The Tower (Tarot card)

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The Tower in the 1909 Rider-Waite tarot deck.

The Tower (XVI) (most common modern name) is the 16th trump or Major Arcana card in most Italian-suited Tarot decks. It is used in game playing since the 15th as well as in divination since the mid-19th century.

History[edit]

The Belgian Tarot depicts a tree struck by (la foudre = strike of lightning) .

This card follows immediately after The Devil in all Tarots that contain it, and is associated with sudden, disruptive, revelation, and potentially destructive change. Some early, painted decks, such as the Visconti-Sforza tarot, do not contain it,[1] and some Tarot variants used for game playing omit it.[2]

Early printed decks that preserve all their cards do feature The Tower. In these decks the card bears a number of different names and designs. In the Minchiate deck, the image usually shown is of two nude or scantily clad people fleeing the open door of what appears to be a burning building. In some Belgian tarots and the 17th century tarot of Jacques Viéville, the card is called La Foudre or La Fouldre, ("The Lightning") and depicts a tree being struck by lightning. In the Tarot of Paris (17th century), the image shown is of the Devil beating his drums, before what appears to be the mouth of Hell; the card still is called La Fouldre. The Tarot of Marseilles merges these two concepts, and depicts a burning tower being struck by lightning or fire from the sky, its top section dislodged and crumbling. Two men are depicted in mid-fall, against a field of multicolored balls.[3] A. E. Waite's version is based on the Marseilles image, with small tongues of fire in the shape of Hebrew yod letters replacing the balls.[4]

In this manuscript picture of the Harrowing of Hell, Jesus forces open the fiery tower gate of Hell to free the virtuous dead from Limbo. The enactment of this scene in liturgical drama may be one source of the image of the Tower.
The destruction of the tower of Babel is depicted in this Bulgarian manuscript.

A variety of explanations for the images on the card have been attempted. For example, it may be a reference to the biblical story of the Tower of Babel, where God destroys a tower built by mankind to reach Heaven.[5] Alternatively, the Harrowing of Hell was a frequent subject in late medieval liturgical drama, and Hell could be depicted as a great gate knocked asunder by Jesus Christ.[citation needed] The Minchiate version of the deck may represent Adam and Eve's expulsion from the Garden of Eden.[3]

Symbolism[edit]

The Tower is sometimes interpreted as meaning danger, crisis, sudden change, destruction, higher learning, and liberation.[6] In the Rider-Waite deck, the top of The Tower is a crown, which symbolizes materialistic thought being bought cheap.[7]

Alternate decks[edit]

  • The Flemish Deck by Vandenborre (c. 1750–1760) renames it La Foudre ("The Thunderbolt"). It shows a frightened shepherd cowering under a burning tree split by a bolt of lightning while sheep graze at its base.
  • In Anne Rice Tarot deck the Tower card depicts Armand in the Vampire Chronicles.
  • In X/1999, the Tower is Tokiko Magami & Tooru Shirou.
  • In the Mythic Tarot deck, the Tower is depicted by Poseidon.
  • In the Golden Dawn system it corresponds to the Hebrew letter Peh, and in the French system it corresponds to Ayin.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bill Butler (1975). Dictionary of the Tarot. Schocken. ISBN 0-8052-0559-4.
  2. ^ "The Hidden Aspects of Tarot Pairings". HeavenlyPredictions.com. 21 June 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
  3. ^ a b Paul Huson (2004). Mystical Origins of the Tarot: From Ancient Roots to Modern Usage. Destiny. ISBN 978-0-89281-190-8.
  4. ^ Robert Place (2005). The Tarot: History, Symbolism, and Divination. TarcherPerigee. p. 207. ISBN 1-58542-349-1.
  5. ^ "The Tower". TarotCardMeanings.net. 12 June 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  6. ^ a b John Michael Greer (2003). The New Encyclopedia of the Occult. Saint Paul, Minnesota: Llewellyn Publications. p. 489. ISBN 1-56718-336-0.
  7. ^ Eden Gray (1970). Complete Guide to the Tarot. New York, NY: Crown Publishers.[ISBN missing]

External links[edit]