The Tenants (novel)
|Publisher||Farrar, Straus and Giroux|
|Sept. 27, 1971|
|Media type||Print (hardcover)|
|Preceded by||Pictures of Fidelman (1969)|
|Followed by||Rembrandt's Hat (1973)|
Malamud began the initial composition of the novel in 1969 and completed it in 1971. Its plot concerns a rivalry between two writers—one of them a Jew and the other an African-American— who are the last two persons remaining in a soon to be condemned apartment building. Before Malamud began writing this novel, he'd already "published two short stories treating relationships between blacks and Jews": "Angel Levine" (1955) and "Black Is My Favorite Color" (1963). And in at least one other story, "The Mourners" (1955), he had examined the fraught relationship between a tenant and a landlord. After he'd completed the novel, Malamud himself described The Tenants as a "tight, tense book, closer to the quality of short fiction."
When Malamud was asked, during an interview, what "set off" the writing of his novel, he replied: "Jews and blacks, the period of the troubles in New York City; the teachers strike, the rise of black activism, the mix-up of cause and effect. I thought I'd say a word." Malamud's biographer explains the genesis of the novel this way:
Malamud's imagination had been set going initially by a series of newspaper reports in January 1969 on New York slum landlords, seeking to get lingering tenants out of apartment properties which the landlords wished to sell off or tear down and convert into new office buildings. Essential water, heating, and elevator services were shut off; telephone threats were made.
A quick synopsis of the book's story was provided in the book jacket:
The sole tenant in a run-down tenement, Harry Lesser is struggling to finish a novel, but his solitary pursuit of the sublime grows complicated when Willie Spearmint, a black writer ambivalent toward Jews, moves into the building. Harry and Willie are artistic rivals and unwilling neighbors, and their uneasy peace is disturbed by the presence of Willie's white girlfriend, Irene, and the landlord Levenspiel's attempts to evict both men and demolish the building. This novel's conflict, current then, is perennial now: it reveals the slippery nature of the human condition, and the human capacity for violence and undoing.
As the story unfolds, all the building's residents have moved out with the exception of Lesser, who believes he's the sole remaining occupant and plans on staying until he completes his third novel. Lesser believes that it is crucial for him to remain in familiar surroundings so as not to break his writing routine. Then he hears the sound of a typewriter and soon discovers that it belongs to Willie Spearmint (who eventually adopts Bill Spear as a nom de plume) who has taken over one of the abandoned apartments as his writing space.
The time of the novel seems to be set in the final years of the 1960s, "a time of racial strife affecting both the book's Jewish and black characters." The novel's point of view is through Harry Lesser and "is rendered in third-person-limited narration."
- The Tenants, a 2005 film adaptation of the book
- Leslie Fiedler, "Negro and Jew: Encounter in America," in No! in Thunder: Essays on Myth and Literature (London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1963), 241.
- Herbert Mann, "The Malamudian World: Method and Meaning," Studies in AmericanJewish Literature 4 (Spring 1978): p 7
- David R. Mesher, "Names and Stereotypes in Malamud's The Tenants," Studies in AmericanJewish Literature 4 (Spring 1978): p 62
- Cynthia Ozick, "Literary Blacks and Jews," in Malamud: Critical Essays, ed. Field and Field, p 90
- Israel Shenker, "For Malamud It's Story," The New York Times Book Review. (3 October 1971): p 22
- Warren Rosenberg. Legacy of Rage: Jewish Masculinity, Violence, and Culture. (Univ of Mass Press, 2009. ISBN 1558497900): 153-206
- Kirkus Review: The Tenants by Bernard Malamud — Review Posted Online: Sept. 28, 2011; Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 1, 1971
- "The tenants (Book, 1971) [WorldCat.org]". worldcat.org. Retrieved 2015-02-11.
- Davis (2007), p. xxi
- Hemon, Aleksander The Tenants: An Introduction – Hemon provided the Introduction to the 2003 reissue of The Tenents.
- Abramson, Edward (1993). Bernard Malamud Revisited. Twayne's United States Authors Series. New York: Twayne Publishers. p. 90. ISBN 0805776419.
- Davis, Philip. "Bernard Malamud: A Writer's Life." Oxford University Press,, 2007. ISBN 0199270090. p 272
- "Paris Review - The Art of Fiction No. 52, Bernard Malamud". theparisreview.org. Retrieved 2015-02-11.
- Davis (2007), p. 268
- "The natural". worldcat.org. Retrieved 2015-02-11.
- "eNotes - Unsupported Browser". enotes.com. Retrieved 2015-02-11.
- Race as a Cause for Discrimination and “Othering”, Bernard Malamud’s The Tenants: a Case Study
- Commentary Magazine review of The Tenants
- Book Review: Library of America's Bernard Malamud volumes in The Wall Street Journal March 21, 2014
- Bernard Malamud: A Writer's Experience By Celia B. Betsky, The Harvard Crimson: January 22, 1973
- The Otherwordly Malamud By Mark Athitakis in HUMANITIES, March/April 2014 | Volume 35, Number 2