The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003 film)
|The Texas Chainsaw Massacre|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Marcus Nispel|
|Screenplay by||Scott Kosar|
|Based on||The Texas Chain Saw Massacre|
by Kim Henkel
and Tobe Hooper
|Narrated by||John Larroquette|
|Music by||Steve Jablonsky|
|Edited by||Glen Scantlebury|
|Distributed by||New Line Cinema|
|Box office||$107.1 million|
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre is a 2003 American slasher film directed by Marcus Nispel, written by Scott Kosar, and starring Jessica Biel, Jonathan Tucker, Erica Leerhsen, R. Lee Ermey, Mike Vogel, and Eric Balfour. Its plot follows a group of young adults traveling through rural Texas who encounter Leatherface and his murderous family. It is a remake of Tobe Hooper's 1974 film of the same name, and the fifth installment in The Texas Chainsaw Massacre franchise. Several crew members of the original film were involved with the project: Hooper and writer Kim Henkel served as co-producers; Daniel Pearl returned as cinematographer; and John Larroquette reprised his voice narration for the opening intertitles.
The film was released in the United States on October 17, 2003, and grossed $107 million at the U.S. box office. It is considered one of the most commercially successful horror film remakes of the 21st century. A prequel was released in 2006, titled The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Beginning. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre was the first film to be produced by Platinum Dunes, who would go on to produce remakes of several other 20th-century horror films.
On August 18, 1973, five young adults – Erin, her boyfriend Kemper, and their friends Morgan, Andy, and Pepper – are on their way to a Lynyrd Skynyrd concert after traveling to Mexico to purchase marijuana. While driving through Texas, the group picks up a distraught and severely traumatised hitchhiker they see walking in the middle of the road. After they try to talk with the hitchhiker, who speaks incoherently about "a bad man", she pulls a loaded revolver out of her pocket and shoots herself in the mouth.
The group goes to a nearby diner to contact the police, where a woman named Luda Mae tells them to meet Sheriff Hoyt at the mill. Instead, they find a young boy named Jedidiah, who tells them Hoyt is at home, getting drunk. Erin and Kemper go through the woods to find his house, leaving Morgan, Andy, and Pepper at the mill with Jedidiah. They come across a plantation house, and Erin is allowed inside by an amputee named Monty to call for help. Kemper goes inside to look for Erin, and is killed with a sledgehammer by Thomas Hewitt, also known as "Leatherface", who drags his body into the basement to make a new mask.
Meanwhile, Hoyt arrives at the mill, and disposes of the hitchhiker's body. After Erin discovers that Kemper is missing, she and Andy go back to Monty's house, and Erin distracts him, while Andy searches for Kemper. When Monty realizes that Andy is inside, he summons Leatherface, who attacks him with a chainsaw. Erin escapes and heads towards the woods, but Leatherface severs Andy's leg, and carries him to the basement, where he is impaled on a meat hook. Erin makes it back to the mill, but before she and the others can leave, Hoyt shows up. After finding marijuana on the dashboard, he orders Erin and Pepper to get out of the van, gives Morgan the gun he took from the hitchhiker, and tells him to reenact how she killed herself. Morgan, disturbed by his demands, attempts to shoot him, but the gun is unloaded. Hoyt then handcuffs Morgan and drives him back to the Hewitt house, taking the van's key with him.
Erin and Pepper are tracked down by Leatherface, who is wearing Kemper's face as a mask, and when Pepper attempts to run, she is killed by Leatherface. Erin runs and hides in a nearby trailer, belonging to an obese middle-aged woman known only as the Tea Lady, and a younger woman named Henrietta, who give her drugged tea. Erin discovers that they have kidnapped the hitchhiker's baby, but passes out before she can escape. Erin wakes up at the Hewitt house, surrounded by the entire family: Leatherface, his mother Luda Mae, Hoyt, Monty, and Jedidiah. Luda Mae explains to Erin that Leatherface was tormented his whole life, because of a skin disease that left his face disfigured, and she felt that no one cared for her family besides themselves.
Erin is taken to the basement, where she finds Andy, and kills him to end his suffering. Afterwards, she finds Morgan handcuffed in a bathtub. Jedidiah, who does not agree with his family's actions, leads them out of the house, and distracts Leatherface long enough for them to escape. Erin and Morgan find an abandoned shack in the woods, and barricade themselves inside. Leatherface breaks in and discovers Erin, but Morgan attacks Leatherface, who hangs him from a chandelier by his handcuffs, and cuts through his groin with the chainsaw. Erin escapes into the woods with Leatherface in tow. She finds a slaughterhouse and attacks Leatherface with a meat cleaver, severing his right arm.
