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Founded in Baltimore, Maryland, United States, in 1946 as the 'Oakaleers', the original members were Lawrence Coxson (lead tenor), Irving Turner (tenor and baritone), Earl Hurley (first and second tenor and bongos) and Norris "Bunky" Mack (bass, piano, guitar, and drums). The 'Oakaleers' practised on street corners until around 1948, when they joined with Eddie Rich (first tenor) and Frederick “Money Guitar” Johnson (baritone and guitar). Second tenor and baritone Herman "Junior" Denby was hired later. Irving Turner stopped singing with the group, but was kept on as valet (and occasional fill-in).
The Swallows' recording of "Will You Be Mine" was released in 1951, and was one of the first doo-wop hits. "Will You Be Mine" reached a peak position of Number 9 on the US Billboard R&B chart. In 1952, the Swallows released "Beside You", which became their second national hit, peaking at Number 10 on the Billboard R&B chart. More single releases failed to reach these successes, however "It Ain't the Meat (It's the Motion)," the raunchy B-side of their third single, was a big seller in Georgia and the Carolinas. Eddie Rich noted of the song, "[Although] everybody liked it everywhere… you couldn’t play it. The[y] blackballed us on that."
- Bryan Thomas. "The Swallows | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
- "10 Often-Censored Songs From the Early ’50s | REBEAT Magazine". Rebeatmag.com. 2014-09-04. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
- Doc Rock. "July to December". The Dead Rock Stars Club. Retrieved 2013-08-05.
- Schaaf, Elizabeth. "The Storm Is Passing Over". Peabody Institute. Retrieved March 23, 2008.
- "Biography". The Swallows. Doo Wop Hall of Fame. Retrieved April 11, 2008.
- Biography of the Swallows Used with Permission.