The Thousand Plane Raid
|The Thousand Plane Raid|
1969 film poster
|Directed by||Boris Sagal|
Donald S. Sanford (screenplay)|
Robert Vincent Wright (story)
The 1965 book The Thousand Plane Raid|
by Ralph Barker
|Music by||Jimmie Haskell|
|Distributed by||United Artists|
The Thousand Plane Raid (also known as The One Thousand Plane Raid) is a 1969 DeLuxe Color film directed by Boris Sagal and starring Christopher George and Laraine Stephens. Although claimed to be derived from Ralph Barker's The Thousand Plane Raid (also published as The Thousand Plan: the Story of the First Thousand Bomber Raids on Cologne), the storyline of the film inaccurately portrays the first raid as an 8th Air Force mission while the actual attack was undertaken by 1,047 Royal Air Force bombers against the city of Cologne, Germany in May 1942.
In 1943, Colonel Greg Brandon (Christopher George), stationed at a United States Army Air Forces 8th Air Force, 103rd Bomb Group base in England, attempts to persuade superiors that a massive, co-ordinated daylight bombing raid will hasten the end of World War II. In spite of the mission's extreme difficulty and risk, his plan is eventually put into effect against a vital enemy aircraft factory in central Germany.
Brandon has never been popular with his men, many of whom feel he drives them too hard. During preparation for the raid, Brandon alienates them further by insisting that they step up their training. He has disdain for cautious young flyer Lieutenant Archer (Ben Murphy), who he suspects of being a coward. An RAF Wing Commander Trafton Howard (Gary Marshal) has been assigned to Brandon's base to teach the squad Germany combat tactics. Brandon starts out resenting Howard's brash manner, and things get worse between them when Howard takes Archer on an unauthorized flying lesson. As the date draws closer Brandon further antagonizes his associates, as well as his girlfriend, WAC Lieutenant Gabrielle Ames (Laraine Stephens).
The raid's prospects seem dim when it is revealed that the Germans know some, and possibly all, of its important details. Nevertheless it is scheduled to go ahead as planned. On the morning of the mission Brandon's plane crashes, and Brandon is forced to board a bomber manned by Archer and Howard. During the raid, in combat over the target area, Brandon is impressed by Archer's piloting skills and Howard's judgment. On their return to base Brandon is told that the raid's target has been totally destroyed, and that allied losses were considerably less than anticipated.
- Christopher George as Col Greg Brandon
- Laraine Stephens as Lt. Gabrielle Ames
- J.D. Cannon as Gen. Cotton Palmer
- Gary Marshal as Wing Cmdr. Taffy Howard
- Michael Evans as Group Commander Leslie Hardwicke
- Gavin MacLeod as Sgt. Kruger
- Noam Pitlik as Lt. Jacoby
- Ben Murphy as Lt. Harvey Archer
- Bo Hopkins as Captain Douglas (in his screen debut)
- Tim McIntire as Lt. Quimby
The film was shot in a budget-conscious manner. The main sets were in Santa Maria, California, and principal photography took place in winter 1968. The local village and airport realistically portrayed a typical British wartime base. Period-style maintenance shops, an operations center and a wartime-style control tower were added to re-create the fictional Steeple Bassington base. Additional studio work was completed at the Samuel Goldwyn Studios in Hollywood.
Aerial sequences included a mix of stock wartime footage, including the Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress (1944), some of it colorized to match original footage. The air-boss was legendary Hollywood stunt pilot Frank Tallman, but the most spectacular scene was a low-flying B-17 scene flown by Don Lykins. Another crash scene was taken from Twelve O'Clock High, the famous crash-landing carried out by Paul Mantz, another of Hollywood's leading stunt pilots, and Tallman's one-time partner in Tallmantz Aviation, before his death in 1965. Three Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress bombers (DB-17P 44-83684 [N3713G] from The Air Museum at Ontario, California, DB-17P 44-83525 [N83525], from Tallmantz Aviation at Santa Ana, California, and B-17F 42-29782 [N17W]) from Aircraft Specialties at Mesa, Arizona, were used in the production.
Critical reviews commented on the "stereotyped adventure yarn" aspect of the production while noting that the aerial footage was often exciting.
- " 'Midway' writer Donald S. Sanford dies at 92." Variety, February 15, 2011. Retrieved: February 24, 2011.
- Evans 2000, p. 183
- "The Thousand Plane Raid." allmovie.com. Retrieved: September 18, 2011.
- Orriss 1984, p. 186.
- Orriss 1984, p. 187.
- Orriss 1984, p. 185.
- "The Thousand Plane Raid." aerovintage.com. Retrieved: September 18, 2011.
- Dolan Edward F. Jr. Hollywood Goes to War. London: Bison Books, 1985. ISBN 0-86124-229-7.
- Evans, Alun. Brassey's Guide to War Films. Dulles, Virginia: Potomac Books, 2000. ISBN 1-57488-263-5.
- Harwick, Jack and Ed Schnepf. "A Viewer's Guide to Aviation Movies". The Making of the Great Aviation Films, General Aviation Series, Volume 2, 1989.
- Orriss, Bruce. When Hollywood Ruled the Skies: The Aviation Film Classics of World War II. Hawthorne, California: Aero Associates Inc., 1984. ISBN 0-9613088-0-X.
- The Thousand Plane Raid on IMDb
- The Thousand Plane Raid (1969) at the Internet Movie Plane Database
- The Thousand Plane Raid at AllMovie
- The Thousand Plane Raid at the American Film Institute Catalog
- The Thousand Plane Raid (1969) at Rotten Tomatoes
- The Thousand Plane Raid (1969) - Trailer on YouTube