The Telegraph (Macon)
The 2007-04-03 front page of
|Format||Broadsheet & Online|
|Owner(s)||The McClatchy Company|
|General manager||Ross McDuffie|
|Founded||November 1, 1826|
|Headquarters||1675 Montpelier Avenue|
Macon, Georgia 31201-3444
The Telegraph, frequently called The Macon Telegraph, is the primary print news organ in Middle Georgia. It is the third-largest newspaper in the State of Georgia (after the Atlanta Journal-Constitution and Augusta Chronicle). Founded in 1826, The Telegraph has undergone several name changes, mergers, and publishers. As of June of 2006, the paper is owned by The McClatchy Company, a publicly traded American publishing company. The newspaper's headquarters is located on Cherry Street in downtown Macon, GA.
The Telegraph's Name Changes
|Macon Telegraph||(1826-1832)||Myron Bartlett|
|Georgia Telegraph||(1832-1835)||C.E. & M. Bartlett|
|Macon Georgia Telegraph||(1836-1844)||M. & E.E. Bartlett|
|Georgia Telegraph||(1844-1858)||M. Bartlett|
|Weekly Georgia Telegraph||(1858-1869)||Joseph Clisby|
|Georgia Weekly Telegraph and Georgia Journal & Messenger||(1869-1880)||Clisby, Reid & Reese|
|Georgia Weekly Telegraph, Journal, & Messenger||(1880-188?)||Telegraph and Messenger Pub. Co.|
|Weekly Telegraph and Messenger||(188?-1885)||Telegraph and Messenger Pub. Co.|
|The Weekly Telegraph||(1885-1899)||Telegraph Pub. Co.|
|Twice-a-Week Telegraph||(1899-19??)||Macon Telegraph Pub. Co.|
|Macon Daily Telegraph||(1905-1926)||Macon Telegraph Pub. Co.|
|The Macon Telegraph||(19??-1940)||The Macon Telegraph Publishing Company|
|The Telegraph||(2005-Present)||The McClatchy Company|
Dr. Myron Barlett (1798-1848) founded The Macon Telegraph and published its first edition on Wednesday, November 1st, 1826, three years after the Georgia General Assembly chartered the city of Macon. In his "prospectus" on the front page of that Nov. 1 edition, Bartlett said in part that the Telegraph would "not only disseminate useful information but advocate fearlessly "THE RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE!" The newspaper ran weekly at first (Bartlett didn’t begin publishing a daily until 1831). All the type was set by hand and it was a full-sheet affair. The columns were mostly short items copied from other newspapers.
By 1827, The Macon Telegraph was one out of 16 newspapers in Georgia, two of which ran in Macon, two in Savannah, four in Milledgeville, three in Augusta, one in Athens, one in Washington, one in Darien, and one in Mount Zion. The first daily "Macon Telegraph," called "Daily Macon Telegraph" was printed Oct. 17, 1831. It lasted a little more than a year before transforming into a semi-weekly that was re-named "Georgia Telegraph."
The first cartoon in "The Telegraph" appeared in the Sept. 22, 1840 edition.
Bartlett sold the paper to James Willingham on Jan. 5, 1841, but remained editor.
On Nov. 17, 1846, the "Macon Telegraph" announced that "all market quotations were being received by Magnetic Telegraph." A century later, the newspaper carried the following comment about The Telegraph "The magnetism of this new and time-saving invention had created a great deal of excitement and people everywhere were conjecturing as to what would be the benefits and final unbelievable accomplishments of Morse's find."
In 1855, Joseph Clisby became owner and editor of The Telegraph and saw it emerge as a daily newspaper after the Civil War.
In 1858, the newspaper changed to the "Weekly Georgia Telegraph."
American Civil War: 1861-1865
"Macon Telegraph" continued to print during the American Civil War, shrinking down to a single sheet in April 1863 until the end of the war due to a paper shortage.
On Sept. 19, 1864, Clisby sold "The Telegraph" to Henry L. Flash, who consolidated "The Daily Confederate" (a newspaper founded in Macon in 1863) with "The Telegraph." The new name of the paper was "Macon Daily Telegraph and Confederate."
On April 20, 1865, The Telegraph was temporarily suspended on account of the occupation of the city by the Federals. The editor fled his establishment and left it in charge of the printers, who did not attempt to bring out the regular editions, but two or three numbers of a small sheet called "The Daily News." The Augusta Chronicle and Sentinel had heard of Macon's occupation and, in the absence of the editors of 'The Telegraph and Confederate,' they took possession of the office and are issued a paper called 'The Daily News.'"