Erin runs outside and flags down a trucker, whom she tries to convince to drive away from the Hewitt house, but he stops to find help at the eatery. While the family is distracted by the trucker, Erin sneaks the baby out of the eatery, and places her in the sheriff's car. Erin hot-wires the car and Hoyt tries to stop her, but she runs him over repeatedly until he is dead. Leatherface suddenly appears in the road and slashes the car with his chainsaw, but Erin manages to escape with the baby, and he watches in frustration as she drives away. Two days later, two investigating officers are killed by Leatherface while doing a crime scene investigation of the Hewitt residence, and a narrator states that the case still remains open.
- Jessica Biel as Erin
- Jonathan Tucker as Morgan
- Erica Leerhsen as Pepper
- Mike Vogel as Andy
- Eric Balfour as Kemper
- Andrew Bryniarski as Thomas Hewitt / Leatherface
- R. Lee Ermey as Sheriff Hoyt
- David Dorfman as Jedidiah Hewitt
- Lauren German as Hitchhiker
- Terrence Evans as Monty Hewitt
- Marietta Marich as Luda Mae Hewitt
- Heather Kafka as Henrietta Hewitt
- Kathy Lamkin as The Tea Lady
On December 5, 2001, Creature Corner.com reported that Michael Bay's newly created company Platinum Dunes (which was created in order to produce low-budget films), had set its focus on remaking The Texas Chain Saw Massacre. Early announcements on the site indicated that the story would be told in flashback with actress Marilyn Burns who starred in the original film would reprise her role as an aged Sally Hardesty recounting the events in the film. It was later announced that the filmmakers had already purchased the rights to the original film. Early in the film's production the original films makers Tobe Hooper and Kim Henkel would be writing a script for the film, but it was unknown at the time whether or not that their script would be used. In June 2002, it was announced that Marcus Nispel would direct the film in his directorial debut. Nispel said that he was initially against the idea of remaking the film, calling it "blasphemy" to his longtime director of photography, Daniel Pearl, who had shot the original film. Pearl, however, encouraged Nispel to join the project, as he wanted to bookend his career with Chainsaw films.
It was later announced that Scott Kosar signed on as the film's screenwriter. As in the original 1974 version, it is loosely inspired by the real life crimes of Wisconsin serial killer Ed Gein. Gein's crimes had also inspired books such as Psycho and Silence of the Lambs, both of which were later adapted into subsequent films.
The screenplay was written by Scott Kosar, who went on to write the screenplays for The Machinist and Platinum Dunes remake of The Amityville Horror. The film was Kosar's first professional job as a screenwriter, with the writer later recalled feeling both thrilled and honored at the prospect of writing the screenplay for the remake. Kosar also realized early on that he was dealing with "one of the seminal works of the genre" and one that could not be bettered. When discussing with the film's producers, Kosar felt that the new film shouldn't try to compete with the original film, as he felt that it was made under different circumstances. In earlier drafts Erin, the film's main character, was revealed to be nine months pregnant throughout the film but was removed from later drafts at producer Michael Bay's insistence.
Actor Andrew Bryniarski, who starred in Bay's Pearl Harbor and stayed friends with him afterwards, personally met with producer Bay and asked him for the role of Leatherface. Another actor was cast for the role before Bryniarski, but, on the first day, the actor was hospitalized and fired for lying about his physical abilities. Without an actor for the film's main antagonist, the filmmakers called and asked if Bryniarski still wanted the role, which he accepted. To prepare for the role, Bryniarski ate a diet of brisket and white bread in order to get his weight to nearly 300 pounds. Bryniarski would later reprise his role as Leatherface in the film's prequel.
Nispel favored shooting the film in California, but Bay suggested Texas, where he had previously shot three films. Principal photography began in Austin in July 2002 and lasted 40 days. Nispel intentionally shot the film in a different style, using more traditionally narrative elements, as he did not want to make a shot-for-shot remake replicating the original film's documentary-like style. Cinematographer Pearl explained from an on-set interview: "People ask me, 'Is it going to be as gritty and grainy as the last one I did?' No. I did that. There's no point in making the exact same film with the exact same look."
The weather during filming was very hot and humid. Bryniarski, who portrays Leatherface in the film, did all his own stunts and was forced to wear a "fat suit", which increased his near-300 lbs to 420 lbs. The suit also heated up quickly so that the actor had to ensure that he drank a lot of fluids before a shoot. Leatherface's mask was also a problem; the mask was made out of Silicone and was difficult for the actor to breathe through. The crew had many prop chainsaws for actor Bryniarski to use, such as chainsaws that put out smoke, and live chainsaws.
