The Tour of Life

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The Tour of Life / Kate Bush Tour
Tour by Kate Bush
Katebushtour.jpg
Cover of the tour programme.
Associated albumThe Kick Inside and Lionheart
Start date2 April 1979 (warm up concert)
End date13 May 1979
Legs1
No. of shows28 in Europe
Kate Bush concert chronology

The Tour of Life (originally known as the "Lionheart Tour", and also officially referred to as the Kate Bush Tour and by outside sources as the "Kate Bush Show" and "Kate Bush: On Tour") was the first concert tour by English singer-songwriter and musician Kate Bush. Starting in April 1979, the tour lasted just over one month. Consisting of 24 performances from Bush's first two studio albums The Kick Inside and Lionheart (both 1978), it was acclaimed for its incorporation of mime, magic, and readings during costume changes. The tour is also renowned for its use of new technology; because of Bush's determination to dance as she sang, her stage sound engineer Martin Fisher rigged a wireless headset microphone using a wire clothes hanger, making her the first singer to use such a device on stage. The simple staging also involved rear-screen projection and the accompaniment of two male dancers. The tour was notable for the death of Bush's lighting engineer, Bill Duffield, to whom one of the London shows was dedicated.

The tour was a critical and commercial success, with most dates selling out and additional shows being added due to high demand. Members of the Kate Bush Club were provided with a guaranteed ticket. The BBC filmed a special of the Kate Bush Show entitled Kate Bush: On Tour. The documentary featured the production and staging of the set, and revealed the extent to which Bush was involved. Broadcast in 1979, it did not show any of the full performances. The concert also spawned two physical releases, the EP On Stage (1979) as well as the home video Live at Hammersmith Odeon (1981). Live at the Hammersmith Odeon was later re-issued in 1994 as a boxed set including an audio CD of the broadcast as well as the video. The name, "Tour of Life", was not coined until after its completion, with all promotional material referring to it simply as the Kate Bush Tour. Neither the EP nor the home video makes any reference to the name.

Background and production[edit]

After Bush turned down an opportunity to perform as a supporting act for Fleetwood Mac,[1] production for the tour began in December 1978.[2] Bush was said to be involved in almost every aspect of the show's design, rehearsals, and performances.[3] The show was choreographed by Bush and Anthony Van Laast, in collaboration with dancers Stewart Avon Arnold and Gary Hurst.[3] Dance rehearsals took place at The Place during mornings leading up to the tour, before afternoon vocal and band rehearsals in Greenwich.[3] Production rehearsals featuring all personnel and audiovisual technology took place at Rainbow Theatre in London. Beginning on 26 March and finishing on 29 March 1978.[3]

The tour was known for its innovative use of visual projections, audio and microphone technology, and narrative storyline.[3] Bush aimed for the tour to offer a theatrical experience to contrast the performances of other contemporary rock musicians,[4] and sought to combine "music, dance, poetry, mime, burlesque, magic and theatre."[5] The performance was divided into four sections, concluding with two encores, and incorporated seventeen costume changes and involved thirteen on-stage personnel.[3][2] Magician Simon Drake performed throughout the show.[5] The stage itself was constructed with a retractable ramp at its centre,[4] with a "large ribbed screen – intended to represent an egg – on to which slides and film footage could be projected".[3][5] Eight "follow spot" moving lights tracked the musicians and performers on stage.[2] Since the tour, Bush has become known as the first artist to use a cordless microphone headset, which allowed her to move and dance freely while singing live.[4] The headset prototype was constructed using a coathanger and radio microphone.[4][6] Ultimately, each night of the tour sold out.[7]

The tour opened on 3 April 1979 in Liverpool at the Liverpool Empire, following a warm-up gig in Poole on 2 April 1979.[2][8] Following the Poole show, the tour's lighting engineer Bill Duffield was killed after falling from a stage and seating structure at the concert venue.[2] The first of the final three London dates on 12 May 1979 was performed as a benefit concert for the family of Duffield, and featured an altered setlist and performances by Peter Gabriel and Steve Harley.[3] Bush released the song "Blow Away (For Bill)", dedicated to Duffield, on her third studio album Never for Ever (1980).[7] In 1994, Bush described the physical exhaustion she experienced as a result of touring,[6] a comment which she echoed in 2011.[9] Bush did not tour again until 2014's Before the Dawn, a concert residency at London's Hammersmith Apollo.

