The Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra
The Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Jazz Orchestra was a jazz big band formed by trumpeter Thad Jones and drummer Mel Lewis in New York in 1965. The band performed for twelve years in its original incarnation, including a 1972 tour of the Soviet Union during the height of the Cold War. The band won a 1978 Grammy Award for the album Live in Munich and in 2009 a Grammy Award for the album Monday Night Live at the Village Vanguard. The collaboration ended in 1978 with Jones suddenly moving to Copenhagen, Denmark, after which the band became the Mel Lewis Jazz Orchestra. Since the death of Lewis in 1990 it has been known as the Vanguard Jazz Orchestra. They have maintained a Monday-night residency at the Village Vanguard jazz club in New York for five decades.
Thad Jones played trumpet and cornet. His older brother was Hank Jones, a jazz pianist, and his younger brother was Elvin Jones, a jazz drummer. Thad Jones had worked as a professional since he was 16, when he played with Hank. After leaving the military in 1946, he performed with territory bands and later with Charles Mingus. From 1954–1963, he was a member of the Count Basie Orchestra, for whom he composed and arranged.
Mel Lewis, a jazz drummer, had been playing in big bands since he was 15, first with Boyd Raeburn, then Alvino Rey, Stan Kenton, Terry Gibbs, and Gerald Wilson. In 1961, he toured the Soviet Union with veteran big band leader Benny Goodman. After Lewis moved to New York City, he met Thad Jones and started the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra at the end of 1965. Beginning in February 1966, the band played every Monday night at the Village Vanguard. Since the mid-1980s, the band has been called the Vanguard Jazz Orchestra, continuing its tradition as the Village Vanguard's house band.
The Thad Jones-Mel Lewis Orchestra was arguably the most influential big band since the swing era. Lewis brought a loose, small group style of drumming into the structure of a big band. His cymbal work became a hallmark of the Jones/Lewis Orchestra. Jones's arrangements influenced later, large-ensemble composers, such as Maria Schneider, Bob Brookmeyer, Jim McNeely, and Bob Mintzer. The Jones/Lewis Orchestra was an unusual band, creating new styles, succeeding in an era when big bands were unpopular and remaining integrated during racially tense periods.
The band's members included Bill Berry, Billy Harper, Bob Brookmeyer, Danny Stiles, Eddie Daniels, George Mraz, Hank Jones, Jerome Richardson, Jerry Dodgion, Jimmy Knepper, Joe Farrell, Jon Faddis, Marvin Stamm, Pepper Adams, Quentin Jackson, Richard Davis, Richard Williams, Roland Hanna, and Snooky Young.
Awards and honors
- Best Large Jazz Ensemble Performance: 2008 (for Monday Night Live at the Village Vanguard, The Vanguard Jazz Orchestra)
- Best Jazz Instrumental Performance – Big Band: 1978 (Live in Munich)
- Grammy award nominations:
- Best Jazz Instrumental Performance – Big Band: 1967 (Live at the Village Vanguard), 1969 (Central Park North), 1970 (Consummation), 1975 (Potpourri), 1976 (New Life)
- Best Instrumental Arrangement: 1975 ("Living for the City" from Potpourri)
Down Beat magazine
The Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra
- All My Yesterdays (recorded 1966, released Resonance, 2016) – Live recording including the band's first performance (Monday, Feb. 7, 1966, Village Vanguard)
- Presenting Thad Jones/Mel Lewis and the Jazz Orchestra (Solid State, 1966)
- Presenting Joe Williams and Thad Jones/Mel Lewis, The Jazz Orchestra (Solid State, 1966)
