule 3, Inventory No. 390.
- Randwick Local Environment Plan 1998 (Consolidation) Schedule 3, Inventory No. 391.
- Randwick Local Environment Plan 1998 (Consolidation) Schedule 3, Inventory No. 392.
- Randwick Local Environment Plan 1998 (Consolidation) Schedule 3, Inventory No. 393.
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