Concert synopsis[edit]

The show opened with playback of whale song, with Bush's shadow projected as she began to dance while the curtain parted to reveal the stage.[4] Bush, wearing a blue leotard, sang the first song "Moving." A shadow projection of the band's saxophone player was used next, during "The Saxophone Song". The theatre was then filled with the sound of a heartbeat as red lights flickered while the onstage piano was removed. A large oval upholstered with red satin, designed to look like an egg or womb,[3] was rolled onto the stage, from within which Bush sang "Room for the Life" as it was rolled around the stage. Dressed in a long coat and trilby hat,[3][10] Bush was joined by two male dancers to perform "Them Heavy People". She then moved to the piano to play "The Man with the Child in His Eyes". The band then played the as yet unreleased "Egypt", while Bush emerged from the back of the stage wearing an Egyptian costume. An extended introduction to "L'Amour Looks Something Like You" was then played in darkness, while Bush changed into a black leotard and red skirt. While at centre-stage by a tall mirror, a magician emerged to perform with a flying cane. Bush performed "Violin", wearing bat wings and taunted by her two dancers dressed as giant violins. As the stage darkened, Bush's brother, John Carder Bush, recited a poem, which culminated in a spoken duet with Bush herself. She was then illuminated by a spotlight for the performance "The Kick Inside" at the piano. A black veil was placed over her and the curtains closed.

The second section began with the curtains parting to reveal Bush wearing a long black dress, sitting on top of a piano to perform "In the Warm Room". She then played the piano while singing "Fullhouse", after which the band played an extended introduction to "Strange Phenomena" as Bush changed into a magician's top hat and tails,[11] while her dancers, now dressed as space men, performed with her. The magician then reappeared with his cane; he walked to the back of the stage holding a black cloth, which then dropped to reveal Bush, now wearing a veil, behind it. She danced with a male dancer to a live rehearsal playback recording of "Hammer Horror",[3] recreating the routine from its music video,[11] after which a chant commenced, leading into "Kashka from Baghdad", performed at the piano. Traffic noise was played to the audience while the stage was fitted with a street theme, including fences which the dancers illuminated with torches. A spotlight was switched on and Bush sang and danced to "Don't Push Your Foot on the Heartbrake", bringing the second section to a close.

The third section began with the curtain opening on Bush, now wearing a purple dress, at the edge of the ramp which had been lifted to replicate a pier, to perform "Wow." "Coffee Homeground" began as a prisoner cell set was assembled; Bush sang on a centre-stage chair, as corpse props fell out of the walls. Another spoken word poem was recited by Bush's brother as "Symphony in Blue" (incorporating elements of "Gymnopédie 1" by Erik Satie) began to be played. Bush, now dressed in a blue leotard covered by a leather jacket, performed while waving to the audience as images of a cloudy sky were projected. Bush, now covered in party streamers refused a floating glass of champagne from the magician and performed "Feel It" at the piano.[7] As the song came to an end, thunder was heard while Bush changed; she emerged with her leotard now fitted with wings, to perform "Kite", being lifted off the stage at the end of the song.[10] Bush then appeared in Wild West attire whilst brandishing a shotgun,[10] dancing and singing to "James and the Cold Gun". Her dancers, emerging from the wings, were shot by Bush using red ribbons acting as gunfire[3] as the song ended and the curtain closed.

For the show's first encore, Bush and her dancers emerged wearing World War II bomber attire[3] as a parachute was spread across the stage. She sat to sing "Oh England My Lionheart", and the curtain closed again. There was a short interval before the curtains re-opened upon the stage covered in dry ice fog and illuminated in red with a forest backdrop. As the music to "Wuthering Heights" began, Bush sprang up through the fog, costumed as the ghost of Catherine Earnshaw from Emily Brontë's novel of the same name. She performed the dance routine from the song's music video, before retreating to the top of the ramp, waving to the audience, and exiting the stage as the curtain closed.

