The Taking of Pelham One Two Three (1974 film)
|The Taking of Pelham One Two Three|
|Directed by||Joseph Sargent|
|Produced by||Edgar J. Scherick|
|Screenplay by||Peter Stone|
|Based on||The Taking of Pelham One Two Three
by John Godey
|Music by||David Shire|
|Edited by||Gerald B. Greenberg
Robert Q. Lovett
|Distributed by||United Artists|
|October 2, 1974|
The Taking of Pelham One Two Three (aka The Taking of Pelham 1 2 3) is a 1974 American thriller film directed by Joseph Sargent, produced by Edgar J. Scherick, and starring Walter Matthau, Robert Shaw, Martin Balsam and Héctor Elizondo. Peter Stone adapted the screenplay from the 1973 novel of the same name, written by Morton Freedgood (under the pen name John Godey) about a group of criminals taking hostage for ransom the passengers of a busy New York City Subway car. Musically, it features "one of the best and most inventive thriller scores of the 1970s". It was remade in 1998 as a television movie and was again remade in 2009 as a film.
In New York City, four men heavily armed with submachine guns and all using code names (Mr. Blue, Mr. Green, Mr. Grey, and Mr. Brown), wearing similar trenchcoat, glasses and mustache disguises, board the Pelham 123 subway train of the 6 Lexington Avenue Local service at different station stops (Green at 59th Street, Grey at 51st Street, Brown at Grand Central, and finally Blue at 28th Street). The men take the train, secure a group of seventeen passengers and the conductor whom they hold hostage, isolate them in the train's first car and then separate the car from the rest of the train.
Meanwhile, Lieutenant Zachary Garber (Walter Matthau), a cynical and curmudgeonly yet light-hearted New York City Transit Authority police lieutenant, begins his day by leading four visiting Tokyo Metro directors on a tour of New York's subway command-center. This is interrupted by Blue's radio announcement to the command center that "your train has been taken." Blue (Robert Shaw), the English-accented leader of the hijackers, reveals their demands: a ransom of one million dollars, to be delivered to them within one hour, otherwise they will kill one passenger per minute once the hour has passed.
Garber, the sarcastic Lieutenant Rico Patrone (Jerry Stiller), and other transit workers cooperate while trying to guess how the criminals intend to escape the subway tunnel and get away. Caz Dolowicz, the supervisor at Grand Central, takes matters into his own hands and decides to confront the hijackers personally. As he approaches the train, Grey (Hector Elizondo) warns him to back off but he refuses, so Grey shoots him dead. Various clues soon surface for Garber to figure out; Blue has a very distinctive English accent, while Green (Martin Balsam) has a cold and periodically sneezes over the radio, heard by Garber, who responds by saying "Gesundheit." Garber surmises that as the hijackers are able to operate the train, one is probably a disgruntled transit worker. He also learns that one of the hostages is an undercover police officer.
The mayor finally agrees to pay the ransom at the urging of his deputy mayor and his wife ("just think what you'll get in return... Eighteen sure votes."). Conversations between the hijackers reveal that Blue was a mercenary soldier in Africa and Green was a motorman framed by the Transit Police in a drugs bust. There is also an undercurrent of tension between Blue and Grey; Blue confides to Green that he believes Grey is "mad" and potentially trouble. During the tense wait for the money, an armed police officer in the tunnel shoots at Brown (Earl Hindman), and both the hijackers and police exchange fire. In retaliation, Blue kills the conductor. The police dispatch a squad car carrying the ransom money. When the car is wrecked in a collision, Garber daringly bluffs to buy some time, telling the hijackers that the money already has been delivered to the 28th Street station and only the walk down the tunnel is delaying it. A reluctant Blue agrees to the delay.
A police motorcycle completes the trip from the scene of the collision to the subway station and two unarmed officers are sent down the track on foot to deliver the money to the hijackers. With the money finally in hand, Blue gives Garber their next demands: that electric power be restored to the subway line, that all signals in the path of the train be set to green from 28th Street to South Ferry, and all police officers be cleared from the tunnel. Having overridden the subway car's dead-man's switch, a safety device which requires a motorman to continually press down on the throttle or else the train will stop, the hijackers get off the train and set it in motion. As the train starts to move, the undercover officer jumps off the train and hides between the rails. The car begins to travel faster and faster, since no one is controlling its speed.
