The Squid and the Whale
|The Squid and the Whale|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Noah Baumbach|
|Produced by||Wes Anderson
|Written by||Noah Baumbach|
|Music by||Britta Phillips
|Cinematography||Robert D. Yeoman|
|Edited by||Tim Streeto|
|Distributed by||Samuel Goldwyn Films|
|Box office||$11 million|
The Squid and the Whale is a 2005 American arthouse comedy-drama film written and directed by Noah Baumbach and produced by Wes Anderson. It tells the semi-autobiographical story of two boys in Brooklyn dealing with their parents' divorce in 1986. The film is named after the giant squid and sperm whale diorama housed at the American Museum of Natural History, which is seen in the film. The film was shot on Super 16mm, mostly using a handheld camera. At the 2005 Sundance Film Festival, the film won awards for best dramatic direction and screenwriting, and was nominated for the Grand Jury Prize. Baumbach later received an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Screenplay. The film received six Independent Spirit Award nominations and three Golden Globe nominations. The New York Film Critics Circle, Los Angeles Film Critics Association and the National Board of Review voted its screenplay the year's best.
Bernard Berkman (Jeff Daniels) is an arrogant, once-promising novelist whose career has gone into a slow decline as he spends more time teaching and less time writing. His unfaithful wife, Joan (Laura Linney), has recently begun publishing her own work to widespread acclaim, which only increases the growing tension between them. One day, Bernard and Joan tell their two sons, 16-year-old Walt (Jesse Eisenberg) and 12-year-old Frank (Owen Kline), that they are separating, with Bernard renting a house on the other side of Prospect Park from their home in Park Slope, Brooklyn.
As the parents set up a schedule for spending time with their children, Walt and Frank can hardly imagine that things could get more combative between their parents. They do, however, as Joan begins dating Ivan (William Baldwin), Frank's tennis instructor, and Bernard starts sharing his new house with Lili (Anna Paquin), one of his students. Meanwhile, the two boys begin taking sides in the battle between their parents, with Frank siding with his mother and Walt lashing out at her.
Along with the trouble both boys exhibit verbally with their parents, they also show internal struggles and very different ways of handling the stress of their parents' divorce. Walt's most obvious cry for help is when he performs and claims to have written "Hey You" by Pink Floyd at his school's talent show. After Walt wins first place and receives praise from his family and friends, his school realizes that he did not write the song. At this point, the school calls Bernard and Joan in to discuss Walt. They all decide that Walt should see the school psychologist. Meanwhile, Frank exhibits his own internal turmoil by repeatedly masturbating at school. He also begins to drink beer and speak in a way that emulates Ivan's mannerisms.
During the meeting with the psychologist, Walt finally starts to see things more objectively, without the taint of his father's opinions. He realizes that he had been emulating Bernard's rude and arrogant behavior when he mistreats a girl he had been dating in his school Sophie (Halley Feiffer) who breaks things off with him when she finally gets fed up with his narcissism and cruel treatment of her. The psychologist asks Walt about his childhood memories and it becomes clear to Walt that his father was never really present, and that his mother was the one whom he remembers caring for him. His fondest childhood memory is when his mother would take him to see the giant squid and whale exhibit at the American Museum of Natural History; the exhibit scared him as a small child so he would look at it through his fingers whenever they went by the exhibit at the museum.
After a heated argument between Bernard and Joan over custody, Bernard collapses on the street outside their home and is taken to the hospital. Bernard asks for Walt to stay by his side, but Walt instead runs to visit the squid and whale. The film concludes with him pondering the exhibit.
- Jeff Daniels as Bernard Berkman; a selfish, arrogant, and jealous writer.
- Laura Linney as Joan Berkman; Bernard's unfaithful ex-wife.
- Jesse Eisenberg as Walt Berkman
- Owen Kline as Frank Berkman
- Anna Paquin as Lili
- William Baldwin as Ivan
- Halley Feiffer as Sophie Greenberg
- David Benger as Carl
- Adam Rose as Otto
- Peter Newman as Mr. Greenberg
- Peggy Gormley as Mrs. Greenberg
- Greta Kline as Greta Greenberg
- Maryann Plunkett as Ms. Lemon
The Squid and the Whale was met with widespread acclaim from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a 93% "Certified Fresh" rating, based on 141 reviews, with an average rating of 7.9/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "This is a piercingly honest, acidly witty look at divorce and its impact on a family". On Metacritic, the film has an 82 out of 100, based on 37 reviews, indicating "universal acclaim". On an episode of Ebert & Roeper, both critics praised the film and gave it a "two thumbs up" rating. Premiere critic Glenn Kenny praised the film, writing, "It's a rare film that can be convincingly tender, bitterly funny, and ruthlessly cutting over the course of fewer than 90 minutes. The Squid and the Whale not only manages this, it also contains moments that sock you with all three qualities at the same time." Time critic Richard Corliss wrote, "The Squid and the Whale is domestic tragedy recollected as comedy: a film whose catalog of deceits and embarrassments, and of love pratfalling over itself, makes it as (excruciatingly) painful as it is (exhilaratingly) funny." The English Indie folk band Noah and the Whale takes its name from a combination of the director's name (Noah Baumbach) and the film's title.