- Live at the Village Vanguard (Solid State, 1967)
- The Big Band Sound of Thad Jones/Mel Lewis featuring Miss Ruth Brown (Solid State, 1968)
- Monday Night (Solid State, 1968)
- Jazz Casual – Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra... (recorded 1968) (video)
- Central Park North (Solid State, 1969)
- Basle, 1969 (recorded 1969, released TCB, 1996)
- Consummation (Solid State/Blue Note, 1970)
- Live in Tokyo (Denon, 1974)
- Potpourri (Philadelphia International, 1974)
- Thad Jones/Mel Lewis and Manuel De Sica (Pausa, 1974)
- Suite for Pops (Horizon/A&M, 1975)
- New Life: Dedicated to Max Gordon (A&M, 1975)
- Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra With Rhoda Scott aka Rhoda Scott in New York with... (Barclay, 1976)
- Live in Munich (Horizon/A&M, 1976)
- It Only Happens Every Time (EMI, 1977)
- Body and Soul aka Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra in Europe (West Wind, 1978)
- A Touch of Class (West Wind, 1978)
- The Blue Note Reissue Series: Thad Jones/Mel Lewis (recorded 1966–1970, Blue Note) (compilation)
- The Complete Solid State Recordings of the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra (recorded 1966–1970, Mosaic/Blue Note) (compilation)
- In Europe (ITM, 2007) (compilation)
- The Complete (Live in) Poland Concerts 1976 & 1978 (Gambit, 2009) (compilation)
The Mel Lewis Jazz Orchestra
- Naturally (Telarc, 1979)
- Live in Montreux: Mel Lewis Plays Herbie Hancock (MPS/Pausa, 1980)
- Live at the Village Vanguard...Featuring the Music of Bob Brookmeyer (1980)
- Mel Lewis and the Jazz Orchestra (Finesse, 1982)
- 20 Years at the Village Vanguard (Atlantic, 1985)
- Definitive Thad Jones, Vol. 1 (Musicmasters, 1988)
- Definitive Thad Jones, Vol. 2 (Musicmasters, 1988)
- Soft Lights and Hot Music (Musicmasters, 1988)
- To You: A Tribute to Mel Lewis (Musicmasters, 1990)
The Vanguard Jazz Orchestra
- Lickety Split: Music of Jim McNeely (New World, 1997)
- Thad Jones Legacy, Vanguard Jazz Orchestra (New World, 1999)
- Can I Persuade You? (Planet Arts, 2002)
- The Way, Music of Slide Hampton (Planet Arts, 2004)
- Up from the Skies: Music of Jim McNeely (Planet Arts, 2006)
- Monday Night Live at the Village Vanguard (Planet Arts, 2008)
- Forever Lasting: Live in Tokyo (Planet Arts, 2011)
- Over Time: The Music of Bob Brookmeyer (Planet Arts, 2014)
- Lead trumpet
- Snooky Young (1966–1972)
- Jon Faddis (1972–1975)
- Al Porcino (1975–1976)
- Earl Gardner (1976–2005)
- Nick Marchione (2005–present)
- Lead trombone
- Bob Brookmeyer (1966–1968)
- Garnett Brown (1968–1969)
- Eddie Bert (1969–1972)
- Jimmy Knepper (1972–1975)
- Billy Campbell (1975–1977)
- John Mosca (1977–present)
- Bass trombone
- Cliff Heather (1966–1974)
- Dave Taylor (1974–1975)
- Earl McIntyre (1975–1998)
- Douglas Purviance (1978–present)
- French horn
- Stephanie Fauber (1979–1991)
- Sam Herman (1966–1968)
- Wong, Herb. The Village Vanguard Jazz Orchestra, Jazz Education Journal, Nov./Dec. 2003, Vol. 36, #3, pp. 42-46.
- Yanow, Scott. "Thad Jones | Biography & History | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- Yanow, Scott. "Mel Lewis | Biography & History | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- Yanow, Scott. "Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra | Biography & History | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- LA Times, "The Envelope" awards database. link. Accessed 2008 April 28.
- Down Beat magazine Critics' Poll archives. Accessed 2008 April 28.
- Down Beat magazine Readers' Poll archives Accessed 2008 April 28.