While following the runaway train above ground, Garber becomes convinced that it is a diversion and that the hijackers must have left it. In the tunnel, the hijackers discard their disguises and start their escape into the tunnel's emergency exit; however, Grey refuses to leave his gun behind as agreed, resulting in a stand-off with Blue, who shoots him dead. The undercover officer, still hiding in the tracks, manages to kill Brown with one shot. Green escapes onto the street, while Blue shoots at the officer until he wounds him. Garber arrives after Green has gotten away and, drawing on Blue, orders him to surrender just as Blue is about to kill the officer. Face to face at last, Blue asks Garber if the death penalty is available in the state of New York anymore. Told that it is not, Blue responds, "pity", then promptly electrocutes himself by stepping onto the third rail while a horrified Garber watches. Meanwhile, the runaway car finally encounters a red signal while entering the South Ferry loops. The car's emergency brakes are tripped and it grinds to a halt; the remaining hostages are all safe.
The three dead hijackers are identified, and it is apparent that none has any experience piloting trains. Garber realizes that the hijacker still at large must be the former transit employee. He and Patrone, working their way through a list of former motormen "discharged for cause" (and, by implication, disgruntled), pay a visit to Harold Longman (Green). Longman is shown rolling in the packs of ransom money on the bed in his seedy efficiency apartment when Garber and Patrone knock on his door. He hides the money quickly, then opens to the officers and bluffs his way through their questioning. The officers find Longman's alibi weak, but start out the door, until Longman sneezes and Garber says "Gesundheit." Garber then re-opens the door, and the expression on his face indicates that he knows he has just found the final hijacker.
Portions of the scenes in the tunnel were filmed on the local tracks of the IND Fulton Street Line at the abandoned Court Street station in Brooklyn, which now serves as a track which links to the New York City Transit Museum. A reconstruction of a Transit Authority control center was built on a soundstage.
The exterior NYC 'Command Post Center' street scenes shot above the subway train during the cash negotiation scenes, where throngs of police and spectators gathered awaiting the ransom money, were filmed at the subway exit corner of 28th and Park Avenue South in Manhattan. The New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority was reluctant to cooperate with the making of this movie as they feared a real hijacking could occur, but after further talks, they did work with the filmmakers. First, they required payment of hijack insurance as well as a payment of $250,000 for usage of the subway. Another person who was involved was Mayor John Lindsay: he green lighted the shooting of the film in New York, though some Canadian passages were done as well.
The Jerry Fielding and Don Ellis sounding score, composed and conducted by David Shire, "layers explosive horn arrangements and serpentine keyboard riffs over a rhythm section that pits hard-grooving basslines against constantly shifting but always insistent layers of percussion". Shire used the 12-tone composition method to create unusual, somewhat dissonant melodic elements. The soundtrack album was the first CD release by Film Score Monthly, and was later released by Retrograde Records. The end titles contain a more expansive arrangement of the theme, courtesy of Shire's wife at the time, Talia Shire, who suggested that he end the score with a more traditional ode to New York.
The Taking of Pelham One Two Three was released on October 2, 1974. It grossed $16,550,000 at the box office and was filmed with a $5,000,000 budget. Realizing that it would become too much of a reminder to the public after this movie was released, the New York City Transit Authority for many years banned any train leaving Pelham station at 1:23. Eventually this policy was rescinded but the dispatchers have generally avoided scheduling a Pelham train at 1:23.
The film was well received by critics; Rotten Tomatoes records a 100% positive reception from 32 reviews. Roger Ebert's contemporary review gave the film 3 out of a possible 4 stars. He praised the film's "unforced realism" in the lead, and the supporting characters that elevated what could have been a predictable crime thriller.
Awards and honors
- 1976: Nominated, "Best Film Music"—David Shire
- 1976: Nominated, "Best Supporting Actor"—Martin Balsam
- 1975: Nominated, "Best Drama Adapted from Another Medium"—Peter Stone
In 1998, the film was remade as a television film with the same title, with Edward James Olmos in the Matthau role and Vincent D'Onofrio replacing Shaw as the senior hijacker. Although not particularly well received by critics or viewers, this version was reportedly more faithful to the book, though it revised the setting with new technologies.
- "Taking of Pellham 123". Allmusic. 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
- "The Taking of Pelham One Two Three (1974)". Film Score Monthly. 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
- Adams, Doug. CD liner notes
- Dwyer, Jim, "Subway lives : 24 hours in the life of the New York City subway", Crown, 1991, ISBN 0-517-58445-X
- "The Taking of Pelham One Two Three (1974)". Rotten Tomatoes. 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
- "The Taking of Pelham 1 2 3 (2009)". Rotten Tomatoes. 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
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- The Taking of Pelham One Two Three at the Internet Movie Database
- The Taking of Pelham One Two Three at Rotten Tomatoes
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- The Taking of Pelham One Two Three at AllMovie