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre was released in North America on October 17, 2003, in 3,016 theaters. It grossed $10,620,000 on its opening day and concluded its opening weekend with $29.1 million at the U.S. box office. Within 17 days of its release, the film had grossed over $66 million domestically.
The film opened in various other countries in the following months (including a Halloween release in the United Kingdom) and grossed $26,500,000, while the North American gross stands at $80,571,655, bringing the worldwide gross to $107,071,655. The film's budget was $9.5 million, making it the highest-grossing film of the franchise even when adjusted for inflation. Adjusted for inflation as of 2018 the film would have grossed over $162 million
Manohla Dargis of the Los Angeles Times praised the polish of Pearl's cinematography (in contrast to his grittier work in the original), though noted: "The remake moves faster and sounds louder, but comes off as callous rather than creepy." Robert K. Elder of the Chicago Tribune rated it 3/4 stars and called it "an effectively scary slasher film" despite its absurd premise. William Thomas of Empire rated it 3/5 stars and wrote: "You'll have to overcome resentment towards this unnecessary remake before you can be properly terrorised but, on its own terms, it plays well." Roger Ebert gave the film a rare 0 stars out of 4, calling it "A contemptible film: Vile, ugly and brutal. There is not a shred of reason to see it. Those who defend it will have to dance through mental hoops of their own devising, defining its meanness and despair as 'style' or 'vision' or 'a commentary on our world'." Variety gave the film an unfavorable review, writing that the film was an "initially promising, but quickly disappointing retread of a hugely influential horror classic".
Peter Travers of Rolling Stone panned the film, awarding it 2/4 stars, writing: "Director Marcus Nispel, acclaimed for his ads and music videos, has a sharp eye and the good sense to hire Daniel Pearl, who shot the first Chainsaw. But all the bad-rehash mojo from Friday the 13th to The Blair Witch Project has infected Scott Kosar's script. Hooper went for primitive, Nispel goes for slick. Hooper went easy on the gore, Nispel pours it on" and called the film "soulless". Dave Kehr from The New York Times gave the film an unfavorable review, noting: "Rather than exhilaration, this bilious film offers only entrapment and despair," further commenting that the film was about as much fun as sitting in on an autopsy. Leonard Maltin awarded the film 1.5 out of 4, complimenting the film's intensity but criticized the lack of likable characters and the lack of humor which was present in the original, stating, "Once it kicks into gear, it's brutally unrelenting toward its unappealing characters and the audience."
The BBC's Jamie Russell gave the film some praise, referring to it as "a gory, stylish, and occasionally scary push-button factory of shocks and shrieks remarkably better than anyone had the right to expect. Yet, it begs the question: if the filmmakers could churn out something this decent, why didn't they shoot an original script, or even a sequel to Hooper's 1974 classic instead of a remake?" The Guardian's Peter Bradshaw awarded the film a 2/4 star rating, referring to it as a "bullish revival" of the original, adding: "The movie finds tastily grotesque Diane Arbus locals to freak out our poor heroes and heroines. Everything is as unsubtle as you like, and let's face, unsubtlety is the order of the day."
Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes shows an approval rating of 36% based on 155 reviews; the average rating is 4.8/10. The consensus is: "An unnecessary remake that's more gory and less scary than the original." Metacritic, another review aggregator, calculates an average of 38%, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B+" on an A+ to F scale.
The film was released on VHS and DVD March 30, 2004, through New Line Home Entertainment. Special features include seven TV spots, a soundtrack promo and trailers and a music video for Suffocate by Motograter. A two-disc Platinum Series Edition was also released that same day, containing a collectible metal plaque cover, three filmmaker commentaries with producer Michael Bay, director Marcus Nispel and others, crime city photo cards, deleted scenes, an alternate opening and ending, Chainsaw Redux: In-Depth documentary, Gein: The Ghoul of Planifield documentary, cast screen tests, art gallery, seven TV spots and trailers, heavy metal song Suffocate by "Motograter" Music Video, a soundtrack promo and DVD-ROM content, including script-to-screen
This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
There were two soundtrack albums released by Bulletproof Records/La-La Land Records for the film; the first was meant for regular audiences featuring popular metal music and was released on November 4, 2003.
Trailers and TV spots used a version of This Mortal Coil's cover of "Song to the Siren", which was just recorded for the trailer and was sung by the singer Renee of the band Moneypenny.
