The Stoning of Soraya M.
|The Stoning of Soraya M.|
|Persian: .سنگسار ثريا م|
|Directed by||Cyrus Nowrasteh|
|Written by||Betsy Giffen Nowrasteh|
|Based on||La Femme Lapidée|
by Freidoune Sahebjam
|Produced by||Stephen McEveety|
|Edited by||David Handman|
|Music by||John Debney|
|Distributed by||Roadside Attractions|
|Box office||$1.1 million|
The Stoning of Soraya M. (Persian: .سنگسار ثريا م, romanized: Sangsâr Sorayâ M.) is a 2009 Persian-language American drama film adapted from French-Iranian journalist Freidoune Sahebjam's 1990 book La Femme Lapidée.
The film is directed by Cyrus Nowrasteh, and stars Academy Award nominee Shohreh Aghdashloo (as Zahra), Jim Caviezel (as Freidoune Sahebjam, the foreign journalist), and Mozhan Marnò (as Soraya Manutchehri, the title character). The Stoning of Soraya M. had its world premiere at the 2008 Toronto International Film Festival, where it won the Director's Choice Award. It was also the second runner-up for the Cadillac People's Choice Award. The book has been banned in Iran.
Stranded in the remote Iranian village of Kuhpayeh by car trouble, a journalist is approached by Zahra, a woman with a harrowing tale to tell about her niece, Soraya, and the bloody circumstances of Soraya's death by stoning the previous day. The two sit down as Zahra recounts the story to Freidoune, who records the conversation. The journalist must escape with his life to tell the story to the rest of the world.
Ali is Soraya's abusive husband who tries to get the village's mullah to convince Soraya to grant him a divorce so that he can marry a 14-year-old girl. Ali is able to convince the mullah by making threats to tell the village about his past as a convict.
Ali's marriage to the teenager is conditional upon Ali's ability to save the girl's father, a doctor who has been sentenced to death for an unspecified crime. Soraya has two sons whom Ali wants. After a woman dies, Ali asks Zahra to persuade Soraya to care for the woman's now-widowed husband. Soraya starts working for the widower, and Ali uses this situation to spread lies that Soraya is being unfaithful to him so that she will be stoned and he can remarry. Ali knows if Soraya were dead, he would not have to pay child support either. Ali and the mullah start a rumor about her infidelity so they can charge her with adultery. They need one more witness to her "infidelity" to be able to formally charge her. They manipulate and threaten the widower into backing up their story. Ali then drags Soraya through the streets, beating her and publicly declaring that she has been unfaithful. Zahra intervenes, and takes her niece, Ali, and the mayor to talk privately. They bring the widower to the home, and, after he lies as instructed, a trial is pursued. Only men, including Soraya's father, are allowed while Soraya is confined in Zahra's house. She is quickly convicted. Zahra tries to flee with her and after realizing she cannot, pleads with the mayor for her life, even offering to switch places with Soraya. The conviction is upheld.
Soraya's father is given the first stone to throw, but he misses her repeatedly. A woman in the crowd pleads to the mayor that the stones missing are a sign that Soraya is innocent, but none of the men listen. Ali takes up stones and throws them himself. Her two sons are also forced to throw stones. The widower is given stones as well but instead walks away in tears. The crowd finally joins in and Soraya is stoned to death.
In the present, the widower informs the journalist that his car is fixed. The mullah and the widower are informed by Ali that his marriage to the teenage girl is off, implying that he could not spare her father from execution. Angry at Ali and the mullah, the widower admits that he lied. As the journalist attempts to leave, the mullah orders a Revolutionary Guard to stop him at gunpoint. They seize his tape recorder and destroy the tapes. Zahra then appears with the true tape in her hand. Men attempt to run after the car as the journalist drives away and escapes. Zahra triumphantly declares that now the whole world will know of the injustice that has happened.
- Mozhan Marnò as Soraya Manutchehri
- Shohreh Aghdashloo as Zahra
- Jim Caviezel as Freidoune Sahebjam
- Parviz Sayyad as Hashem
- Vida Ghahremani as Mrs. Massoud
- Navid Negahban as Ali
- Vachik Mangassarian as Morteza Ramazani, Soraya's father
- Bita Sheibani as Leila
- Noor Taher as Kataneh
- David Diaan as Ebrahim, the mayor
- Ali Pourtash as the mullah
- Laila Qutub as Mehri, the 14-year-old girl
Soraya Manutchehri's husband Ghorban-Ali was an ambitious man, prone to fits of rage. He wanted a way out of his marriage, in order to marry a 14-year-old girl, but did not want to support two families or return Soraya's dowry. When Soraya began cooking for a local widower, he found a way to achieve his goal. Abetted by venal and corrupt village authorities, who also turned her father against her, he accused his wife of adultery. She was convicted, buried up to her waist, and stoned to death.
