The Strange Love of Martha Ivers

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The Strange Love of Martha Ivers
StrangeLoveofMartha.jpg
movie
Directed by Lewis Milestone
Byron Haskin (uncredited)[1]
Hal B. Wallis (uncredited)[2]
Produced by Hal B. Wallis
Written by Robert Rossen
Robert Riskin (uncredited)
Based on Love Lies Bleeding
by John Patrick
Starring Barbara Stanwyck
Van Heflin
Lizabeth Scott
Kirk Douglas
Music by Miklós Rózsa
Cinematography Victor Milner
Edited by Archie Marshek
Production
company
Hal Wallis Productions
Distributed by Paramount Pictures
Release date
  • July 24, 1946 (1946-07-24) (NYC)
  • September 13, 1946 (1946-09-13) (US)
Running time
116 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Box office $3,250,000 (US rentals)[3]

The Strange Love of Martha Ivers is a film noir released in the United States in 1946, directed by Lewis Milestone from a screenplay written by Robert Rossen (and an uncredited Robert Riskin), based on the short story "Love Lies Bleeding" by playwright John "Jack" Patrick. Produced by Hal B. Wallis, the film stars Barbara Stanwyck, Van Heflin, Lizabeth Scott and features Kirk Douglas in his film debut.

The film was entered into the 1947 Cannes Film Festival.[4] In 1974, the film entered the public domain in the United States because the claimants did not renew its copyright registration in the 28th year after publication.[5]

Plot[edit]

On a rainy night in 1928 in a Pennsylvania factory town called Iverstown, thirteen-year-old Martha Ivers (Barbara Stanwyck) tries to run away from the guardianship of her wealthy, domineering aunt, Mrs. Ivers (Judith Anderson), with her friend, the street-smart, poor Sam Masterson (Van Heflin). She is caught and brought home where Martha's tutor, Walter O'Neil, presents his timid son, Walter Jr. (Kirk Douglas), as the one responsible for Martha's recovery. Scolded by her aunt, Martha defiantly states her name is not Ivers, but Smith, her father's name.

During a power failure, Sam comes for her, but Martha's aunt hears her calling to him from downstairs. While Sam slips out unnoticed, Mrs. Ivers starts beating Martha's kitten with her cane. Martha wrestles it away from her and strikes her across the head, causing her to fall down the staircase and die. When the power comes back on, Martha lies about the incident to Walter. Walter Jr. saw everything, but backs her up. The greedy Walter makes it clear to both Walter Jr. and Martha that he knows what happened, but that as long as he and his son stand to benefit, he will play along. Sam leaves town.

In 1946, the elder Walter is now dead. Walter Jr. is now Iverstown's district attorney and is married to Martha, who has used her inheritance to expand the Ivers milling empire.Their marriage is one-sided; he loves her, but Walter knows that she does not love him.

Sam, now a former soldier and itinerant gambler, drives into the small town by chance and, after an accident, leaves his car to be repaired. While waiting, he goes to look at his old home, now a boarding house. He meets Antonia "Toni" Marachek, who has just been released from jail. She is later picked up for violating her probation by not returning to her hometown. Sam goes to see Walter to see if he can use his influence to get her released.

Walter is convinced Sam has blackmail in mind. Sam learns that Walter's father presented Martha's version of the 1928 accidental murder to the police: that an intruder murdered Martha's aunt; and that with his leverage he made Martha marry his son. When the police identified a former employee of the aunt as the murderer, the two Walters and Martha helped convict him, and he was hanged.

When Martha reacts with joy at seeing Sam, a jealous Walter forces Toni to set him up. Sam is beaten up and driven out of town, but he is too tough to be intimidated. When all else fails, Walter makes a halfhearted attempt to kill Sam himself, but is easily disarmed. Martha then inadvertently blurts out the couple's fears of blackmail, only to learn that Sam did not witness the death. Martha breaks down and laments that he left without her all those years ago, taking with him her only chance for love and freedom.

