The Terror (1963 film)
|Directed by||Roger Corman
Francis Ford Coppola
|Produced by||Roger Corman|
|Written by||Leo Gordon
|Music by||Ronald Stein
|Cinematography||John Mathew Nickolaus, Jr.
|Edited by||Stuart O'Brien|
|Distributed by||American International Pictures|
|Box office||9,915 admissions (France) (1991)|
The Terror (1963) is a low budget American horror film produced and directed by Roger Corman about a French soldier who finds a mysterious woman who turns out to be a ghost. It is famous for being filmed on sets left over from other AIP productions, including The Haunted Palace. The movie was also released as Lady of the Shadows, The Castle of Terror, and The Haunting; it was later featured as an episode of Cinema Insomnia and Elvira's Movie Macabre.
The movie is sometimes linked to Corman's series of "Poe films," which were made between 1960 and 1964 based on the public domain works of Edgar Allan Poe, but The Terror is not actually based on any text by Poe.
Set in 1806, the film tells the story of a lost French soldier in the Confederation of the Rhine named Andre Duvalier (Jack Nicholson) who is saved by a strange young woman named Helene (Sandra Knight). She looks like Ilsa, the wife of the baron (played by Boris Karloff), who died twenty years before.
Investigating who the woman really is, Andre stumbles upon a hidden secret of the Baron: After he found Ilsa sleeping with another man named Eric, the Baron killed the two of them, or so he explains.
All the while, the phantom of Ilsa remained under the control of a peasant witch (Dorothy Neumann), who has commanded the ghost to torment the Baron for the previous two years. Over the course of the film, Ilsa's ghost beseeches the Baron to kill himself, so they could be together. After much hesitation, the Baron decides to do so, perhaps to atone for his crimes.
During the climactic scenes, Andre, as well as the Baron's butler Stefan (Dick Miller), try to stop him, eventually forcing the witch into compliance. Here it is revealed that the witch Katrina is in fact the mother of Eric, who was allegedly killed by the Baron twenty years before, and that is why she has tried to make him commit suicide and damn his soul to hell. In a stunning revelation, Stefan reveals that Eric never died, that it was the Baron who was killed. Eric then took the Baron's place, living his life until he deluded himself into thinking he was the Baron.
Katrina, realizing her folly only too late, goes with the two men to stop Eric from flooding the castle crypt and killing himself. However, she is unable to go into the mausoleum and ends up being struck by lightning and burning to death to the ground as she tries to escape.
In the climax of the film, Ilsa's ghost attempts to kill Eric while the crypt floods, and Stefan joins the struggle. However, by the time Andre gains access to the crypt, it is already flooding and crumbling, and he is able to carry only Helene's body away. the film ends as the two share a touching moment together outside before Helene begins to rapidly turn into a rotting corpse.
- Boris Karloff as the Baron von Leppe/Eric. Also in Corman's The Raven.
- Jack Nicholson as Andre Duvalier. Also in Corman's The Little Shop of Horrors and The Cry Baby Killer and The Raven.
- Dick Miller as Stefan. Also in Corman's A Bucket of Blood and The Little Shop of Horrors.
- Sandra Knight as Helene/Ilsa. Jack Nicholson's only wife, Knight is visibly pregnant with their daughter, Jennifer, during the film's climax. Jennifer Nicholson grew up to become a fashion designer.
- Dorothy Neumann as Katrina the Witch. Also in Corman's "Carnival Rock", "The Undead" and "Teenage Doll" (all in 1957).
- Jonathan Haze as Gustaf. Probably most known for The Little Shop of Horrors.
Corman decided to make the movie to take advantage of sets left over from The Raven. He paid Leo Gordon $1,600 to write a script, and made a deal with Boris Karloff to be available for three days filming for a small amount of money plus a deferred payment of $15,000 that would be paid if the film earned more than $150,000.
Boris Karloff later recalled:
Corman had the sketchiest outline of a story. I read it and begged him not to do it. He said "That's alright Boris, I know what I'm going to do. I want you for two days on this." I was in every shot, of course. Sometimes I was just walking through and then I would change my jacket and walk back. He nearly killed me on the last day. He had me in a tank of cold water for about two hours. After he got me in the can he suspended operations and went off and directed two or three operations to get the money, I suppose... [The sets] were so magnificent... As they were being pulled down around our ears, Roger was dashing around with me and a camera, two steps ahead of the wreckers. It was very funny.
Karloff's scenes were shot in three days by Corman. Corman then sent Francis Ford Coppola to Big Sur for three days to shoot additional footage. He ended up staying eleven days. Monte Hellman, Jack Hill, and Jack Nicholson also directed some scenes.
Leftover sets from other AIP films were used when shooting the film, notably those from The Haunted Palace, a Vincent Price horror film made earlier the same year. The tree against which Sandra Knight expires in The Terror is the same one to which Price was tied and burned in The Haunted Palace.
In the early 1990s, actor Dick Miller, who plays Karloff's major domo, was hired to shoot new scenes to use as a framing sequence for an overseas version of The Terror. Under this scheme, the main action of the film is presented in flashback. This was done for Corman to establish some sort of copyright in the movie. Dick Miller says the payment for these scenes was the most he had ever received from Corman.
In May 1966 Corman told Karloff he would not be getting his deferred $15,000 since the film never made $150,000. However he said he would pay the money if Karloff worked on a new undetermined future project for Corman. This turned out to be the 1968 Peter Bogdanovich movie Targets, which extensively used clips from The Terror.
In 2010, the film was featured in the second episode of the revived, syndicated TV series, Elvira's Movie Macabre.
Karloff was paid his deferred fee once he agreed to be in Targets.
The climax scene was shown in the 2013 film Avenged.
The Terror, restored from original 35mm elements, was released April 26, 2011 from Film Chest and HD Cinema Classics. It is presented in widescreen with an aspect ratio of 16 x 9 and 5.1 surround sound mix. Enclosed is a collectible postcard reproduction of the original movie poster and special features include Spanish subtitles, before-and-after film restoration demo and trailer.
On the review aggregate site Rotten Tomatoes, 22% of submitted critics gave the film a positive review. Many critics pointed out a trudging pace as well as a rushed production. One of the film's major criticisms was that it was shot in two days. because of the scurried production, the film lacks a story which often makes the plot confusing to viewers.
- List of American films of 1963
- The Corman-Poe Cycle
- List of films in the public domain
- List of ghost films
- Box office information for Roger Corman films in France at Box Office Story
- "Cinema Insomnia, with your Horror Host, Mister Lobo! - SHOW INFORMATION". Retrieved 20 November 2010.
- Stephen Jacobs, Boris Karloff: More Than a Monster, Tomohawk Press 2011 p 452-454
- Mark McGee, Faster and Furiouser: The Revised and Fattened Fable of American International Pictures, McFarland, 1996 p211
- Fred Olen Ray, The New Poverty Row: Independent Filmmakers as Distributors, McFarland, 1991, p 50-58
- Lawrence French, "The Making of The Raven", The Raven novelisation by Eunice Sudak, based on script by Richard Matheson, Bear Manor Media 2012
- Ray, Fred Olen (1991). The New Poverty Row: Independent Filmmakers as Distributors. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 51.
- The Terror Press Release
- Blu-ray.com Reviews
- on YouTube
- The Terror at the Internet Movie Database
- The Terror is available for free download at the Internet Archive
- The Terror at AllMovie
- The Terror at the TCM Movie Database
- The Terror at the American Film Institute Catalog
- on YouTube