The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (franchise)

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The Texas Chainsaw Massacre
Texas Chainsaw logo.png
Created byKim Henkel
Tobe Hooper
Original workThe Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974)
Print publications
Book(s)Chain Saw Confidential (2013)
Novel(s)The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2004)
Short stories"Self-Esteem" (1991)
ComicsThe Texas Chainsaw Massacre
Films and television
Film(s)
Short film(s)
  • All American Massacre (unreleased)
Games
Video game(s)
  • The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1982)
Audio
Soundtrack(s)

The Texas Chainsaw Massacre is an American horror franchise consisting of eight horror films, comics, and a video game adaptation of the original film. The franchise focuses on serial killer Leatherface and his psychotic family, who terrorize unsuspecting visitors to their territories in the desolate Texas countryside, typically killing and cannibalizing them. The original film was released in 1974, directed by Tobe Hooper and written by Hooper and Kim Henkel. Hooper and Henkel were involved in only three of the later films.

The film series has grossed over $235 million at the worldwide box office.

Films[edit]

Film Director(s) Writer(s) Producer(s) Actor(s) portraying Leatherface
The Texas Chain Saw Massacre
(1974)
Tobe Hooper Kim Henkel
Tobe Hooper
Tobe Hooper Gunnar Hansen
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2
(1986)
L.M. Kit Carson Menahem Golan
Yoram Globus
Bill Johnson
Leatherface:
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre III

(1990)
Jeff Burr David Schow Robert Engelman R.A. Mihailoff
Texas Chainsaw Massacre:
The Next Generation

(1994)
Kim Henkel Robert Kuhn
Kim Henkel
Robert Jacks
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre
(2003)
Marcus Nispel Scott Kosar Michael Bay
Mike Fleiss
Kim Henkel
Tobe Hooper
Andrew Bryniarski
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre:
The Beginning

(2006)
Jonathan Liebesman Sheldon Turner Michael Bay
Mike Fleiss
Kim Henkel
Tobe Hooper
Brad Fuller
Andrew Form
Texas Chainsaw 3D
(2013)
John Luessenhop Adam Marcus
Debra Sullivan
Mark Burg
Carl Mazzocone
Dan Yeager
Leatherface
(2017)
Julien Maury
Alexandre Bustillo
Seth M. Sherwood Christa Campbell
Lati Grobman
Carl Mazzocone
Les Weldon
Sam Strike

Overview[edit]

The Texas Chain Saw Massacre, released in 1974, written and directed by Tobe Hooper, was the first and most successful entry in the series. It is considered to be the first of the 1970s slasher films, and originated a great many of the clichés seen in countless later low-budget slashers. Its plot concerns a family of cannibals living in rural Texas, who abduct customers from their gas station. The film's most notable character, Leatherface, is one of the most well-known villains in cinema history, notable for his masks made of human skin, his blood-soaked butcher's apron and the chainsaw he wields.[1] Although the film is marketed as a true story, it does not depict actual events, and is instead (as with the film Psycho) inspired by notorious killer Ed Gein, who acted alone and did not use a chainsaw.[2]

The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2 (1986) is set 13 years after the events of the first film. Although it managed to recoup its relatively small budget, the film was not considered a financial success. Since its initial release, however, it has developed a cult following of its own. Unlike its predecessor, which combined minimal gore with a documentary-style nature, the sequel is a comedic horror film, filled with black humor and various gore effects created by make-up maestro Tom Savini. The film features an appearance by novelist Kinky Friedman as well as film critic Joe Bob Briggs. Briggs' cameo appearance was originally cut in editing, but was restored for the director's cut version of the film when it was released on DVD.

Leatherface: The Texas Chainsaw Massacre III is a 1990 follow-up to the previous two films. It stars Kate Hodge, Ken Foree, and Viggo Mortensen and was directed by Jeff Burr. At the time, this was considered to be the first of several sequels in the series to be produced by New Line Cinema. However, it was not a commercial success, and New Line had no further involvement in the series. Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation (1994) is the final sequel to the original The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974).

The 2003 remake, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, directed by Marcus Nispel, written by Scott Kosar and produced by Michael Bay, is based on the events of the first film, however, for the most part, it follows a different storyline. A major difference between the two films, for example, is that rather than picking up Leatherface's psychotic hitchhiker brother, the group instead come upon a traumatized survivor who shoots herself in their van. The film gives Leatherface's background, a real name (Thomas Brown Hewitt), as well as a possible reason for his wearing masks, namely a skin disease which has caused his nose to rot away. The remake received a mixed critical response upon release, but was financially successful enough to lead to a prequel.

The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Beginning, which takes place in 1969, is the 2006 prequel directed by Jonathan Liebesman, written by Sheldon Turner and produced by Michael Bay. It explores the roots of Leatherface's family and delves into their past. Leatherface's first mask is featured, as well as the first murder he commits using a chainsaw. It grossed less than its predecessor and has received largely negative reception from film critics.

