The Tower (Tarot card)
The Tower (XVI) (most common modern name) is the 16th trump or Major Arcana card in most Italian-suited Tarot decks. It is used in game playing since the 15th as well as in divination since the mid-19th century.
This card follows immediately after The Devil in all Tarots that contain it, and is associated with sudden, disruptive, and potentially destructive change. Some early, painted decks, such as the Visconti-Sforza tarot, do not contain it, and some Tarot variants used for game playing omit it.
Early printed decks that preserve all their cards do feature The Tower. In these decks the card bears a number of different names and designs. In the Minchiate deck, the image usually shown is of two nude or scantily clad people fleeing the open door of what appears to be a burning building. In some Belgian tarots and the 17th century tarot of Jacques Viéville, the card is called La Foudre or La Fouldre, ("The Lightning") and depicts a tree being struck by lightning. In the Tarot of Paris (17th century), the image shown is of the Devil beating his drums, before what appears to be the mouth of Hell; the card still is called La Fouldre. The Tarot of Marseilles merges these two concepts, and depicts a burning tower being struck by lightning or fire from the sky, its top section dislodged and crumbling. Two men are depicted in mid-fall, against a field of multicolored balls. A. E. Waite's version is based on the Marseilles image, with small tongues of fire in the shape of Hebrew yod letters replacing the balls.
A variety of explanations for the images on the card have been attempted. For example, it may be a reference to the biblical story of the Tower of Babel, where God destroys a tower built by mankind to reach Heaven. Alternatively, the Harrowing of Hell was a frequent subject in late medieval liturgical drama, and Hell could be depicted as a great gate knocked asunder by Jesus Christ. The Minchiate version of the deck may represent Adam and Eve's expulsion from the Garden of Eden.
The Tower is commonly interpreted as meaning danger, crisis, destruction, and liberation.
- The Flemish Deck by Vandenborre (c.1750 – 1760) renames it La Foudre ("The Thunderbolt"). It shows a frightened shepherd cowering under a burning tree split by a bolt of lightning while sheep graze at its base.
- In Anne Rice Tarot deck the Tower card depicts Armand in the Vampire Chronicles.
- In X/1999, the Tower is Tokiko Magami & Tooru Shirou.
- In the Mythic Tarot deck, the Tower is depicted with Poseidon.
- In the Golden Dawn system it corresponds to the Hebrew letter Peh, and in the French system it corresponds to Ayin.
In pop culture
- In the SNES video game Ogre Battle: The March of the Black Queen, the Tower is depicted as an ominous-looking tower as lightning bolts strike it during a thunderstorm, yet there are no people jumping out of the tower. On drawing the Tarot card after liberation of one of the towns, it lowers the characters' alignment by 1 or 2 points, and summons an earthquake to damage enemy units when used in battle.
- In JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, a minor antagonist of the third arc of the series called Gray Fly has a Stand called Tower of Gray, an insect-like Stand that Gray Fly uses to kill people on mass transit. It was named after this tarot card, as it is representative of the end of a journey.
- The Tower is a boss monster in The House of the Dead 2, where it is represented by a five-headed hydra (three-headed in The Typing of the Dead). All of the bosses in the House of the Dead series (with the exception of Overkill) are named after cards from the Major Arcana. Much like its namesake card, the Tower is shown tossing injured people about just prior to its battle with the player.
- In Shin Megami Tensei: Persona The Tower is represented in Megami Ibunroku Persona by Takahisa Kandori, Persona 3 by Mutatsu, and in Persona 4 it was represented by Shu Nakajima. It is represented by the personas Chi You and Shiva among others.
- In Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Divination instructor Professor Trelawney tells Harry that she has seen bad omens regarding "the lightning-struck tower" in her tarot cards. These omens come to fruition in the chapter of the same title, in which Albus Dumbledore falls from the highest tower of Hogwarts castle after his death.
- In episode 184 of the long running and ongoing anime Detective Conan/Case Closed, the television prophet Nagara Haruka predicts an ominous presence within the mansion and shows the Tower card to the cast and audience. Her prediction turns out to be true as murder takes place within the mansion.
- In Exorcist: The Beginning, the female lead, Dr. Sarah Novak, (played by Izabella Scorupco) deals out three tarot cards twice in succession. They are La Mort, La Mason Dieu, and Le Diablo which basically spells out what is going on in the plot of the movie. In this instance the tower card is represented by the church that is being unearthed in a place where a church should not be, considering its age to be 5 A.D. and Christianity was not found in that part of Africa at that time according to fallen priest, Father Lancaster Merrin (played by Stellan Skarsgård).
- Along with other Major Arcana, the Tower is a character in Data East's puzzle video game series, Magical Drop. It is depicted as an incarnated stone tower, with arms and legs, and serves as the second-to-last boss in the game's Challenge Mode.
- In the popular PlayStation exclusive video game for PlayStation 3 'Uncharted 3: Drake's Deception' the Tower card appears after Charlie Cutter jumps from a burning tower and breaks his leg. The card is found inside his jacket and is pulled out briefly during a cinematic after the event. The same scene and appearance happens in the remastered version of the PlayStation game available for PlayStation 4, which comes in Uncharted: the Nathan drake collection, a re-release and enhancement of the first 3 uncharted games.
- The Tower card, along with the other Tarot cards of the Major Arcana, appears in the 2011 video game, The Binding of Isaac, and its 2014 remake, The Binding of Isaac: Rebirth, where they act as consumable items with varying effects. The Tower summons six bombs around the room which explode shortly thereafter, able to damage the player and enemies alike.
- In Justice League of America #194 (September, 1981), Amos Fortune after attempting to kill the JLA with tarot cards, tries to escape by transporting himself "into the world" of one of the cards. With Green Lantern in pursuit, he chooses too quickly, and is last seen as the man falling out of the window in the Tower card.
- Bill Butler, Dictionary of the Tarot. (Schocken, 1975; ISBN 0-8052-0559-4)
- "The Hidden Aspects of Tarot Pairings". HeavenlyPredictions.com. 21 June 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
- Paul Huson, Mystical Origins of the Tarot: From Ancient Roots to Modern Usage (Destiny, 2004. ISBN 978-0-89281-190-8)
- Robert Place. "The Tarot: History, Symbolism, and Divination" ISBN (Jeremy Tarcher, 2005 1-58542-349-1) p.207
- "The Tower". TarotCardMeanings.net. 12 June 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
- Huson, op. cit.
- "The New Encyclopedia of the Occult" ISBN (John Geer, 2003 1-56718-336-0) p.489
- "Ogre Battle – Tarot Cards". Fantasyanime.com. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
- A. E. Waite's 1910 Pictorial Key to the Tarot
- Juliette Wood, Folklore 109 (1998):15-24, "The Celtic Tarot and the Secret Tradition: A Study in Modern Legend Making" (1998)
- Geer John, "The New Encyclopedia of the Occult", St. Paul Minnesota, Llwellyn Publications(2003) p. 489
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