The Survivors (Raven novel)

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First edition (publ. Blond & Briggs)

The Survivors is Volume X of the novel sequence Alms for Oblivion by Simon Raven, published in 1976. It was the tenth and last novel to be published in The Alms for Oblivion sequence and is also the tenth novel chronologically. The story takes place in Venice in 1973.

Characters, in the order of appearance[edit]

Captain Detterling – MP and former army officer. Partner of publisher Gregory Stern. Inherits the title of Lord Canteloupe after the death of his distant cousin. Appeared in Fielding Gray, Sound The Retreat, The Sabre Squadron, The Rich Pay Late, Friends in Low Places, The Judas Boy, Come Like Shadows and Bring Forth The Body.

Fielding Gray – Successful writer. Major or minor character in Fielding Gray, The Sabre Squadron, Friends in Low Places, The Judas Boy, Places Where They Sing, Come Like Shadows, and Bring Forth The Body.

Gregory Stern – Publisher for Fielding Gray and partner of Captain Detterling. Happily married to Isobel. Appeared in Fielding Gray, The Rich Pay Late, Friends in Low Places, The Judas Boy, Places Where They Sing and Come Like Shadows.

Isobel Stern – Wife of Gregory Stern and sister of the insane Patricia Llewyllyn. Appeared in Friends in Low Places, The Judas Boy and Places Where They Sing.

Lord Canteloupe – Minister of Commerce. Loves food, drink and sex. Dies by his desk and is succeeded by Peter Morrison (as minister) and Captain Detterling (as lord). Appeared in Sound The Retreat, The Sabre Squadron, Friends in Low Places, The Judas Boy, Places Where They Sing and Come Like Shadows.

Peter Morrison – New minister of commerce at the death of Lord Canteloupe. A major character in Fielding Gray, Sound The Retreat, The Rich Pay Late and Friends in Low Places.

Carton Weir – MP and right-hand man of Lord Canteloupe. Stays put under Peter Morrison. Appeared in The Rich Pay Late, Friends in Low Places and The Judas Boy.

'Baby' (Tullia) Llewyllyn – 13-year-old daughter of Tom and Patricia Llewyllyn. Very mature for her age. Has taken a liking to Captain Detterling. Appeared in Places Where They Sing and Bring Forth The Body.

Tom Llewyllyn – Writer and Fellow of Lancaster College in the field of history. Appeared earlier in The Rich Pay Late, Friends in Low Places, The Judas Boy, Places Where They Sing, Come Like Shadows and Bring Forth The Body.

Daniel Mond – Mathematician and Fellow of Lancaster College. Dying. Protagonist of The Sabre Squadron and major character in Places Where They Sing.

Max de Freville – Casino owner, businessman and much more. Appeared in The Rich Pay Late, Friends in Low Places, The Judas Boy, Come Like Shadows and Bring Forth The Body.

Stratis Lykiadopolous ("Lyki") – Casino owner, businessman and much more. Appeared in Friends in Low Places, The Judas Boy and Come Like Shadows.

Piero – A young Sicilian. Friend of Lykiadopolous.

Hugh Balliston – Franciscan friar. A major character in Places Where They Sing.

Jude Holbrook – Businessman and former printer. Lives outside Venice with his old mother. Major character in The Rich Pay Late and appeared in Friends in Low Places.

Leonard Percival – Former employee of secret intelligence ('Jermyn Street'). Becomes right-hand man of Captain Detterling. Appeared in The Sabre Squadron, The Judas Boy and Bring Forth The Body.

Robert Constable – Provost of Lancaster College. Still a man of high moral standing. Appeared in Fielding Gray, The Sabre Squadron, The Rich Pay Late, Friends in Low Places, The Judas Boy, Places Where They Sing and Bring Forth The Body.

Jacquiz Helmut – Fellow of Lancaster College in the field of history. The Sabre Squadron and Places Where They Sing.

Balbo Blakeney – Fellow of Lancaster College in the field of biochemistry. Appeared in Places Where They Sing.

Alfie Schroeder – Famous journalist. Appeared in The Sabre Squadron, The Rich Pay Late, Friends in Low Places and Places Where They Sing.