"The Telegraph" was resumed May 11 under the new ownership of Clayton and Dumble. The subscription rate fell from $120 a year to $12, even though the sheet was gotten out under the great difficulties. The Confederate ink and paper was used and it was practically impossible to issue a typographically neat page. On May 28, "The Telegraph" appeared in full four-sheet form and announced it would continue doing so until the resumption of mail service, when the full paper would be issued daily instead of Sundays only.
Pre-Anderson Era: 1866-1900
In 1866, Clayton and Dumble sold the newspaper to William A. Reid. In 1869, "The Journal and Messenger" was amalgamated with "The Telegraph" under the name "Telegraph and Messenger." It was the fifth paper "The Telegraph" absorbed since it was founded. Other papers include "The Courier", "Citizen", "Republic" and "Confederate."
In 1873, the name of the paper was changed to the "Daily Telegraph and Messenger." The word "messenger" was dropped from its name in 1885. 
"The Macon News," a rival paper, was founded by 16-year-old Jerome Pound, former Telegraph employee, with an investment of $8 in 1884.
The Anderson Era: 1900's
By 1900, there were 24 daily newspapers in Georgia, six semi-weeklies, one bi-weekly , 29 monthlies and 274 weeklies.
In 1914, the Anderson brothers, William T. and Peyton T., purchased the paper. P.T. Anderson had started working in the circulation department in 1909. Under their leadership, the paper inaugurated a special page focusing on the black community. They also purchased The Macon News and combined some staff positions between the two papers. The News continued to publish in the afternoon, while The Telegraph remained the morning paper.
W.T. Anderson published and edited The Macon Telegraph until 1940. In 1946, P.T. Anderson's son, Peyton, took over the papers. He became known for giving his editors great freedom to report the facts, as well as being a "pillar of the community". He sold The Telegraph and News in 1969 to Knight Newspapers, and retired to oversee his investments. Following his death in 1988, the bulk of his fortune, approximately $35 million, was left in his will to start one of Macon's major charitable foundations, The Peyton Anderson Foundation.
This foreshadowed a larger merger, as in 1983, the two papers' daily editions merged. A new The Macon Telegraph and News was published as a morning paper seven days a week. During this era, Randall Savage and Jackie Crosby earned the paper its lone Pulitzer Prize to date in 1985 for an investigation into academic and athletics at the University of Georgia and the Georgia Institute of Technology.
The paper changed its name back to The Macon Telegraph in 1990, bringing over a century of The Macon News to an end.
Age of the internet, 2000s
- Macon.com: The Telegraph official site
- Official mobile site
- The McClatchy Company's subsidiary profile of The Telegraph
- Macon Telegraph Archive Digital Library of Georgia
The Telegraph prices are: daily, $1.50 & Sunday, $3. Price includes sales tax at newsracks; may be higher outside Bibb & adjacent counties. The newspaper is cheaper for subscribers. Digital-only subscriptions are available.
- "About The Telegraph". The Telegraph. The McClatchy Company. 2020. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- Bartlett, Myron (3 October 1832). "Georgia telegraph. (Macon, Ga.) 1832-1835". Georgia Historic Newspapers. C.E. & M. Bartlett. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- Bartlett, Myron (2 July 1844). "Georgia telegraph. (Macon, Ga.) 1844-1858". Georgia Historic Newspapers. M. Bartlett. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- Bartlett, Myron (7 January 1836). "Macon Georgia Telegraph. (Macon, Ga.) 1836-1844". Georgia Historic Newspapers. Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- Bartlett, Myron (1 November 1826). "Macon Telegraph. (Macon, Ga.) 1826-1832, November 01, 1826, Image 1". Georgia Historic Newspapers. Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- Brantley, Dr. R.L. (25 November 1926). "History of The Macon Telegraph". The Macon Telegraph (Macon, Ga.). p. 6.
- Clisby, Joseph (21 September 1858). "Weekly Georgia telegraph. (Macon [Ga.]) 1858-1869". Georgia Historic Newspapers. Joseph Clisby. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- Corley, Laura (5 April 2018). "Telegraph timeline". The Telegraph (Macon, Ga.). pp. 5A.
- Kelby (16 September 2013). "Memorial Page for Dr. Myron Bartlett (24 March 1798-7 Feb 1848)". Find A Grave. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- Morris, Linda S. (7 November 2013). "Telegraph to relocate its business operations". The Telegraph. The McClatchy Company. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
- "Our Markets". Sacramento, California: McClatchy Company. Retrieved March 26, 2017.