The seventh film, Texas Chainsaw 3D, is a direct sequel to the original 1974 film, and makes no reference to the events of the other sequels. The film was directed by John Luessenhop, and written by Adam Marcus, Kirsten Elms, and Debra Sullivan. Texas Chainsaw follows a young girl named Heather, who is travelling to Texas with her friends to collect an inheritance from her deceased grandmother, whom she had never met. There, Heather discovers that she is part of the Sawyer family, who were killed by the townspeople following the events of the 1974 film, as well as a cousin of Leatherface. According to Seth M. Sherwood, writer of the prequel Leatherface, the eighth film is part of a continuity that consists of Leatherface, The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974), and Texas Chainsaw 3D.[3]

Box office[edit]

When comparing The Texas Chainsaw Massacre to the other top-grossing horror film series – A Nightmare on Elm Street, Child's Play, Friday the 13th, Halloween, the Hannibal Lecter series, Psycho, Saw, and Scream – and adjusting for the 2011 inflation,[4] The Texas Chainsaw Massacre is the eighth highest grossing horror film series in the United States, with a combined gross of $304.6 million,[5] only outperforming the Chucky film series with approximately $203 million.[6] The series is led by Friday the 13th at $687.1 million,[7] A Nightmare on Elm Street with $592.8 million,[8] the Hannibal Lecter film series with $588.7 million,[9] Halloween with $557.5 million,[10] Saw with $457.4 million,[11] Scream with $442.9 million,[12] and the Psycho film series, with $376.3 million.[13]

Film Release date (US) Budget Box office Reference
United States International Worldwide
1. The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974) October 1, 1974 $140,000 $30,859,000 N/A $30,859,000 [14][15]
2. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2 August 22, 1986 $4,700,000 $8,025,872 N/A $8,025,872 [16][15]
3. Leatherface: The Texas Chainsaw Massacre III January 12, 1990 N/A $5,765,562 N/A $5,765,562 [17][15]
4. Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation September 22, 1995
August 29, 1997 (re-released)[18]
$600,000[not in citation given] $185,898 N/A $185,898 [19]
5. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003) October 17, 2003 $9,500,000 $80,571,655 $26,500,000 $107,071,655 [20]
6. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Beginning October 6, 2006 $16,000,000 $39,517,763 $12,246,643 $51,764,406 [21]
7. Texas Chainsaw 3D January 4, 2013 $20,000,000 $34,341,945 $12,900,000 $47,241,945 [22]
8. Leatherface October 20, 2017 N/A N/A $887,392 $887,392 [23]
Total $50,340,000 $199,258,695 $52,543,035 $251,801,730

Future[edit]

Following the release of Leatherface, the producers had the rights to make five more Texas Chainsaw Massacre films. In April 2015, producer Christa Campbell stated that the fate of the potential films would largely depend on the financial reception and perceived fan reactions regarding the 2017 prequel.[24][25] Campbell clarified in December 2017 that Lionsgate and Millennium Films had lost the franchise rights due to the time it took to release it.[26] On August 24, 2018, Legendary Pictures had bought the rights to the franchise, with a new film and a television series in development.[27][28]

Other media[edit]

Comics[edit]

The cover to Leatherface #1, the first in a series of comics based on the film series

Several comic books based on The Texas Chainsaw Massacre films were published in 1991 by Northstar Comics entitled Leatherface.[29] They were licensed as The Texas Chainsaw Massacre to Avatar Press for use in new comic book stories, the first of which was published in 2005.[30] In 2006, Avatar Press lost the license to DC Comics imprint, Wildstorm, which has published new stories based on the films. However, in June 2007, Wildstorm changed a number of horror comics, including The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, from monthly issues to specials and miniseries.[31]

The series of comics featured none of the main characters seen in the original film (Topps Comics Jason vs. Leatherface series is exempt) with the exception of Leatherface, however, the 1991 "Leatherface" miniseries was loosely based on the third Texas Chainsaw Massacre film. The writer of the miniseries, Mort Castle said, "The series was very loosely based on Texas Chainsaw Massacre III. I worked from the original script by David Schow and the heavily edited theatrical release of director Jeff Burr, but had more or less free rein to write the story the way it should have been told. The first issue sold 30,000 copies."[32] Kirk Jarvinen drew the illustrations for the first issue,[33] and Guy Burwell finished the rest of the series. The comics, not having the same censorship restrictions from the MPAA, featured much more gore than the finished film. The ending, as well as the fates of several characters, were also altered. An adaptation of The Texas Chain Saw Massacre was planned by Northstar Comics, but never came to fruition.[34]

All American Massacre[edit]

All American Massacre is an unreleased film directed by William 'Tony' Hooper, son of Tobe Hooper, the director of the original Texas Chain Saw Massacre.[35] The film was to serve as a prequel to the original Texas Chainsaw Massacre film series.[35] The film began as a 15-minute short, shot on high resolution digital video, but was eventually turned into a 60-minute featurette.[35] A trailer for the film is shown on the official website.[36] The film was to feature Chop Top who had been captured and placed in a psychiatric prison.[36] Various memories of his family were to feature in the film, as he was interviewed by a tabloid television journalist.[37] The score for the film was composed by Buckethead.[37]