Critical reception[edit]

Reaction to the tour performances was overwhelmingly positive.[3] In 2010, The Guardian noted that British reviews of the tour were almost universally "euphoric".[3]

Describing the show as "exceptional", Robin Denselow of The Guardian praised the show's "innovation in rock choreography and microphone design".[12] However, Denselow was critical of Bush's vocals, describing Bush as possessing a "shrill acrobatic voice".[12] A review in Melody Maker disagreed, praising both Bush's lower and higher-pitched vocal registers, whilst noting that Bush had created "a series of tableaux vivants of peerless visual and aural dazzle that added immeasurably to the complexity and variable excellence of her songs."[13] Another reviewer for Melody Maker described the tour's performance in Birmingham as "the most magnificent spectacle ever encountered in the world of rock".[3][10] The Telegraph described Bush as a "stunningly original stage performer", praising the setlist of the show as "dazzling testimony to a remarkable talent, evidently intense rehearsal and technological know-how".[14] The innovative nature of the show was also praised by the Daily Mail, which commented that Bush "lines up all the old stereotypes, mows them down and hammers them into their coffins with a show that is – quite literally – stunning."[15]

Broadcasts and recordings[edit]

The BBC filmed a documentary following the tour as part of the news and current affairs television programme Nationwide, entitled Kate Bush: On Tour. The special was screened on BBC1 on 31 August 1979.[16] Although it did not show any of the full performances, it featured Bush discussing her involvement in the tour, and incorporated footage of dance and band rehearsals,[17] before showing footage of the final rehearsals at the Rainbow Theatre and the official opening night in Liverpool. It also included a screening of the music video for the single "Hammer Horror". A documentary following two performances of the tour for German audiences entitled Kate Bush in Concert was also aired in Germany in May 1980.

Two physical releases were spawned by the tour. EMI Records released the extended play (EP) On Stage on 31 August 1979, featuring live performances of the songs "Them Heavy People", "Don't Push Your Foot on the Heartbrake", "James and the Cold Gun" and "L'Amour Looks Something Like You" as recorded at the Hammersmith Odeon on 13 May 1979. The EP peaked at number 10 and spent nine weeks on the UK Singles Chart.[18] An hour length video of aspects of the concert was released as a home video directed by Keith McMillan entitled Live at Hammersmith Odeon in 1981.[7] Also recorded on 13 May 1979, the video featured only twelve performances as others were marred by technical difficulties.[7] In 1994, the video was re-issued as a box set including an audio CD of the broadcast as well as the video.[7] Neither the EP nor the home video make reference to the name "Tour of Life", which was not coined until after the tour's completion.[2]

Set list[edit]

  1. "Moving"
  2. "The Saxophone Song"
  3. "Room for the Life"
  4. "Them Heavy People"
  5. "The Man with the Child in His Eyes"
  6. "Egypt"
  7. "L'Amour Looks Something Like You"
  8. "Violin"
  9. "The Kick Inside"
Interlude
John Carder Bush poetry reading
  1. "In the Warm Room"
  2. "Fullhouse" (not performed at the Hammersmith Odeon dates in London)
  3. "Strange Phenomena"
  4. "Hammer Horror" (not performed live)
  5. "Kashka From Baghdad"
Interlude
Chanting
  1. "Don't Push Your Foot on the Heartbrake"
  2. "Wow"
  3. "Coffee Homeground" (with extended instrumental introduction)
  4. "In Search of Peter Pan"
Interlude
John Carder Bush poetry reading
  1. "Symphony in Blue" (contains elements of "Gymnopédie 1" by Erik Satie)
  2. "Feel It" (with instrumental introduction)
  3. "Kite"
  4. "James and the Cold Gun"
Encore 1
  1. "Oh England My Lionheart"
Encore 2
  1. "Wuthering Heights"

Personnel[edit]

Credits and personnel adapted from the Kate Bush Tour programme available at the concerts.[19][20]

Performers

Production

  • Conception, producer, director – Kate Bush
  • Production design, stage direction – Dave Jackson
  • Stage management – Nick Levitt
  • Stage crew – Cliff Carter, Martin Prior, Gerry Raymond Barker, Andrew Bryant
  • Costuming – Lisa Hayes
  • Costuming assistance – Hermione Brakspear
  • Choreography – Anthony Van Laast

Audiovisuals

  • Sound engineering – Gordon Patterson
  • Projections – Ken Sutherland
  • Lighting consulting – James Dann
  • Spoken word and poetry – John Carder Bush
  • Photography – Gered Mankowitz, Terry Walker, Hirchono