Sam is torn between his old love and his new one with Toni. Although he eventually forgives Toni for betraying him, he and Martha spend an idyllic day together, rekindling his feelings for her.

Walter arranges to meet Sam to finally settle matters. Before Sam arrives, Walter gets drunk and Martha finds out about the meeting. When Walter falls down the stairs, Martha urges Sam to kill her unconscious husband. Sam instead brings Walter around. Martha pulls out a gun and threatens to shoot Sam in "self defense" as an intruder. Sam tells her it would work, if she can get Walter to corroborate her story. Sam turns his back on her and leaves.

Walter embraces and kisses Martha, then points the gun at her midriff. Oddly relieved, she puts her hand over his hand on the trigger and presses. As she is dying, she defiantly states her name is not Martha Ivers, but Martha Smith. Outside, Sam hears the shot. He runs back toward the mansion, but sees Walter, holding Martha's body, shoot himself. Sam and Toni drive away together.

Cast[edit]

Cast notes

  • This film marked Kirk Douglas' screen debut. Producer Hal B. Wallis was on his way to New York to look for new talent when he ran into Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall, who suggested that he go to a play which featured Bacall's old drama school classmate, Issur Demsky, who later took the name Kirk Douglas.[1] Douglas later wrote in his autobiography that Van Heflin was very helpful to him in his first time on a film set.[6] In contrast to his later, tougher roles, Douglas plays an alcoholic weakling. According to Tony Thomas, "it assured Douglas his future in films".[7]
  • Future film director and producer Blake Edwards had an uncredited bit part as a sailor who hitches a ride with Sam.[8]

Production[edit]

Director Lewis Milestone left the film for several days in sympathy with a set decorators' strike which was going on at the time. In his absence, the film was directed by Byron Haskin, who did not receive screen credit.[1][9] Stanwyck had considerable influence on how she was lit, and was not shy about putting her fellow actors on notice that she did not like to be upstaged. When she saw the coin trick Van Heflin had learned – at Milestone's suggestion, to show that Heflin's character was a professional gambler – she informed him he should make sure he did not do it during any of her important lines, since she had a bit of business that would upstage him, if she had to. With that she raised her skirt high and adjusted her garter. The result was that Heflin only used the trick once in a scene with her.[9] Kirk Douglas later wrote that Stanwyck was indifferent to him at first, until at one point she focused on him and told him, "Hey, you're pretty good." Douglas, smarting from having been ignored previously, replied, "Too late, Miss Stanwyck," but the two got on well after that.[1][9]

Six months after the film's release, Milestone gave an interview in which he said he would never work for producer Hal B. Wallis again, because Wallis had wanted re-shoots in order to get more closeups of Lizabeth Scott. Milestone refused, telling Wallis to shoot them himself, and, according to the director, Wallis did.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Arnold, Jeremy. "The Strange Love of Martha Ivers (1946)" TCM.com
  2. ^ a b Milestone, Lewis interview Los Angeles Sun Mirror (December 8, 1946), reported in "Notes" in the American Film Institute Catalog entry.
  3. ^ "60 Top Grossers of 1946", Variety 8 January 1947 p8
  4. ^ "Festival de Cannes: The Strange Love of Martha Ivers". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-01-06. 
  5. ^ Pierce, David (March 29, 2001). Legal Limbo: How American Copyright Law Makes Orphan Films (mp3 in "file3"). Orphans of the Storm II: Documenting the 20th Century. Retrieved 2012-01-05. 
  6. ^ Douglas, Kirk (2007) Let's Face It: 90 Years of Living, Loving, and Learning New York: John Wiley. p.21 ISBN 9780470084694
  7. ^ Thomas, Tony (1991). The Films of Kirk Douglas. Carol. pp. 33–36. ISBN 9780806512174. 
  8. ^ "Cast" American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures
  9. ^ a b c Callahan. Dan. (2012) Barbara Stanwyck: The Miracle Woman University Press of Mississippi. pp.152-53 ISBN 9781617031847

External links[edit]