Video games[edit]

In 1982, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, a mass-market video game adaptation of The Texas Chain Saw Massacre was released for the Atari 2600 by Wizard Video.[38] In the game, the player assumes the role of Leatherface, and attempts to murder trespassers while avoiding obstacles such as fences and cow skulls.[39] As one of the first horror-themed video games, The Texas Chain Saw Massacre caused controversy when it was released due to the violent nature of the video game and sold poorly as many video game stores refused to carry it.[38][40] Wizard Video's other commercial release, Halloween, had a slightly better reception,[41] however, the limited number of copies sold has made both games highly valued items among Atari collectors.[42]

Leatherface was featured as a downloadable killer in the survival horror game Dead by Daylight[43] and the fighting game Mortal Kombat X. He is also a playable fighter in Terrordrome: Rise of the Boogeymen.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hooper, Tobe; Henkel, Kim. Texas Chainsaw Massacre: Leatherface. Script City.
  2. ^ Rockoff, Adam. Going to Pieces: The Rise and Fall of the Slasher Film, 1978-1986. McFarland.
  3. ^ McGrew, Shannon (May 22, 2017). "Interview: Writer Seth Sherwood Talks Origins of Leatherface". iHorror. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  4. ^ "Tom's Inflation Calculator". Half Hill. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  5. ^ "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre box office rankings". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
  6. ^ "Child's Play box office rankings". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
  7. ^ "Friday the 13th box office ranking". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
  8. ^ "A Nightmare on Elm Street box office rankings". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
  9. ^ "The Hannibal Lector series box office rankings". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
  10. ^ "Halloween box office rankings". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
  11. ^ "Saw box office rankings". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-09-05.
  12. ^ "Scream box office rankings". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
  13. ^ "Psycho box office rankings". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
  14. ^ "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (1974)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-09-05.
  15. ^ a b c https://www.the-numbers.com/movies/franchise/Texas-Chainsaw-Massacre
  16. ^ "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2 (1986)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-09-05.
  17. ^ "Leatherface: The Texas Chainsaw Massacre III (1990)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-09-05.
  18. ^ "Re-release date". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-09-05.
  19. ^ "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation (1995)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-09-05.
  20. ^ "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-09-05.
  21. ^ "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Beginning (2006)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-09-05.
  22. ^ "Texas Chainsaw 3D (2013)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb.
  23. ^ "Leatherface (2017)". The Numbers. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
  24. ^ Zimmerman, Samuel (April 8, 2015). "Sequel Talk: Flipping It Follows, More Leatherface". ComingSoon.Net. Archived from the original on November 13, 2017. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
  25. ^ Walkuski, Eric (2015-04-10). "EXCLUSIVE: LEATHERFACE PRODUCERS TALK HARDCORE PREQUEL AND DAY OF THE DEAD!". JoBlo. Retrieved 2017-06-19.
  26. ^ Campbell, Crista (December 25, 2017). "christa campbell on Twitter". Twitter. Archived from the original on December 28, 2017. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
  27. ^ Miska, Brad (August 24, 2018). "The Texas Chain Saw Massacre' Franchise Carving Out Television Series, New Film Deal [Exclusive]". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  28. ^ Sprague, Mike. "Texas Chainsaw Massacre TV Series coming via Legendary Pictures?". Joblo.com. Mike Sprague. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  29. ^ "Movie Maniac Comic Books". Icons of Fright. Retrieved 2008-07-08.
  30. ^ "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre". Avatar Press. 2005. Retrieved 2008-07-08.
  31. ^ "DWildstorm Updates Publishing Plans for Horror/Movie Titles". Newsarama. March 13, 2007. Retrieved 2008-08-21.
  32. ^ "MortCastle". Glasshouse Graphics. Archived from the original on 2009-02-21. Retrieved 2008-06-01.
  33. ^ "Kirk Jarvinen". Comic Book DB. Retrieved 2008-07-11.
  34. ^ Mort Castle (w). "Hunters in the Night" Leatherface 4: 1/Introduction (1991), Northstar Comics
  35. ^ a b c Jaworzyn, Stefan (2004). The Texas Chain Saw Massacre Companion. Titan. pp. 235, 256.
  36. ^ a b "All American Massacre trailer". Abominable Entertainment. Retrieved 2009-01-12.
  37. ^ a b "All American Massacre (About)". All American Massacre. Archived from the original on October 8, 2007. Retrieved 2009-01-12.
  38. ^ a b "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre Atari game". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2009-02-01. Retrieved 2008-06-01.
  39. ^ " Texas Chainsaw Massacre overview". Allgame. Retrieved 2008-06-01.
  40. ^ "Classic horror movies on the Atari 2600". BavaTuesdays.com. April 27, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-08.
  41. ^ "Halloween for the Atari 2600". Rogue Cinema. April 1, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-11.
  42. ^ "Halloween". GameSpot. Retrieved 2008-10-27.
  43. ^ Matulef, Jeffrey (2017-09-15), Dead by Daylight adds Leatherface DLC, retrieved 2017-09-19

References[edit]

External links[edit]