- "Immortally Insane" by Pantera
- "Below the Bottom" by Hatebreed
- "Pride" by SOiL
- "Deliver Me" by Static-X
- "43" by Mushroomhead
- "Pig" by Seether
- "Down In Flames" by Nothingface
- "Self-Medicate" by 40 Below Summer
- "Suffocate" by Motorgrater
- "Destroyer of Senses" by Shadows Fall
- "Rational Gaze" by Meshuggah
- "Archetype (Remix)" by Fear Factory
- "Enshrined by Grace" by Morbid Angel
- "Listen" by Index Case
- "Stay in Shadow" by Finger Eleven
- "Ruin" by Lamb of God
- "As Real As It Gets" by Sworn Enemy
- "Five Months" by Coretez
- "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
- "THE TEXAS CHAINSAW MASSACRE (18)". British Board of Film Classification. September 26, 2003. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- "Financial Information for The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
- Fleming, Michael (October 8, 2009). "Twisted moves to 'Texas'". Variety. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
- Knöppler 2017, p. 197.
- "Texas Chainsaw Massacre, The - Mania.com". Mania.com. Mania.com. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved August 21, 2014.
- Pollard, Andrew. "Marcus Nispel | THE ASYLUM, TEXAS CHAINSAW MASSACRE, FRIDAY THE 13TH". Starburst. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- Harris, Dana (June 18, 2002). "Horror redo 'Chainsaw' catches Biel, Balfour". Variety. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- Rachael Bell and Marilyn Bardsley. "Ed Gein: The Inspiration for Buffalo Bill and Psycho". truTV. Archived from the original on February 9, 2009. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
- Holden, Stephen (October 22, 2004). "Insomnia and Then Emaciation; Now Paranoia Takes Its Turn". The New York Times. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
- Condit, Jon. "Kosar, Scott (The Amityville Horror)". Dread Central. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
- Ain't It Cool News Staff. "Mr. Beaks Interviews Marcus Nispel, TEXAS CHAINSAW Remake Director!!". Ain't It Cool NEws. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
- "Interview with Andrew Bryniarski". texaschainsawmassacre.net. texaschainsawmassacre.net. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
- Head, Steve (October 14, 2003). "An Interview with Michael Bay". IGN. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- Harris, Dana (May 7, 2002). "Nispel to direct remake of 'Chainsaw Massacre'". Variety. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- Patrizio, Andy (March 25, 2004). "An Interview with Marcus Nispel". IGN. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- O'Connell, Joe (September 6, 2002). "'Chainsaw' production revving up". Austin American-Statesman. Austin, Texas. pp. E3, E5 – via Newspapers.com.
- Elliott-Smith 2016, p. 181.
- "'Texas Chainsaw Massacre' gets a $29.1 million slice of box office". The Odessa American. Odessa, Texas: Associated Press. October 20, 2003. p. 4C – via Newspapers.com.
- O'Connell, Joe (November 7, 2003). "A sequel for 'Chainsaw' remake?". Austin American-Statesman. Austin, Texas. p. E7 – via Newspapers.com.
- Russell, Jamie (October 31, 2003). "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre". BBC Films. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
- Dargis, Manohla (October 17, 2003). "'Massacre': gory with little story". Los Angeles Times. p. E6 – via Newspapers.com.
- Elder, Robert K. (October 17, 2003). "`Texas Chainsaw Massacre' is one sharp horror remake". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- Thomas, William (October 28, 2015). "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre Review". Empire. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- Ebert, Roger (October 17, 2003). "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre". Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- Foundas, Scott. "Review: 'The Texas Chainsaw Massacre'". Variety. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- Travers, Peter (October 17, 2003). "Texas Chainsaw Massacre". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- Kehr, Dave (October 17, 2003). "Another Long March to the Slaughterhouse". The New York Times. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- Maltin 2013, p. 1397.
- Bradshaw, Peter (October 31, 2003). "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre". The Guardian. London. p. 18 – via Newspapers.com.
- "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
- "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre". Metacritic.com. Metacritic. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
- "CinemaScore". cinemascore.com.
- "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003)". IGN. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- Keefer, Ryan (18 October 2009). "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (Blu-ray)". DVD Talk. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- Hand, Stephen (2004). The Texas Chainsaw Massacre. BL Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84416-060-0.
- "Freddy vs. Jason (New Line Cinema): Stephen Hand: 9781844160594: Amazon.com: Books". Amazon.com. Amazon. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003)". The Soundtrack Info Project. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
- "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (score) (2003)". The Soundtrack Info Project. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
- Elliott-Smith, Darren (2016). "Queer Erotic Aesthetics in Texas Chainsaw Massacre". In Clayton, Wickham. Style and Form in the Hollywood Slasher Film. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-137-49647-8.
- Knöppler, Christian (2017). The Monster Always Returns: American Horror Films and Their Remakes. New York: transcript Verlag. ISBN 978-3-839-43735-3.
- Maltin, Leonard (2013). Leonard Maltin's 2014 Movie Guide. New York: Penguin Group. ISBN 978-0-451-41810-4.