The son of a former Iranian ambassador, French-Iranian journalist and war correspondent Freidoune Sahebjam has also reported on the crimes of the Iranian government against the Baháʼí Faith community in Iran. He was traveling through Iran, when he came upon Soraya's village, where he learned from her aunt about Soraya and her cruel fate.
Credibility of Freidoune Sahebjam's story and film plot itself is disputed by many Iranian critics, expert Elise Auerbach from Amnesty International, and film critics like Richard Nilsen from The Arizona Republic and Wesley Morris from Boston Globe.
Box office and financing
Film received financing led by Mpower Pictures, the company started by President John Shepherd, Stephen McEveety, and Todd Burns. Additional financing came from Blackwater founder Erik Prince.
The Stoning of Soraya M. received generally mixed reviews. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes gives it a 59% approval rating, with an average score of 6 out of 10, based on 86 collected reviews. Its consensus states: "The Stoning of Soraya M. nearly transcends its deficiencies through the sheer strength of its subject material, but ultimately drowns out its message with an inappropriately heavy-handed approach." On Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, gives the film an average score of 50 based on 20 reviews, indicating "mixed or average reviews".
|Award||Category||Recipients and nominees||Outcome|
|Flanders International Film Festival||Canvas Audience Award||-||Won|
|Gran Prix - Best Film||Cyrus Nowrasteh||Nominated|
|Heartland Film Festival||Heartland Truly Moving Picture Award||Cyrus Nowrasteh||Won|
|Los Angeles Film Festival||Audience Award for Best Narrative Feature||Cyrus Nowrasteh||Won|
|Satellite Awards||Best Motion Picture, Drama||-||Nominated|
|Best Actress in a Motion Picture, Drama||Shohreh Aghdashloo||Won|
|Best Actress in a Supporting Role||Mozhan Marnò||Nominated|
|Toronto International Film Festival||Runner Up Audience Choice Award||Cyrus Nowrasteh||Won|
|Movieguide Awards||Faith & Freedom Award for Movies||The Stoning of Soraya M.||Won|
- http://www.beloitdailynews.com/news/top_news/hollywood-comes-to-beloit/article_1a5ca92a-e4ec-5338-9068-fac90be1403c.html Beloit Daily News
- The New York Times Movies New York Times
- "The Stoning of Soraya M. (2009)". Box Office Mojo. November 24, 2009. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
- Oliver, Christian (March 10, 2010). "Street Slang Proves Big Hit with Book Lovers". Reuters. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
- "The Stoning of Soraya M. Review". Screen Rant. c. 2009. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
- Harry Forbes and John Mulderig (2009). "The Stoning of Soraya M." Catholic News Service. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
- "Iran Death penalty by stoning". New Europe. March 28, 2013. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
- "Iranians still facing death by stoning despite 'reprieve'". The Guardian. July 8, 2010.
- "Stoning to Death in Iran: A Crime Against Humanity Carried Out By the Mullahs' Regime".
- "The Stoning of Soraya M." Amplifyyourvoice.org. August 12, 2009. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
- "Tuesday 9 Stoning of Soraya M: Fighting for Justice". Emanuellevy.com. June 9, 2009. Archived from the original on November 21, 2010. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
- Colson, Chuck (June 25, 2009). "The Stoning of Soraya M." Breakpoint.org. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
- "آهستان » سنگسار مردم ايران در هاليوود!". ahestan.ir. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
- "اهداف فیلم سنگسار ثریا و نقد آن - پرسمان دانشجويي - اندیشه ی سیاسی". porsemani.ir. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
- Worldwide, Amnesty International Defending Human Rights (July 25, 2009). "Sensationalist Film Exploits Human Rights Issue in Iran". huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
- "The Stoning of Soraya M." azcentral.com. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
- Morris, Wesley (June 26, 2009). "Stoning of Soraya M." Retrieved November 26, 2016 – via The Boston Globe.
- http://www.accentfilm.com/mediakit/1000196.pdf MPower
- Simons, Suzanne (2009). Master of War: Blackwater USA's Erik Prince and the Business of War. New York City: Harper. p. 253. ISBN 978-0-06-165135-9.
- "The Stoning of Soraya M." Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
- "The Stoning of Soraya M." Metacritic. Retrieved November 26, 2016.