Tom 'Corpy' Chead – Soldier. Once guardian of Daniel Mond for a week, in The Sabre Squadron.

Basil Bunce – Soldier. Once guardian of Daniel Mond for a week, in The Sabre Squadron.

Earl Restarick – American intelligence spook. Appeared in The Sabre Squadron, The Judas Boy and Come Like Shadows.

Plot summary[edit]

The story takes place in Venice during the autumn of 1973. Detterling, Fielding Gray and Mr. and Mrs. Stern take part in a meeting of the International PEN Club. Tom Llewyllyn and his daughter "Baby" are also attending. Right after the conference the company are told of the death of Lord Canteloupe, Minister of Commerce. Since the lord has lost his son (as told in Sound The Retreat) and his male siblings are dead, Captain Detterling will inherit the title being the closest male relative. Peter Morrison succeeds Canteloupe as minister of Commerce.

Tom Llewyllyn mentions that he is waiting for Daniel Mond but does not reveal that Mond is dying and wants to spend his last days in Venice. The company also meets Max de Freville and Stratis "Lyki" Lykiadopolous, who are about to open a casino in the city. With them is a young Sicilian by the name of Piero. Max and Lyki live in Palazzo Albani which they are renting from the absentee owners. Detterling arranges so Tom and Daniel can live in the tower of the palazzo. During a dinner the company discusses the family portraits of the house, including one of an unknown young man. Captain Detterling brings Baby back to England and they become friends. Together with her aunt Isobel, Detterling helps Baby into a school more to her taste. Isobel and Gregory tell Detterling the story of how Baby's mother Patricia ended up in a mental hospital.

Piero, who has become friends with Daniel, makes small trips with him, at one time to a monastery on the island called San Francisco del Deserto. While there, Daniel recognises one of the Franciscan friars as former undergraduate Hugh Balliston (from Places Where They Sing). Balliston deeply regrets his actions of 1967 and has become a monk. Meanwhile, Lyki and Max have troubles with rich Arabs who play with high stakes in their casino, which means the partners must have lots of money at hand. Piero finds an old manuscript from the late 18th century, with part of the story about the Albani family. Fielding Gray discoversd that the young man on the painting is a certain Englishman by the name of Humbert FitzAvon. After having found another manuscript Fielding realises that FitzAvon, who in 1797 was hanged by a mob of peasants, was son of the first Lord Canteloupe. He had corrupted the Albani family and married a peasant girl he had made pregnant before being lynched. Gray understands that if male descendants of FitzAvon and the girl still live, one of them is really the rightful Lord Canteloupe. With Tom and Piero Fielding heads off to the place where FitzAvon is buried and meets Jude Holbrook, who lives in the area with his mother. With the help of Holbrook the company finds a living male descendant, an imbecile little boy by the name of Paolo Filavoni. No-one wants to reveal the secret since this would mean trouble to Detterling but Piero eventually tells Lyki. Fielding uses the story in a novel but changes the facts radically.

Daniel, who has been investigating a tool that has been used in the casino, dies. Piero talks to Hugh who agrees to their burying Daniel on his island. A magnificent funeral procession by boat for Daniel ends the story. The major characters are all participating, except for Fielding Gray and Leonard Percival, who watch the procession from a bridge. Many people from the life of Daniel (and the novel sequence in general) attend too: Robert Constable, Jacquiz Helmut, Balbo Blakeney, soldiers Chead and Bunce, journalist Alfie Schroeder and even Mond's old nemesis, Earl Restarick. During the procession Lyki tries to blackmail Detterling about his title since he needs money. Detterling reveals that Daniel had found out that the instrument he was studying is used for cheating in the casino. Detterling promises to keep quiet about this if Lyki does the same. The funeral ends and the participants strike up small conversations in their boats on the way back. Only Piero, who is about to become a friar himself, notices a black stain spreading across the water of the lagoon.

Philosophical discourse[edit]

In one of many philosophically based conversations, Lyki characterises Mond's belief system as a bleak iteration of pandeism:

In becoming the universe God abdicated. He destroyed himself as God. He turned what he had been, his true self, into nullity and thereby forfeited the Godlike qualities which pertained to him. The universe which he has become is also his grave. He has no control in it or over it. God, as God, is dead.