Awards and nominations
- Academy Award nomination for Best Original Screenplay
- Won awards for best dramatic direction and screenwriting at the Sundance Film Festival
- Six Independent Spirit Award nominations. Best Feature, Best Director (Baumbach), Best Screenplay (Baumbach), Best Supporting Male (Jesse Eisenberg), Best Female Lead (Laura Linney) and Best Male Lead (Jeff Daniels)
- Three Golden Globe nominations (Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy, Jeff Daniels for Best Performance by an Actor in a Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy and Laura Linney for Best Performance by an Actress in a Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy)
- Won Los Angeles Film Critics Association award for Best Screenplay
- Awarded Best Screenplay by the National Board of Review
- Won New York Film Critics Circle award for Best Screenplay
- Won Best Screenplay and Best Actress (Laura Linney) at the 2005 Toronto Film Critics Association Awards
- Nominated for the Grand Prix of the Belgian Syndicate of Cinema Critics
- Won AARP Movies for Grownups Award (The "Golden Barcalounger") for Best Actor Jeff Daniels 
The film was released on DVD on March 21, 2006 by Sony Pictures. The DVD includes a 45-minute commentary with director Noah Baumbach, another 40-minute commentary with Baumbach and Phillip Lopate, cast interviews, and trailers. In 2013 Mill Creek Entertainment released the film for the first time on Blu-ray in a 2 pack set with "Running With Scissors". All extras were dropped for the Blu-ray release.
The Criterion Collection announced that it would release The Squid and The Whale on November 22nd, 2016 that would include new interviews with Baumbach and actors Jeff Daniels, Jesse Eisenberg, Owen Kline, and Laura Linney a new conversation about the score and other music in the film between Baumbach and composers Dean Wareham and Britta Phillips, a 2005 documentary titled Behind “The Squid and the Whale”,Audition footage, and the original trailers.
The soundtrack features two songs by Loudon Wainwright III and one by Kate & Anna McGarrigle. It reuses Tangerine Dream's "Love on a Real Train", from Risky Business, for the scenes of Frank's sexual awakenings. Other contemporary popular music is played in the background of scenes, such as The Cars' "Drive" and Bryan Adams' "One Night Love Affair". "Figure Eight", from Schoolhouse Rock, is used as both an instrumental and a vocal. Pink Floyd's "Hey You" is heard several times in the movie, since it plays a role in the plot and is cited by Walt as capturing his emotional state. Both the original version, and diegetic performances by Jesse Eisenberg and Owen Kline, are used. Baumbach originally wanted to use The Who's "Behind Blue Eyes" instead but he could not secure the rights.
- Track listing
- "Park Slope" – Britta Phillips & Dean Wareham
- "Courting Blues" – Bert Jansch
- "Holland Tunnel" – John Phillips
- "Lullaby" – Loudon Wainwright III
- "Heart Like a Wheel" – Kate & Anna McGarrigle
- "The Bright New Year" – Bert Jansch
- "Drive" – The Cars
- "Let's Go" – The Feelies
- "Figure Eight" – Blossom Dearie
- "Come Sing Me a Happy Song to Prove We All Can Get Along the Lumpy, Bumpy, Long & Dusty Road" – Bert Jansch
- "Hey You " – Pink Floyd (Performed by Dean Wareham)
- "Family Conference" – Britta Phillips & Dean Wareham
- "Street Hassle" – Lou Reed
- "The Swimming Song" – Loudon Wainwright III
- Evans, Bradford (17 February 2011). "The Lost Roles of Bill Murray". Retrieved 25 May 2015.
- Farr, John (25 May 2015). "Bill Murray and the Roles That Got Away".
- Locke, Greg W. (26 August 2011). "The Top 25 Roles Bill Murray Didn't Take". Retrieved 25 May 2015.
- The Squid and the Whale at Rotten Tomatoes
- Squid and the Whale, The (2005): Reviews
- Modell, Josh (13 October 2009). "Noah And The Whale: The First Days Of Spring". A.V. Club. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
- Smith, Stacy Jenel. "Jeff Daniels: Emmy Goes With AARP Award" aaarp.org. September 23, 2013.
- "The Squid and the Whale". The Criterion Collection. Retrieved 2016-09-26.