Tour management

  • Promotion – Lindsay Brown
  • Tour management – Richard Ames
  • Programmes – Kate Bush, Nicholas Wade, Nick Price
  • Tour graphics and merchandise – Paul Maxwell Ltd.
  • Tour co-ordination – Hilary Walker, John Carder Bush

Tour dates[edit]

Date City Country Venue
Europe
2 April 1979 Poole (warm-up concert)[8] England Poole Arts Centre
3 April 1979 Liverpool (opening night)[8] Liverpool Empire Theatre
4 April 1979 Birmingham Birmingham Hippodrome
5 April 1979
6 April 1979 Oxford New Theatre Oxford
7 April 1979 Southampton Gaumont Theatre
9 April 1979 Bristol Bristol Hippodrome
10 April 1979 Manchester Manchester Apollo
11 April 1979
12 April 1979 Sunderland Sunderland Empire Theatre
13 April 1979 Edinburgh Scotland Usher Hall
16 April 1979 London England Palladium
17 April 1979
18 April 1979
19 April 1979
20 April 1979
24 April 1979 Stockholm Sweden Stockholm Konserthuset
26 April 1979 Copenhagen Denmark Falkoner Theatre
28 April 1979 Hamburg Germany Congress Center Hamburg
29 April 1979 Amsterdam Netherlands Carré Theatre
2 May 1979 Stuttgart Germany Kongresszentrum Liederhalle
3 May 1979 Munich Circus Krone
4 May 1979 Cologne Köln Gürzenich
6 May 1979 Paris France Théâtre des Champs-Élysées
8 May 1979 Mannheim Germany Mannheimer Rosengarten
10 May 1979 Frankfurt Jahrhunderthalle
12 May 1979 London (benefit concert with altered setlist)[3][2] England Hammersmith Odeon
13 May 1979 London
14 May 1979

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lynskey, Dorian (25 August 2014). "The 10 best Kate Bush moments". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Thomson, Graeme (9 February 2015). "Chapter 6: The Tour of Life". Under the Ivy: The Life & Music of Kate Bush. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-1-78323-392-2.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Thomson, Graeme (13 May 2010). "Kate Bush's only tour: pop concert or disappearing act?". The Guardian. London: Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e Jovanovic, Rob (3 December 2015). "Chapter 7: We Are Ruled By Everything Around Us: UK, European tour 1978-79". Kate Bush: The biography. Little, Brown Book Group. ISBN 978-0-349-41125-5.
  5. ^ a b c d "Kate Bush announces first live shows since 1979". The Guardian. London. 21 March 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  6. ^ a b Sinclair, David (24 February 1994). "Dear Diary: The Secret World of Kate Bush". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Dillard, Brian J. "Kate Bush: Live at Hammersmith Odeon (1979)". Allmovie. RhythmOne. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  8. ^ a b c McHale, Kirsty (26 August 2015). "Flashback: Kate Bush at the Liverpool Empire, April 1979". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  9. ^ "Kate Bush announces live shows after 35 year gap". The Irish Times. 21 March 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d Masters, Tim (21 March 2014). "Why did Kate Bush never tour after 1979?". BBC. London. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  11. ^ a b Tsjeng, Zing (21 March 2014). "What to expect from Kate Bush's new gigs". Dazed. Dazed Media. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  12. ^ a b Denselow, Robin (1979). "Kate Bush's first live performance, at the Palladium on 17 April 1979". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  13. ^ Hill, Susan (21 April 1979). "Kate Bush: Palladium, London". Melody Maker. London: IPC Media.
  14. ^ Coldstream, John (1979). "Kate Bush, Palladium, 1979 review: 'she beggars belief'". The Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  15. ^ Prentice, Thomas (18 April 1979). "Kate Bush at the London Palladium". Daily Mail.
  16. ^ "Schedules from 25 August 1979 to 31 August 1979 – Friday 31 August 1979" (31 August 1979) [Textual record]. Radio Times (Issue 2911), pp. 60–62. London: BBC Genome Project, BBC.
  17. ^ "Kate Bush Tour Of Life documentary". BBC Arts. BBC. 30 August 2016. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  18. ^ "Kate Bush - full chart history". The Official Charts Company. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  19. ^ Heawood, Sophie (31 August 2014). "Leaf through history with the programme from Kate Bush's 1979 tour". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  20. ^ Bush, Kate; Wade, Nicholas; Price, Nick (1979). "Kate Bush Tour" programme.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)

Further reading[edit]